|Publication number||USRE39316 E1|
|Application number||US 10/037,280|
|Publication date||Oct 3, 2006|
|Filing date||Jan 4, 2002|
|Priority date||Apr 14, 1997|
|Also published as||DE69806001D1, DE69806001T2, EP0980319A1, EP0980319B1, US6010174, WO1998046441A1|
|Publication number||037280, 10037280, US RE39316 E1, US RE39316E1, US-E1-RE39316, USRE39316 E1, USRE39316E1|
|Inventors||Jay A. Murdock, Edward G. Curtindale, Ryan E. Dillingham|
|Original Assignee||Lear Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (98), Referenced by (3), Classifications (4), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a visor, and more particularly to a sliding visor for use in a vehicle.
The passenger compartments of vehicles are usually equipped with sun visors. The visors are mounted on pivot rods. The visors rotate downwardly from a stored position against the headliner of the vehicle to various lower positions for shielding the eyes of the occupants from sunlight. A torque control rotatably attaches the visor to the rod. The torque control must hold the visor at the various positions, yet permit relatively easy adjustment of the visor. Some of such visors are laterally adjustable along the rod for enhanced shielding effectiveness.
A number of such visors have been proposed; however, they are problematic. A number of visors use a metal extrusion in which to house the torque control. The torque control slides within the extrusion. This type of apparatus requires numerous parts and therefore is costly.
Yet another visor design utilizes a visor with a guide means and a torque control. The guide means includes a plurality of parallel rails, a plurality of disks and a coupling means. The rails extend longitudinally on one surface of the visor. The torque control is disposed on the rails. The torque control has a longitudinally extending slot herethrough. The plurality of disks contact the other side of the torque control. The coupling means fastens the disks to the core. The coupling means extends through the slot in the torque control. The engagement of the torque control with the rails and disks allows the visor to be moved with respect to the torque control. This apparatus requires numerous parts, and therefore is costly.
Another visor design utilizes a visor with a L-shaped arm which extends outwardly from one surface of the visor core. The rod extends longitudinally along the visor core. A separate panel includes two spaced L-shaped arms which extend outwardly from the surface of the panel. When assembled the L-shaped arm on the visor interlocks with the L-shaped arms on the panel, so that these parts are in sliding engagement with one another.
Therefore, a sliding visor is sought which can be rotated from a stored position to a use position, and which can be moved longitudinally along the rod. It is desired that the visor be aesthetically pleasing, and have a relatively simple design.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, a sliding sun visor assembly includes a rod assembly, and a visor body. The rod assembly includes a rod, torque control, and a guide. The visor body includes a bore and a track.
The rod is placed through the visor body bore and extends longitudinally into the visor body. The torque control pivotally attaches to the rod. The guide is fixed to one surface of the torque control.
The track extends longitudinally on one surface of the visor body. The track forms a substantially enclosed longitudinally extending passage adjacent the surface of the visor body. The passage is shaped to receive a portion of the guide in a sliding engagement. Upon moving the visor longitudinally along the rod, the track slides relative to the guide, which allows the visor to be used in an extended or retracted position.
In one embodiment, the guide has a substantially H-shaped cross section.
The foregoing invention will become more apparent in the following detailed description of the best mode for carrying out the invention and in the accompanying drawings.
The sliding sun visor assembly 22 includes a pivot rod assembly 24, and a visor body 26. The pivot rod assembly mounts the visor body 26 to the roof of the vehicle. The visor body can have a number of positions. In the lowered, extended position, the visor is adjacent the side window 20 and spaced from the A-pillar 18. As indicated by the arrow A, the visor body 26 can be moved from the extended position to the lowered, retracted position (as shown in
The longitudinally extending pivot rod 30 includes a metal insert 36, which is molded into a plastic cover 38. The plastic cover 38 covers all but a portion of the metal insert 36. The metal insert 36 includes a plurality of lobes and flats (not shown) for cooperating with the torque control 32.
The end of the plastic cover 38 opposite the exposed portion of the metal insert includes a conical tower 40. The conical tower 40 allows the rod 30 to be snapped into a conventional elbow bracket 28.
The metal insert 36 may be formed from a low carbon steel, and can be extruded and bent. The flats and lobes (not shown) on the metal insert are formed using a coining process. The number of flats and lobes formed depends on the torque control used. The plastic cover 38 is formed from nylon or glass-filled nylon and in injection molded with the metal insert therein.
