|Publication number||USRE39655 E1|
|Application number||US 08/977,915|
|Publication date||May 29, 2007|
|Filing date||Sep 22, 1992|
|Priority date||Sep 23, 1991|
|Also published as||DE59209075D1, EP0558718A1, EP0558718B1, US5472018, WO1993006281A1|
|Publication number||08977915, 977915, PCT/1992/193, PCT/CH/1992/000193, PCT/CH/1992/00193, PCT/CH/92/000193, PCT/CH/92/00193, PCT/CH1992/000193, PCT/CH1992/00193, PCT/CH1992000193, PCT/CH199200193, PCT/CH92/000193, PCT/CH92/00193, PCT/CH92000193, PCT/CH9200193, US RE39655 E1, US RE39655E1, US-E1-RE39655, USRE39655 E1, USRE39655E1|
|Inventors||Pavel Verner, Walter Bollier|
|Original Assignee||Zellweger Luwa Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (20), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (1), Classifications (7), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to a process for the air conditioning of a weaving machine, and more particularly to a device for the air conditioning a weaving machine.
2. Related Art
With the objective of reducing the interruptions of operation of powerful weaving machines, which interruptions result mainly from thread breakages, attempts have been made for a relatively long time to optimize the weaving conditions. Endeavours to achieve this objective just by influencing the space air conditioning of a weaving machine room result in a large volume flow of air, with a large power requirement per machine.
However, in connection with dust removal, processes are also known by which the climate directly at the weaving machine is influenced. In a known process of this type, conditioned air is supplied both via ceiling outlets distributed within the room and also through local outlets. In this case, for each machine a local outlet is provided, which exhibits a slot-shaped exit opening at a spacing above the warp. In another known process, the local outlets are disposed below the warps. In both cases, the exit opening extends approximately transversely to the warp over its full width and releases a jet of conditioned air, which jet is directed towards the warp.
In a report entitled “Weaving machine dust removal and air conditioning of a weaving machine—a conflict?” (Dr.-Ing. Helmut Weinsdörfer, Dipl.-Ing. Ulrich Stark), presented on the occasion of the 6th Weaving Industry Colloquium (16/17 October 1990) and published by the Institute for Textile and Process Technology, 7306 Denkendorf, Germany, an experimental arrangement is described which exhibits a local outlet of the above type, which outlet is directed vertically from above onto the back shed.
In the majority of cases, the air conditioning of the machine using local outlets brings, related to the frequency of thread breakage, a marked improvement as compared with applications in which an influence is exerted on the humidity conditions at the weaving machine only via the space air conditioning. In addition to this, there is also a considerably lower power requirement. However, in order to achieve satisfactory results it is still necessary to generate considerable volume flows of air, and as far as the operating costs are concerned the increased maintenance effort for the cleaning of the local outlets is also significant.
The object of the invention is to provide a process which brings an effective conditioning with a considerable reduction of the air conditioning costs per weaving machine by reduced power requirement and volume flow of air as well as lower water consumption, without creating an impermissible obstruction in visual terms or for accessibility.
In the present context, a piston-type displacement flow is understood as referring to a low-turbulence flow with a distribution which is approximately uniform over its full cross section and approximately equal velocity. In this case, exit velocities between 0.3 and 1.2 m/sec enter into consideration.
The invention is based on the finding that the transport of the moisture by an air jet blown out from a slot-shaped exit opening is of low effectiveness and is therefore uneconomical. What is responsible for this is mainly the relatively high exit velocity which is required for the throughput of the required quantity of air. Investigations demonstrate that in the first instance a considerable part of the conditioning air blown out does not reach the (still noninterwoven) warp threads. Subsequently, a part of this air rebounds at the warp, without being able to give off its humidity. This means that considerably more conditioned air must be conveyed than comes into action at the warp to achieve the relative humidity aimed at.
