Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSRE39572 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/860,665
Publication dateApr 17, 2007
Filing dateJun 3, 2004
Priority dateAug 18, 1999
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA2381079A1, CA2381079C, CN1192936C, CN1379722A, EP1208037A2, EP1208037A4, US6398600, WO2001012498A2, WO2001012498A3
Publication number10860665, 860665, US RE39572 E1, US RE39572E1, US-E1-RE39572, USRE39572 E1, USRE39572E1
InventorsWilliam Lawson
Original AssigneeSword Marine Technology, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Outboard jet drive boat
US RE39572 E1
Abstract
An outboard jet drive boat apparatus has a boat hull (11) having a transom (12) and having a removably attached outboard jet drive (10) attached to the transom (12). The outboard jet drive (10) includes a housing (13) sealed against the intrusion of water and has an engine mounting platform (14) therein having an engine (16) mounted thereon on flexible engine mounts (15). The housing (13) has a sealable entrance through the top thereof and is removably attached to the transom of the hull (11). A jet drive unit (17) is attached in the housing (13) below the engine supporting platform (14) and extending generally parallel to the engine (16) and extending from the front of the housing (13) out the rear of the housing. The jet drive unit (17) is operatively attached to the overhead engine (16) through a clutch mechanism. A main fuel tank (33) is positioned inside the hull (11) and is connected to a fuel line (35) to an auxiliary fuel tank (38) inside the housing (13) and the auxiliary fuel tank (38) is connected to the engine (16) for feeding fuel to the engine (16). The fuel pump (41) is mounted in the housing (13) to pump fuel to the engine (16) from the auxiliary fuel tank (38) and from the main fuel tank (33) to the auxiliary fuel tank (38). Electrical controls are located in the hull couple through the housing (13) to the engine controls and controls the engine (16) and jet drive unit (17).
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(30)
1. An outboard jet drive boat comprising:
a huly (11) having a transom (12);
a housing (13) sealed against the intrusion of water, said housing (13) having front and rear sides, and a top and bottom and having a sealable entrance through the top thereof, and said housing (13) being removably attached to the transom (12) of said hull (11);
an engine mounting platform (14) attached in said housing (13) and having a plurality of engine mounts (15) attached thereto;
an engine (16) mounted in said housing (13) and supported generally horizontally on said platform (14);
a jet drive unit (17) attached in said housing (13) below said platform (14) and extending generally parallel to said engine (16), said jet drive unit (17) extending from the rear of said housing (13) and being operatively attached to said engine (16) in said housing (13) above said platform (14); and
a main fuel tank (33) positioned inside said hull (11) and having a fuel line (35) connecting said main fuel tank (33) to said engine (16) for the feeding of fuel from said fuel tank (33) to said engine (16), whereby an outboard jet drive (17) and engine (16) are removably attached to a boat hull (11) transom (12) and isolated in a separate housing (13).
2. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 1 in which a secondary fuel tank (38) is mounted in said housing (13) and coupled between said main fuel tank (33) and said engine (16).
3. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 2 in which said housing (13) has a transom (12) hanging bracket (32) attached thereto and positioned for attaching said housing (13) to said transom (12) of said boat hull (11).
4. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 3 in which said engine (16) is a diesel engine.
5. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 3 including a fuel pump (41) mounted in said housing (13) and coupled to said secondary fuel tank (38).
6. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 5 having engine controls mounted in said boat hull (11) coupled to said engine (16) and said jet drive unit (17) for controlling said engine from said hull (11).
7. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 6 in which a said jet drive unit (17) is mounted through said housing (13) rear side and attached to said front and rear sides.
8. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 7 having a battery mounted in said boat hull (11) and electrically connected to said engine (16) for starting said engine (16).
9. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 8 in which said engine (16) has monitoring sensors and said boat hull (11) has a plurality of engine instruments mounted therein operatively coupled to said engine sensors to provide sensed engine conditions in said engine instruments in said boat hull (11).
10. An out board jet drive boat in accordance with claim 8 having a clutched belt drive (27) operatively connecting said engine to said jet drive unit (17).
11. An out board jet drive boat in accordance with claim 10 in which said housing (13) is sealed against the intrusion of water and partially extends into the water when said boat hull (11) is afloat to provide added buoyancy to said boat hull (11).
12. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 11 in which said engine (16) has a sealed engine coolant system whereby the engine cooling is not dependent upon water from the body of water the boat hull (11) is floating upon.
13. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 8 in which said housing (13) has an auxiliary battery mounted therein.
14. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 5 in which said engine (16) is mounted to said mounting platform (14) generally parallel to said jet drive unit (17).
15. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 14 in which said engine (16) is mounted in a reverse direction to said jet drive unit (17).
16. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 1 in which said housing (13) is mounted to said transom (12) above the hull (11) bottom to thereby reduce the ingress of debris.
17. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 1 in which said platform (14) is sealed to said housing (13) to prevent the escape of leaking liquids from said engine.
18. An outboard jet drive comprising:
a housing sealed against the intrusion of water, said housing having front and rear sides, and a top and bottom and having a sealable entrance;
an engine disposed in said housing and supported generally horizontally within said housing; and
a jet drive unit disposed in said housing below said engine and extending generally parallel to said engine, said jet drive unit extending from the rear of said housing and being operatively attached to said engine in said housing.
19. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which a fuel tank is mounted in said housing and coupled to said engine.
20. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 18 in which said engine is a diesel engine.
21. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 including a fuel pump disposed in said housing and coupled to said fuel tank.
22. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which said jet drive unit is mounted through said housing rear side and attached to said front and rear sides.
23. An outboard jet drive boat in accordance with claim 18 in which said engine has monitoring sensors.
24. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 having a clutched belt drive operatively connecting said engine to said jet drive.
25. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which said housing is sealed against the intrusion of water and partially extends into the water when said housing is afloat to provide buoyancy.
26. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which said engine has a sealed engine coolant system whereby the engine cooling is not dependent upon water from the body of water upon which the housing is floating.
27. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which said housing has an auxiliary battery disposed therein.
28. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 22 in which said engine is disposed in a reverse direction to said jet drive unit.
29. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18 in which said housing is adapted to be removably attached to an exterior portion of a boat hull.
30. An outboard jet drive in accordance with claim 18, in which said jet drive unit defines a substantially linear water travel path.
Description

