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Publication numberUSRE42477 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/481,598
PCT numberPCT/EP1995/003963
Publication dateJun 21, 2011
Filing dateMar 27, 1997
Priority dateOct 14, 1994
Also published asCA2201785A1, CA2201785C, CN1142918C, CN1160396A, CN1293059C, CN1513844A, CN1923820A, CN1923820B, DE19533023A1, DE19533023B4, DE59509541D1, DE59510949D1, DE122008000049I1, EP0785926A1, EP0785926B1, EP1110952A1, EP1110952B1, EP1110952B9, US5932730, US5969134, US6197958, US6600043, US7109205, US7119097, US7582647, US7601730, US7863445, US8349843, US20020052495, US20040092742, US20060160808, US20060276474, US20060276645, US20070203338, US20100076188, US20110178294, US20120088911, US20130317044, USRE42462, WO1996011914A1
Publication number12481598, 481598, PCT/1995/3963, PCT/EP/1995/003963, PCT/EP/1995/03963, PCT/EP/95/003963, PCT/EP/95/03963, PCT/EP1995/003963, PCT/EP1995/03963, PCT/EP1995003963, PCT/EP199503963, PCT/EP95/003963, PCT/EP95/03963, PCT/EP95003963, PCT/EP9503963, US RE42477 E1, US RE42477E1, US-E1-RE42477, USRE42477 E1, USRE42477E1
InventorsHartmut Riechers, Dagmar Klinge, Wilhelm Amberg, Andreas Kling, Stefan Muller, Ernst Baumann, Joachim Rheinheimer, Uwe Josef Vogelbacher, Wolfgang Wernet, Liliane Unger, Manfred Raschack
Original AssigneeAbbott Gmbh & Co. Kg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Carboxylic acid derivatives, their preparation and use
US RE42477 E1
Abstract
Carboxylic acid derivatives

where R-R6, X, Y and Z have the meanings stated in the description, and the preparation thereof, are described. The novel compounds are suitable for controlling diseases.
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Claims(20)
1. A compound of the formula I
where
R is formyl, tetrazole, nitrile, a COOH group —CO2H or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to COOH, and the other substituents have the following meanings: —CO2H;
R2 hydrogen, hydroxyl, NH2, NH(C1-C4-alkyl), N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, halogen, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, is C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen or C1-C5-alkyl;
R3 hydrogen, hydroxyl, NH2, NH(C1-C4-alkyl), N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, halogen, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, is C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, —NH—O—C1-C4-alkyl, or C1-C4-alkylthio or CR3 is linked to CR14 as indicated above to give a 5- or 6-membered ring;
R4 and R5, which can be identical or different, are phenyl or naphthyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, amino, C1-C4-alkylamino or and C1-C4-dialkylamino; or phenyl or naphthyl, which are connected together in the ortho position via a direct linkage, a methylene, ethylene or ethenylene group, an oxygen or sulfur atom or, an SO2, NH or N-alkyl group; or a C3-C7-cycloalkyl group;
R6 is hydrogen, or R6 is C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where each of these radicals can be substituted by one or more times by substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkynyloxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, C3-C8-alkylcarbonylalkyl, C1-C4-alkylamino, di-C1-C4-alkylamino, phenyl or and phenoxy which phenyl or phenoxy is substituted by one or more times by substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or and C1-C4-alkylthio; or
phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-alkylamino, C1-C4-dialkylamino or, dioxomethylene or and dioxoethylene; or
a five or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing (i) one to three nitrogen atoms, and/or one sulfur or oxygen atom (ii) one sulfur atom, (iii) one oxygen atom, (iv) one to three nitrogen atoms and one sulfur atom, or (v) one to three nitrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, which heteroaromatic moiety can carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to four halogen atoms and/or, and one or two of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, and C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, phenyl, phenoxy or and phenylcarbonyl, it being possible for the phenyl radicals in turn to carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms, and/or one to three of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of:
C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;,
Y is sulfur or, oxygen or a single bond; and
Z is sulfur, oxygen, —SO— or —SO2—.
2. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein X is CR14 and R14 is hydrogen.
3. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein R is CO2H.
4. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein R2 and R3 each is methoxy.
5. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein R4 and R5 each is phenyl.
6. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein R6 is C1-C8-alkyl.
7. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein Y is oxygen.
8. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 2, wherein Z is oxygen or sulfur.
9. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 8, wherein Z is oxygen.
10. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein
X is CH,;
Y is oxygen,;
Z is oxygen,;
R is —CO2H,;
R2 is methoxy,;
R3 is methoxy,;
R4 is phenyl,;
R5 is phenyl,; and
R6 is methyl, ethyl or iso-propyl.
11. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein R is tetrazole, nitrile or a group
where R1 has the following meanings:
a) hydrogen;
b) succinylimidoxy;
c) a five-membered heteroaromatic ring linked by a nitrogen atom, selected from the group consisting of: pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl and triazolyl, which ring can carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one or two halogen atoms and or, and one or two of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or and C1-C4-alkylthio;
d) a radical
 where m is 0 or 1 and R7 and R8, which can be identical or different, have the following meanings:
hydrogen,
C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where these alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl and alkynyl groups can each carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms and/or, and one or two of the following groups selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkenylthio, C3-C6-alkynyloxy or C3-C6-alkynylthio, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, C3-C6-alkenylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkynylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkenyloxycarbonyl or and C3-C6-alkynyloxycarbonyl,
phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more times by substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C3-C6-alkenylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkynylcarbonyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or, C1-C4-alkylthio, and di-C1-C4-alkylamino, or
R7 and R8 together form a C4-C7-alkylene chain which can be substituted by C1-C4-alkyl, and may contain a hetero atom selected from the group consisting of: oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, or R7 and R8 together form a CH2—CH═CH—CH2 or CH═CH—(CH2)3 chain;
e) a radical
 where k is 0, 1 and 2, p is 1, 2, 3 and 4, and R9 is C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more times by substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C3-C6-alkenylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkynylcarbonyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or and C1-C4-alkylthio;
f) a radical OR10, where R10 is
hydrogen, the cation of an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal or an environmentally compatible organic ammonium ion;
C3-C8-cycloalkyl which may carry one to three C1-C4-alkyl groups;
C1-C8-alkyl which may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms and/or, and one of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, cyano, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, phenyl, phenoxy or and phenylcarbonyl, where the aromatic radicals substituents in turn may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms and/or, and one to three of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
C1-C8-alkyl which may carry one to five halogen atoms and which carries one of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring containing one to three nitrogen atoms or, a nitrogen atom and an oxygen or and a nitrogen atom and a sulfur atom, which may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to four halogen atoms and/or, and one or two of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, phenyl, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
C2-C6-alkyl which carries one of the following radicals in position 2: C1-C4-alkoxyimino, C3-C6-alkynyloxyimino, C3-C6-haloalkenyloxyimino or benzyloxyimino;
C3-C6-alkenyl or C3-C6-alkynyl which may carry one to five halogen atoms;
phenyl which may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms and/or, and one to three of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring which is bonded via a nitrogen atom and containing one to three nitrogen atoms, which may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one or two halogen atoms, and or one or two of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, phenyl, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
a radical
 where R1 R11 and R12, which may be identical or different are:
C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, it being possible for these radicals to carry a one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio and/or phenyl, which may carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms and/or, and one to three of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4alkylthio;
phenyl which may carry one or more of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or and C1-C4-alkylthio; or R11 and R12 together form a C3-C12-alkylene chain which may carry one to three C1-C4-alkyl groups and which may contain a hetero atom selected from the group consisting of: nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur;
g) a radical
 where R13 is
C1-C4-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, it being possible for these radicals to carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: a C1-C4-alkoxy, a C1-C4-alkylthio and/or a phenyl radical, and a phenyl; or
phenyl which may carry one or more of the following radicals selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or and C1-C4-alkylthio.
12. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein
R is —CO2H or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to —CO2H;
R4 is phenyl; and
R5 is phenyl.
13. The compound of the formula as defined in claim 1, wherein
R is formyl, —CO2H or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to —CO2H;
R2 is C1-C4-alkoxy;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen or C1-C5-alkyl;
R3 is C1-C4-alkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio;
R4 and R5 which can be identical or different, are phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy and C1-C4-alkylthio; or
phenyl which are connected together in the ortho positions by a direct linkage, methylene, ethylene, ethenylene, oxygen, sulfur, —SO2—, —NH— or N-alkyl group; or
C3-C7-cycloalkyl;
R6 is C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where each of these can be substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, hydroxyl, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy and C1-C4-alkylthio; or
phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by one or more of the following selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-alkylamino and C1-C4-dialkylamino; or
a five- or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing (i) a nitrogen atom, (ii) a sulfur atom, (iii) an oxygen atom, (iv) a nitrogen atom and a sulfur atom, or (v) a nitrogen atom and an oxygen atom, which heteroaromatic moiety can carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to four halogen atoms, and one or two of the following selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, phenyl, phenoxy and phenylcarbonyl, it being possible for the phenyl in turn to carry one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: one to five halogen atoms, and one to three of the following selected from the group consisting of: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy and C1-C4-alkylthio;
Y is sulfur, oxygen or a single bond; and
Z is sulfur, oxygen, SO or SO2.
14. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein
R is —CO2H or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to —CO2H;
R2 is C1-C4-alkoxy;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen;
R3 is C1-C4-alkoxy;
R4 and R5 which can be identical or different, are phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy and C1-C4-alkylthio;
R6 is C1-C8-alkyl, which can by substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, hydroxyl, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy and C1-C4-alkylthio;
Y is oxygen; and
Z is oxygen.
15. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 14, where R is —CO2H.
16. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 15, where R4 and R5 are each phenyl.
17. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein
R is —CO2H;
R2 is C1-C4-alkoxy;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen or C1-C5-alkyl;
R3 is C1-C4-alkoxy;
R4 and R5 are phenyl which can be substituted by one or more halogen atoms;
R6 is C1-C8-alkyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where each of these can be substituted one or more times by phenyl, or phenyl;
Y is oxygen; and
Z is sulfur or oxygen.
18. The compound of the formula I as defined in claim 1, wherein
R is —CO2H or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to CO2H;
R2 is C1-C4-alkoxy or C1-C4-haloalkoxy;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen or C1-C5-alkyl;
R3 is C1-C4-alkoxy or C1-C4-haloalkoxy;
R4 and R5 are phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylamino and C1-C4-dialkylamino;
R6 is hydrogen, or R6 is C1-C8-alkyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where each of these can be substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio and phenyl which is substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of: halogen, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy and C1-C4-alkylthio; or
phenyl which can be substituted by one or more of the following selected from the group consisting of: halogen, nitro, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio and dioxomethylene; or
a five or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing (i) one to three nitrogen atoms, (ii) one sulfur atom, (iii) one oxygen atom, (iv) one to three nitrogen atoms and one sulfur atom, or (v) one to three nitrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, which heteroaromatic moiety can carry one to four halogen atoms;
Y is sulfur or oxygen; and
Z is sulfur or oxygen.
19. The compound of claim 18, wherein
R is —CO2H, —COOCH3, —COON(CH3)2, —COOCH2C≡CH, —COOC2H5, —COON═C(CH3)2, —COONH-phenyl, —COOCH═CH2 or —CONH—SO—C6H5;
R2 is —OCF3, —OCH3 or —OCH2CH3;
X is CR14, where R14 is hydrogen-;
R3 is —OCF3, —OCH3 or —OCH2CH3;
R4 and R5 are phenyl, which can be substituted by one or more groups selected from the group consisting of: —F, —Cl, —Br, —CH3, —CH2CH3, —CF3, —OCH3, —NO2 and —N(CH3)2;
R6 is —H, —CH3, —CH2CH3, —CH2CH2CH3, —C(CH3)3, —CH2CH(CH3)2, cyclopropyl, —CH2CH2CH2CH(CH3)2, —CH2—CH2—S—CH3, —CH2CH2OH, phenyl, p-isopropyl-phenyl, p-methyl-S-phenyl, p-methyl-O-phenyl, m-ethyl-phenyl, o-methyl-phenyl, o-Cl-phenyl, m-Br-phenyl, p-F-phenyl, p-methyl-phenyl, m-NO2-phenyl, o-HO-phenyl, 3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl, 3,4-dioxomethylene-phenyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl, benzyl, o-Cl-benzyl, m-Br-benzyl, p-F-benzyl, o-methyl-benzyl, m-ethyl-benzyl or p-isopropyl-benzyl;
Y is sulfur or oxygen; and
Z is sulfur or oxygen.
20. The compound of claim 19, wherein R4 and R5 are each phenyl.
Description

