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Publication numberUSRE42468 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/489,733
Publication dateJun 21, 2011
Filing dateJul 18, 2006
Priority dateJul 12, 2002
Fee statusPaid
Also published asEP1381134A1, EP1381134B1, US6967464, US20040070368
Publication number11489733, 489733, US RE42468 E1, US RE42468E1, US-E1-RE42468, USRE42468 E1, USRE42468E1
InventorsBernd Heigl, Bernd Ziegler, Rainer Ontl
Original AssigneeHilti Aktiengesellschaft
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Storage battery charging station
US RE42468 E1
Abstract
A charging station (1) for a rechargeable battery (5) that can be electrically and physically connected to the rechargeable battery (5). The charging station (1) has charger electronics (2) in a charger housing (3) and an electrical and physical contact interface (4) for the battery (5). An air blower (6) producing an air current (L) through two air vents (7a, 7b) is arranged in the charger housing (3). The air vent (7a) of the physical contact interface (4) is spatially associated with the battery (5) and the charger electronics (2) is arranged in the air current (L) to transfer heat. In the cooling process, in a first stage, an air volume (V) at cooling temperature CT is moved past the battery to transfer heat into and onto the battery and, in a second stage, the air volume (V) at an intermediate temperature IT>CT permeates the charger housing (2) containing the charging electronics (2.).
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Claims(7)
1. A charging station for a rechargeable battery (5) that can be physically and electrically connected to the battery (5) having charger electronics (2) in a charger housing (3) and an electrical contact interface (4) for the battery (5) that interfaces a vent (7a), wherein an air blower (6) is arranged in the charger housing (3) for producing an air current (L) through two air vents (7a, 7b), wherein one of the two air vents (7a) faces the battery (5), and wherein the charger electronics (2) is arranged to transfer heat in the air current (L) and wherein the air blower (6) is arranged between the air vent (7a) on a flow inlet side and the charger electronics (2).
2. The charging station of claim 1, wherein the air vent (7a) on a flow inlet side faces the battery (5).
3. The charging station of claim 1, wherein the air vent (7a) on the flow inlet side forms a plurality of surface-distributed air inlet points (8) each associated with cooling vents (9) of the battery (5).
4. The charging station of claim 3, wherein a pressure chamber (10) causing air to be distributed is arranged between the air blower (6) and the air inlet points (8).
5. The charging station of claim 1, wherein the air vent (7a) on the flow inlet side is arranged in an upper section (13) of the charging station (1).
6. A cooling process for a charging station (1) for a rechargeable battery (5) that is electrically and physically connected to the battery (5), wherein an air volume (V) of an air current (L) is moved by an air blower (6) arranged in the charger housing (3) of the charging station (1), comprising, a first step, wherein the air volume (V) at a cooling temperature CT is moved into the battery (5) to transfer heat, and, in a second step, the air volume (V) at an intermediate temperature IT>CT permeates the charger housing (3) containing the charger electronics (2).
7. A charging station for a rechargeable battery (5) that can be physically and electrically connected to the battery (5), comprising a charger housing (3) having an electrical contact interface (4) for physically and electrically connecting the charger housing (3) with the rechargeable battery (5); charger electronics (2) located in the charger housing (3); and an air blower (6) for producing air flow through two air vents (7a, 7b) and located in the charger housing (3), wherein one of the two air vents (7a) faces the battery (5), and the charger electronics (2) is located, in the direction of the air flow, downstream of the battery (5) and upstream of another of the two air vents (7b), whereby an environmental air volume having a cooling temperature flows through the battery for cooling the same and then at an intermediate temperature, permeates the charger housing (3), cooling the charger electronics (2).
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a charging station for a rechargeable battery that is structurally and electrically compatible with the battery, such as a storage battery module for cordless hand tool machines. In modern rechargeable batteries, high energy densities can be charged in a brief period using a charging station, whereby the battery heats up significantly. In addition, the charger electronics of the charging station also heat up significantly. An important field of application of such high-density energy rechargeable batteries are storage battery modules for cordless hand tool machines such as screwing drills, combination hammers, hand circular saws, etc.

EP 1178557 discloses a charging station for a rechargeable storage battery module of cordless band tool machines that can be electrically and structurally connected to the module. The charging station has charging electronics, in a charger housing, with an electrical and structural contact interface for the storage battery module. A blower is arranged in the charger housing. Optimally, a cooling and heating system is arranged between two air vents downstream of the airflow outlet. An air vent on the airflow outlet side is associated with the structural contact interface of the storage battery module. There is no active cooling of the charger electronics arranged, in the housing corners or in separate housing sections, external to the air flow. The air can, however, be pre-warmed by waste heat from the charger housing, which restricts the airflow before it cools the storage battery module. The warmed air from the storage battery module is discharged into the environment unused.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the invention is to provide a process and a configuration for efficient cooling of the battery and the charging electronics.

