|Publication number||USRE41502 E1|
|Application number||US 11/780,028|
|Publication date||Aug 17, 2010|
|Filing date||Jul 19, 2007|
|Priority date||Dec 8, 1995|
|Also published as||DE29624410U1, DE69613546D1, DE69613546T2, DE69613546T3, DE69634309D1, DE69634309T2, DE69637905D1, EP0778168A1, EP0778168B1, EP0778168B2, EP1063111A2, EP1063111A3, EP1063111B1, EP1063111B9, EP1526019A2, EP1526019A3, EP1526019B1, US5809706|
|Publication number||11780028, 780028, US RE41502 E1, US RE41502E1, US-E1-RE41502, USRE41502 E1, USRE41502E1|
|Original Assignee||Advanced Comfort Systems France SAS-ACS|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (26), Referenced by (3), Classifications (24), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a flush closure device for an opening in bodywork.
The best-known method of placing window glass in an opening of a vehicle such as a car, a bus, a truck, or even a rail vehicle, consists in providing a frame for connecting the window glass to the edges of the opening, the frame having an inside portion and an outside portion that are urged towards each other to grip simultaneously the edges both of the window glass and of the opening, via a sealing gasket.
Since taste concerning appearance has changed, the present trend is to eliminate if not the presence then at least the visual impression of an interruption that such a frame would generate, so that the window glass appears to be a transparent portion of the bodywork without any gaps therebetween.
The present invention proposes a solution for closing an opening in a vehicle with a flush panel that is provided with a moving portion for performing a ventilation function.
To this end, the invention provides a device for closing an opening formed through the bodywork of a vehicle, the device comprising a fixed panel and a panel that constitutes a moving panel relative to the fixed panel, the moving panel being connected to the fixed panel by functional elements providing the required mobility, wherein the functional elements are fitted to the face of the fixed panel that is directed towards the inside of the vehicle.
The device for closing the opening does not possess any outside frame projecting from the bodywork, unlike present devices comprising two-portion panels, i.e. panes including a portion that is movable relative to a fixed portion to ventilate or air a vehicle cabin or compartment.
One of the ways in which the functional elements can be fixed to the inside face of the panel is by means of adhesive. It is also possible to use fastening means that pass through the portion situated on the outside of the panel and which can be covered by a relatively flat mask.
The fixed panel may include an opening having a closed outline and itself closed by the moving panel. In a cheaper variant embodiment, the fixed panel may be built up from a plurality of parts about an opening, with the junction zones between the parts being masked by flush linking section members and by patterns placed on said parts, e.g. by silkscreen printing. The functional elements may also co-operate in assembling the component parts of the fixed panel.
In a variant embodiment, the inside face of the fixed panel, i.e. its face on the inside of the vehicle, includes a frame secured by adhesive and at a distance from the edge of the panel. This makes it possible to receive the fixed panel in a setback relative to the outside surface of the bodywork, with the edges of the opening in the bodywork being located therein, the stuck-on frame penetrating into the inside of the vehicle and forming a support for any appropriate means for coupling the fixed panel, e.g. a backing frame or fixing flanges.
In a second embodiment, the fixed panel is merely stuck to the setback edges of the opening in the bodywork.
In this case in particular, if the functional elements include at least one cross-member, the cross-member extends to the edges of the panel so that the ends of the cross-member are sandwiched between the panel and the edges of the opening in the bodywork. This disposition serves to satisfy certain standards requirements relating to breakage of vehicle glass.
The moving panel which constitutes the element enabling the desired ventilation to be performed may be pivotally or slidably mounted. With a pivotally-mounted element, the cross-member constitutes the fixed portion of a longitudinally hinge whose moving element carries the moving panel by adhesive running along the edge of said panel.
For a sliding ventilation panel, the functional elements include two parallel cross-members supporting guide rails for the panel, the rails optionally being shaped so as to enable the moving panel to perform swinging movement relative to the fixed panel.
Other characteristics and advantages of the invention appear from the following description of various embodiments.
Reference is made to the accompanying drawing, in which:
In the figures, reference 1 corresponds to a panel of the bodywork of a vehicle in which an opening 2 is formed. The edges of the opening are set back slightly relative to the outside surface of the bodywork so as to be capable of receiving a closure panel which comes flush with the outside surface of the bodywork panel 1. These edges are given reference 3 in the figures.
The opening is closed by a panel 4 received in the hollows whose bottoms are formed by the edges 3 of the opening 2 and the panel is stuck via its periphery to said edges 3. The panel 4 is cut so as to include an opening 5 (
Most of the elements described above are included with the same references in the variant embodiment shown in FIG. 5. In this case the panel 4 has a frame 13 on its inside face 4a forming a closed structure inside the panel and offset from the peripheral edge of the panel by a distance that is sufficient to ensure that the panel can be put into place by means of adhesive engaging the edges 31 of the opening 2 in the bodywork. The frame 3 may constitute the support for various accessories, in particular for fixing the panel to the bodywork, e.g. by means of clamps 14. It would be observed in
As best shown in
The slide supports 15, 16 are disposed on the fixed panel 4, with the slide supports 15, 16 being fitted to a face of the fixed panel 4 that is directed towards the inside of the vehicle. As shown in
The exact construction of the ramps to enable panel 8 to be in plane with panel 4 when in the closed position is conventional and not part of the present invention. In the identical manner as shown in
In preferred manner, the panels 4, 7, and 8 are glass panels, which glass panels, in spite of the fact that they are fitted with moving elements for enabling the vehicle cabin to be ventilated, are nevertheless flush relative to the bodywork of the vehicle. The advantage in the appearance of such a disposition is due to the lack of any discontinuity, at least any visual discontinuity, between the bodywork and the glass.
It would not go beyond the ambit of the invention to provide for the elements of the panel 4 (when it comprises a plurality of parts) to be made of some material other than glass. A fixed panel of the invention must behave like a one-piece element for fitting to the bodywork of the vehicle, which element may be built up of a plurality of preassembled parts and carrying a moving panel together with functional elements linking it therewith.
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|FR2552483A1||Title not available|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8631605 *||Dec 31, 2012||Jan 21, 2014||Michael Davenport||Multi-pane insulated glass unit assembly incorporating a pet door|
|US8776435 *||Jun 7, 2013||Jul 15, 2014||Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.||Window assembly for vehicle|
|US20140007509 *||Jun 7, 2013||Jan 9, 2014||Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.||Window assembly for vehicle|
|U.S. Classification||52/204.51, 296/84.1, 296/88, 49/489.1, 296/86, 52/204.597, 296/92, 52/208, 49/374|
|International Classification||E06B7/06, B60J1/14, B60J10/08, B60J1/16, B60J1/12, E06B3/46, E06B3/32|
|Cooperative Classification||E05Y2900/55, B60J1/14, B60J1/16, B60J10/08, E05Y2900/506|
|European Classification||B60J1/14, B60J10/08, B60J1/16|
|Nov 11, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ADVANCED COMFORT SYSTEMS FRANCE SAS - ACS FRANCE,
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:WAGON SAS;REEL/FRAME:023498/0312
Effective date: 20090917