Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSRE40735 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/714,264
Publication dateJun 16, 2009
Filing dateFeb 28, 2007
Priority dateOct 16, 2001
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCA2461035A1, CA2461035C, DE50213334D1, EP1438203A1, EP1438203B1, US6938935, US20050001434, WO2003033279A1
Publication number11714264, 714264, US RE40735 E1, US RE40735E1, US-E1-RE40735, USRE40735 E1, USRE40735E1
InventorsWerner Bartling
Original AssigneeFaiveley Transport
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metering device for sand spreading devices, especially for rail vehicles
US RE40735 E1
Metering or dosing device for sand spreading apparatuses with a metering piston for sealing off and releasing the throughflow opening for the material to be spread, in which the metering piston and the opposite housing wall of the passage hole have profiles overlapping each other so that a labyrinth-like outflow of the spread material results.
Previous page
Next page
1. A metering device in a sand spreading apparatus on a rail vehicle, for applying a spread material between a wheel and a rail, comprising a displaceable metering piston for regulating a sand passage opening in said metering device, the piston having a sealing surface configured with a projecting peripheral profile, the sand passage opening being delimited by at least a wall provided with a sealing profile, the projecting peripheral profile receiving the sealing profile when the piston is in a closing position, and the profiles defining a labyrinth-shape passageway when the piston is in an open position.
2. A metering device according to claim 1, wherein the labyrinth-shape passageway runs crosswise to the direction of a throughflow.
3. A metering device according to claim 2, wherein the labyrinth-shape passageway is defined in part by a surface on said sealing surface.
4. A metering device according to claim 1, wherein there is an overlap between said profiles during an opening stroke of the metering piston.
5. A metering device according to claim 3, wherein there is an overlap between said profiles at a maximum opening stroke of the metering piston.
6. A metering device according to claim 1, wherein the projecting peripheral profile is triangular in cross-section.
7. A metering device according to claim 1, wherein the projecting peripheral profile is interrupted.

The application is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/EP02/10412 filed Sep. 17, 2002, the contents of which are here incorporated by reference in their entirety.


1. Field of the Invention

The invention concerns a metering or dosing device for sand spreading apparatuses, especially for rail vehicles for spreading sand between wheel and rail.

2. Prior Art

In known sand-scattering apparatuses of this type the sand flows from the supply tank for the sand to the wheel through a housing with a throughflow borehole, wherein the amount of throughflow or the throughflow jet for the sand is controlled by a metering piston that is controlled electrically, pneumatically or in another manner and regulates the throughflow opening from 0 to a prescribed value. When the metering piston is closed, it sits with an end seal on the edge of the opening of the throughflow borehole and opens it when the piston is drawn back. The opening gap is pre-adjusted as a function of the coarseness of the sand used to avoid bridgings on the required minimum gap and thus also obligatory predetermines a random amount of sand in connection with the annular opening gap. However, this system was not completely satisfactory for certain sand demands, especially pneumatic sand demands because the sand qualities are adjustable only in relatively large tolerances so that defined small amounts of sand are attainable only unsatisfactorily with the known system in certain cases.


The problem of the present invention is to find measures by which a supplying of small sand amounts is also adjustable.

This problem is solved in that a labyrinth-like section is provided in the throughflow or passage hole according to the invention.

According to another feature of the invention, the labyrinth-like section runs crosswise to the direction of throughflow.

According to another feature of the invention, the labyrinth-like section is developed by a profile on the sealing surface of the metering piston and/or the opposite wall of the sand passage opening.

According to another feature of the invention, there is an overlapping between the housing and sealing profile in the arrangement of the sealing profile on both the housing and the metering piston at a maximum metering piston opening stroke.


Additional features of the invention are elucidated in more detail with reference to the drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1 and 2 show the known metering piston sealing system with closed and open metering piston.

FIGS. 3 and 4 show the metering piston sealing system according to the invention in two cross sections perpendicular to each other with a closed metering piston.

FIGS. 5 and 6 show it with an open metering piston.

FIGS. 7 and 8, respectively, show a vertical section through the metering piston and a section along line VIII—VIII of FIG. 7.