Two (2) reissue applications have been co-filed for the reissue of U.S. Pat. No. 5,932,730. The reissue applications are U.S. Ser. No. 12/481,598 (the present application) and U.S. Ser. No. 12/481,594 (a co-filed reissue application), all of which are co-filed reissues of U.S. Pat. No. 5,932,730.

The present invention relates to novel carboxylic acid derivatives, their preparation and use.

Endothelin is a peptide which is composed of 21 amino acids and is synthesized and released by the vascular endothelium. Endothelin exists in three isoforms, ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3. In the following text, “endothelin” or “ET” signifies one or all isoforms of endothelin. Endothelin is a potent vasoconstrictor and has a potent effect on vessel tone. It is known that this vasoconstriction is caused by binding of endothelin to its receptor (Nature, 332, (1988) 411-415; FEBS Letters, 231, (1988) 440-444 and Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 154, (1988) 868-875).

Increased or abnormal release of endothelin causes persistent vasoconstruction in the peripheral, renal and cerebral blood vessels, which may lead to illnesses. It has been reported in the literature that elevated plasma levels of endothelin were found in patients with hypertension, acute myocardial infarct, pulmonary hypertension, Raynaud's syndrome, atherosclerosis and in the airways of asthmatics (Japan J. Hypertension, 12, (1989) 79, J. Vascular Med. Biology 2, (1990) 207, J. Am. Med. Association 264, (1990) 2868).

Accordingly, substances which specifically inhibit the binding of endothelin to the receptor ought also to antagonize the various abovementioned physiological effects of endothelin and therefore be valuable drugs.

We have found that certain carboxylic acid derivatives are good inhibitors of endothelin receptors.

The invention relates to carboxylic acid derivatives of the formula I


where R is formyl, tetrazole [sic], nitrile [sic], a COOH group —COOH or a radical which can be hydrolyzed to —COOH, and the other substituents have the following meanings:

    • R2 is hydrogen, hydroxyl, —NH2, —NH(C1-C4-alkyl), —N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, halogen, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio;
    • X is nitrogen or CR14 where R14 is hydrogen or C1-5 C1-C5-alkyl, or CR14 forms together with CR3 a 5- or 6-membered alkylene or alkenylene ring which can be substituted by one or two C1-4 C1-C4-alkyl groups and in which in each case a methylene group can be replaced by oxygen, sulfur, —NH— or —NC1-4(C1-C4-alkyl)—;
    • R3 is hydrogen, hydroxyl, —NH2, —NH(C1-C4-Alkyl alkyl), —N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, halogen, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, —NH—O—C1-4C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkylthio or CR3 is linked to CR14 as indicated above to give a 5- or 6-membered ring;
    • R4 and R5 (which can be identical or different) are:
      • phenyl or naphthyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, amino, C1-C4-alkylamino or C1-C4-dialkylamino; or
      • phenyl or naphthyl, which are connected together in the ortho positions via a direct linkage, a methylene, ethylene or ethenylene group, an oxygen or sulfur atom or an —SO2—, —NH— or N-alkyl group, or C3-C7-cycloalkyl;
    • R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, where each of these radicals can be substituted one or more times by: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkynyloxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, C3-8 C3-C8-alkylcarbonylalkyl, C1-C4-alkylamino, di-C1-C4-alkylamino, phenyl or phenyl or phenoxy which is substituted one or more times, eg. e.g., one to three times, by halogen, mitro nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio;
      • phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-alkylamino, C1-C4-dialkylamino, dioxomethylene [sic] or dioxoethylene [sic]; or
      • a five- or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing one to three nitrogen atoms and/or one sulfur or oxygen atom, which can carry one to four halogen atoms and/or one or two of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, phenyl, phenoxy or phenylcarbonyl, it being possible for the phenyl radicals in turn to carry one to five halogen atoms and/or one to three of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
      • with the proviso that R6 can be hydrogen only when Z is not a single bond;
    • Y is sulfur or, oxygen or a single bond;
    • Z is sulfur or, oxygen or a single bond.

The compounds, and the intermediates for preparing them, such as IV and VI, may have one or more asymmetrical substituted carbon atoms. Such compounds may be in the form of the pure enantiomers or pure diastereomers or a mixture thereof. The use of an enantiomerically pure compound as active substance is preferred.

The invention furthermore relates to the use of the above-mentioned carboxylic acid derivatives for producing drugs, in particular for producing endothelin receptor inhibitors.

The invention furthermore relates to the preparation of the compounds of the formula IV in enantiomerically pure form. Enantioselective epoxidation of an olefin with two phenyl substituents is known (J. Org. Chem. 59, 1994, 4378-4380). We have now found, surprisingly, that even ester groups in these systems permit epoxidation in high optical purity.

The preparation of the compounds according to the invention where Z is sulfur or oxygen starts from the epoxides IV, which are obtained in a conventional manner, eg. e.g., as described in J. March, Advanced Organic Chemistry, 2nd ed., 1983, page 862 and page 750, from the ketones II or the olefins III:

Carboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula VI can be prepared by reacting the epoxides of the general formula IV (eg. e.g., with R═ROOR10 [sic]) with alcohols or thiols of the general formula V where R6 and Z have the meanings stated in claim 1.

To do this, compounds of the general formula IV are heated with compounds of the formula V, in the molar ratio of about 1:1 to 1:7, preferably 1 to 3 mole equivalents, to 50-200° C., preferably 80-150° C.

The reaction can also take place in the presence of a diluent. All solvents which are inert toward the reagents used can be used for this purpose.

Examples of such solvents or diluents are water, aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, which may in each case be chlorinated, such as hexane, cyclohexane, petroleum ether, naphtha, benzene, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, ethyl chloride and trichloroethylene, ethers such as diisopropyl ether, dibutyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether, propylene oxide, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isopropyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone, nitriles such as acetonitrile and propionitrile, alcohols, such as methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, butanol and ethylene glycol, esters such as ethyl acetate and amyl acetate, amides such as dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide and N-methylpyrrolidone, sulfoxides and sulfones, such as dimethyl sulfoxide and sulfolane, bases such as pyridine, cyclic ureas such as 1,3-dimethylimidazolidin-2-one and 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone.

The reaction is preferably carried out at a temperature in the range from 0° C. to the boiling point of the solvent or mixture of solvents.

The presence of a catalyst may be advantageous. Suitable catalysts are strong organic and inorganic acids, and Lewis acids. Examples thereof are, inter alia, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, trifluoroacetic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, boron trifluoride etherate and titanium(IV) alcoholates.

Compounds of the formula VI where R4 and R5 are cycloalkyl can also be prepared by subjecting compounds of the formula VI where R4 and R5 are phenyl, naphthyl, or phenyl or naphthyl substituted as described above, to a nuclear hydrogenation.

Compounds of the formula VI can be obtained in enantiomerically pure form by starting from enantiomerically pure compounds of the formula IV and reacting them in the manner described with compounds of the formula V.

It is furthermore possible to obtain enantiomerically pure compounds of the formula VI by carrying out a classical racemate resolution on racemic or diastereomeric compounds of the formula VI using suitable enantiomerically pure bases such as brucine, strychnine, quinine, quinidine, chinchonidine [sic], chinchonine [sic], yohimbine, morphine, dehydroabietylamine, ephedrine (−), (+), deoxyephedrine (+), (−), threo-2-amino-1-(p-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol (+), (−), threo-2-(N,N-dimethylamino)-1-(p-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol (+), (−) threo-2-amino-1-phenyl-1,3-propanediol (+), (−), α-methylbenzylamine (+), (−), α-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine (+), (−), α-(2-naphthyl)ethylamine (+), (−), aminomethylpinane, N,N-dimethyl-1-phenylethylamine, N-methyl-1-phenylethylamine, 4-nitrophenylethylamine, pseudoephedrine, norephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, amino acid derivatives, peptide derivatives.