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application, No. 60/149,362, filed Aug. 18, 1999.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an outboard jet drive boat and especially to an outboard jet drive having an engine and jet drive mounted in a housing which is removably attached to the transom of a boat hull.

There have been several proposed types of outboard set drives for watercraft but most are similar to an outboard motor in which the outboard motor propeller and lower unit have been replaced with a jet drive. The jet drive includes a jet pump in the lower unit that operates so as to provide propulsion force for a watercraft. There are advantages in employing jet pumps for propulsion units as opposed to propellers. The jet drive permits operation in shallower water and also the propeller is shrouded and there is less likelihood of injury. There has been a variety of proposed constructions for outboard jet drives for positioning the jet pump in different positions relative to the hull transom and bottom of the transom but in a typical jet drive, the engine and jet drive are located directly in the hull with an opening in the bottom of the hull for capturing water passing under the hull and then utilizing the jet pumps to thrust the water out the rear of the hull to propel the boat. Outboard jet drive units are made similar to typical outboard motors with a motor driving a drive unit which operates a jet drive unit.

Prior art outboard liquid jet propulsion units can be seen in the Nanami U.S. Pat., No. 5,536,187, for an outboard jet drive for watercraft in which the jet propulsion unit is disposed forwardly of the transom and beneath the undersurface of the hull for improving its pumping efficiency while the motor is attached to the transom of the boat. In the Jordan U.S. Pat., No. 4,459,117, a liquid jet propulsion unit is driven by a conventional outboard motor. The drive of the motor directly rotates an impeller which draws water into the impeller chamber and through an outlet chamber and nozzle to drive the craft forward. In the Miyamoto U.S. Pat., No. 4,457,724, an apparatus for driving a surfboard includes an internal combustion engine mounted in a box which is mounted on the rear portion of the surfboard. A water jet propelling device is driven by the internal combustion engine for propelling the surfboard. The exhaust gas system in the water jet propelling device is positioned in the box. In the U.S. Pat. to Boyer et al., No. 4,942,838, an inflatable watercraft has a portable engine package. The engine package includes an internal combustion engine mounted in a thin fiberglass hull. The base plate of the hull includes a water inlet scoop for feeding water to the pump and an exhaust port for exhausting the water. The pumps high pressure water outlet is pointed in the aft direction above the water line to propel the craft by the reaction force resulting from the high velocity water jet. In the F.C. Clark U.S. Pat., No. 3,055,175, a marine propulsion unit takes a conventional outboard motor and replaces the prop unit with a marine jet motor using a pump to issue a jet of water to propel a boat. The Parker U.S. Pat., No. 5,356,319, is for a boat with a removably inboard jet propulsion unit in which the integral jet power unit is encased in a waterproof housing and positioned in a well located in the hull and is mounted to be removed from the hull.