The angled portion 60 extends outwardly at an angle from the flange 44 to the first sidewall 52. The end portion 62 extends from the free end of the lower curved portion 58. The end portion 62 is substantially parallel to the flange 44. The free end of the end portion 62 is spaced from the angled portion 60 leaving a gap represented by the arrow g.
In other embodiments, the angled portion 60 and the end portion may be eliminated and the design of the control modified in order to be used with different visor body geometries.
A channel 64 is formed through each elliptical leg, between the first and second sidewalls. The distance between these sidewalls is represented by the arrow d. The torque control should be formed to operate as a functional hinge, so that the rotational axis of the rod cannot move during use.
The torque control 42 is cut from a sheet of SAE 1070 or 1095 spring steel with a thickness of from 0.9 to 1.1 mm, and bent to the desired shape. The material is heat treated to a Rockwell hardness of from 47 to 49. The dimensions of the features are experimentally determined and depend on the predetermined visor system thickness, the rod's dimensions, the material used, and the force requirements. A conventional lubricant should be used. The lubricant should worked at high and low temperatures.
The bore 78 extends longitudinally through the upper portion of the visor body between the channel 76 and the front edge 88. In this embodiment, the bore 78 is formed by a conventional arrangement of a plurality of curved arms 90. The arms 90 alternately form lower and upper curved surfaces of the bore. During movement of the visor body between the stored and lowered positions the arms 90 act as a hinge. The bore 78 is dimensioned such that the visor body 26 slides smoothly over the rod 30 during lateral movement of the visor body.
The cutout 80 is U-shaped and formed within the top edge of the visor body 26 between the channel 76 and the rear edge 92. The pin 82 extends longitudinally across the cutout 80. Referring to
The first and second vertical walls 96 and 98 extends from the upper surface 94 of the visor body. The horizontal wall 100 joins the first and second vertical walls 96 and 98. A ridge 104 extends from the first vertical wall 96. The horizontal wall 100 is substantially parallel to and spaced from the surface 94 of the visor body, so that substantially enclosed passage 106 is formed therebetween. The surface 94 of the visor body may be the back of a mirror frame assembly in some applications. The passage 106 extends longitudinally along a portion of the visor body adjacent the surface 94. The passage is shaped to receive a portion of the guide 34 in a sliding engagement. The horizontal wall 100 includes a partially longitudinally extending slot 108.
The opening 102 is formed at the free end of each of the walls. The walls are shaped so that they are angled at the opening 102 thus forming lateral and vertical lead-ins into the passage.
The projection 86 extends from the upper surface 94 of the visor body. The projection is wedge shaped angled upwardly from the rear edge 88 toward the forward edge 92. Thus the projection 86 includes a vertical surface 110, which is aligned with the opening 102 of the track 84.
The visor body and all of its components may be integrally injection molded from ABS plastic or other suitable plastics that have the appropriate properties for an automotive environment.
Assembly will now be discussed with reference to
Assembly of the visor using conventional methods will now be discussed. A cover cloth and foundation paper are cut larger than the visor body 26. The foundation paper and the cover cloth are laid in a butterflied, open position with a symmetric configuration about a centerline fold. The cover cloth is folded along the edges of the foundation paper. The openings for the pin 82 and the mirror are cut, if required, into the cover assembly. The center pin opening is core folded and a sealing aid is applied to the cover assembly. The sealing aid used will depend on the cloth used. In some applications it may not be necessary. The cover assembly is prefolded along the centerline fold, then the visor body is inserted therein. The cover is dielectrically sealed about the visor body. Then the mirror is attached to the visor.
Use of the visor assembly will now be discussed with reference to
The visor body 26 can be moved from the lowered retracted position (as shown in
The principal advantage of the present invention is that the sliding visor provides a simple design which is easy to manufacture and assemble. The design also minimizes vibration and rattling due to sizing the guide and the track such that these phenomenon are minimized. An additional advantage of the present invention is that the only exposed plastic required is that covering the rod. This design also does not require a metal extrusion for the torque control to rest within. This also makes the design versatile so that it can be used with a variety of different size and shape visors.