The compounds according to the invention where Y is oxygen, and the remaining substituents have the meanings stated under the general formula I, can be prepared, for example, by reacting the carboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula VI where the substituents have the stated meanings with compounds of the general formula VII


where R15 is halogen or R16—SO2—, where R16 can be C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl or phenyl. The reaction preferably takes place in one of the abovementioned inert diluents with the addition of a suitable base, ie. i.e., of a base which deprotonates the intermediate VI, in a temperature range from room temperature to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of the formula VII are known, some of them can be bought, or they can be prepared in a generally known manner.

It is possible to use as a base an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydride such as sodium hydride, potassium hydride or calcium hydride, a carbonate such as an alkali metal carbonate, eg. e.g., sodium or potassium carbonate, an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydroxide such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, an organometallic compound such as butyllithium, or an alkali metal amide such as lithium diisopropylamide.

The compounds according to the invention where Y is sulfur, and the remaining substituents have the meanings stated under the general formula I, can be prepared, for example, by reacting carboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula VIII, which can be obtained in a known manner from compounds of the general formula VI and in which the substituents have the abovementioned meanings, with compounds of the general formula IX, where R2, R3 and X have the meanings stated under general formula I.

The reaction preferably takes place in one of the above-mentioned inert diluents with the addition of a suitable base, ie. i.e., a base which deprotonates the intermediate IX, in a temperature range from room temperature to the boiling point of the solvent.

It is possible to use as a base, besides those mentioned above, organic bases such as triethylamine, pyridine, imidazole or diazabicycloundecane [sic].

Carboxylic acid derivatives of the formula VIa (z in formula VI=direct linkage) can be prepared by reacting epoxides of the formula IV with cuprates of the formula XI:

The cuprates can be prepared as described in Tetrahedron Letters 23, (1982) 3755.

Compounds of the formula I can also be prepared by starting from the corresponding carboxylic acids, ie. i.e., compounds of the formula I where R is COOH, and initially converting these in a conventional manner into an activated form, such as a halide, an anhydride or imidazolide, and then reacting the latter with an appropriate hydroxy compound HOR10. This reaction can be carried out in the usual solvents and often requires addition of a base, in which case those mentioned above are suitable. These two steps can also be simplified, for example, by allowing the carboxylic acid to act on the hydroxy compound in the presence of a dehydrating agent such as a carbodiimide.

In addition, it is also possible for compounds of the formula I to be prepared by starting from the salts of the corresponding carboxylic acids, ie. i.e., from compounds of the formula I where R is COR1 and R1 is OM, where M can be an alkali metal cation or the equivalent of an alkaline earth metal cation. These salts can be reacted with many compounds of the formula R1-A where A is a conventional nucleofugic leaving group, for example halogen such as chlorine, bromine, iodine or aryl- or alkylsulfonyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, alkyl or haloalkyl, such as toluenesulfonyl and methylsulfonyl, or another equivalent leaving group. Compounds of the formula R1-A with a reactive substituent A are known or can be easily obtained with general expert knowledge. This reaction can be carried out in conventional solvents and advantageously takes place with the addition of a base, in which case those mentioned above are suitable.

The radical R in formula I may vary widely. For example, R is a group


where R1 has the following meanings:

    • a) hydrogen;
    • b) succinylimidoxy [sic];
    • c) a five-membered heteroaromatic moiety linked by a nitrogen atom, such as pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl and triazolyl, which may carry one or two halogen atoms, in particular fluorine and chlorine and/or one or two of the following radicals:
      • C1-C4-alkyl such as methyl, ethyl, 1-propyl, 2-propyl, 2-methyl-2-propyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl;
      • C1-C4-haloalkyl, in particular C1-C2-haloalkyl such as fluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl, chlorodifluoromethyl, dichlorofluoromethyl, trichloromethyl, 1-fluoroethyl, 2-fluoroethyl, 2,2-difluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethyl, 2,2-dichloro-2-fluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl and pentafluoroethyl;
      • C1-C4-haloalkoxy, in particular C1-C2-haloalkoxy such as difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, chlorodifluoromethoxy, 1-fluoroethoxy, 2-fluoroethoxy, 2,2-difluoroethoxy, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy, 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy, 2-chloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethoxy and pentafluoroethoxy, in particular trifluoromethoxy;
      • C1-C4-alkoxy such as methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, 1-methylethoxy, butoxy, 1-methylpropoxy, 2-methylpropoxy, 1,1-dimethylethoxy, in particular methoxy, ethoxy, 1-methylethoxy;
      • C1-C4-alkylthio such as methylthio, ethylthio, propylthio, 1-methylethylthio, butylthio, 1-methylpropylthio, 2-methylpropylthio, 1,1-dimethylethylthio, in particular methylthio and ethylthio;
    • d) R1 is furthermore a radical

    •  where m is 0 or 1 and R7 and R8, which can be identical or different, have the following meanings:
      • hydrogen;
      • C1-C8-alkyl, in particular C1-C4-alkyl as mentioned above;
      • C3-C6-alkenyl such as 2-propenyl, 2-butenyl, 3-butenyl, 1-methyl-2-propenyl, 2-methyl-2-propenyl, 2-pentenyl, 3-pentenyl, 4-pentenyl, 1-methyl-2-butenyl, 2-methyl-2-butenyl, 3-methyl-2-butenyl, 1-methyl-3-butenyl, 2-methyl-3-butenyl, 3-methyl-3-butenyl, 1,1-dimethyl-2-propenyl, 1,2-dimethyl-2-propenyl, 1-ethyl-2-propenyl, 2-hexenyl, 3-hexenyl, 4-hexenyl, 5-hexenyl, 1-methyl-2-pentenyl, 2-methyl-2-pentenyl, 3-methyl-2-pentenyl, 4-methyl-2-pentenyl, 3-methyl-3-pentenyl, 4-methyl-3-pentenyl, 1-methyl-4-pentenyl, 2-methyl-4-pentenyl, 3-methyl-4-pentenyl, 4-methyl-4-pentenyl, 1,1-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 1,1-dimethyl-3-butenyl, 1,2-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 1,2-dimethyl-3-butenyl, 1,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 1,3-dimethyl-3-butenyl, 2,2-dimethyl-3-butenyl, 2,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 2,3-dimethyl-3-butenyl, 1-ethyl-2-butenyl, 1-ethyl-3-butenyl, 2-ethyl-2-butenyl, 2-ethyl-3-butenyl, 1,1,2-trimethyl-2-propenyl, 1-ethyl-1-methyl-2-propenyl and 1-ethyl-2-methyl-2-propenyl, in particular 2-propenyl, 2-butenyl, 3-methyl-2-butenyl and 3-methyl-2-pentenyl;
      • C3-C6-alkynyl such as 2-propynyl, 2-butynyl, 3-butynyl, 1-methyl-2-propynyl, 2-pentynyl, 3-pentynyl, 4-pentynyl, 1-methyl-3-butynyl, 2-methyl-3-butynyl, 1-methyl-2-butynyl, 1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyl, 1-ethyl-2-propynyl, 2-hexynyl, 3-hexynyl, 4-hexynyl, 5-hexynyl, 1-methyl-2-pentynyl, 1-methyl-2-pentynyl, 1-methyl-3-pentynyl, 1-methyl-4-pentynyl, 2-methyl-3-pentynyl, 2-methyl-4-pentynyl, 3-methyl-4-pentynyl, 4-methyl-2-pentynyl, 1,1-dimethyl-2-butynyl, 1,1-dimethyl-3-butynyl, 1,2-dimethyl-3-butynyl, 2,2-dimethyl-3-butynyl, 1-ethyl-2-butynyl, 1-ethyl-3-butynyl, 2-ethyl-3-butynyl and 1-ethyl-1-methyl-2-propynyl, preferably 2-propynyl, 2-butynyl, 1-methyl-2-propynyl and 1-methyl-2-butynyl, in particular 2-propynyl; or
      • C3-C8-cycloalkyl such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and, cycloheptyl, and cyclooctyl, where these alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl and alkynyl groups can each carry one to five halogen atoms, in particular fluorine or chlorine and/or one or two of the following groups:
        • C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-haloalkoxy as mentioned above, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkenylthio, C3-C6-alkynyloxy, C3-C6-alkynylthio, where the alkenyl and alkynyl constituents present in these radicals preferably have the abovementioned meanings;
        • C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl such as, in particular, methylcarbonyl, ethylcarbonyl, propylcarbonyl, 1-methylethylcarbonyl, butylcarbonyl, 1- methylpropylcarbonyl, 2-methylpropylcarbonyl, 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl;
        • C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl such as methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, propyloxycarbonyl, 1-methylethoxycarbonyl, butyloxycarbonyl, 1-methylpropyloxycarbonyl, 2-methylpropyloxycarbonyl, 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl;
        • C3-C6-alkenylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkynylcarbonyl, C3-C6-alkenyloxycarbonyl and C3-C6-alkynyloxycarbonyl, where the alkenyl and alkynyl radicals are preferably defined as detailed above;
        • phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted one or more times, eg. e.g., one to three times, by halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio, such as 2-fluorophenyl, 3-chlorophenyl, 4-bromophenyl, 2-methylphenyl, 3-nitrophenyl, 4-cyanophenyl, 2-trifluoromethylphenyl, 3-methoxyphenyl, 4-trifluoroethoxyphenyl, 2-methylthiophenyl, 2,4-dichlorophenyl, 2-methoxy-3-methylphenyl, 2,4-dimethoxyphenyl, 2-nitro-5-cyanophenyl, 2,6-difluorophenyl;
        • di-C1-C4-alkylamino such as, in particular, dimethylamino, dipropylamino, N-propyl-N-methylamino, N-propyl-N-ethylamino, diisopropylamino, N-isopropyl-N-methylamino, N-isopropyl-N-ethylamino, N-isopropyl-N-propylamino;
        • R7 and R8 R8 are furthermore phenyl which can be substituted by one or more, eg. e.g., one to three, of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio, as mentioned above in particular;
        • or R7 and R8 together form a C4-C7-alkylene chain which is closed to form a ring, is unsubstituted or substituted, eg. e.g., substituted by C1-C4-alkyl, and may contain a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen, such as —(CH2)4—, —(CH2)5—, —(CH2)6—, —(CH2)7—, —(CH2)2—O—(CH2)2—, —CH2—S—(CH2)3—, —(CH2)2—O—(CH2)3—, —NH—(CH2)3—, —CH2—NH—(CH2)2—, —CH2—CH═CH—CH2—, —CH═CH—(CH2)—3—;
    • e) R1 is furthermore a group

