|Publication number||USRE42355 E1|
|Application number||US 11/354,335|
|Publication date||May 10, 2011|
|Filing date||Feb 14, 2006|
|Priority date||Mar 1, 2000|
|Also published as||DE10009814A1, DE10009814B4, DE50107996D1, EP1267966A1, EP1267966B1, US6773415, US20030060776, USRE44640, WO2001064270A1|
|Publication number||11354335, 354335, US RE42355 E1, US RE42355E1, US-E1-RE42355, USRE42355 E1, USRE42355E1|
|Original Assignee||Tecpharma Licensing Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a Continuation Application of International Patent Application No. PCT/CH01/00104, filed on Feb. 16, 2001 now WO 01/64271 A1, which claims priority to German Application No. DE 100 09 814.2, filed on Mar. 1, 2000, both of which are hereby incorporated by reference.
The present application is a reissue application of and claims priority to U.S. Pat. No. 6,773,415 entitled “Disposable Injector Cap” issued on Apr. 10, 2004, application Ser. No. 10/232,967, filed Aug. 30, 2002, which is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/CH01/00104, filed Feb. 16, 2001, which claims priority to DE 100 09 814.2, filed Mar. 1, 2000, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein.
The invention relates to an injector cap for an ampoule support. In particular, the invention relates to the field of so-called injection “pens”, i.e., pen-like injectors or injection devices such as are used for hypodermally administrating medicines, for example for administering insulin for diabetics. The application claims the priority of German patent application No. 100 09 814, filed on Mar. 1, 2000 with the German Patent and Trademark Office.
Basically, injection pens comprise an ampoule support on which a cannula support comprising a cannula is arranged on a facing side. A cap is fastened over the cannula or needle, said cap in its basic state completely hiding the cannula or needle. From this position, the cap can be retracted in the direction of the ampoule support, wherein the cannula emerges from a hole formed on the front facing side of the cap. It is therefore possible to place the pen on the skin, press on it such that the cap slides backwards against a spring force, administer the injection and remove the pen again, wherein the spring force ensures that the cap is returned to its initial position and the needle is hidden again. In this way, a user can administer the injection without ever even seeing the needle, which is particularly advantageous when patients who have phobias or aversions to needles are reliant on such treatments. Moreover, the cap protects the cannula from contamination.
A “pen” is known from U.S. Pat. No. 5,609,577 in which the cap can only be retracted once a holding mechanism is twisted up against a spring force. A disadvantage of the pen disclosed in the '577 patent and other conventional injectors is that the cannula can easily be exposed again after the injector has been used. This creates the danger that a cannula which is no longer sterile is used a second time and so causes inflection. Furthermore, such an exposed cannula can cause injury and transmit diseases, which in the age of Aids can be life-threatening.
It is therefore the object of the present invention to provide an injector cap which does not exhibit the above disadvantages. In particular, the intention is to simply but reliably prevent the possibility of the cannula of an injector provided with the cap being used or exposed again after having been used once.
This object is addressed in accordance with the present invention by providing an injector cap for an ampoule support, said cap comprising a sliding sleeve slidably mounted on said ampoule support, wherein the sliding sleeve is pressed by a pre-tensioning means into a first position in which it covers a cannula, and wherein the sliding sleeve can be slid against the pre-tensioning into a second position in which the cannula emerges from the front facing end of the sliding sleeve, wherein a blocking means is provided which non-detachably blocks the sliding sleeve against sliding further when it has been returned from the second position to the first position. The invention further relates to an injector comprising an ampoule support of an injector cap in accordance with the invention.
In one embodiment, the present invention comprises an injector cap comprising a sleeve and a lock, wherein the sleeve is mounted slidably on a portion of an injection device, e.g., on an ampoule support, is forced by a pre-tensioning means into a first position in which it covers a cannula carried by the injection device, and can be slid against the pre-tensioning means into a second position in which the cannula emerges from the end of the sleeve, and wherein the lock non-releaseably locks the sleeve against sliding when it has been returned from the second position to the first position.
An advantage of the injector cap in accordance with the invention is that an injector equipped with said cap cannot be used again once it has been used once. Furthermore, it is not possible to expose again a cannula which has already been used once, such that the danger of injury and thus also the danger of infection are practically completely removed.
In one embodiment, the blocking means comprises locking means, by means of which the sliding sleeve is locked relative to a fixed part of the ampoule support, once it has returned to the first position. In particular, the blocking means can comprise a locking ring which is slidably mounted in the sliding sleeve and locks in behind a locking protrusion of a cannula support fastened to the ampoule support, when the sliding sleeve is slid into the second position.
In an embodiment of the latter variant, the locking ring comprises locking clips arranged circumferentially and converging inwards, which lock in behind the locking protrusion.
There exists the possibility of additionally providing spacer clips which the sliding sleeve pushes against, once the sliding sleeve has returned to the first position, and preferably via elastic stays on the sliding sleeve.
In accordance with an embodiment of the latter variant, the sliding sleeve comprises a stopper for the spacer clips of the locking ring which, when the sliding sleeve is transferred from the first position to the second position, slides the locking ring over the cannula support until the locking clips lock in behind the locking protrusion of the cannula support.
The invention further relates to an injector comprising an ampoule support and an injector cap designed in accordance with one or more of the embodiments described above. In one embodiment in this respect, the injector cap or cannula support is attached to the ampoule support via a thread means. If these components are screwed on, there no longer exists the danger of the injector cap latching via the blocking mechanism even when it is attached to the ampoule support for the first time, thus preventing its use.
