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Publication numberUSRE42492 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/113,338
Publication dateJun 28, 2011
Filing dateApr 22, 2005
Priority dateJan 14, 2004
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asUS6808223
Publication number11113338, 113338, US RE42492 E1, US RE42492E1, US-E1-RE42492, USRE42492 E1, USRE42492E1
InventorsRobert Baum
Original AssigneeVertical Doors, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Two way hinge for motor vehicle doors
US RE42492 E1
Abstract
This invention describes a novel two way hinge for motor vehicle doors that hinges open at a 20 degree angle, then rotates upward 45 degrees. The motor vehicle door is maintained in the open position by a shock absorber/piston arrangement that is common in the automotive industry. The invention described herein can be installed by an aftermarket shop and/or sold as an easily installed kit. The present invention overcomes the shortcomings of existing hinges by allowing greater access for ingress and egress from existing motor vehicle doors in tight parking situations.
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Claims(22)
1. A two way hinge for motor vehicle doors, comprising:
a. a fender mount, said fender mount being generally goose neck shaped and having a convex portion and a concave portion, said fender mount further having a first hole positioning plate and a second hole positioning plate, said first hole positioning plate and said second hole positioning plate being positionally opposed to each other, said first hole positioning plate having a first series of holes defined therein, said second hole positioning plate having a second series of holes defined therein, said first and second series of holes being positionally located to correspond to the particular vehicle being installed therein, said fender mount, said first hole positioning plate, and said second hole positioning plate comprising a fender mount assembly;
b. a first boss and a second boss being aligned in a parallel relationship and being positioned on an upper portion of said fender mount assembly, said first boss having a first hole defined therein, said second boss having a second hole defined therein, said first and said second hole being axially aligned, a pivot plate, said pivot plate being positioned between said first and said second boss;
c. a first threaded pin, said first threaded pin being inserted through said first hole in said first boss and being threadably engaged in said pivot plate, a second threaded pin, said second threaded pin being inserted through said second hole in said second boss and being threadably engaged in said pivot plate, said first and said second threaded pin allowing said pivot plate to pivot about axially aligned holes, said pivot plate having a third through hole defined therein, said third through hole having a counterbore defined therein, said counter bore being located on a short transverse position of said pivot plate;
d. a first door plate and a second door plate are positionally located by a door bracket, said first door plate and said second door plate being fixedly attached to said door bracket, said first door plate, said second door plate and said door bracket comprisecomprising a door mount assembly, said door mount assembly being shaped to fit within said concave portion of said fender mount assembly, said door hinge bracket being essentially an L shaped bracket, said door hinge bracket mounting to a motor vehicle door frame;
e. a fender guard, said fender guard being located in proximity to said first hole positioning plate, said fender guard preventing a motor vehicle door from damaging the sheet metal of a motor vehicle, said fender guard having a tapered shape;
f. a third pivot pin, said third pivot pin being inserted into said counterbored hole in said pivot plate, said third pivot pin being attached to said door mount assembly and allowing said pivot plate to rotate about said third pivot pin;
g. said pivot plate having a beveled portion defined thereon, said beveled portion defining the horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge;
h. a sag adjuster means, said sag adjuster means allowing the vehicle door to be positionally aligned in the motor vehicle thereby; and
i. a piston mounting plate, said piston mounting plate being attached to said fender mount assembly, said piston mounting plate having a hole defined therein, a spherical bearing is fixedly attached therein, a piston assembly is inserted through said spherical bearing and fixedly attached thereon, an opposing end of said piston assembly is rotatably attached to said door mountingmount assembly.
2. The two way hinge for motor vehicle doors of claim one1 wherein said first and said second threaded pins each have a bearing attached thereon, said bearings being inserted through said first and said second holes of said first and said second bossesrespectfully, respectively.
3. The two way hinge for motor vehicle doors of claim one1 wherein said third pin is threadably engaged into said door mount assembly.
4. The two way hinge for motor vehicle doors of claim one1 wherein said third threaded pin has a bearing attached thereon, said bearing being inserted into said counterbore portion of said counterbored hole of said pivot plate.
5. The two way hinge for motor vehicle doors of claim one1 wherein said sag adjuster means comprises a sag adjuster plate, said sag adjuster plate being attached to said pivot plate, a sag adjuster boss, said sag adjuster boss being attached to said door mount assembly, said sag adjuster boss having a threaded hole defined therein, said sag adjuster means is threadably inserted through said threaded hole in said sag adjuster boss and allows the sag adjuster means to bear on a face of said sag adjuster plate.
6. The two way hinge for motor vehicle doors of claim one,1 wherein, said two way hinge allowingallows the motor vehicle door to rotate outwards from the vehicle approximately twenty degrees firstly, clearing said fender guard thereby, then said two way hinge allowing the motor vehicle door to pivot upwards forty five degrees secondly providing easy ingress and egress from the motor vehicle.
7. A two way hinge for motor vehicle doors, comprising:
a fender mount assembly comprising first and second positioning plates for mounting the fender mount assembly to a vehicle chassis;
