|Publication number||USRE38973 E1|
|Application number||US 10/633,461|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 2006|
|Filing date||Jul 31, 2003|
|Priority date||Feb 24, 1989|
|Also published as||CA1334886C, US4926517|
|Publication number||10633461, 633461, US RE38973 E1, US RE38973E1, US-E1-RE38973, USRE38973 E1, USRE38973E1|
|Inventors||Keith E. Smith|
|Original Assignee||Smith Keith E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (31), Referenced by (3), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to the art of sweepers. In particular, the invention relates to sweepers used for large areas, such streets and which use replaceable brushes.
Street sweepers of the type having an elongate, essentially cylindrical brush which rotates about a horizontal axis are known. These sweepers are useful for cleaning large areas, such as parking lots or streets, and are typically mounted on the front of a vehicle to be pushed ahead of it. The brush is driven such that the bristles move away from the vehicle as they engage the surface being swept.
As the bristles become worn, it is necessary to replace the brush by removing it from a support structure and installing a new brush. In some prior art sweepers, it is necessary that drive or idler brackets be disassembled to permit the brush to be removed. This is difficult and requires a substantial amount of time.
The sweeper shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,284,830 (Kroll) has a drive hub mounted to a door which forms the side of a compartment which supports the brush. When the door is opened, the brush may be removed from the compartment and a new brush installed.
Other U.S. Pat. Nos. showing sweepers of interest are: 3,310,825 (Tamny); 3,276,109 (Mortensen); 3,812,551 (Mortensen); and 3,879,786 (Larkin).
The prior art sweepers do not facilitate the installation of new brushes and generally do not permit the use of brushes having a core formed of a thin metal tube. For example, the sweeper shown in the Kroll patent uses a brush comprising a thick tube with tufts in rows running from one end of the tube to the other. Spaces between the strips of bristles have drive slots for receiving lugs on a drive hub. Because the Kroll sweeper has no arrangement providing for exact alignment of the drive and idler hubs, use of a brush having a thin walled metal core is not possible.
In accordance with the invention, a sweeper includes a support structure which is generally U-shaped when the brush is held in an operative position. The ends of the arms of the support structure have idler and drive structures, respectively, for receiving opposite ends of the brush. One arm of the support structure is pivotally mounted to permit removal of the idler end from the brush and to allow the brush to be disengaged from the opposite, drive end. A new brush may then be inserted easily and the pivotal arm rotated to a position parallel to the other arm to engage the broom.
The idler and drive hubs are mounted to the arms by universal joints, thus providing for automatic alignment of the idler and drive hubs to provide a single axis of rotation for the brush. This permits the use of a brush having a thin metal tube without the necessity of providing a solid shaft passing through the center of the tube and connecting the drive and idler ends.
A drive lug is welded to the interior of the metal tube and engages a slot in the drive hub. Preferably, the drive hub has a plurality of slots whereby a subsequent slot may the used when the first slot has become worn. This increases the life of a drive hub.
The pivotal arm is preferably controlled by a hydraulic cylinder, and the cylinder may have a safety strap secured across its ends when the pivotal arm is in the operational position to prevent accidental rotation of the arm.
A raising and lowering mechanism is connected between the support structure and the vehicle. This mechanism is preferably a parallelogram comprised of a mounting bracket on the vehicle, a mounting bracket on the support structure, and upper and lower parallel arms. A hydraulic cylinder is located within the parallelogram for raising or lowering the brush. A stop mechanism is arranged parallel to the hydraulic cylinder to adjust the lowermost position of the brush.
An object of this invention is to provide a sweeper wherein removal or installation of a brush are facilitated.
Another object of this invention is to provide a sweeper having a raising and lowering mechanism which maintains a brush mechanism parallel and closer to the vehicle as it is raised.
With reference to
A plurality of slots 30 is provided such that the drive lug 28 may be engaged in another of the slots when a first slot becomes worn. Thus, the drive hub need be replaced only after all of the slots are worn, and the lifetime of the drive hub is increased. The drive end preferably includes a removable bumper (not shown) which attaches to part 6 and extends over the motor to protect it.
The opposite end of the metal tube 26 receives an idler hub 34 which is attached to arm 8 by a universal joint which will be described in more detail with respect to FIG. 4. With reference to
The dimensions of the hub, the universal joint, and the arm are preferably such that the hub 34 is aligned with the axis of rotation of the brush throughout the pivotal movement of arm 8. When arm 8 is pivoted inwardly, after installation of a new brush, hub 34 engages tube 26 and automatically aligns itself with the axis of rotation of the brush such that it may be easily slid into the tube. Hub 34 is shown in
With reference to
The parallelogram arrangement 18 is shown more clearly in
The parallelogram arrangement for raising and lowering the brush is particularly useful with the sweeper of the invention. As the cylinder is lengthened, the brush and its associated support parts 6 and 8 remain parallel to the ground and move closer to the vehicle as they move upward. This allows the vehicle to be driven up ramps (not shown) leading to a trailer (not shown) without bumping the brush against the ramps. Known sweepers simply pivotally mount a brush mechanism to the front of the vehicle resulting in an orientation wherein the brush ordinarily bumps into the ramps when being driven onto the trailer ramps.