      • where k is 0, 1 and 2,;
      • p is 1, 2, 3 and 4; and
      • R9 is C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, as mentioned above in particular.;
    • f) R1 is furthermore a radical OR10, where R10 is:
      • hydrogen, the cation of an alkali metal such as lithium, sodium, potassium or the cation of an alkaline earth metal such as calcium, magnesium and barium or an environmentally compatible organic ammonium ion such as tertiary C1-C4-alkylammonium or the ammonium ion;
      • C3-C8-cycloalkyl as mentioned above, which may carry one to three C1-C4-alkyl groups;
      • C1-C8-alkyl such as, in particular, methyl, ethyl, propyl, 1-methylethyl, butyl, 1-methylpropyl, 2-methylpropyl, 1,1-dimethylethyl, pentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbuty 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1,1,2-trimethylpropyl, 1,2,2-trimethylpropyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1-ethyl-2-methylpropyl, which can carry one to five halogen atoms, in particular fluorine and chlorine and/or one of the following radicals:
        • C1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, cyano, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, phenyl, phenoxy or phenylcarbonyl, where the aromatic radicals in turn can carry in each case one to five halogen atoms and/or one to three of the following radicals: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio, as mentioned above in particular;
        • a C1-C8-alkyl as mentioned above, which can carry one to five halogen atoms, in particular fluorine and/or chlorine, and carries one of the following radicals: a 5-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing one to three nitrogen atoms, or a 5-membered heteroaromatic moiety containing a nitrogen atom and an oxygen or sulfur atom, which can carry one to four halogen atoms and/or one or two of the following radicals:
          • nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, phenyl, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio. Particular mention may be made of: 1-pyrazolyl, 3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl, 3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl, 3-phenyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-phenyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-chloro-1-pyrazolyl, 4-bromo-1-pyrazolyl, 1-imidazolyl, 1-benzimidazolyl, 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 1-benzotriazolyl, 3-isopropyl-5-isoxazolyl, 3-methyl-5-isoxazolyl, 2-oxazolyl, 2-thiazolyl, 2-imidazolyl, 3-ethyl-5-isoxazolyl, 3-phenyl-5-isoxazolyl, 3-tert-butyl-5-isoxazolyl;
        • a C2-C6-alkyl group which carries one of the following radicals in position 2: C1-C4-alkoxyimino, C3-C6-alkynyloxyimino, C3-C6-haloalkenyloxyimino or benzyloxyimino; or
        • a C3-C6-alkenyl or C3-C6-alkynyl group, it being possible for these groups in turn to carry one to five halogen atoms;
        • R10 is furthermore a phenyl radical which can carry one to five halogen atoms and/or one to three of the following radicals: nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio, as mentioned above in particular;
        • a 5-membered heteroaromatic moiety which is linked via a nitrogen atom, contains one to three nitrogen atoms and can carry one or two halogen atoms and/or one or two of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, phenyl, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio. Particular mention may be made of: 1-pyrazolyl, 3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl, 3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl, 3-phenyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-phenyl-1-pyrazolyl, 4-chloro-1-pyrazolyl, 4-bromo-1-pyrazolyl, 1-imidazolyl, 1-benzimidazolyl, 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 3-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl, 1-benzotriazolyl, 3,4-dichloro-1-imidazolyl;
        • R10 is furthermore a group

        •  where R11 and R12, which can be identical or different, are:
          • C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, it being possible for these radicals to carry a C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio and/or an unsubstituted or substituted phenyl radical, as mentioned above in particular;
          • phenyl which can be substituted by one or more, eg. e.g., one to three, of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy or C1-C4-alkylthio, where these radicals are, in particular, those mentioned above;
          • or R11 and R12 together form a C3-C12-alkylene chain which can carry one to three C1-C4-alkyl groups and contain a heteroatom from the group consisting of oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, as mentioned in particular for R7 and R8.;
    • g) R1 is furthermore a radical

    •  where R13 is:
      • C1-C4-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl as mentioned above in particular, it being possible for these radicals to carry a C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio and/or a phenyl radical as mentioned above; or
      • phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted, in particular as mentioned above.;
    • h) R1 is a radical

    •  where R13 has the abovementioned meaning.
      • R can furthermore be:
        • tetrazole [sic] or nitrile [sic].

In respect of the biological effect, preferred carboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula I, both as pure enantiomers and pure diastereomers or as mixture thereof, are those where the substituents have the following meanings:

    • R2 is hydrogen, hydroxyl, N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, the C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio groups and halogen atoms mentioned in detail for R1, especially chlorine, methyl, methoxy, ethoxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy;
    • X is nitrogen or CR14 where R14 is hydrogen or alkyl, or
    • CR14 forms together with CR3 a 4- to 5-membered alkylene or alkenylene ring in which, in each case, a methylene group can be replaced by oxygen or sulfur, such as —CH2—CH2—O—, —CH═CH—O—, —CH2—CH2—CH2—O—, —CH═CH—CH2O—, in particular hydrogen, —CH2—CH2—O—, —CH(CH3)—CH(CH3)—O—, —C(CH3)═C(CH3)—O—, —CH═C(CH3)—O— or —C(CH3)═C(CH3)—S—;
    • R3 the is hydrogen, hydroxyl, N(C1-C4-alkyl)2, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio groups and halogen atoms mentioned for R1, especially chlorine, methyl, methoxy, ethoxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy or R3 is linked to R14 as mentioned above to give a 5- or 6-membered ring;
    • R4 and R5 are phenyl or naphthyl, which can be substituted by one or more, eg. e.g., one to three, of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, mercapto, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-alkylamino, di-C1-C4-alkylamino, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, C1C4-alkoxycarbonyl; phenyl or naphthyl, which are connected together in the ortho positions by a direct linkage, a methylene, ethylene or ethenylene group, an oxygen or sulfur atom or an —SO2—, —NH— or, N-alkyl group, or C3-C7-cycloalkyl;
    • R6 is C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl as mentioned above in particular, it being possible for these radicals in each case to be substituted one or more times by: halogen, hydroxyl, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkynyloxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylcarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4-alkylamino, di-C1-C4-alkylamino or unsubstituted or substituted phenyl or phenoxy, as mentioned above in particular;
      • phenyl or naphthyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-akylamino [sic] alkylamino or C1-C4-dialkylamino, as mentioned in particular for R7 and R4; or
      • a five- or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety which contains one to three nitrogen atoms and/or one sulfur or oxygen atom and which can carry one to four halogen atoms and/or one or two of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, phenyl, phenoxy or phenylcarbonyl, it being possible for the phenyl radicals in turn to carry one to five halogen atoms and/or one to three of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio, as mentioned for R4 in particular;
    • Y is sulfur, oxygen or a single bond;
    • Z is sulfur, oxygen, —SO—, —SO2—or a single bond.

Particularly preferred compounds of the formula I, both as pure enantiomers and pure diastereomers or as mixture thereof, are those in which the substituents have the following meanings:

    • R2 is C1-C4-alkyl, or C1-C4-alkoxy;
    • X is nitrogen or CR14, where R14 is hydrogen or C1-C5 alkyl, or CR14 forms together with CR3 a 4- or 5-membered alkylene or alkenylene ring such as —CH2—CH2—CH2—, —CH═CH—CH2—, in which in each case a methylene group can be replaced by oxygen or sulfur, such as —CH2—CH2—O—, —CH═CH—O—, —CH2—CH2—CH2—O—, —CH═CH—CH2O—, in particular hydrogen, —CH2—CH2—O—, —CH(CH3)—CH(CH3)—O—, —C(CH3)═C(CH3)—O—, —CH═C(CH3)—O— or —C(CH3)═C(CH3)—S—;
    • R3 the is C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio groups mentioned for R1, or R3 is linked to R14 as mentioned above to give a 5- or 6-membered ring;
    • R4 and R5 are phenyl (identical or different) which can be substituted by one or more, eg. e.g., one to three, of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, hydroxyl, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio; or
    • R4 and R5 are phenyl groups which are connected together in the ortho positions by a direct linkage, a methylene, ethylene or ethenylene group, an oxygen or sulfur atom or an SO2, NH or N-alkyl group; or
    • R4 and R5 are C3-C7-cycloalkyl;
    • R6 is C1-C8-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl or C3-C8-cycloalkyl, it being possible for these radicals in each case to be substituted one or more times by: halogen, hydroxyl, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C1-C4-alkylthio; or
      • R6 is phenyl or naphthyl, which can be substituted by one or more of the following radicals: halogen, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, amino, C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-haloalkoxy, phenoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-akylamino [sic] or C1-C4-dialkylamino; or
      • R6 is a five- or six-membered heteroaromatic moiety which contains a nitrogen atom and/or a sulfur or oxygen atom and which can carry one to four halogen atoms and/or one or two of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, phenyl, phenoxy or phenylcarbonyl, it being possible for the phenyl radicals in turn to carry one to five halogen atoms and/or one to three of the following radicals: C1-C4-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy and/or C1-C4-alkylthio;
    • Y is sulfur, oxygen or a single bond;
    • Z is sulfur, oxygen, —SO—, —SO2— or a single bond.

The compounds of the present invention provide a novel therapeutic potential for the treatment of hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, myocardial infarct, angina pectoris, acute kidney failure, renal insufficiency, cerebral vasospasms, cerebral ischemia, subarachnoid hemorrhages, migraine, asthma, atherosclerosis, endotoxic shock, endotoxin-induced organ failure, intravascular coagulation, restenosis after angioplasty, benign prostate hyperplasia, or hypertension or kidney failure caused by ischemia or intoxication.

The good effect of the compounds can be shown in the following tests:

Receptor binding studies

Cloned human ETA receptor-expressing CHO cells and guinea pig cerebellar membranes with >60% ETB compared with ETA receptors were used for binding studies.

The ETA receptor-expressing CHO cells were grown in F12 medium containing 10% fetal calf serum, 1% glutamine, 100 U/ml penicillin and 0.2% streptomycin (Gibco BRL, Gaithersburg, Md., USA).

After 48 h, the cells were washed with PBS and incubated with 0.05% trypsin-containing PBS for 5 min. Neutralization was then carried out with F12 medium, and the cells were collected by centrifugation at 300×g. To lyze lyse the cells, the pellet was briefly washed with lysis buffer (5 mM Tris-IICl, pII 7.4 with 10% glycerol) and then incubated at a concentration of 107 cells/ml of lysis buffer at 4° C. for 30 min. The membranes were centrifuged at 20,000×g for 10 min, and the pellet was stored in liquid nitrogen.