The present invention is directed towards an outboard jet boat in which the main fuel tank and controls are mounted within the hull of a boat while the outboard jet drive unit is mounted in a housing with an engine and is removably attached to the transom of the boat. The fuel tank and controls are connected between the hull and outboard drive through quick disconnect couplings. The housing is shaped to support an engine on a platform directly over the jet drive unit for actuating the jet drive unit through a clutch mechanism with the engine and jet drive positioned parallel to each other.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An outboard jet drive boat apparatus has a boat hull having a transom and having a removably attached outboard jet drive attached to the transom. The outboard jet drive includes a housing sealed against the intrusion of water and has an engine mounting platform therein having an engine mounted thereon on flexible engine mounts. The housing has a sealable entrance through the top thereof and is removably attached to the transom of the hull. A jet drive unit is attached in the housing below the engine supporting platform and extends generally parallel to the engine from the front of the housing and through the rear of the housing. The jet drive unit is operatively attached to the overhead engine through a clutch mechanism. A main fuel tank is positioned inside the hull and is connected with a fuel line to an auxiliary fuel tank inside the housing and the auxiliary fuel tank is connected to the engine for feeding fuel to the engine. The fuel pump is mounted in the housing to pump fuel to the engine from the auxiliary fuel tank and from the main fuel tank to the auxiliary fuel tank. Electrical controls are located in the hull and coupled through the housing to the engine to control the engine and jet drive unit. Quick disconnect couplings allow the fuel line and control lines to be rapidly connected and disconnected to the outboard drive unit.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the written description and the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a sectional view taken through an outboard jet drive boat in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of an outboard jet drive housing having a jet drive unit mounted therein;

FIG. 3 is a rear elevation of the jet drive unit of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the connected fuel tanks.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIGS. 1-3, an outboard jet drive unit 10 is shown attached to the hull of a boat 11 on the transom 12. The outdrive unit includes a housing 13 having a platform 14 mounted therein and having a plurality of flexible engine mounts 15 attached to the platform 14. An internal combustion engine 16 is mounted to the engine mounts 15 on the platform 14. The engine is preferably a diesel engine having a turbocharger with an intercooler. A jet drive unit 17 is mounted beneath the platform 14 of the housing 13 and is attached to the front end 18 of the housing 13. The jet drive unit extends through the rear 21 of the housing, out an opening 20 in the housing 13. The jet drive unit 17 has a water intake 22 and is positioned to be about level with the bottom 23 of the hull 11. A water exhaust 24 extending out the rear of the housing 13. A jet pump 25 is mounted in the jet drive 17 for drawing the water thereinto through the jet pump and out the water exhaust 24. The jet drive unit 17 is shown below the water line 26 and is supported on brackets 29 on the front 18 of the housing 13. Engine 16 has a belt drive 27 having a clutch mechanism therein for connecting the engine 16 to the drive pulley 28 of the jet drive unit 17. The housing 13 is sealed against the intrusion of water thereto and sealed between the platform 14 and the housing 13 to prevent water intrusion and to prevent oil or engine antifreeze from escaping therefrom.

