|Publication number||USRE39009 E1|
|Application number||US 10/310,109|
|Publication date||Mar 14, 2006|
|Filing date||Dec 4, 2002|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 2000|
|Also published as||CN1326669C, CN1396854A, CN1810441A, CN1810454A, CN1810457A, CN1810459A, CN1811203A, CN100473490C, CN101116965A, EP1261460A1, US6158528, US6695072, US20030047333, WO2001056749A1, WO2001056749A3|
|Publication number||10310109, 310109, US RE39009 E1, US RE39009E1, US-E1-RE39009, USRE39009 E1, USRE39009E1|
|Original Assignee||S.P. Air Kabusiki Kaisha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (35), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (13), Classifications (11), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates generally to hand-held pneumatic rotary drive devices, and more particularly to a device of this class for driving a grinding wheel, useful as a die grinder.
Reference may be made to U.S. Pat. No. 5,535,646 issued Jul. 16, 1996 showing in
Hand-held pneumatic rotary drive devices of the type with which this invention is concerned have a pneumatic motor for effecting driving of the instrumentality to be driven thereby, supplied with compressed air via an air hose. Flexibility of the hose permits the manipulation of the device by hand to do the work intended. This invention is especially concerned with the pneumatic circuitry involved, and more particularly with problems which have been encountered in the exhausting of air from prior devices, such as the problem of exhaust air blowing in the user's eyes (often with particles of debris in the air), exhaust air blowing up the user's sleeve, and the problem of excessive noise.
Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of a hand-held pneumatic rotary drive device with an air exhaust system such as generally to reduce or to eliminate the above-mentioned problems; the provision of such a device having means for effecting directional adjustment of the exhaust to suit different hand-held positions of the device; the provision of such a device wherein said means is compatible with a connector for a flexible hose for supplying compressed air to the device, the connector allowing swivelling of the device relative thereto; and the provision of such a device with such means which is of relatively simple and economical construction and which enables simple adjustment to select a workable direction for the exhaust.
In general, a hand-held pneumatic rotary device of this invention comprises a generally elongate housing sized and shaped to be held in the hand having a forward end and a rearward end as so held and having an axis extending longitudinally endwise thereof, and having a chamber adjacent its forward end and a pneumatic motor having a rotor rotary in said chamber on said axis, a drive shaft driven by the rotor extending out of said forward end of the housing. The housing has an inlet passage for pressurized air at its said rearward end thereof extending in generally longitudinal direction relative to said housing. An air hose connector is rotary in sealed relation to said housing on an axis extending in generally longitudinal direction relative to said housing, said connector being of tubular form having a bore for flow of pressurized air to said inlet passage, said connector being for connection of an air hose for supplying pressurized air from a source thereof to the bore of said connector and allowing swivelling of the housing relative to the hose and connector. The housing has air delivery passaging for flow of pressurized air from said inlet passage to the motor, said delivery passaging having a valve therein, and said housing has a member thereon operable by the hand holding the device for operating the valve. The housing has air exhaust passaging therein for exhausting air from the motor chamber extending from the chamber to an outlet at said rearward end of the housing located laterally outward of said connector, and an air deflector for exhaust air exiting said exhaust passaging outlet rotatable around said connector for deflecting exhaust air laterally outward in selected direction away from the user holding the device.
Other objects and features will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.
Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
Referring to the drawings, a device of this invention, designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 1, is shown to comprise a generally elongate housing 3 sized and shaped to be held in the hand, having a forward end 5 and a rearward end 7 as so held and having an axis A extending longitudinally endwise thereof. The housing has a chamber 9 adjacent its forward end 5 and pneumatic motor M having a rotor 11 rotary in said chamber on said axis A. At 13 is indicated a drive shaft driven by the rotor 11 extending out of the forward end 5 of the housing. The latter has an inlet passage 15 for pressurized air for spinning the rotor 11 at the rearward end 7 of the housing, said passage extending in generally longitudinal direction relative to the housing, more particularly on axis A. An air hose connector 17 is rotary in sealed relation to the housing 3 on an axis extending in generally longitudinal direction relative to the housing, more particularly on axis A (coaxial with inlet passage 15). The hose connector 17 is of tubular form having a bore 19 for flow of pressurized air to said inlet passage 15. It is to be understood that the term “bore” as used herein means not only a hole formed by boring but also a hole formed in any other manner. The connector 17 is for connection of an air hose (not shown) for supplying pressurized air from a source thereof to said bore 19 and allowing swivelling of the housing 3 relative to the hose and connector.