This object is essentially achieved, in accordance with the invention, by a charging station for a rechargeable battery that can be connected structurally and electronically with the battery. The charging station has charger electronics in a charger housing with an electrical and physical contact interface for the battery. An air blower for producing an airflow through two air vents is arranged in the charger housing. An air vent is spatially associated with the physical contact interface of the battery and the charger electronics are arranged for heat transfer in the air current.

The arrangement of the battery and the charger electronics in series, in a common heat-transferring air current, cools efficiently, since the flow rate is involved in the heat transmission along with a constant cooling surface and the temperature difference.

It is also advantageous that the air vent spatially associated with the physical contact interface of the battery is arranged at the flow inlet side. As a result of this arrangement, the air warmed by the battery initially arrives in the charger housing with the air blower, where it cools the charger electronics and is then discharged to the environment.

The air blower is advantageously arranged between the air vent on the flow inlet side and the charger electronics. The charger electronics arranged in the high-pressure path

The air vent on the flow inlet side advantageously forms multiple, surface distributed air inlet points, which are spatially associated with cooling vents of the battery, whereby the cooling air mass can be distributed to individual cells within the battery.

Advantageously, a pressure chamber with a low flow resistance is provided between the air blower and the air inlet points. This permits uniform distribution of the air volume between separate cells of the battery.

The air vent on the flow inlet side is advantageously arranged in the upper part of the charging station, wherein with expedient set-up of the charging station, less dust is picked up in the air current, which is particularly advantageous in polluted work sites.

Essentially, the cooling process of the aforementioned charging station moves a volume of air of an air current produced by an air blower arranged in the charger housing. In an initial process step, the air volume with a cooling temperature KT is moved past or into the battery while transferring heat. In a second process step, the air volume with an intermediate temperature IT>CT permeates the charger housing.

Different cooling heat transfers form for the same air volume due to the temporal sequence of the heat-transferring arrangement of the battery and the charging electronics. The heat transfers depend on the temperature difference. The permissible surface temperature of the charger electronics lies above the temperature of the battery. As a result, an air volume taken from this environment and having a cooling temperature CT [KT], initially cools the battery and then at the intermediate temperature IT [ZT] cools the charging electronics before it is again discharged to the environment at the waste heat temperature WT [AT]. Thus, the overall available streaming air volumes are taken advantage of for efficient cooling.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The preferred embodiment of the invention is described below with reference to the drawing, wherein FIG. 1 shows a charging station with storage battery pack according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

FIG. 1 shows a charging station 1 having a charging electronics 2 in a charger housing 3 that is physically and electrically connected to a rechargeable battery 5 (such as a storage battery module having a plurality of cells 11) by an electrical and physical contact interface 4. An air blower 6 is arranged in the charger housing 3. The blower 6 produces an air current L through two air vents 7a, 7b. The charger electronics 2 are arranged to transfer heat in the air current L.

The air vent 7a, on the flow inlet side, arranged in the upper section 13 of the charging station, is spatially associated with the physical contact interface 4 of the battery. The air blower 6 is arranged between the air vent 7a, on the flow inlet side, and the charging electronics 2. The air vent 7a on the flow inlet side has a plurality of surface-distributed air inlet points 8. Each surface-distributed air inlet point 8 is spatially associated with cooling vents 9 in the module housing 12 of the battery. A pressure chamber 10 having low flow resistance is arranged between the air blower 6 and the air inlet points 8.

The cooling process moves a hypothetical air volume V along an air current L produced by the air blower 6. The air volume V at a cooling temperature CT [KT] relative to the environment U moves past the battery 5 to transfer heat and them permeates charger housing 3. Charger housing 3 contains charger electronic that is arranged in air current L to transfer heat at an intermediated temperature IT>KT, before it is released into the environment U at a waste heat temperature WT [AT].

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6066938 *Mar 18, 1999May 23, 2000Makita CorporationCharging system including a charger and an electric power tool operating on an internal battery unit
US6218807 *Nov 25, 1998Apr 17, 2001Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.Charger
US6373228 *Nov 9, 2000Apr 16, 2002Makita CorporationBattery charging device
US6455186 *Mar 5, 1998Sep 24, 2002Black & Decker Inc.Battery cooling system
US6597572 *Apr 8, 2002Jul 22, 2003Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd.Direct current generator for charging portable tools having gas flow apertures for cooling electronic circuits
EP0920105A2Nov 25, 1998Jun 2, 1999Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.Charger
EP0951127A2Mar 18, 1999Oct 20, 1999Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaCharging system including a charger and an electric power tool operating on an internal battery unit
EP1100173A2Nov 8, 2000May 16, 2001Makita CorporationBattery charging device
EP1178557A2Mar 1, 1999Feb 6, 2002Black & Decker Inc.Battery cooling system
JPH08185898A Title not available
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *JPO Computer Translation of JP-08185898.
Classifications
U.S. Classification320/107, 429/62, 429/71, 429/120, 320/113, 429/123, 320/150, 361/695, 429/83, 320/114
International ClassificationH02J7/00, H01M10/50, H01M2/10, B25F5/00, H01M10/44
Cooperative ClassificationH02J7/0042, H02J7/00, Y02B40/90
European ClassificationH02J7/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 8, 2013FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8