The housing 13 top 30 is removable from the housing main part 31, as shown in FIG. 3. The housing 13 with the engine 16 and the jet drive unit 17 mounted therein is attached to the transom 12 of the hull 11 with a pair of brackets 32. Brackets 32 allow the housing 13 to be mounted even with the bottom of the boat hull or higher than the bottom of the boat hull so as to reduce ingression of debris and damage to wildlife. The hull 11 has the main fuel tank 33 mounted therein having a fuel tank inlet 34 and a fuel line 35 extending therefrom through the transom 12 and to a quick disconnect 36 where it can be quickly coupled or decoupled from an internal fuel line 37 located inside the housing 13. The fuel line 37 enters an auxiliary internal fuel tank 38 which has a fuel line 40 connected thereto which is connected to a fuel pump 41 for pumping the fuel from the auxiliary fuel tank 38 and from the main fuel tank 33 and into the fuel line 42 where it is fed directly into the fuel injectors of the engine 16. A fuel return line 43 is connected to the auxiliary fuel tank 38 and to a de-aerator 44 having a bleed top 45 and having a return fuel line 46 from the engine 16 fuel injectors. A battery 47 is shown mounted within the housing 13 and is connected through a ground line 48 to the jet drive unit 17. The engine and drive unit are controlled through electrical control lines 50 which is connected through a quick electrical connector 51 which is a waterproof connector mounted through the housing 13 and to the engine 16 and clutch unit 27 to control the operation of the outboard jet drive unit.

The rear wall 21 of the housing 13 has a tow bracket 52 attached thereto for attaching a line. The jet drive unit 17 may also have an anti-cavitation plate 53 attached to the exhaust portion 54 of the jet drive unit.

As seen in FIG. 4, the main fuel tank 33 having the filler cap 34 is connected through the fuel line 35 to the auxiliary tank 38 having an auxiliary tank opening 55 and having the fuel pump 41 connected through the fuel line 40 from the auxiliary tank 38 and through a line 42 to the fuel injectors and back through a de-aerator 44 from the fuel injectors and through the fuel line 43 back to the auxiliary fuel tank 38. A breather 45 is connected to the de-aerator unit 44.

In operation, the hull 11 has the fuel tank 33 installed therein along with all the controls and sensors. The controls and sensors are connected through the multi-line electrical conductor 50 while the fuel tank In is connected through the fuel line 35 through the transom 12. The outboard drive unit 10 can then be attached to the brackets 32 on the transom 12 in a position to align the bottom of the unit with the bottom of the hull 23. Then, merely attaching the quick connect couplings 36 to the fuel line, connects the fuel lines to the outboard jet drive while connecting the quick coupling 51 connects the electrical controls. If the unit has to be removed for any reason, it can be disconnected from the brackets 32 by disconnecting the quick couplings 36 and 51 to remove the entire unit. The outboard jet drive unit 10 is made by constructing a waterproof housing 13 mounting the jet drive unit 17 therein underneath the platform 14 and mounting the engine 16 to the engine mounts 15 on the platform 14 and then connecting the belt drive clutch mechanism 27 between the engine 16 and the jet drive unit 17 through the pulley 28.