The housing 3 has air delivery passaging indicated at 21 for flow of the pressurized air from the inlet passage 15 to the motor M for driving it, said delivery passaging having a valve 23 therein for controlling flow therethrough. For operating the valve 23, the housing 3 has a member 25 thereon, more particularly a lever, operable by the hand of the user holding the device 1. The housing has air exhaust passaging therein indicated at 27 for exhausting air from the motor chamber 9 extending from the chamber to a dual outlet comprising a pair of openings 29 at the rearward end 7 of the housing, each located laterally outward of the hose connector 17. At 31 is indicated an air deflector for the exhaust air exiting said exhaust passaging outlet openings 29 rotatable around said hose connector 17 for deflecting exhaust air laterally outward in selected direction away from the user holding the device 1 adjustable over a 3600 span.
In greater detail, the housing 3 comprises a generally cylindric tubular metal body 33 having a cover 35 of rubber or the like. The body 33 has an integral cross-block 37 extending diametrically interiorly thereof from one side to the other in the rearward part thereof, said cross-block being narrower than the inside diameter of the body, the formation of the cross-block with respect to the body being such that two openings each designated 39 (see particularly
The valve 23 (shown in enlargement in
The passage 97 in the ball bearing cage 47 leads to a notch 109 in the rearward end of the motor cylinder 55. Notch 109 provides communication between the passage 97 and the interior of the motor cylinder 55. Channel 107 extends from notch 109 through the motor cylinder 55, from its rearward end to its forward end, and leads to notch 108 at the forward end of the motor cylinder. Notch 108 provides communication between passage 97, to the interior of the motor cylinder 55, at the forward end of the motor cylinder. Air exhausts from the interior of the motor cylinder 55 via a notch 111 in the forward end of the motor cylinder to a passage 113 (where the air flows rearward) between the motor cylinder and the wall of the body 33 bounding recess 43, thence through a notch 114 in the periphery of the ball bearing cage 47 to a passage 115 in the cage 47 extending in an arc part way around axis A, said passage 115 providing for flow of exhaust air to the openings 29 on opposite sides of the cross-block. Air also exhausts from the interior of the motor cylinder 55 via a notch 111a in the rearward end of the motor cylinder, thence through a notch 114a in the periphery of the ball bearing cage 47 to passage 115.
The inlet passage 15 is in a rearward extension 117 of the housing 3, this extension being of tubular form having a bore constituting said inlet passage. Extension 117 is constituted by a tubular fitting secured in sealed relation by means of an O-ring 119 in an opening 121 in cross-block 37 extending generally longitudinally of the device. The tubular fitting 117 is secured in the opening 121 by having a reduced-diameter forward section 123 threaded in the opening to the point where a flange 125 at the forward end of the larger diameter rearward section 127 of the fitting engages the rearward end of the body 33 around the opening 121 and the O-ring 119. The tubular air hose connector 17 is rotary on the tubular fitting 117, in sealed relation thereto by means of an O-ring 127. It is held on the fitting with its forward end engaging flange 125 of the fitting by having a ball detent 131 biased by a spring 133 for reception in an annular groove 135 in the fitting, the arrangement allowing rotation of the connector on the fitting. Rearward of the location of a flange 137 on the connector 17, the bore of the connector is threaded as indicated at 139 for connection of the air supply hose and the periphery of the connector rearward of the flange 137 may be hexagonal as appears in
The cross-block 37 is spaced forward of the rearward end of the body 33, the formation being such that there is a generally cylindric recess 141 in the rearward end of the body. The air deflector 31 comprises a tubular member having an annular wall 143 coaxial with the air hose connector 17 surrounding the latter with an annular space 145 therebetween. Annular wall 143 is in rotary sealing engagement adjacent its forward end with the rearward end of the body 33 of housing 3, the forward end of the annular wall fitting in the recess 141 and rotatable therein with a seal provided by an O-ring 147. The annular wall 143 has an inwardly directed flange 149 at its rearward end in engagement with the annular flange 137 on the connector 17 closing off the annular space 145. Exhaust air exits from openings 29 at opposite sides of the cross-block 37 into the annular space 145 within the deflector 31, the annular wall 143 of the deflector having an opening 151 for directional lateral exhaust of the exhaust air from space 145. The annular wall 143 is externally ribbed as indicated at 153 for facilitating gripping it for being turned on the connector.
Thus, the air deflector 31 provides means for effecting directional adjustment of the exhaust to suit different hand-held positions of the device 1, compatible with the rotary hose connector 17. The stated means is of simple and economical construction and is very simply adjusted by turning it to select a workable direction for the exhaust of air via opening 151. Provision of the deflector has also been found to reduce exhaust noise.
In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.
As various changes could be made in the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
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|U.S. Classification||173/168, 173/93.5, 173/170|
|International Classification||B25B9/00, B25F5/00, B27F5/02, B25B21/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B25F5/00, B25B21/02|
|European Classification||B25B21/02, B25F5/00|
|Jun 2, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jun 8, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12