a pivot plate mounted on an upper portion of the fender mount assembly such that the pivot plate is pivotable about a first axis, the pivot plate comprising a beveled portion defining a horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge about the first axis, the pivot plate comprising a bore extending transversely relative to the first axis;
a set screw received in the beveled portion of the pivot plate;
a door mount assembly comprising first and second door plates for mounting to a motor vehicle door frame, the door mount assembly comprising a pivot pin in the bore in the pivot plate allowing the pivot plate to rotate about the pivot pin;
a piston mounting plate on the fender mount assembly; and
a piston assembly comprising a first end pivotally coupled to the piston mounting plate by a spherical bearing, and an opposing end rotatably coupled to the door mount assembly.
8. The two way hinge of claim 7, wherein the first and second positioning plates comprise through holes positioned to use existing holes located on the vehicle chassis for mounting the fender mount assembly to the vehicle chassis.
9. The two way hinge of claim 7, further comprising a fender guard on the fender mount assembly.
10. The two way hinge of claim 7, further comprising a sag adjuster means allowing the vehicle door to be positionally aligned in the motor vehicle thereby.
11. The two way hinge of claim 7, further comprising a sag adjuster plate attached to the pivot plate, a sag adjuster member extending from the door mount assembly that allows the sag adjuster member to bear on the sag adjuster plate.
12. The two way hinge of claim 11, wherein the sag adjuster member comprises a sag adjuster boss attached to the door mount assembly and a pin extending from the sag adjuster boss that bears on a face of the sag adjuster plate.
13. The two way hinge of claim 7, wherein the piston mounting plate extends transversely from the fender mount assembly.
14. The two way hinge of claim 7, the fender mount assembly further comprising a fender mount that is generally goose neck shaped and has a convex portion and a concave portion, the first and second positioning plates being disposed on opposite ends of the fender mount.
15. The two way hinge of claim 14, the door mount assembly further comprising a door bracket from which the first and second door plates extend.
16. The two way hinge of claim 7, the fender mount assembly further comprising a first boss, the pivot plate being pivotally attached to the first boss by a first pin.
17. The two way hinge of claim 16, the fender mount assembly further comprising a second boss aligned in a parallel relationship with the first boss such that the pivot plate is positioned between the first and second bosses, the pivot plate being pivotally attached to the second boss by a second pin.
18. The two way hinge of claim 17, wherein the first and second pins are threaded, the first and second pins being threadably engaged in the pivot plate.
19. A two way hinge for motor vehicle doors, comprising:
a fender mount assembly comprising first and second ends having through holes for mounting the fender mount assembly to a vehicle chassis;
a pivot plate mounted on the fender mount assembly such that the pivot plate is pivotable about a first axis, the pivot plate comprising a beveled portion defining a horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge about the first axis, the pivot plate comprising a bore extending transversely relative to the first axis;
a set screw received in the beveled portion of the pivot plate;
a door mount assembly comprising first and second door plates extending from a door bracket for mounting to a motor vehicle door frame, the door mount assembly further comprising a pivot pin in the bore in the pivot plate allowing the pivot plate to rotate about the pivot pin;
a piston mounting plate on the fender mount assembly; and
a piston assembly comprising a first end coupled to the piston mounting plate such that the piston assembly may freely rotate, and an opposing end rotatably coupled to the door mount assembly.
20. The two way hinge of claim 19, the pivot plate further comprising a beveled portion defining a horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge about the first axis.
21. A two way hinge for motor vehicle doors, comprising:
a fender mount assembly comprising first and second ends for mounting the fender mount assembly to a vehicle chassis;
a pivot plate mounted on the fender mount assembly such that the pivot plate is pivotable about a first axis, the pivot plate comprising a beveled portion defining a horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge about the first axis, the pivot plate comprising a bore extending transversely relative to the first axis;
a set screw received in the beveled portion of the pivot plate;
a door mount assembly comprising first and second ends for mounting to a motor vehicle door frame, the door mount assembly further comprising a pivot pin in the bore in the pivot plate allowing the pivot plate to rotate about the pivot pin;
a piston mounting plate on the fender mount assembly; and
a piston assembly comprising a first end coupled to the piston mounting plate such that the piston assembly may freely rotate, and an opposing end rotatably coupled to the door mount assembly.
22. A two way hinge for motor vehicle doors, comprising:
a fender mount assembly comprising first and second ends for mounting the fender mount assembly to a vehicle chassis;
a pivot plate mounted on the fender mount assembly such that the pivot plate is pivotable about a first axis, the pivot plate comprising a beveled portion defining a horizontal rotational angle of the two way hinge about the first axis, the pivot plate comprising a bore extending transversely relative to the first axis;
a door mount assembly comprising first and second ends for mounting to a motor vehicle door frame, the door mount assembly further comprising a pivot pin in the bore in the pivot plate allowing the pivot plate to rotate about the pivot pin;
a fender guard on the positioning plate for preventing a motor vehicle door from damaging the sheet metal of a motor vehicle, the fender guard having a tapered shape;
a piston mounting plate on the fender mount assembly; and
a piston assembly comprising a first end coupled to the piston mounting plate such that the piston assembly may freely rotate, and an opposing end rotatably coupled to the door mount assembly.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to novel hinge assembly for automobiles, trucks and the like, and more particularly to passenger and drivers doors that typically are hinged to only open outwards.