It should be clear at this time that an improved removable outboard jet drive boat has been provided which forms a permanent part of the boat while allowing the quick disconnection and removal of the entire unit. This provides the advantages of a conventional inboard jet drive unit with an onboard fuel tank and control. However, the present invention should not be considered limited to the forms shown which are to be considered illustrative rather than restrictive.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3336752Jul 16, 1965Aug 22, 1967Buehler CorpJet boat propulsion unit
US3389558 *Dec 15, 1966Jun 25, 1968Hall Marine CorpJet propulsion apparatus
US3809005Jul 20, 1972May 7, 1974Rodler WPropulsion system
US4073257Jul 26, 1976Feb 14, 1978Turbo Engineering CorporationMarine propulsion system
US4281996Jan 30, 1979Aug 4, 1981Michel MouraretPropeller with a water-jet for crafts
US4437841 *Nov 4, 1981Mar 20, 1984Stallman Richard COutboard jet drive steering mechanism
US4457724Jun 15, 1981Jul 3, 1984Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for driving a surfboard
US4722708Apr 26, 1985Feb 2, 1988Outboard Marine CorporationMarine propulsion device fuel distribution system
US4792282Jun 3, 1987Dec 20, 1988A. Janet JordanLiquid pump
US4820215 *Apr 26, 1988Apr 11, 1989Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFuel supplying system for outboard motor
US4897059Sep 8, 1988Jan 30, 1990Brunswick CorporationWater pump for marine propulsion system
US5211592 *Oct 19, 1992May 18, 1993Malibu Boats, Inc.Engine mount system and method for boats
US5346363Apr 23, 1993Sep 13, 1994Outboard Jet - Trutol Bearings, Inc.Liner for a water jet propulsion pump
US5356319Jan 21, 1993Oct 18, 1994Parker Corvin LBoat with removable inboard jet propulsion unit
US5383801Jan 2, 1992Jan 24, 1995Chas Jean BernardHollow jet thruster device
US5435763 *Aug 1, 1994Jul 25, 1995Pignata; RichardOutboard power unit having an internal propeller assembly for a boat
US5460552 *Nov 5, 1993Oct 24, 1995Outboard Marine CorporationAdaptor plate mounting system for marine jet propulsion unit
US5536187 *Sep 22, 1994Jul 16, 1996Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaOutboard jet drive for watercraft
US5685802 *Feb 2, 1996Nov 11, 1997Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaEngine control system
US5752863Oct 10, 1996May 19, 1998Baker; Jeffrey LowellOutboard motor with improved jet propulsion unit
US5769674Aug 8, 1996Jun 23, 1998Specialty Manufacturing Co.Jet drive for outboard motor
US5913294 *Nov 25, 1996Jun 22, 1999Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaOutboard motor fuel supply system
US5938490Jan 7, 1998Aug 17, 1999Rodler; Waldo E.Outboard marine propulsion system
US6004173Nov 30, 1998Dec 21, 1999Brunswick CorporationMarine propulsion system with bypass eductor
US6059618 *Dec 9, 1998May 9, 2000The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyVentilated outboard motor-mounted pumpjet assembly
US6132269 *Mar 9, 1999Oct 17, 2000Outboard Marine CorporationCantilever jet drive package
US6149478 *Feb 15, 2000Nov 21, 2000Lehmann; Roger W.Outboard mounted electrical power generating apparatus for boats
US6193569Nov 7, 1997Feb 27, 2001Richard Gwyn DaviesWater jet propulsion unit for use in water borne craft
US6293842Jul 13, 2000Sep 25, 2001Bombardier Motor Corporation Of AmericaCantilever jet drive package having mounting adapter with exhaust passage
US6361387Jan 19, 2001Mar 26, 2002Brunswick CorporationMarine propulsion apparatus with dual driveshafts extending from a forward end of an engine
US6398600Aug 9, 2000Jun 4, 2002William LawsonOutboard jet drive boat
US6482055Aug 11, 2001Nov 19, 2002Bombardier Motor Corporation Of AmericaWater jet propulsion unit having linear weed grate clean-out system
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *International Search Report, International application No. PCT/US00/40604, mailed Jul. 2, 2001.
Classifications
U.S. Classification440/38
International ClassificationB63H21/14, B63H20/28, B63H20/02, B63B35/66, B63H11/08, B63H11/00, B63H20/00
Cooperative ClassificationB63H20/02, B63H20/00, B63H11/00, B63H2011/081, B63H21/14, B63B35/665, B63H11/08
European ClassificationB63H11/00, B63H20/02, B63H21/14, B63H20/00, B63B35/66B, B63H11/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 23, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: GRACETREE INVESTMENTS, LLC, TENNESSEE
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:SWORD MARINE TECHNOLOGY, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016800/0935
Effective date: 20051014
Owner name: MARINE JET PROPULSION SYSTEMS, LLC, FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OUTBOARD PROPULSION SYSTEMS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016800/0889
Effective date: 20041022
Owner name: OUTBOARD PROPULSION SYSTEMS, LLC, FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OPS HOLDINGS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016800/0882
Effective date: 20041022
Aug 8, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: SWORD MARINE TECHNOLOGY, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SWORD MARINE TECHNOLOGY, LLC;REEL/FRAME:018061/0575
Effective date: 20060201
Jan 11, 2010REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 6, 2010REINReinstatement after maintenance fee payment confirmed
Jun 6, 2010LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Jan 24, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jan 24, 2012SULPSurcharge for late payment
Apr 16, 2012PRDPPatent reinstated due to the acceptance of a late maintenance fee
Effective date: 20070417
Jan 10, 2014REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 4, 2014LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees