|Publication number||USRE42371 E1|
|Application number||US 12/351,536|
|Publication date||May 17, 2011|
|Filing date||Jan 9, 2009|
|Priority date||Sep 25, 2003|
|Also published as||CN1601106A, CN1601106B, CN101806302A, CN101806302B, DE602004002054D1, DE602004002054T2, EP1519047A1, EP1519047B1, US7160088, US20050069444, US20070110604|
|Publication number||12351536, 351536, US RE42371 E1, US RE42371E1, US-E1-RE42371, USRE42371 E1, USRE42371E1|
|Original Assignee||Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (52), Non-Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (1), Classifications (10), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to rotary compressors. More particularly the present invention relates to a unique retention system for a direct discharge valve system that is utilized in a scroll compressor.
Scroll machines are becoming more and more popular for use as compressors in both refrigeration as well as air conditioning and heat pump applications due primarily to their capability for extremely efficient operation. Generally, these machines incorporate a pair of intermeshed spiral wraps, one of which is caused to orbit relative to the other so as to define one or more moving chambers that progressively decrease in size as they travel from an outer suction port towards a center discharge port. An electric motor is normally provided that operates to drive the orbiting scroll member via a suitable drive shaft.
Because scroll compressors depend upon successive chambers for suction, compression, and discharge processes, suction and discharge valves in general are not required. However, the performance of the compressor can be increased with the incorporation of a discharge valve. One of the factors that will determine the level of increased performance is the reduction of what is called recompression volume. The recompression volume is the volume of the discharge chamber and the discharge port of the compressor when the discharge chamber is at its smallest volume. The minimization of this recompression volume will result in a maximizing of the performance of the compressor. In addition, when such compressors are shut down, either intentionally as a result of the demand being satisfied, or unintentionally as a result of a power interruption, there is a strong tendency for the backflow of compressed gas from the discharge chamber and to a lesser degree for the gas in the pressurized chambers to effect a reverse orbital movement of the orbiting scroll member and its associated drive shaft. This reverse movement often generates noise or rumble, which may be considered objectionable and undesirable. Further, in machines employing a single phase drive motor, it is possible for the compressor to begin running in the reverse direction should a momentary power interruption be experienced. This reverse operation may result in overheating of the compressor and/or other inconveniences to the utilization of the system. Additionally, in some situations, such as a blocked condenser fan, it is possible for the discharge pressure to increase sufficiently to stall the drive motor and effect a reverse rotation thereof. As the orbiting scroll orbits in the reverse direction, the discharge pressure will decrease to a point where the motor again is able to overcome this pressure head and orbit the scroll member in the forward direction. However, the discharge pressure will again increase to a point where the drive motor is stalled and the cycle is repeated. Such cycling is undesirable in that it is self-perpetuating. The incorporation of a discharge valve can reduce or eliminate these reverse rotation problems.
A primary object of the present invention resides in the provision of a very simple and unique retention system for a discharge valve, which is associated with the non-orbiting scroll and which can easily be assembled into a conventional gas compressor of the scroll type without significant modification of the overall compressor design. The discharge valve operates to minimize the recompression volume and at compressor shut down operates to prohibit backflow of the discharge gas through the compressor and thus driving the compressor in the reverse direction. Prohibiting the reverse operation of the compressor eliminates the normal shut down noise and other problems associated with such reverse rotation. The retention system includes a wave ring retainer that is disposed within a groove in the non-orbiting scroll member. This groove is located adjacent the discharge valve. The wave ring retainer biases the discharge valve against the non-orbiting scroll member, but the wave ring retainer will deflect at a specified pressure to increase the flow area for the discharge gas.
These and other features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and the appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Further areas of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description provided hereinafter. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:
The following description of the preferred embodiment(s) is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses.