Guinea pig cerebella were homogenized in a Potter-Elvejhem homogenizer and [lacuna] obtained by differential centrifugation at 1000×g for 10 min and repeated centrifugation of the supernatant at 20,000×g for 10 min.

Binding assays

For the ETA and ETB receptor binding assay, the membranes were suspended in incubation buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4 with 5 mM MnCl2, 40 μg/ml bacitracin and 0.2% BSA) at a concentration of 50 μg of protein per assay mixture and incubated with 25 pM [125I] [125I]-ET1 (ETA receptor assay) or 25 pM [125I] [125I]-RZ3 (ETB receptor assay) in the presence and absence of test substance at 25° C. The nonspecific binding was determined using 10--7 10−7 M ET1. After 30 min, the free and bound radioligand were separated by filtration through GF/B glass fiber filters (Whatman, England) on a Skatron cell collector (Skatron, Lier, Norway) and the filters were washed with ice-cold Tris-HCl buffer, pH 7.4 with 0.2% BSA. The radioactivity collected on the filters was quantified using a Packard 2200 CA liquid scintillation counter.

Functional in vitro assay system to look for endothelin receptor (subtype A) antagonists

This assay system is a functional, cell-based assay for endothelin receptors. When certain cells are stimulated with endothelin 1 (ET1) they show an increase in the intracellular calcium concentration. This increase can be measured in intact cells loaded with calcium-sensitive dyes.

1-Fibroblasts which had been isolated from rats and in which an endogenous endothelin receptor of the A subtype had been detected were loaded with the fluorescent dye Fura 2-an Fura 2-am as follows: after trypsinization, the cells were resuspended in buffer A (120 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 1.5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM CaCl2, 25 mM HEPES, 10 mM glucose, pH 7.4) to a density of 2×106/ml and incubated with Fura 2-am (2 μM), Pluronics F-127 (0.04%) und and DMSO (0.2%) at 37° C. in the dark for 30 min. The cells were then washed twice with buffer A and resuspended at 2×106/ml.

The fluorescence signal from 2×105 cells per ml with Ex/Em 380/510 was recorded continuously at 30° C. The test substances and, after an incubation time of 3 min, ET1 [lacuna] to the cells, the maximum change in the fluorescence was determined. The response of the cells to ET1 without previous addition of a test substance was used as control and was set equal to 100%.

Testing of ET antagonists in vivo

Male SD rats weighting 250-300 g were anesthetized with amobarbital, artifically artificially ventilated, vagotomized and pithed. The carotid artery and jugular vein were cathetized [sic] catheterized.

In control animals, intravenous administration of 1 μg/kg ET1 led to a distinct rise in blood pressure which persisted for a lengthy period.

The test animals received an i.v. injection of the test compounds (1 ml/kg) 5 min before the administration of ET1. To determine the ET-antagonistic properties, the rise in blood pressure in the test animals was compared with that in the control animals.

Endothelin-1-induced sudden death in mice

The principle of the test is the inhibition of the sudden heart death caused in mice by endothelin, which is probably induced by constriction of the coronary vessels, by pretreatment with endothelin receptor antagonists. Intravenous injection of 10 nmol/kg endothelin in a volume of 5 ml/kg of body weight results in death of the animals within a few minutes.

The lethal endothelin-1 dose is checked in each case on a small group of animals. If the test substance is administered intravenously, the endothelin-1 injection which was lethal in the reference group usually takes place 5 min thereafter. With other modes of administration, the times before administration are extended, where appropriate up to several hours.

The survival rate is recorded, and effective doses which protect 50% of the animals (ED 50) from endothelin-induced heart death for 24 h or longer are determined.

Functional test on vessels for endothelin receptor antagonists

Segments of rabbit aorta are, after an initial tension of 2 g and a relaxation time of 1 h in Krebs-Henseleit solution at 37° C. and pH 7.3-7.4, first induced to contract with K+. After washing out, an endothelin dose-effect plot up to the maximum is constructed.

Potential endothelin antagonists are administered to other preparations of the same vessel 15 min before starting the endothelin dose-effect plot. The effects of the endothelin are calibrated as a % of the K+-induced contraction. Effective endothelin antagonists result in a shift to the right in the endothelin dose-effect plot.

The compounds according to the invention can be administered orally or parenterally (subcutaneously, intravenously, intramuscularly, intraperotoneally intraperitoneally) in a conventional way. Administration can also take place with vapors or sprays through the nasopharyngeal space.

The dosage depends on the age, condition and weight of the patient and on the mode of administration. The daily dose of active substance is, as a rule, about 0.5-50 mg/kg of body weight on oral administration and about 0.1-10 mg/kg of body weight on parenteral administration.

The novel compounds can be used in conventional solid or liquid pharmaceutical forms, eg. e.g., as uncoated or (film-) coated tablets, capsules, powders, granules, suppositories, solutions, ointments, creams or sprays. These are produced in a conventional way. The active substances can for this purpose be processed with conventional pharmaceutical aids such as tablet binders, fillers, preservatives, tablet disintegrants, flow regulators, plasticizers, wetting agents, dispersants, emulsifiers, solvents, release-slowing agents, antioxidants and/or propellent gases (cf. H. Sucker et al.: Pharmazeutische Technologie, Thieme-Verlag, Stuttgart, 1991). The administration forms obtained in this way normally contain from 0.1 to 90% by weight of the active substance.

Synthesis examples Example 1

Methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate

5 g (19.6 mmol) of methyl 3,3-diphenyl-2,3-epoxypropionate were dissolved in 50 ml of absolute methanol and, at 0° C., 0.1 ml of boron trifluoride etherate was added. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 2 h and at room temperature for a further 12 h. The solvent was distilled out, the residue was taken up in ethyl acetate, washed with sodium bicarbonate solution and water and dried over magnesium sulfate. After removal of the solvent by distillation there remained 5.5 g (88%) of a pale yellow oil.

Example 2

Methyl 2-hydroxy-3-phenoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate

5 g (19.6 mmol) of methyl 3,3-diphenyl-2,3-epoxypropionate and 5.6 g (60 mmol) of phenol were heated together at 100° C. for 6 h. Removal of the excess phenol by distillation under high vacuum and purification of the residue by chromatography on silica gel with hexane/ethyl acetate mixtures resulted in 4.9 g (77%) of a pale yellow oil.

Example 3

Methyl 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate

2.86 g (10 mmol) of methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate were dissolved in 40 ml of dimethylformamide, and 0.3 g (12 mmol) of sodium hydride was added. The mixture was stirred for 1 h and then 2.2 g (10 mmol) of 4,6-dimethoxy-2-methylsulfonylpyrimidine were added. After stirring at room temperature for 24 h, cautious hydrolysis was carried out with 10 ml of water, the pH was adjusted to 5 with acetic acid, and the solvent was removed by distillation under high vacuum. The residue was taken up in 100 ml of ethyl acetate, washed with water and dried over magnesium sulfate, and the solvent was distilled out. The residue was mixed with 10 ml of ether, and the resulting precipitate was filtered off with suction. After drying, 3.48 g (82%) of a white powder remained.

Melting point 81° C.

Example 4

2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid

2.12 g (5 mmol) of methyl 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl-oxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate were dissolved in 50 ml of dioxane, 10 ml of 1N KOH solution were added, and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. for 3 h. The solution was diluted with 300 ml of water and extracted with ethyl acetate to remove unreacted ester. The aqueous phase was then adjusted to pH 1-2 with dilute hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. After drying over magnesium sulfate and removal of the solvent by distillation, the residue was mixed with an ether/hexane mixture, and the precipitate which formed was filtered off with suction. After drying, 1.85 g (90%) of a white powder remained.

Melting point 167° C.

Example 5

2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenyl sodium [sic] propionate

1.68 g (4 mmol) of 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid are dissolved in 4 ml of 1N NaOH+100 ml of water. The solution is freeze-dried, and the sodium salt of the carboxylic acid used is obtained quantitatively.

10 g (34.9 mmol) of methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate were dissolved in 50 ml each of methanol and glacial acetic acid, 1 ml of RuO(OH)2 in dioxane was added, and hydrogenation was carried out with H2 in an autoclave at 100° C. under 100 bar for 30 h. The catalyst was filtered off, the mixture was concentrated, mixed with ether and washed with NaCl solution, and the organic phase was dried and concentrated. 10.1 g of methyl 3,3-dicyclohexyl-2-hydroxy-3-methoxypropionate were obtained as an oil.

Example 7

Methyl 2-[(4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)thio]-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate [sic]

7.16 g (25 mmol) of methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionate were dissolved in 50 ml of dichloromethane, 3 g (30 mmol) of triethylamine were added, and 3.2 g (28 mmol) of methanesulfonyl chloride were added dropwise while stirring. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, washed with water, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was taken up in DMF and added dropwise at 0° C. to a suspension of 12.9 g (75 mmol) of 4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-2-thiol and 8.4 g (100 mmol) of sodium bicarbonate in 100 ml of DMF. After stirring at room temperature for 2 h and at 60° C. for a further 2 h, the mixture was poured into 1 liter of ice-water, and the resulting precipitate was filtered off with suction. After drying, 3.19 g (29%) of a white powder remained.

Example 8

Methyl 2-hydroxy-3,3-diphenylbutyrate

1.5 g (5.9 mmol) of methyl 3,3-diphenyl-2,3-epoxypropionate dissolved in 10 ml of absolute ether were added dropwise to a cup-rate solution which had been prepared from 635 mg (7 mmol) of copper(I) cyanide dissolved in 10 ml of absolute ether and 8.14 ml (13 mmol) of a 1.6 normal methyllithium solution and had been cooled to −78° C. The solution was stirred at −78° C. for 1 h and then allowed to warm to room temperature. It was subsequently diluted with 100 ml of ether and 100 ml of water, and the ether phase was washed with dilute citric acid and with sodium bicarbonate solution and dried over magnesium sulfate. The crude product was purified by chromatography on silica gel with cyclohexane/ethyl acetate mixtures to result in 250 mg (16%) of a pale yellow oil.