In FIGS. 1 and 2, the metering piston is denoted with 1, the metering piston seal with 2, the sand passage hole with 3 and the housing in which the sand passage hole 3 is located, with 4. When the metering piston is closed, the metering piston seal 2 is seated on the outflow edge of the passage hole 3. If the metering piston 1 gets into the open position shown in FIG. 2, an annular opening gap a with an annular throughflow channel is formed.

In the metering piston according to the invention according to FIGS. 4-8, the metering piston seal 2 is provided with a projecting profile 5 that is opposite a corresponding profile 6 on the housing wall 4, wherein the profile 5 of the metering piston seal 2 encloses the profile 6 of the housing 4 and the two profiles form an adequate overlapping even with an open metering piston according to FIGS. 5 and 6 and result in a labyrinth-like sand outflow opening 7.

With the sand passage opening according to the invention, the opening originally designed as a hole in the housing of the metering and shut-off opening is modified into a slit-like cross section, by which the advantage is obtained that the sand discharge opening that forms in the lower sand discharge zone is modified uniformly linearly in the surface as a function of the opening stroke of the metering piston.

The slit width of the sand passage opening in the housing of the metering and shut-off device is reduced to a minimum relative to a minimum amount of sand and the slit length is adapted relative to a maximum amount of sand so that a secure sand discharge is obtained in said quantitative tolerance with the grades of sand considered typical.

The slit width in connection with the adjusted opening stroke of the metering piston (distance from the metering piston sealing surface to the housing sealing surface) determines the effective sand discharge opening. It also essentially defines the suction surface in connection with the injector action.

A classic form of the profile can be annular with a triangular cross section running outward essentially to a point. However, any other profile design, whether as a uniform or interrupted ring, is possible.

A continuously adjustable amount of sand as with a linearly moved slide valve is possible with the metering device according to the invention, without the wear and energy expenditure occurring in a slide valve.

Although the invention has been described in terms of preferred embodiments, nevertheless changes and modification will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the teachings herein. Such changes and modification that do not depart from the spirit, scope and teachings herein are deemed to fall with the purview of the invention a claimed.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US528998 *Mar 15, 1894Nov 13, 1894 Sanding device
US769929 *Jul 5, 1904Sep 13, 1904Christian AllenbachRailway-sanding device.
US772218 *Jul 2, 1904Oct 11, 1904David KleintopSanding device.
US867055 *May 6, 1907Sep 24, 1907Albert F KubicekAutomatic air sanding-machine.
US872104 *Mar 22, 1907Nov 26, 1907Abbott L BaconSand-box for cars.
US2334181 *Jan 14, 1942Nov 16, 1943Highway Safety Appliances IncValve for road sanding machines
US2522677 *Dec 3, 1948Sep 19, 1950Kelly Daniel AVehicle sander
US5785212 *Aug 14, 1996Jul 28, 1998Steiger; ArthurPlastic dispense tap for liquid bulk containers
CH423860A Title not available
DE1480718A1May 17, 1965Aug 14, 1969Zeh Geb Bachus HeideroseVorrichtung zum Streuen von Streugut vor die Raeder von Kraftfahrzeugen
DE19547746A1Dec 20, 1995Jul 18, 1996Norbert GoldmannScattering device with hopper and dosing and delivery mechanisms
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8073591Sep 20, 2007Dec 6, 2011Faiveley TransportMethod and apparatus for monitoring sand supply to a scattering device for a rail vehicle
US20090254231 *Sep 20, 2007Oct 8, 2009Faiveley TransportMethod and device for monitoring and preparing the sand supply in a sand tank of sand scattering devices in vehicles, in particular rail vehicles
U.S. Classification291/1, 222/509, 222/518, 222/561, 222/559
International ClassificationB67D3/00, B61C15/10, B60B39/04, F16J15/16
Cooperative ClassificationB60B39/04, B61C15/10
European ClassificationB60B39/04, B61C15/10
Legal Events
Jun 16, 2008ASAssignment
Effective date: 20080602
Jan 5, 2009ASAssignment
Effective date: 20080602
Mar 1, 2013FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8