Referring now to the drawings in which like reference numerals designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in
A drive shaft or crankshaft 28 having an eccentric crank pin 30 at the upper end thereof is rotatably journaled in a bearing 32 in lower bearing housing 24 and a second bearing 34 in upper bearing housing 26. Crankshaft 28 has at the lower end a relatively large diameter concentric bore 36 that communicates with a radially outwardly inclined smaller diameter bore 38 extending upwardly therefrom to the top of crankshaft 28. The lower portion of the interior shell 12 defines an oil sump 40 that is filled with lubricating oil to a level slightly above the lower end of a rotor 42, and bore 36 acts as a pump to pump lubricating fluid up crankshaft 28 and into bore 38 and ultimately to all of the various portions of the compressor that require lubrication.
Crankshaft 28 is rotatively driven by an electric motor including a stator 46, windings 48 passing therethrough and rotor 42 press fitted on crankshaft 28 and having upper and lower counterweights 50 and 52, respectively.
The upper surface of upper bearing housing 26 is provided with a flat thrust bearing surface 54 on which is disposed an orbiting scroll member 56 having the usual spiral vane or wrap 58 extending upward from an end plate 60. Projecting downwardly from the lower surface of end plate 60 of orbiting scroll member 56 is a cylindrical hub having a journal bearing 62 therein and in which is rotatively disposed a drive bushing 64 having an inner bore 66 in which crank pin 30 is drivingly disposed. Crank pin 30 has a flat on one surface that drivingly engages a flat surface (not shown) formed in a portion of bore 66 to provide a radially compliant driving arrangement, such as shown in Assignee's U.S. Pat. No. 4,877,382, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. An Oldham coupling 68 is also provided positioned between orbiting scroll member 56 and bearing housing 24 and keyed to orbiting scroll member 56 and a non-orbiting scroll member 70 to prevent rotational movement of orbiting scroll member 56. Oldham coupling 68 is preferably of the type disclosed in Assignee's co-pending U.S. Pat. No. 5,320,506, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
Non-orbiting scroll member 70 is also provided having a wrap 72 extending downwardly from an end plate 74 that is positioned in meshing engagement with wrap 58 of orbiting scroll member 56. Non-orbiting scroll member 70 has a centrally disposed discharge passage 76 that communicates with an upwardly open recess 78 which, in turn, is in fluid communication with a discharge muffler chamber 80 defined by cap 14 and partition 22. An annular recess 82 is also formed in non-orbiting scroll member 70 within which is disposed a floating seal assembly 84. Recesses 78 and 82 and seal assembly 84 cooperate to define axial pressure biasing chambers, which receive pressurized fluid being compressed by wraps 58 and 72 so as to exert an axial biasing force on non-orbiting scroll member 70 to thereby urge the tips of respective wraps 58, 72 into sealing engagement with the opposed end plate surfaces of end plates 74 and 60, respectively. Seal assembly 84 is preferably of the type described in greater detail in U.S. Pat. No. 5,156,539, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Non-orbiting scroll member 70 is designed to be mounted to upper bearing housing 26 in a suitable manner such as disclosed in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 4,877,382 or U.S. Pat. No. 5,102,316, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
Referring now to
Referring now to
The diameter and width of seal 126 are chosen so that the unit pressure between sealing lip 118 and the seat portion on partition 22 is greater than normally encountered discharge pressure, thus ensuring consistent sealing under normal operating conditions of compressor 10, i.e., at normal operating pressure ratios. Therefore, when undesirable pressure conditions are encountered, seal assembly 84 will be forced downward breaking seal 126, thereby permitting fluid flow from the discharge pressure zone of compressor 10 to the suction pressure zone of compressor 10. If this flow is great enough, the resultant loss of flow of motor-cooling suction gas (aggravated by the excessive temperature of the leaking discharge gas) will cause a motor protector to trip thereby the de-energizing motor. The width of seal 126 is chose so that the unit pressure between sealing lip 118 and the seat portion of partition 22 is greater than normally encountered discharge pressure, thus ensuring consistent sealing.
The scroll compressor as thus far broadly described is either now known in the art or is the subject of other pending applications for patent or patents of Applicant's Assignee.