The design of an injector cap in accordance with the invention and attaching it to an ampoule support will now be illustrated first, with reference to
In the figures, the ampoule support is indicated by the reference numeral 5. A cannula support 3 is placed at its front facing end, said cannula support in turn keeping the cannula 6 protruding towards the front both at its facing side and centrally. The cannula support 3 comprises a locking protrusion 9, running in a circle, at the front end of its circular cylindrical section, said locking protrusion forming a heel at its end facing the ampoule support 5, and tapering towards the other side.
The components described above are those which are fixed in their positions.
The cut-away sliding sleeve 1 is shown in
In the initial state shown in
A locking ring, indicated at 11, is mounted slidably in a guide on the inside of the sliding sleeve 1. In the initial state shown in
In this area, the sliding sleeve 1 also comprises two opposing stays 10, exposed from the surrounding material, which at their free end form a heel protruding obliquely inwards. The stays 10 can be elastically deformed in the radial direction.
Proceeding from the state shown in
If a dose of medicine is to be administered by means of the injector, then said injector is placed on the skin of a patient at the front facing side of the sliding sleeve 1.
The ampoule support 5 is then slid forwards, such that the sliding sleeve 1 slides backwards relative to the ampoule support 5 and against the force of the spring 4, until the cannula support 3 abuts the inner attachment at its front facing end, said attachment surrounding the opening 7 and being enclosed by the spring 4. This state is shown in
Activating the device as described above does not affect the position of the locking ring 11 comprising the clips 8 and clips 2 relative to the sliding sleeve 1, i.e., the spacer clips 2 are still pressing against the stopper 12. What does change, however, is the position of the locking ring 11 relative to the cannula support 3; the cannula support 3 is slid, together with the ampoule support 5, forwards into the locking ring 11, through the locking clips 8. As they pass through the locking protrusion 9, this first pushes the locking clips 8 outwards, somewhat elastically, and they then latch in behind the locking protrusion 9, fixing the locking ring 11 with respect to the cannula support 3.
In this state, the cannula 6 has traveled far out of the opening 7, and the injection can be administered.
After the injection has been administered, the spring 4 causes the sliding sleeve 1 to be slid back away from the cannula support 3, as depicted in
Since, as shown in
In the state depicted in
The locking and/or blocking means of an injector cap in accordance with the invention are all substantially situated in the interior of the cap or have their functional parts facing the interior, such that repeated use—which in accordance with health care standards and regulations is not supposed to happen—can only be achieved by extensively manipulating it, which would probably lead to the injector or injector cap being destroyed.
In the foregoing description embodiments of the invention have been presented for the purpose of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Obvious modifications or variations are possible in light of the above teachings. The embodiment was chosen and described to provide the best illustration of the principals of the invention and its practical application, and to enable one of ordinary skill in the art to utilize the invention in various embodiments and with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. All such modifications and variations are within the scope of the invention as determined by the appended claims when interpreted in accordance with the breadth they are fairly, legally, and equitably entitled.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4894055||Dec 28, 1988||Jan 16, 1990||Sudnak Paul J||Needle guard assembly for use with hypodermic syringes and the like|
|US4915701 *||Feb 21, 1989||Apr 10, 1990||Halkyard Douglas R||Protective device and syringe|
|US5405362 *||Dec 20, 1993||Apr 11, 1995||The Board Of Regents For The University Of Texas System||Interactive external defibrillation and drug injection system|
|US5429612 *||Nov 25, 1991||Jul 4, 1995||Dentoptic||Syringe with a slidable needle protection device|
|US5609577 *||Jan 29, 1996||Mar 11, 1997||Haber; Terry M.||Automatically locking hypodermic needle hiding shield for a dose metering syringe|
|US5681291 *||Oct 18, 1993||Oct 28, 1997||Tebro S.A.||Disposable auto-injector for prefilled syringes|
|US5688241 *||Apr 15, 1996||Nov 18, 1997||Asbaghi; Hooman Ali||Automatic non-reusable needle guard|
|US6203259 *||Sep 21, 1999||Mar 20, 2001||David Christensen||Reversible portable winch with bidirectional ratchet teeth|
|US6391003 *||Oct 25, 1999||May 21, 2002||Antares Pharma, Inc.||Locking mechanism for a jet injector|
|US6855129||Nov 29, 2002||Feb 15, 2005||Novo Nordisk A/S||Safety needle assembly|
|US6960194 *||Aug 29, 2002||Nov 1, 2005||Tecpharma Licensing Ag||Needle protection device for an injection unit|
|US7534229 *||Oct 31, 2005||May 19, 2009||Tecpharma Licensing Ag||Needle protection device for an injection unit|
|US20080177237 *||Jan 23, 2007||Jul 24, 2008||Becton Dickinson And Company||Safety pen needle with passive safety shield system|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US20130184648 *||Aug 19, 2011||Jul 18, 2013||Nanbu Plastics Co., Ltd.||Percutaneous medication device and needle formation used for the device|
|USRE44640 *||May 6, 2011||Dec 10, 2013||Tecpharma Licensing Ag||Disposable injector cap|
|U.S. Classification||604/110, 604/198, 604/241|
|International Classification||A61M5/31, A61M5/32, A61M5/00, A61M5/20|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M2005/3267, A61M5/326, A61M2205/59, A61M2005/3247|
|Feb 6, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 9, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DISETRONIC SERVICES AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DISETRONIC LICENSING AG;REEL/FRAME:028760/0034
Effective date: 20031112
Effective date: 20021015
Owner name: DISETRONIC LICENSING AG, SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HEINIGER, HANSPETER;REEL/FRAME:028759/0983
Effective date: 20031113
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:DISETRONIC SERVICES AG;REEL/FRAME:028760/0100
Owner name: TECPHARMA LICENSING AG, SWITZERLAND