While a particular invention has been described with reference to illustrated embodiments, various modifications of the illustrative embodiments, as well as additional embodiments of the invention, will be apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reference to this description without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as recited in the claims appended hereto. These modifications include, but are not limited to, modifying the shape of the guide and the track. The guide and passageway can be any shape, so long as together the guide and track accomplish the sliding function reliably. The friction provided by these parts should be enough to minimize rattle and excessive movement between these parts. The torque control may be modified so that a simpler or more complex clip is used depending on the application. The formation of the bore in the visor body can be modified so that the alternating arms are not used. The sliding visor concept can be used with any other type of visor construction, such as a two-piece visor body. It is therefore contemplated that the appended claims will cover any such modification or embodiments that fall within the true scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2095715||Jul 22, 1936||Oct 12, 1937||Ternstedt Mfg Co||Glare shield|
|US2201348||May 31, 1938||May 21, 1940||Roberts Gordon A||Visor|
|US2201377||Apr 24, 1939||May 21, 1940||Reconstruction Finance Corp||Visor|
|US2201378||May 29, 1939||May 21, 1940||Reconstruction Finance Corp||Visor|
|US2207668||Jan 20, 1939||Jul 9, 1940||Neil Williams E||Sun visor|
|US2221182||May 6, 1940||Nov 12, 1940||Nat Automotive Fibres Inc||Sun visor|
|US2260482||Jun 17, 1938||Oct 28, 1941||Roberts Gordon A||Visor|
|US2264603||Jul 19, 1940||Dec 2, 1941||Reconstruction Finance Corp||Visor structure|
|US2284784||Nov 28, 1940||Jun 2, 1942||Reconstruction Finance Corp||Visor|
|US2294317||Mar 22, 1940||Aug 25, 1942||Woodall Industries Inc||Visor construction|
|US2322898||Jan 22, 1942||Jun 29, 1943||Dresser William C Van||Visor structure|
|US2458707||Feb 23, 1946||Jan 11, 1949||Jacobs Co F L||Visor|
|US2566523||Nov 12, 1947||Sep 4, 1951||Ford Motor Co||Sun visor|
|US2667222||Oct 9, 1952||Jan 26, 1954||Ford Motor Co||Extensible visor for motor vehicles|
|US2921813||Apr 11, 1958||Jan 19, 1960||Ralph Shaffer M||Auxiliary light shield apparatus for motor vehicles|
|US3032371||Jun 26, 1959||May 1, 1962||Woodall Industries Inc||Visor assembly|
|US3343867||Jun 17, 1965||Sep 26, 1967||Gen Motors Corp||Visor means|
|US3403937 *||Jul 19, 1966||Oct 1, 1968||Robert L. Quaine||Sun visor construction|
|US3556585||Aug 23, 1968||Jan 19, 1971||Daimler Benz Ag||Sun visor,especially at the windshield of motor vehicles|
|US3741616||Feb 19, 1971||Jun 26, 1973||Hoppich Gmbh Geb||Bearing, particularly for vehicle sun visor|
|US3865428||Dec 19, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Chester Carroll W||Window shade for a vehicle or the like|
|US4075468||Mar 9, 1977||Feb 21, 1978||Prince Corporation||Visor and mirror assembly|
|US4203149||May 11, 1978||May 13, 1980||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor for vehicles|
|US4227241||Oct 23, 1978||Oct 7, 1980||Prince Corporation||Visor assembly|
|US4353592||Dec 19, 1980||Oct 12, 1982||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor with illuminated mirror|
|US4364597||Jun 18, 1980||Dec 21, 1982||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor for vehicles including a mirror|
|US4378129||Jan 21, 1981||Mar 29, 1983||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor with protected mirror particularly for vehicles|
|US4390202||May 26, 1981||Jun 28, 1983||Prince Corporation||Visor control|
|US4411467||Feb 4, 1981||Oct 25, 1983||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Foil covering layer for sun visor|
|US4435009||Jan 11, 1982||Mar 6, 1984||Lear S.N.C. Di Foggini & C.||Sun visors of the type having a cell structure particularly for automobile vehicles|
|US4458938||Sep 16, 1981||Jul 10, 1984||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Attachment of covering on sun visor for vehicles|