The displacement flow employed according to the invention permits a quite considerable reduction of the required exit velocity as compared with that from a slot-shaped exit opening, with an equal path to be traversed to reach the warp.
By virtue of the displacement flow which is in practice compact but which impinges on the warp at a low velocity, this flow does not rebound, but is mainly deflected. This deflection takes place gently and while preserving the piston-type nature, in order to flow away along the warp threads, mainly in the direction of the warp beam. This gives an optimal utilization of the conditioning air and it becomes possible to influence directly the humidity of the warp threads themselves, in order to condition these for the subsequent processing. With relatively small quantities of air and a low water requirement, optimal humidity is thus created directly at the warp, and the latter is kept to a high degree dust-free. Accordingly, the air conditioning costs may be considerably reduced.
As a result of the particular properties of the piston-type displacement flow, only a negligible quantity of surrounding air is set into motion by inductive means. Consequently, virtually no transport of such surrounding air in the direction of the warp is initiated. This is of importance in circumstances in which the relative humidity in the weaving room is considerably below the optimal values and can counteract the positive influence of the conditioning air at the warp.
The piston-type displacement flow permits the creation and maintenance, within its cross section, of conditions which are different from those of the surroundings. By designing the cross sectional shape and dimensions, it is accordingly possible to control the climate of each respective zones at a textile machine with respect to required properties. The entry of entrained matter and dust from the surroundings into this zone is likewise prevented. If this is required, it is accordingly also possible to control at a machine or within the delivery region of the textile material, a plurality of zones, by a respective piston-type displacement flow; in this case, the climatic conditions in these zones can be designed to be different. Accordingly, piston-type displacement flows may be employed with advantage also 10 for the air conditioning of other textile procedures and processes such as for example in carding, in depositing, storage and take-up of the slubbing from the can, in stretching and spinning, as well as in twisting.
The experience gained in the application of the process according to the invention as well as in the operation of the device which is likewise according to the invention has shown that the avoidance of the circulation of surrounding air also has a beneficial effect in the sense of the reduction of the maintenance expenditure, especially with regard to cleaning in the region of the local outlets.
The process according to the invention and the device according to the invention are explained in greater detail hereinbelow with reference to an illustrative embodiment relating to the air conditioning of a weaving machine as well as with reference to the drawing. In the drawing:
In the illustrative embodiment shown, a local outlet 22 is disposed above the weaving machine 2 and at a spacing from the warp 16 or the back shed 20, which local outlet is supplied with conditioned air via a line 24 from an air conditioning plant 26. The local outlets of all further weaving machines of the weaving room (not shown) are also connected to the same air conditioning plant 26. The local outlet 22 possesses an exit opening 32 directed downwards towards the warp 16 and extends horizontally over the entire working width of the weaving machine 2; in this case, the exit opening is directed approximately at right angles to the general extent of the warp. The design of the local outlet is evident from
As may be inferred from the cross sectional representation of
The inner space 40 contains distribution components to distribute uniformly the air flowing in through the inlet opening 38 over the surface of the exit opening 32 and to generate the displacement flow which is provided according to the invention. These distribution components comprise, seen in the direction of flow, a perforated sheet 42 which extends parallel to the top surface 34, but at a spacing from the latter, over a central longitudinal region and the full width of the inner space 40. Thus, the distribution components are stacked in spaced relation in the direction of air flow. The length of the perforated sheet 42 secured by means of bolts 44 to the top surface 34 of the box 30 is greater than the diameter of the inlet opening 38, but smaller than the length of the inner space. Below the perforated sheet 42 there extends, likewise parallel to the top surface 34 over the full width of the inner space 40, a further perforated sheet 46, which is secured to the side walls of the box 30 or is supported in an appropriate manner on the bottom surface. In the longitudinal direction of the inner space 40 the extent of this perforated sheet 46 is restricted to an amount which is somewhat smaller than the diameter of the inlet opening 38. The passage cross section formed by the performing of the perforated sheets 42 and 46 accounts for preferably between 35 and 45%, related to the surface area thereof.