The present invention is directed towards a retention system for a normally open mechanical valve assembly 130, which is disposed within recess 78, which is formed in non-orbiting scroll member 70. While the present invention is being described in conjunction with normally open mechanical valve assembly 130, the retention system of the present invention can be used with any other type of discharge valve also. Valve assembly 130 moves between a first or closed condition, a second or open condition, and a third or fully open condition during steady state operation of compressor 10. Valve assembly 130 will close during the shut down of compressor 10. When valve assembly 130 is fully closed, the recompression volume is minimized and the reverse flow of discharge gas through scroll members 56 and 70 is prohibited. Valve assembly 130 is normally open as shown in
Referring now to
Valve plate 134 is a flat thin metal disc shaped member that includes an annular ring 150, a generally rectangular portion 152 extending radially inward from ring 150 and a generally circular portion 154 attached to the radial inner end of rectangular portion 152. Rectangular portion 152 is designed to be smaller in width than circular portion 154. This reduced section therefore has a lower bending load than circular portion 154, which results in a faster opening of valve assembly 130. This reduced section of rectangular portion 152 is acceptable from a durability standpoint since contoured surface 148 reduces the stress loading on this reduced section. The size and shape of portion 154 is designed to completely cover discharge passage 140 of valve seat 132. The generally circular shape of portion 154 eliminates valve breakage that is associated with rectangular valve plates. In general, valve plates can have a tendency to twist during the closing of the valve due to the pressure fluctuations across the valve. When a rectangular shape valve twists before closing, the outside corner of the rectangle will hit first causing high loading and the breakage of the corner. The present invention, by using a generally circular portion to close the valve, eliminates the possibility of this corner breakage. Valve plate 134 also includes a pair of bosses 156, which define a pair of alignment apertures 158. When apertures 158 are in registry with apertures 142 of valve seat 132, rectangular portion 152 positions circular portion 154 in alignment with discharge passage 140. The thickness of valve plate 134 is determined by the stresses developed in rectangular portion 152 as valve plate 134 deflects from its closed position to its open position as described below.
Valve stop 136 is a thick metal, disc shaped member that provides support and backing for valve plate 134 and valve seat 132. Valve stop 136 is similar in configuration to valve plate 134 and includes an annular ring 160, a generally rectangular portion 162 extending radially inward from ring 160, a generally circular portion 164 attached to the radially inner end of rectangular portion 162 and a support section 166 extending between circular portion 164 and ring 160 on the side of portion 164 opposite to portion 162. Valve stop 136 also includes a pair of bosses 168, which define a pair of alignment apertures 170. When apertures 170 are in registry with apertures 158 in valve plate 134, rectangular portion 162 is aligned with rectangular portion 152 of valve plate 134 and it positions circular portion 164 in alignment with circular portion 154 of valve plate 134. Rectangular portion 162 and circular portion 164 cooperate to define a curved contoured surface 172.
Discharge valve assembly 130 is assembled to non-orbiting scroll member 70 by first placing valve seat 132 within recess 78 with contoured surface 148 facing upward while aligning apertures 142 with bores in recess 78 of non-orbitinci non-orbiting scroll member 70 which aligns passage 140 with passage 76. Next, valve plate 134 is placed on top of valve plate 132 within recess 78 while aligning apertures 158 with apertures 142, which aligns circular portion 154 with passage 140. Next, valve step 136 is placed on top of valve plate 134 within recess 78 while aligning apertures 170 within apertures 158, which aligns portions 162 and 164 with portions 152 and 154, respectively. A roll pin is inserted through each aligned set of apertures 170, 158 and 142 and press fit into each bore of non-orbitinci non-orbiting scroll member 70 to maintain the alignment of these components. Finally, retainer 138 is installed within recess 78 to maintain the assembly of valve assembly 130 with non-orbiting scroll member 70. The assembly of retainer 138 sandwiches the entire annular ring 150 of valve seat 132 between the upper flat surface of valve seat 132 and ring 160 of valve stop 136 to secure and retain valve plate 134.
Retainer 138 is a wave ring retainer that is disposed within a groove 180 formed into recess 78 of non-orbiting scroll member 70. The wave shape of retainer 138 causes it to engage both the upper surface 182 and the lower surface 184 of groove 180 to adequately retain discharge valve assembly within recess 78, as shown in
Discharge valve assembly 130 is normally in a condition wherein valve plate 134 abuts the upper flat surface on valve seat 132. Contoured surface 148 spaces valve plate 134 from valve seat 132 to provide for the normally open characteristic of valve assembly 130. This allows limited fluid flow from discharge muffler chamber 80 into the compression pockets formed by scroll members 56 and 70. In order to close valve assembly 130, fluid pressure within muffler chamber 80 biases valve plate 134 against contoured surface 148 of valve seat 132 when the fluid pressure in chamber 80 is greater than the fluid pressure within the central most fluid pocket formed by scroll members 56 and 70. During operation of compressor 10, the fluid pressure differential between fluid in discharge chamber 80 and fluid within the central most fluid pocket formed by scroll members 56 and 70 will move valve plate 134 between abutment with contoured surface 148 of valve seat 132 and abutment with valve stop 136 or between a first closed position and a second open position. The normally open position of valve assembly 130 eliminates the force that is required to open a typical discharge valve. The elimination of this force lowers the pressure differential for operating the valve, which, in turn, lowers power losses. In addition the normally open feature reduces the sound generated during the closing of the valve due to the gradual closing of the valve rather than the sudden closure of a normally closed valve. Contoured surface 148 provides for this gradual closing feature. The valve of the present invention operates solely on pressure differentials. Finally, the unique design for valve assembly 130 provides a large flow area to improve the flow characteristics of the system.
When valve plate 134 is in its second or open position, additional discharge pressure within discharge passage will react against discharge valve assembly 130 and it will eventually exceed the spring force being applied by wave ring retainer 138. Discharge valve assembly 130 will then move axially upward to the position shown in
Valve plate 134 is sandwiched between valve seat 132 and valve stop 136 with annular ring 160 of valve stop 136 abutting annular ring 150 of valve plate 134, which, in turn, abuts the upper flat surface of valve seat 132. Rectangular portion 152 and circular portion 154 normally lie in an unstressed condition in a generally horizontal position as shown in
In order to further reduce the stress loading and thus the life of valve plate 134, the shape of contoured surface 148 of valve seat 132 and contoured surface 172 of valve stop 136 are chosen to ensure a gradual loading and minimizing of the stresses by distributing the loads over a broader area. Finally, the rounded contours and transitions between ring 150, rectangular portion 152 and circular portion 154 are designed to eliminate stress risers. This elimination of stress risers, the equal distribution of the load and the reduction in the maximum stresses encountered significantly improves the life and performance for discharge valve assembly 130.
While the above detailed description describes the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be understood that the present invention is susceptible to modification, variation and alteration without deviating from the scope and fair meaning of the subjoined claims.
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|1||Examiners First Report received from the Australian Government IP Australia dated Dec. 15, 2009 regarding Application No. 2004212516.|
|2||First Office Action issued by the Chinese Patent Office on Sep. 21, 2007 regarding Application No. 200410068732.0.|
|3||Office Action Issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office on Mar. 10, 2009, for U.S. Appl. No. 11/651,684; 9 Pages.|
|4||Second Office Action issued by the Chinese Patent Office on Oct. 1, 2008 regarding Application No. 200410068732.0.|
|5||Third Office Action issued by the Chinese Patent Office on Mar. 6, 2009 regarding Application No. 200410068732.0.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US9494157||Sep 7, 2015||Nov 15, 2016||Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc.||Compressor with capacity modulation and variable volume ratio|
|International Classification||F01C1/02, F04C18/02, F04C29/12, F04C23/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F04C23/008, F04C18/0215, F04C2270/58, F04C29/128|