|Publication number||USRE42468 E1|
|Application number||US 11/489,733|
|Publication date||Jun 21, 2011|
|Priority date||Jul 12, 2002|
|Also published as||EP1381134A1, EP1381134B1, US6967464, US20040070368|
|Publication number||11489733, 489733, US RE42468 E1, US RE42468E1, US-E1-RE42468, USRE42468 E1, USRE42468E1|
|Inventors||Bernd Heigl, Bernd Ziegler, Rainer Ontl|
|Original Assignee||Hilti Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (2), Classifications (18), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a charging station for a rechargeable battery that is structurally and electrically compatible with the battery, such as a storage battery module for cordless hand tool machines. In modern rechargeable batteries, high energy densities can be charged in a brief period using a charging station, whereby the battery heats up significantly. In addition, the charger electronics of the charging station also heat up significantly. An important field of application of such high-density energy rechargeable batteries are storage battery modules for cordless hand tool machines such as screwing drills, combination hammers, hand circular saws, etc.
EP 1178557 discloses a charging station for a rechargeable storage battery module of cordless band tool machines that can be electrically and structurally connected to the module. The charging station has charging electronics, in a charger housing, with an electrical and structural contact interface for the storage battery module. A blower is arranged in the charger housing. Optimally, a cooling and heating system is arranged between two air vents downstream of the airflow outlet. An air vent on the airflow outlet side is associated with the structural contact interface of the storage battery module. There is no active cooling of the charger electronics arranged, in the housing corners or in separate housing sections, external to the air flow. The air can, however, be pre-warmed by waste heat from the charger housing, which restricts the airflow before it cools the storage battery module. The warmed air from the storage battery module is discharged into the environment unused.
The object of the invention is to provide a process and a configuration for efficient cooling of the battery and the charging electronics.
This object is essentially achieved, in accordance with the invention, by a charging station for a rechargeable battery that can be connected structurally and electronically with the battery. The charging station has charger electronics in a charger housing with an electrical and physical contact interface for the battery. An air blower for producing an airflow through two air vents is arranged in the charger housing. An air vent is spatially associated with the physical contact interface of the battery and the charger electronics are arranged for heat transfer in the air current.
The arrangement of the battery and the charger electronics in series, in a common heat-transferring air current, cools efficiently, since the flow rate is involved in the heat transmission along with a constant cooling surface and the temperature difference.
It is also advantageous that the air vent spatially associated with the physical contact interface of the battery is arranged at the flow inlet side. As a result of this arrangement, the air warmed by the battery initially arrives in the charger housing with the air blower, where it cools the charger electronics and is then discharged to the environment.
The air blower is advantageously arranged between the air vent on the flow inlet side and the charger electronics. The charger electronics arranged in the high-pressure path
The air vent on the flow inlet side advantageously forms multiple, surface distributed air inlet points, which are spatially associated with cooling vents of the battery, whereby the cooling air mass can be distributed to individual cells within the battery.
Advantageously, a pressure chamber with a low flow resistance is provided between the air blower and the air inlet points. This permits uniform distribution of the air volume between separate cells of the battery.
The air vent on the flow inlet side is advantageously arranged in the upper part of the charging station, wherein with expedient set-up of the charging station, less dust is picked up in the air current, which is particularly advantageous in polluted work sites.
Essentially, the cooling process of the aforementioned charging station moves a volume of air of an air current produced by an air blower arranged in the charger housing. In an initial process step, the air volume with a cooling temperature KT is moved past or into the battery while transferring heat. In a second process step, the air volume with an intermediate temperature IT>CT permeates the charger housing.
Different cooling heat transfers form for the same air volume due to the temporal sequence of the heat-transferring arrangement of the battery and the charging electronics. The heat transfers depend on the temperature difference. The permissible surface temperature of the charger electronics lies above the temperature of the battery. As a result, an air volume taken from this environment and having a cooling temperature CT [KT], initially cools the battery and then at the intermediate temperature IT [ZT] cools the charging electronics before it is again discharged to the environment at the waste heat temperature WT [AT]. Thus, the overall available streaming air volumes are taken advantage of for efficient cooling.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is described below with reference to the drawing, wherein
The air vent 7a, on the flow inlet side, arranged in the upper section 13 of the charging station, is spatially associated with the physical contact interface 4 of the battery. The air blower 6 is arranged between the air vent 7a, on the flow inlet side, and the charging electronics 2. The air vent 7a on the flow inlet side has a plurality of surface-distributed air inlet points 8. Each surface-distributed air inlet point 8 is spatially associated with cooling vents 9 in the module housing 12 of the battery. A pressure chamber 10 having low flow resistance is arranged between the air blower 6 and the air inlet points 8.
The cooling process moves a hypothetical air volume V along an air current L produced by the air blower 6. The air volume V at a cooling temperature CT [KT] relative to the environment U moves past the battery 5 to transfer heat and them permeates charger housing 3. Charger housing 3 contains charger electronic that is arranged in air current L to transfer heat at an intermediated temperature IT>KT, before it is released into the environment U at a waste heat temperature WT [AT].
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6066938 *||Mar 18, 1999||May 23, 2000||Makita Corporation||Charging system including a charger and an electric power tool operating on an internal battery unit|
|US6218807 *||Nov 25, 1998||Apr 17, 2001||Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.||Charger|
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|EP0920105A2||Nov 25, 1998||Jun 2, 1999||Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.||Charger|
|EP0951127A2||Mar 18, 1999||Oct 20, 1999||Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Charging system including a charger and an electric power tool operating on an internal battery unit|
|EP1100173A2||Nov 8, 2000||May 16, 2001||Makita Corporation||Battery charging device|
|EP1178557A2||Mar 1, 1999||Feb 6, 2002||Black & Decker Inc.||Battery cooling system|
|JPH08185898A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US9138884 *||Sep 12, 2011||Sep 22, 2015||Andreas Stihl Ag & Co. Kg||Handheld work apparatus|
|US20120066916 *||Sep 12, 2011||Mar 22, 2012||Georg Heinzelmann||Handheld work apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||320/107, 429/62, 429/71, 429/120, 320/113, 429/123, 320/150, 361/695, 429/83, 320/114|
|International Classification||H02J7/00, H01M10/50, H01M2/10, B25F5/00, H01M10/44|
|Cooperative Classification||H02J7/0042, H02J7/00|