|US4494789||May 2, 1983||Jan 22, 1985||Prince Corporation||Visor covering|
|US4500131||Jun 28, 1982||Feb 19, 1985||Prince Corporation||Visor control|
|US4521046||Jan 28, 1983||Jun 4, 1985||Lear S.N.C. Di Foggini & C.||Cell structure sun visor for automobile vehicles including retention and snap-action positioning means|
|US4525008||Mar 28, 1983||Jun 25, 1985||Lear S.N.C. Di Foggini & C.||Swivel attachment for auto vehicle adjustable sun visors|
|US4533275||Jun 29, 1981||Aug 6, 1985||Lear S.N.C.||Swivel connector for securing motorvehicle sun visors|
|US4582356||Dec 14, 1984||Apr 15, 1986||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Pivot bearing for sun visor for automotive vehicles|
|US4635994||Jan 30, 1985||Jan 13, 1987||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor, particularly for automotive vehicles, with reversible mirror|
|US4681363||Nov 7, 1985||Jul 21, 1987||Prince Corporation||Visor system|
|US4696510||Jul 3, 1986||Sep 29, 1987||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Swivel bearing for automobile sun visors|
|US4734955||Jul 7, 1986||Apr 5, 1988||Incoils Limited||Hinge mechanism for a vehicle visor|
|US4763946||Jun 8, 1987||Aug 16, 1988||Prince Corporation||Visor|
|US4810023||Dec 3, 1987||Mar 7, 1989||Shigeru Kawada||Visor housing assembly and expandable sun visor having vertically slidable panel member with pivotal latch retaining means|
|US4858983||Apr 4, 1988||Aug 22, 1989||White Jay E||Sun visor frame and mounting structure|
|US4902063||Nov 18, 1988||Feb 20, 1990||General Motors Corporation||Sliding sun visor|
|US4921300||Nov 30, 1988||May 1, 1990||United Technologies Automotive, Inc.||Vehicle sun visor mounting arrangement|
|US4925233 *||Dec 28, 1987||May 15, 1990||Prince Corporation||Adjustable visor|
|US4941704||Feb 13, 1989||Jul 17, 1990||Daimler-Benz Ag||Sun visor for vehicles|
|US4952008||Feb 22, 1990||Aug 28, 1990||Irvin Industries, Inc.||Visor with snap-in retractable glare shield|
|US4982992 *||Feb 17, 1989||Jan 8, 1991||Vu Thuan D||Clip on flat sun visor|
|US4998765||Feb 21, 1989||Mar 12, 1991||Prince Corporation||Sliding visor|
|US5004288 *||Dec 19, 1989||Apr 2, 1991||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor for motor vehicle having a slidable main body|
|US5004289||Sep 27, 1989||Apr 2, 1991||Prince Corporation||Visor torque control|
|US5007532||Nov 20, 1989||Apr 16, 1991||Prince Corporation||Visor and method for making the same|
|US5011212||Nov 9, 1989||Apr 30, 1991||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Sun visor and support structure for motor vehicles|
|US5026108||May 17, 1990||Jun 25, 1991||General Motors Corporation||Sliding and pivoting sun visor|
|US5031953||Jun 18, 1990||Jul 16, 1991||Plasta Fiber Industries, Inc.||Visor bracket|
|US5042867||Sep 28, 1990||Aug 27, 1991||Crotty Corporation||Automotive sunshade including an extender|
|US5042897||Dec 26, 1989||Aug 27, 1991||United Technologies Corporation||Optical waveguide embedded light redirecting Bragg grating arrangement|
|US5044687 *||Dec 18, 1989||Sep 3, 1991||Abu Shumays Ibrahim K||Slidable sun visors for automobiles|
|US5054839||Aug 31, 1990||Oct 8, 1991||White Jay E||Vehicular sun visor assembly|
|US5071186 *||Feb 1, 1990||Dec 10, 1991||Prince Corporation||Visor|
|US5131711||Aug 31, 1990||Jul 21, 1992||Jay White Sales And Engineering, Inc.||Locking pins for vehicular sun visor assembly|
|US5161850||Sep 10, 1991||Nov 10, 1992||Prince Corporation||Sliding visor|
|US5205604||Dec 20, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||Prince Corporation||Low profile visor assembly|
|US5205635||Apr 19, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||Prince Corporation||Vehicle accessory body and integral circuit|
|US5205639||Jul 22, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||White Jay E||Vehicular sun visor assembly|
|US5255965||Feb 13, 1992||Oct 26, 1993||Ting P. Chen||Waterproof stereo cover assembly with hinge providing multiple stop positions|