There finally follows, as the last distribution component in the inner space 40 of the box, an air-permeable mat 48, for example of an appropriate foam material, which mat is clamped between a peripheral flange 58 of the box and a grid 50. Mat 48 and grid 50 extend over the full length and width of the inner space. The grid 50, which is formed, for example, by a wire grid of relatively large mesh width, is supported on a narrow frame 52, which is provided at the bottom surface of the box. The frame 52 limits the exit opening 32 by the length 54 and the width 56. Preferably, the mat 48 is fitted in the box for example by demountability of the frame 52, so that its accessibility for the purpose of exchange is possible at any time. A foam material with a pressure loss of 15-20 Pa at 0.6 m/sec has proved to be suitable for the mat 48.
Together with the distribution components 42, 46 and 48, the box 30 represents an air distributor 60. The described design and arrangement of the distribution components in this box give a distribution of the air in stages flowing in through the inlet opening 38 into the inner space 40. As a result of the perforated sheet 42, which, also acting as baffle plate, lies opposite the inlet opening, only a part of this air can pass through in the direction of the arrows 62, while the remainder is deflected to opposite sides in the longitudinal direction of the inner space 40 with low pressure loss, without having to overcome an impediment to flow on the further path to the mat 48, i.e. in the direction of the arrows 64. In order to reduce the velocity in the partial stream flowing without deflection in the direction of the arrows 62, this partial stream must still overcome the perforated sheet 46. The partial streams 62 and 64 thus arrive at approximately the same velocity at the mat 48. Besides a further balancing, a fine distribution of the air takes place at the mat 48 and upon passing through the latter a piston-type displacement flow formed of the finest stream lines is created. For the outlet velocity, in the present context a restriction to values of between 0.5 and 0.8 m/sec is appropriate. Thus, the quantities of air may be designed to be different, within certain limits, even in the case of the same dimensions of the air distributor 60.
In operation, the air conditioning plant delivers conditioned air, which emerges from the local outlet 22 (
A spacing of approximately 1.2 m of the local outlet from the warp running therebelow represents an upper limit on economical grounds.
It should be added that below the weaving machine 2, expediently in a manner known per se, a floor opening 80 is provided, via which dust-laden air is transported away.
It has proved to be the case that the arrangement of the local outlet 22 so that the displacement flow 70 impinges on the upper group of warp threads 20′ at an acute angle greatly favors the deflection of the same or the formation of a relatively large partial stream 72 and an orientation of the same parallel to the warp threads. Since an effective conditioning of the warp threads 18 can be achieved only over a sufficiently long period of action, this partial stream acts as its own conditioning medium. With the objective of a long period of action of the air streams 70 and 72 respectively, the arrangement of the air outlet 22 so that the stream 70 impinges on the warp 16 or the back shed 20 directly behind the heald frame assembly 8 is advantageous. On the other hand, in the case of such an arrangement an air build-up takes place at that side of the heald frame assembly which faces the back shed 20, which air build-up assists the deflection of the partial stream 72.
Where the conditioning is also to take place in the region of the front shed or of the gate for the weft thread spools, according to the invention additional outlets similar to the local outlet 22 are to be provided for this purpose, which additional outlets are supplied from the air conditioning plant 26. Just like the local outlet 22, these outlets are also to be provided in the form of elements separate from the weaving machine.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US20060143872 *||Oct 26, 2005||Jul 6, 2006||Rieter Ingolstadt Spinnereimaschinenbau Ag||Spinning preparatory machine and a housing for a drafting assembly of a spinning preparatory machine|
|International Classification||D03J1/00, D03J1/02, D01H11/00, F24F3/00|
|May 31, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Jul 31, 2007||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jan 14, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LUWA TEXTILE AIR ENGINEERING AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ZELLWEGER LUWA AG;REEL/FRAME:020360/0864
Effective date: 20070921