Example 9

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid

91.11 g (0.5 mol) of benzophenone and 45.92 g (0.85 mol) of sodium methoxide were suspended in 150 ml of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTB) at room temperature. After cooling to −100° C., 92.24 g (0.85 mol) of methyl chloroacetate were added in such a way that the internal temperature rose to 40° C. while continuing to cool in a bath at −10° C. The mixture was then stirred without cooling at the autogenous temperature for one hour. After addition of 250 ml of water and brief stirring, the aqueous phase was separated off. The MTB phase was washed with 250 ml of dilute sodium chloride solution. After the solvent had been changed to methanol (250 ml), a solution of 1 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid in 10 ml of methanol was added at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at autogenous temperature for one hour and then heated to reflux. While distilling out the methanol, 400 g of a 10% strength sodium hydroxide solution was added dropwise, and finally 60 ml of water were added. The methanol was distilled out until the bottom temperature reached 97° C. After cooling to 55° C., 190 ml of MTB were added and the mixture was acidified to pH 2 with about 77 ml of concentrated HCl. After cooling to room temperature, the aqueous phase was separated off and the organic phase was concentrated by distilling out 60 ml of MtB [sic] MTB. The product was crystallized by adding 500 ml of heptane and slowly cooling to room temperature. The coarsely crystalline solid was filtered off with suction, washed with heptane and dried to constant weight in a vacuum oven at 40° C.

Yield: 108.9 g (80%), HPLC >99.5% area.

Example 10

S-2-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid (racemate resolution with L-proline methyl ester)

148.8 g of a 30% strength methanolic sodium methanolate solution (0.826 mol) were added dropwise to 240 g of a 57% strength methanolic L-proline methyl ester hydrochloride solution (0.826 mol) at room temperature, and 2.41 of MTB and 225 g (0.826 mol) of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid were added. After 2680 ml of MTB/methanol mixture had been distilled out with simultaneous dropwise addition of 2.4 l of MTB, the mixture was slowly cooled to room temperature, the crystals (R-2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid x L-proline methyl (ester) were filtered off with suction, and the solid was washed with 150 ml of MTB. The filtrate was concentrated by distilling out 1.5 l of MTB, and 1.0 l of water was added. The pH was adjusted to 1.2 with concentrated hydrochloric acid at room temperature and, after stirring and phase separation, the aqueous phase was separated off and extracted with 0.4 l of MTB. The combined organic phases were extracted with 0.4 l of water. The residue after the MTB had been stripped off was dissolved in 650 ml of toluene under reflux, and the product was crystallized by seeding and slow cooling. Filtration with suction, washing with toluene and drying in a vacuum oven resulted in 78.7 g of S-2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid (yield 35% based on the racemate).

Chiral HPLC: 100% pure; HPLC: 99.8%

Example 11

S-2-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid (racemate resolution with (S)-1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamine)

30.5 g (0.184 mol) of (S)-1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamine were added to 100 g (0.368 mol) of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid in 750 ml of acetone and 750 ml of MTB under reflux, the mixture was seeded, boiled under reflux for one hour and slowly cooled to room temperature for crystallization. The crystals (S-2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid x (S)-1-(4-nitrophenyl) ethylamine) were filtered off with suction and washed with MTB. The residue was suspended in 500 ml of water and 350 ml of MTB and then the pH was adjusted to 1.2 with concentrated hydrochloric acid at room temperature, and, after stirring and phase separation, the aqueous phase was separated off and extracted with 150 ml of MTB. The combined organic phases were extracted with 100 ml of water. 370 ml of MTB were distilled out and then 390 ml of n-heptane were added under reflux, and the mixture was slowly cooled to room temperature while the product crystallized. Filtration with suction, washing with n-heptane and drying in a vacuum oven resulted in 35.0 g of S-2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid (yield 35% based on the racemate).

Chiral HPLC: 100% pure; HPLC: 99.8%

Example 12

Benzyl 3-methoxy-2-(4-methoxy-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidin-2-yloxy)-3,3-diphenylpropionate

24.48 g (90 mmol) of 3-methoxy-3,3-diphenyl-2-hydroxypropionic acid were dissolved in 150 ml of DMF, and 13.7 g (99 mmol) of potassium carbonate were added. The suspension was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. Then 10.7 ml (90 mmol) of benzyl bromide were added dropwise over the course of 5 min, and the mixture was stirred for 1 h, during which the temperature rose to 32° C.

To this mixture were successively added 24.84 g (180 mmol) of K2CO3 and 20.52 g (90 mmol) of 2-methanesulfonyl-4-methoxy-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyridine [sic], and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 3 h.

For workup, the contents of the flask were diluted with about 600 ml of H2O and cautiously acidified with concentrated HCl, and 250 ml of ethyl acetate were added. 31.4 g of pure product precipitated and were filtered off.

The ethyl acetate phase was separated from the mother liquor, the aqueous phase was extracted again with ethyl acetate, and the combined organic phases were concentrated. The oily residue (19 g) was purified by chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to result in a further 10.5 g of pure product.

Total yield: 41.9 g (82.2 mmol)=91%; Melting point 143-147° C.; MS: MH+=511

Example 13

3-Methoxy-2-(4-methoxy-(6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidin-2-yl-oxy)-3,3-diphenylpropionic [sic] acid

40 g (78.4 mmol) of benzyl 3-methoxy-2-(4-methoxy-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidin-2-yloxy)-3,3-diphenylpropionate were dissolved in 400 ml of ethyl acetate/methanol (4:1), about 500 mg of palladium on active carbon (10%) were added, and the mixture was exposed to a hydrogen atmosphere until no further gas was taken up. The catalyst was filtered off, the solution was evaporated, and the residue was crystallized from ether.

Example 14

Ethyl 2S-3,3-diphenyloxirane-2-carboxylate

2.57 g (10.2 mnol) of ethyl 3,3-diphenylacrylate and 464 mg of 4-phenylpyridine N-oxide were dissolved in 24 ml of methylene chloride, and 432 mg (6.5 mol %) of (5,5)-(+)-N,N′-bis(3,5-ditert-butylsalicylidene)-1,2-cyclohexanediaminomanganese(III) chloride were added. While cooling in ice, 6.4 ml of a 12% strength sodium hypochloride [sic] solution were added, and the mixture was stirred while cooling in ice for 30 min and at room temperature overnight. The solution was diluted to 200 ml with water, extracted with ether, dried and evaporated. 2.85 g of a colorless oil were obtained. Purification by NPLC [sic] HPLC (cyclohexane:ethyl acetate=9:1) resulted in 1.12 g of oil with an enantiomer ratio of about 8:1 in favor of the S configuration.

1H-NMR [CDCl3], δ=1.0 (t, 3H); 3.9 (m, 3H); 7.3 (m, 10H)

Example 15

2-Methylsulfonyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidin-4-ol [sic]

46.9 g (330 mmol) of methyl cyclopentanone-2-carboxylate and 53.5 g (192 mmol) of 5-methylisothiourea [sic] sulfate were successively added to 29.6 g (528 mmol) of KOH in 396 ml of methanol, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and diluted with water. The crystals which separated out were filtered off with suction and dried. 20 g of crystals were obtained.

Example 16

sulfanylSulfanyl 4-Chlorochloro-2-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidine [sic]

255 ml of phosphorus oxychloride were added to 20 g (110 mmol) [lacuna], and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 3 hours. Phosphorus oxychloride was evaporated off, ice was added to the residue, and the crystals which separated out were filtered off with suction. 18.5 g of a brownish solid were obtained.

Example 17

4-Methoxy-2-methylsulfonyl-6,7-dihydro-5II-cyclopentapyrimidine [sic]

18.05 g (90 mmol) of 4-chloro-2-methylsulfonyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidine [sic] were dissolved in 200 ml of methanol. At 45° C., 16.7 g of sodium methoxide (as 30% strength solutions [sic] in methanol) were added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The solution was evaporated, taken up in ethyl acetate and acidified with dilute hydrochloric acid, and the ethyl acetate extract was evaporated. 15.5 g of an oil remained.

1H-NMR [DMSO], δ=2.1 (quintet, 2H); 2.5 (s, 3H); 2.8 (dt, 4H); 3.9 (s, 3H) ppm

Example 18

2-Methylsulfonyl-4-methoxy-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentopyrimidine [sic]

15 g (76.2 mmol) of 4-methoxy-2-methylsulfonyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrimidine [sic] were dissolved in 160 ml of glacial acetic acid/methylene chloride (1:1), and 1.3 g of sodium tungstate were added. At 35° C., 17.5 ml (170 ml [sic]) of a 30% strength H2O2 solution were added dropwise. The mixture was then diluted with 500 ml of water and 100 ml of methylene chloride, and the organic phase was separated off, dried and evaporated. 14 g of oil remained and were crystallized from ether.

1H-NMR [CDCl3], δ=2.2 (quintet, 2H); 3.0 (dt., 4H); 3.3 (s, 3H); 4.1 (s, 3H) ppm

Example 19

1-Benzenesulfonyl-3-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-4-methoxy-4,4-diphenyl-2-butanone

0.37 g (2.4 mmol) of phenyl methane [sic] sulfone were dissolved in 10 ml of dry THF and then, at −70° C., 2 eq. of butyllithium (2.94 ml; 1.6 molar solution in hexane) were added dropwise. After 1 h at −70° C., 1 g (2.4 mmol) of methyl 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropynoate [sic] dissolved in 5 ml of THF was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was then stirred at −70° C. for 1 h and at −10° C. for 1 h and then warmed to room temperature. For workup, about 10 ml of saturated NH4Cl solution were added dropwise, thorough extraction with ethyl acetate was carried out, and the combined organic phases [lacuna] with-saturated N-Cl [sic] solution and dried over Na2SO4. The residue obtained after drying and concentration was purified by chromatography on silica gel (n-heptane/ethyl acetate 15%→30%) and subsequently MPLC HPLC on RP silica gel (acetonitrile/H2O+TFA); 0.3 g of a white amorphous powder was obtained as product.

Example 20

3,3-Diphenyloxiram-2-carbonitrile [sic]

3.1 g (54.9 mmol) of sodium methoxide were suspended in 20 ml of dry THF and then, at −10° C., a mixture of 5 g (27.4 mmol) of benzophenone and 4.2 g (54.9 mmol) of chloroacetonitrile was added dropwise.

The reaction mixture was stirred at −10° C. for about 2 h, then poured into water and extracted several times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated, and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (n-heptane/ethyl acetate).