|US5331518||Sep 22, 1992||Jul 19, 1994||Prince Corporation||Visor mirror cover assembly|
|US5338082||Apr 15, 1992||Aug 16, 1994||Plasta Fiber Industries Corp.||Apparatus for securing fabric to a visor|
|US5365416||Apr 15, 1992||Nov 15, 1994||Crotty Corporation||Sun visor with integral core|
|US5374097||Apr 15, 1993||Dec 20, 1994||Prince Corporation||Universal visor mounting system|
|US5409285 *||Apr 18, 1994||Apr 25, 1995||Prince Corporation||Sliding visor|
|US5445427||Dec 6, 1993||Aug 29, 1995||Vandagriff; Craig A.||Pivotable sun visor attachment|
|US5454617||May 6, 1994||Oct 3, 1995||Gebr. Happich Gmbh||Mounting device for a swingably mounted sun visor for motor vehicles|
|US5538310 *||Apr 24, 1995||Jul 23, 1996||Prince Corporation||Track visor|
|US5560669||Aug 10, 1994||Oct 1, 1996||Lear Corporation||Fastenerless retainer assembly|
|US5580118||Aug 14, 1995||Dec 3, 1996||Crotty, Iii; Willard E.||Sun visor having an alignment element|
|US5645308 *||Aug 29, 1995||Jul 8, 1997||Prince Corporation||Sliding visor|
|US5653490 *||Apr 12, 1996||Aug 5, 1997||Prince Corporation||Sliding visor|
|US5823603||Aug 27, 1996||Oct 20, 1998||Crotty Corporation||Modular sun visor assembly and method of assembling a sun visor|
|US5860690||Nov 21, 1997||Jan 19, 1999||Prince Corporation||Visor and method of manufacturing|
|US5871252||Jul 30, 1996||Feb 16, 1999||Lear Corporation||Telescopic sunvisor|
|US5887933||Jul 15, 1997||Mar 30, 1999||Lear Corporation||Sun visor|
|US5906424||Feb 7, 1997||May 25, 1999||Lear Corporation||Lighted visor mirror assembly providing variable light intensity|
|US5924748||Apr 14, 1997||Jul 20, 1999||Ut Automotive Dearborh, Inc.||Visor torque control|
|US6010174 *||Apr 14, 1997||Jan 4, 2000||Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc.||Sliding visor|
|US6067078||Sep 3, 1996||May 23, 2000||Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc.||Dual screen display device|
|USD346358||Jul 19, 1993||Apr 26, 1994||Crotty Corporation||Sun visor|
|USRE35622||Apr 3, 1996||Oct 7, 1997||Lear Corporation||Dual synchronous opening mirror doors for sun visors|
|DE3324305A1||Jul 6, 1983||Jan 24, 1985||Wolfgang Zipperle||Sun visor for vehicles|
|DE4123117A1||Jul 12, 1991||Jan 14, 1993||Zimco Kunststoff Engineering G||Sun visor for motor vehicle - has two part construction joined by clip connectors and covered by foam padding|
|DE4208267C1||Mar 14, 1992||Sep 30, 1993||Daimler Benz Ag||Variable transparency visor for automobile front windscreen - using cooperating opaque rasters coupled by windscreen and relatively sliding transparent plate|
|EP0180700A2||Feb 19, 1985||May 14, 1986||Gebr. Happich GmbH||Vehicle sun visor|
|EP0231440A2||Oct 29, 1986||Aug 12, 1987||Gebr. Happich GmbH||Vehicle sun visor|
|FR2697479A1||Title not available|
|GB2154192A||Title not available|
|JPH05286363A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8562061||Jan 7, 2013||Oct 22, 2013||Kyowa Sangyo Co., Ltd.||Sun visor for vehicles|
|US20090160208 *||Dec 21, 2007||Jun 25, 2009||International Automotive Components Group North America, Inc.||Vehicle visor assembly|
|US20100019527 *||Jan 28, 2010||Kyowa Sangyo Co., Ltd.||Sun visor for vehicles|
|Jun 23, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., AS GENERAL ADMINISTRATI
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017823/0950
Effective date: 20060425
|Mar 13, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LEAR CORPORATION, MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019000/0208
Effective date: 20070313
|Apr 27, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS GROUP NORTH AM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LEAR CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:019215/0727
Effective date: 20070427
|Jul 16, 2007||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 6, 2008||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 17, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Effective date: 20100830
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:032712/0428
Owner name: LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC., MICHIGAN