With reference to
a mounted on the first part of the support structure. Drive lug 28 engages a slot 30 such that activation of drive motor 56 to rotate drive hub 32 drives the brush accordingly.
The provision of universal joints 46 and 52 causes drive hub 32 and idler hub 34 to automatically align to provide a common axis of rotation for the brush.
With reference to
As shown in
Modifications of the invention within the scope of the appended claims will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US599937||Jun 28, 1897||Mar 1, 1898||Ander gillies|
|US1276953||Jan 8, 1917||Aug 27, 1918||Orrel A Parker||Wrench with universal joint.|
|US1322341||Feb 15, 1919||Nov 18, 1919||Universal joint|
|US2460216||Jan 10, 1945||Jan 25, 1949||Dalton Foundries Inc||Disconnectible universal joint|
|US3233274||Jan 28, 1963||Feb 8, 1966||Tennant Co G H||Sweeping machine dust separator apparatus|
|US3276109||Mar 28, 1963||Oct 4, 1966||John F Currivan||Connector means|
|US3284830 *||Oct 4, 1965||Nov 15, 1966||Tennant Co G H||Sweeping machine brush mounting apparatus|
|US3310825||Feb 4, 1965||Mar 28, 1967||Wayne Mfg Company||Quick change sweeper broom|
|US3325849||Sep 8, 1964||Jun 20, 1967||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Mechanical agitator for a vacuum cleaner|
|US3812551||Oct 26, 1972||May 28, 1974||Wayne Manufacturing Co||Street sweeper broom drive|
|US3879786 *||Feb 7, 1974||Apr 29, 1975||Ecolotec Inc||Pivotable rotary brush drive assembly|
|US3943593||Nov 18, 1974||Mar 16, 1976||William Gould||Disposable rotory brush core for power sweeper|
|US3948104||Oct 4, 1974||Apr 6, 1976||Envirotech Corporation||Automatic rotary sample injection valve|
|US4011722||May 10, 1976||Mar 15, 1977||Drake J Howard||Variable displacement hydraulic pump apparatus|
|US4114401||Jan 24, 1977||Sep 19, 1978||Hoose William E Van||Universal joint embodying oscillating drive pin|
|US4191032||Aug 23, 1978||Mar 4, 1980||August Daniel A||Rotary energy-transmitting mechanism|
|US4636180||Nov 12, 1985||Jan 13, 1987||Allied Corporation||Universal joint with stationary seats|
|US4885949||Mar 14, 1988||Dec 12, 1989||Barber Jr John S||Continuously variable or fixed ratio velocity transmission mechanism|
|US4912798||Dec 2, 1988||Apr 3, 1990||Ing. Alfred Schmidt, Gmbh||Sweeper cylinder on a streetcleaning vehicle|
|US4913151||Jan 5, 1989||Apr 3, 1990||Norio Harui||Tool for placement of a monitoring probe in the scalp of a fetus|
|US4926517||Feb 24, 1989||May 22, 1990||Smith Keith E||Sweeper|
|US5076367||May 25, 1990||Dec 31, 1991||Redexim B.V.||Soil working device|
|US5097356||Jun 1, 1990||Mar 17, 1992||General Scanning, Inc.||Optical scanner with damped coupling|
|US5409332||Oct 2, 1991||Apr 25, 1995||Chabot, Jr.; Bertin R.||Universal joint|
|US5467720||Oct 24, 1994||Nov 21, 1995||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Support device|
|US5571105||Jul 6, 1994||Nov 5, 1996||Gundolf; Ferdinand||Osteosynthesis apparatus for the fixation of bone fragments|
|US5742967||Feb 16, 1996||Apr 28, 1998||Giessler; Matthias||Utility vehicle sweeping device|
|US5769618||Sep 10, 1996||Jun 23, 1998||Heishin Sobi Kabushiki Kaisha||Uniaxial eccentric screw pump having a flexible plastic shaft|
|US5884426||Aug 4, 1997||Mar 23, 1999||Ishida; Takashi||Magnetic device for repelling birds|
|US6551060||Feb 1, 2001||Apr 22, 2003||Metaullics Systems Co., L.P.||Pump for molten materials with suspended solids|
|GB186703720A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7793376 *||Sep 14, 2010||Rush Sr John Conaway||Truck mounted rotating broom system|
|US8914933||Mar 9, 2012||Dec 23, 2014||Roadtec, Inc.||Broom assembly for sweeping machine and method of operation|
|US20040040103 *||Aug 27, 2003||Mar 4, 2004||Rush John Conaway||Truck mounted rotating broom system|
|U.S. Classification||15/82, 15/179, 15/392|
|International Classification||E01H1/05, E01H1/02|