Yield: 1.2 g (20%)

1H-NMR [CDCl3], δ=3.9 (s, 1H); 7.4-7.5 (m, 10 H) ppm

Example 21

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionitrile

6.5 [lacuna] g (29.4 mmol) of 3,3-diphenyloxirane-2-carbonitrile were dissolved in 60 ml of methanol and, at 0° C., about 2 ml of boron triffuoride etherate solution were added. The mixture was stirred further at 0° C. for 1 h and then at room temperature overnight. For workup it was diluted with diethyl ether and washed with saturated NaCl solution, and the organic phase was dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The residue comprised 7.3 g of a white amorphous powder which was used directly in the subsequent reactions.

1H-NMR [CDC13][CDCl3], δ=2.95 (broad s, OH), 3.15 (s, 3H), 5.3 (s, 1H), 7.3-7.5 (m, 10) ppm.

Example 22

2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionitrile

7.3 g (28.8 mmol) of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenylpropionitrile were dissolved in 90 ml of DMF, and 4 g (28.8 mmol) of K2CO3 and 6.3 g (28 mmol) of 2-methanesulfonyl-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine were added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 12 h, then poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were washed again with H2O, dried and concentrated. The residue obtained in this way was then purified by chromatography on silica gel (n-hepane/ethyl acetate).

Yield: 6.9 g of white amorphous powder

FAB-MS: 392 (M+H+) 1H-NMR [CDCl3], δ=3.3 (s, 3H); 4.95 (s, 6H), 5.85 (s, 1H); 6.3 (s, 1H); 7.3-7.5 (m, 10H) ppm

Example 23

5-[2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenyl)propyl]-1H-tetrazole [sic]

0.5 g (1.3 mmol) of nitrile was dissolved in 10 ml of toluene, and 85 mg (1.3 mmol) of NaN3 and 460 mg (1.4 mmol) of Bu3SnCl were successively added, and then the mixture was refluxed for about 40 h. Cooling was followed by dilution with ethyl acetate and washing with 10% aqueous KF solution and with NaCl solution. After drying over MgSO4 and concentration there remained 1.0 g of a yellow oil, which was purified by chromatography on silica gel (n-heptane/ethyl acetate).

Concentration of the fractions resulted in 60 mg of the 1H-tetrazole and 110 mg of the 1-methyltetrazole, each as amorphous white solids.

5-[2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenyl)propyl]-1H-tetrazole [sic]

Electrospray-MS: 435 (M+H+) 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ (ppm) 3.28 (s, 3H), 3.85 (s, 6H), 5.75 (s, 1H), 7.25-7.40 (m, 10H), 7.50 (s, 1H).

5-[2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methoxy-3,3-diphenyl)propyl]-1-methyltetrazole [sic]

Electrospray-MS; 471 (M+H+) 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ (ppm) 3.0 (s, 3H), 3.35 (s, 3H9) [sic], 3.80 (s, 6H), 5.75 (s, 1H), 7.30-7.40 (m, 11H).

Example 24

2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methylsulfinyl-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid

1.2 g (2.9 mmol) of 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methylsulfonyl-3,3-diphenylpropionic [sic] acid were introduced into 15 ml of glacial acetic acid at 0° C. and 294 μl of 30% strength H2O2 were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, poured into water, extracted with CH2Cl2 and washed with sodium thiosulfate solution and brine. After drying, 1 g of substance was isolated as a white foam.

Example 25

2-(4,6-Dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methylsulfonyl-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid

0.6 g (1.45 mmol) of 2-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-methyl-sulfonyl-3,3-diphenylpropionic [sic] acid was introduced into 15 ml of glacial acetic acid at room temperature, and 294 μl of 30% strength H2O2 were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, heated at 50° C. for a further 3 h, poured into water and washed with sodium thiosulfate solution and brine. After drying, 400 mg were isolated as a white solid.

The compounds listed in Table 1 [sic] can be prepared in a similar way.

TABLE 1
m.p.
No. R1 R4, R5 R6 R2 R3 X Y Z [° C.]
I-195I-1 OMeOCH3 Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 81
I-196I-2 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 167
I-197I-3 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—S—CH3 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-198I-4 OH Phenyl Ethyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 81
(decomp.)
I-199I-5 OH Phenyl iso-Propyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 182
I-200I-6 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O S 168
I-201I-7 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—SO2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
CH(CH3)2
I-202I-8 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—SO2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH S O
CH(CH3)2
I-203I-9 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—SO2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 C—CH(CH3)2 O O
CH(CH3)2
I-204I-10 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—SO2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 C—CH(CH3)2 O O
CH(CH3)2
I-205I-11 OH Phenyl CH2—CH2—SO2 OMeOCH3 NH•OCH3 CH O O
CH(CH3)2
I-206I-12 OH Phenyl n-Propyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 174
I-207I-13 OMeOCH3 Phenyl n-Propyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-208I-14 OH Phenyl n-Propyl OEtOC2H5 OEtOC2H5 CH O O
I-209I-15 OH Phenyl n-Butyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-210I-16 OH Phenyl iso-Butyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-211I-17 OH Phenyl iso-Butyl OMeOCH3 O—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-212I-18 OH Phenyl tert.-Butyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-213I-19 OH Phenyl Cyclopropyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-214I-20 OH Phenyl Cyclopentyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-215I-21 OH Phenyl Cyclohexyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-216I-22 OH Phenyl (CH3)3C—CH2—CH2 OEtOC2H5 OEtOC2H5 CH O O
I-217I-23 OH Phenyl (CH3)2CH—CH2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 173
CH2—CH2
I-218I-24 OH Phenyl HO—CH2—CH2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-219I-25 OH Phenyl HOC—CH2)2 OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-220I-26 OH Phenyl Cyclopropylmethyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 115
ene [sic]
I-221I-27 OH Phenyl H OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-222I-28 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O
I-223I-29 OH Phenyl Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 136
I-224I-30 OH Phenyl Phenyl OMeOCH3 O—CH(CH3)—CH2—C O O
I-225I-31 OH Phenyl Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-226I-32 OH Phenyl 4-Isopropyl-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-227I-33 OH Phenyl 4-Methyl—S-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-228I-34 OH Phenyl 4-Methyl—O-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-229I-35 OH Phenyl 3-Ethyl-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-230I-36 OH Phenyl 2-Methyl-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-231I-37 OH Phenyl 2-Cl-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-232I-38 OH Phenyl 3-Br-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-233I-39 OH Phenyl 4-F-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-234I-40 OH Phenyl 4-F-Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH S O
I-235I-41 OH Phenyl 4-CH3—Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-236I-42 OH Phenyl 3-NO2—Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-237I-43 OH Phenyl 2-HO—Phenyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-238I-44 OH Phenyl 3,4- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Dimethoxyphenyl
I-239I-45 OH Phenyl 3,4- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Dioxomethylene-
phenyl-[sic]
I-240I-46 OH Phenyl 3,4,5- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Triimethoxyphenyl
I-241I-47 OH Phenyl Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-242I-48 OH Phenyl 2-Cl—Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-243I-49 OH Phenyl 3-Br—Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-244I-50 OH Phenyl 4-F—Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-245I-51 OH Phenyl 2-Methyl-Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-246I-52 OH Phenyl 2-Methyl-Benzyl OMeOCH3 O—CH═CH—C O O
I-247I-53 OH Phenyl 3-Ethyl-Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-248I-54 OH Phenyl 4-iso-Propyl-Benzyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-249I-55 OH Phenyl 4-NO2—Propyl- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Benzyl
I-250I-56 OH Phenyl 2-Methyl-5-Propyl- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Benzyl
I-251I-57 OH Phenyl 2-Methyl-5-Propyl- OEtOC2H5 OEtOC2H5 CH O O
Benzyl
I-252I-58 OH Phenyl 4-Methyl-2-Propyl- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Benzyl
I-253I-59 OH Phenyl 3,4-Dioxomethyl- OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
enebenzyl [sic]
I-254I-60 OH 4-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 163-165
(decomp.)
I-255I-61 OMeOCH3 4-F—Phenyl Methyl OEtOC2H5 OEtOC2H5 CH O O
I-256I-62 OH 4-Cl—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-257I-63 OH 4-Methyl—O—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-258I-64 OH 4-Methyl—O—Phenyl Ethyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-259I-65 OH 4-Methyl-Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-260I-66 OH 4-Methyl-Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-261I-67 OH 3-CF3—Phenyl n-Propyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-262I-68 OH 3-CF3—Phenyl n-Propyl OMeOCH3 O—CH(CH3)—CH2—C O O
I-263I-69 OH 4-NO2—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-264I-70 OH 4-NO2—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—CH═CH—C O O
I-265I-71 OH 3-Cl—Phenyl Ethyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-266I-72 OH 2-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 193-194
(decomp.)
I-267I-73 OH 2-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH S O
I-268I-74 OH 2-Methyl—O—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-269I-75 OH 2-Methyl—O—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O S
I-270I-76 OH 3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-271I-77 OH 3,4-Dioxmethyl- Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
enephenyl [sic]
I-272I-78 OH p-CF3—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-273I-79 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OEtOC2H5 CH O O
I-274I-80 OMeOCH3 Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OEtOC2H5 CH S O
I-275I-81 OH Phenyl Ethyl OMeOCH3 NH—OMe CH O O
OCH3
I-276I-82 OH p-Methyl—O—Phenyl n-Propyl OMeOCH3 OCF3 CH O O
I-277I-83 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CF3 CH O O
I-278I-84 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CF3 N O O
I-279I-85 OH 3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl Benzyl Methyl Methyl O O
I-280I-86 OH 3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—CH2CH2—C O O
I-281I-87 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—CH2—CH2—C O O 126
(decomp.)
I-282I-88 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—CH(CH3)—CH2—C O O
I-283I-89 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 N(CH3)—CH═CH—C O O 118
I-284I-90 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 S—C(CH3)═C(CH3)—C O O
I-285I-91 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O—C(CH3)═CH—C O O
I-286I-92 OH Phenyl Methyl Methyl O—C(CH3)═CH—C O O
I-287I-93 OH Phenyl Methyl Methyl O—CH═CH—C O O
I-288I-94 OH 4-F—Phenyl Methyl Methyl S—CH═CH—C O O
I-289I-95 OH 4-F—Phenyl H OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O S
I-290I-96 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O 149-151
(decomp.)
I-291I-97 OH Phenyl Methyl Methyl CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O 157
(decomp.)
I-292I-98 OH Phenyl Methyl Ethyl CH2—CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-293I-99 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 O O
I-294I-100 OH Phenyl Methyl Methyl Methyl CH O O
I-295I-101 OH Phenyl Methyl Ethyl Ethyl CH O O
I-296I-102 OH Phenyl Methyl Methyl Methyl C—CH3 O O
I-297I-103 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 MeCH3 CH O O
I-298I-104 OH Cyclohexyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-299I-105 OH Cyclohexyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-300I-106 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S S
I-301I-107 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O S 134
I-302I-108 OCH3 Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S S
I-303I-109 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-304I-110 OCH3 2-Fluorophenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-305I-111 OC2H5 3-Chlorophenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 N O O
I-306I-112 ON(CH3)2 4-Bromophenyl Methyl CF3 CF3 CH S O
I-307I-113 O—CH2 Phenyl Ethyl OCH3 CF3 CH O O
C═CH
I-308I-114 OH Phenyl Propyl OCH3 OCF3 CH O S
I-309I-115 OCH2 Phenyl i-Propyl OCH3 CH3 CH O O
I-310I-116 OC2H5 Phenyl s-Butyl OCH3 Cl CH S O
I-311I-117 ON(CH3)2 2-Methylphenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-312I-118 ON(CH3)2 3-Methoxyphenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-313I-119 ON═C(CH3)2 4-Nitrophenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-314I-120 ON(CH3)2 Phenyl 1-Phenylpropyn-3-yl OCH3 OCF3 N O S
I-315I-121 ON═C(CH3)2 2-Hydroxyphenyl Methyl OCH3 CH3 N O O
I-316I-122 ONSO2C6H5 3-Trifluoromethyl- Methyl OCH3 Cl N O O
phenyl
I-317I-123 NHPhenyl— 4-Dimethyl- Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S O
phenyl aminophenyl
I-318I-124 OC2H5 Phenyl Trifluoromethyl CH3 CH3 CH O O
I-319I-125 ON(CH3)2 Phenyl Benzyl Cl Cl CH O O
I-320I-126 ON(CH3)2 Phenyl 2-Methoxyethyl OCH3 —O—CH2—CH2 S O
I-321I-127 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-322I-128 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 —O—CH2—CH2 O O
I-323I-129 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 N O O
I-324I-130 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S O
I-325I-131 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S S
I-326I-132 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O S
I-327I-133 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-328I-134 OH Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-329I-135 OH —(CH2)5 Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 CH O O
I-330I-136 OH Phenyl 2-thiozolyl2- OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
thiazolyl
I-331I-137 OCH3 2-Fluorophenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-332I-138 OC2H5 3-Chlorophenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 N O O
I-333I-139 ON(CH3)2 4-Bromophenyl Phenyl CF3 CF3 CH O O
I-334I-140 OCH2CH Phenyl 2-Fluorophenyl OCH3 CF3 CH O O
OCH2═CH
I-335I-141 OH Phenyl 3-Chlorophenyl OCH3 OCF3 CH O S
I-336I-142 OCH3 Phenyl 4-Bromophenyl OCH3 CH3 CH O O
I-337I-143 OC2H5 Phenyl 4-Thiazolyl OCH3 Cl CH S O
I-338I-144 ON(CH3)2 2-Methylphenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-339I-145 ON═C(CH3)2 2-Methoxyphenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-340I-146 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 —CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-341I-147 OH 4-Fluorophenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O 168
(decomp.)
I-342I-148 OH 4-Fluorophenyl Methyl OCH3 —CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-343I-149 NH—SO—C6H5 4-Nitrophenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-344I-150 OCH3 Phenyl 3-Imidazolyl OCH3 —O—CH2—CH2 O O
I-345I-151 OC2H5 Phenyl 4-Imidazolyl OCH3 CF3 N S O
I-346I-152 ON(CH3)2 Phenyl 2-Pyrazolyl OCH3 OCF3 N O S
I-347I-153 ON═C(CH3)2 2-Hydroxyphenyl Phenyl OCH3 CH3 N O O
I-348I-154 NH—SO2—C6H5 3-Trifluoromethyl- Phenyl OCH3 Cl N O O
phenyl
I-349I-155 NHPhenyl— 4-Dimethylamino- Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S O
phenyl phenyl
I-350I-156 ONa Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 CH S S
I-351I-157 O—CH2—C≡C Phenyl Phenyl OCH3 OCH3 N S S
I-352I-158 OH Phenyl Phenyl CF3 CF3 CH O S
I-353I-159 OCH3 Phenyl Phenyl OCF3 OCF3 CH O O
I-354I-160 OC2H5 Phenyl 2-Dimethylamino- CH3 CH3 CH O O
phenyl
I-355I-161 ONC(CH3)2 Phenyl 3-Hydroxyphenyl Cl Cl CH O O
I-356I-162 ON═C(CH3)2 Phenyl 4-Trifluoromethyl- OCH3 —O—CH2—CH2 S O
phenyl
I-357I-163 NH—SO2—C6H5 Phenyl 2-Oxazolyl OCH3 CF3 N S S
I-358I-164 OH Phenyl Methyl CH3 CH3 CH O O
I-359I-165 OH Cyclohexyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O O
I-360I-166 OH Cyclohexyl Methyl OCH3 CH2—CH2—CH—C O O
I-361I-167 OH Phenyl Methyl N(CH3)2 N(CH3)2 CH O O
I-362I-168 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O SO2
I-363I-169 OH Phenyl Methyl OCH3 OCH3 CH O SO2
I-364I-170 OH 3-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-365I-171 OH 3-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-366I-172 OH 4-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2CH2—C O O 142-143
191° C.
I-367I-173 OH 3-Methyl—O—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O 158-161
(decomp.)
I-368I-174 OH 3-Methyl—O—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-369I-175 OH 3-Methyl—O—Phenyl Ethyl OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-370I-176 OH Phenyl HO—CH2—CH2 OMeOCH3 CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
I-371I-177 OH Phenyl Methyl NMe2 NMe2 N O O 181
N(CH3)2 N(CH3)2
I-372I-178 OH Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 N O O
I-323I-179 OH 3-F—Phenyl Methyl OCH3 CH3 CH O O
I-374I-180 NH—SO2 Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Phenyl
I-375I-181 NH—SO2—Me Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
CH3
I-376I-182 CH2—SO2 Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
Phenyl
I-377I-183 NH—SO2—Me Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
CH3
I-378I-184 —CN Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-379I-185 Tetrazole[sic] Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O
I-380I-186 NH—SO2 Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 167
Phenyl
I-381I-187 N—Methyltetra- Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 167
zole[sic]
I-382I-188 ONa Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 —O—CH2—CH2—C— O O 122-139
(decomp.)
(zers.)
I-383I-189 OH o-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 —O—CH2—CH2—C— O O 140-144
(decomp.)
I-384I-190 OH m-Methyl-Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 OMeOCH3 CH O O 169-177
I-385I-191 OH m-Methyl-Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 —O—CH2—CH2—C— O O 119-135
(decomp.)
I-386I-192 OH p-F—Phenyl Methyl OMeOCH3 MeCH3 CH O O 137-140
(decomp.)
I-387I-193 OH m-F—Phenyl Methyl Methyl —O—CH2—CH2—C— O O 150-152
I-388I-194 OH p-F—Phenyl Methyl Methyl —O—CH2—CH2—C— O O 169-170

TABLE II
m.p.
No. R1 A R6 R2 R3 X Y Z [° C.]
II-1 OH Bond Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O 96-98
II-2 OH CH2 Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-3 OH CH2—CH2 Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-4 OH CH═CH Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-5 OH O Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-6 OH S Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-7 OH NH(CH3) Methyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-8 OH Bond Isopropyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O 137-139
II-9 OH Bond p-Isopropylphenyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-10 OH Bond Benzyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-11 OH CH═CH Ethyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-12 OH CH═CH (CH3)2—CH2—CH2 OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
II-13 OH CH═CH Cyclopropylmethyl OMethyl OMethyl CH O O
ene[sic]
II-14 OH CH═CH Methyl OMethyl O—CH2—CH2—C O O
II-15 OH CH2—CH2 Ethyl OMethyl O—CH═CH—C O O
II-16 OH CH2═CH2 Methyl OMethyl CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O
CH2—CH2
II-17 OH Bond Methyl OMethyl CH2—CH2—CH2—C O O 147

Example 35

Receptor binding data were measured by the binding assay described above for the compounds listed below. The results are shown in Table 2 [sic].

TABLE 2[sic]
Receptor binding data (Ki values)
Compound ETA [nM] ETB [nM]
I-2 6 34
I-29 86 180
I-5 12 160
I-4 7 2500
I-87 1 57
I.89 86 9300
I-103 0.4 29
I-107 3 485
I-12 19 1700
I-26 23 2000
I-23 209 1100
I-47 150 1500
I-60 33 970
I-96 0.6 56
II-3 107 7300
II-1 28 2300

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Classifications
U.S. Classification544/298, 544/300, 544/316, 544/302, 544/309, 544/322, 544/326, 544/299, 544/328, 544/301, 544/315, 544/329, 544/319, 544/327, 544/314, 544/318, 544/335, 544/312, 544/310, 544/317
International ClassificationC07D403/12, C07D239/60, C07D239/96, C07D491/044, C07D239/00, C07D239/38, C07D251/12, C07D239/26, C07D487/04, A61P9/10, C07D309/00, A61P13/02, A61P9/00, C07D251/30, C07D251/52, C07D405/12, C07D239/28, C07D239/34, C07D491/04, C07D417/12, A61P15/00, A61P25/04, C07D491/048, A61K31/505, C07D403/06, C07D257/02, A61P11/08, C07D239/70, A61P9/12, A61P9/08
Cooperative ClassificationC07D487/04, C07D239/34, C07D239/96, C07D239/48, C07D413/12, C07D251/26, C07D239/70, C07D405/12, C07D403/12, C07D417/12, C07D495/04, C07D491/04, C07D403/06, C07D239/60, C07D405/14, C07D491/048, C07D239/52, C07D251/20, C07D251/52
European ClassificationC07D251/52, C07D495/04, C07D239/48, C07D403/12, C07D413/12, C07D239/70, C07D417/12, C07D239/52, C07D403/06, C07D487/04, C07D491/04, C07D251/20, C07D405/12, C07D239/96, C07D405/14, C07D239/60, C07D491/048, C07D251/26, C07D239/34
Legal Events
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Jun 26, 2013ASAssignment
Effective date: 20121101
Owner name: ABBVIE DEUTSCHLAND GMBH & CO KG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ABBOTT GMBH & CO KG;REEL/FRAME:030688/0537