In order to ingress or egress from automobiles or other vehicles that have drivers and may carry passengers, the automotive manufactures have added doors. Generally the doors are mounted on a single hinge, where one half of the hinge is mounted onto the vertical door post of the body of the car, and the other half of the hinge is mounted onto a generally parallel door structure. This allows the hinge to open the door by swinging away from the vehicle, thereby providing an adequate amount of opening to exit the vehicle, since smaller vehicles have much smaller exit openings than the larger vehicles. Since automobiles and trucks are essentially rectangular in shape, the most common method of providing doors is to mount the hinge on a forward vertical edge of the door, allowing the trailing edge of the door to swing outwards and forward.

With the advent of more modern vehicles, the manufacturers have incorporated aerodynamic shapes in order top provide a more fuel efficient and a more aesthetically pleasing shape to the vehicle. Safety engineers have also had major input into the design of the doors, in order to provide the maximum amount of safety both pre and post collision. One of the most glaring negative aspects of having doors open along the vertical forward edge of the door is that a large amount of room is needed in order to swing the door open to it's greatest opening area.

There have been many efforts to revise the opening method of automobile doors not only for aesthetic purposes, but also for safety, in order to provide improved ingress and egress for passengers. In an effort to modernize the door assemblies to more effectively accommodate the complexity and sophistication of modern automotive and truck design, some manufacturers have incorporated non-standard door assemblies.

Mercedes, and BMW have incorporated the “Gull wing” designs into a limited number of their vehicle designs. Delorean has also incorporated a non-standard door assembly, by allowing the door to rotate along its top edge to provide an opening for the driver and passenger. The Lamborghini Countach has doors which pivot vertically about the top forward edge of the doors. These doors, however, were only used in show cars and a small number of limited production cars.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is a two way hinge, where one flange of the hinge is mounted onto a hard point on the fender walls of the vehicle. A second flange is mounted onto the vertical door sill. The second flange is rotatably and hingeably mounted to the first flange such that the door hinges open 45 degrees, and then rotates upwards 20 degrees. The door is maintained in an open position by a standard shock/piston arrangement. The piston also reduces the amount of force needed to open the door.

The present invention also overcomes some of the short-comings of existing hinges by allowing greater access for ingress and egress from existing automobiles and trucks, particularly in tight parking spaces.

The present invention provides a much more pleasing aesthetic vehicle which mimics more expensive vehicles such as the Lamborghini, Mercedes and Delorean at a greatly reduced per vehicle cost.

The present invention may be installed by an aftermarket shop, or person, and be sold as an easily installed kit. Alternatively, it may be installed by the manufacturer as an alternative to the existing hinge methods.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART

U.S. Pat. No. 4,801,172 by Townsend, discloses a Vehicle closure. This patent is generally designed for vehicles that are aerodynamically designed, and therefore have highly curved shapes. The door assembly is slidably mounted onto the vehicle and is rotatably moveable within the curved exterior about a series of arcs, where the door slides underneath the vehicle.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,086,137 by Leschke et al. Discloses a “Side Door of a Passenger Vehicle”. This invention is based upon a singular pivot hinge that is geometrically mounted on the body work, typically the front fender area. The pivot is normally a bearing and allows for quick release from the A pillar of a vehicle. The operation of the mechanism allows for a rotation away from the vehicle prior to the rotation upwards. The basic differences between the present invention and the Leschke patent are that the present invention is specifically designed for a variety of vehicles and would be installed as an after market arrangement by either the owner or a shop. The design of the Leschke patent is such that the vehicle manufacture must install the hinge mechanism and also must design the door and body structure to accommodate the hinge.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,589,069 by Lecomte discloses a “Vehicle Door Mounting”. This invention allows a door to rotate about a single fixed pivot shaft. The design of the Lecomte patent design allows the door to rotate open, but also the door translates outward along the hinge axis during the rotational motion. This is a discrete type of singular motion, in that only during rotation is the door forced to translate away from the bodywork of the vehicle. A shortcoming this patent is that the hinge system can only be accommodated by specific body shapes, and can not be easily accommodated with a large variety of automobiles or trucks in the open market.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. one shows a front view of a motor car with the doors open.

FIG. two shows a rear view of a motor car with the doors open.

FIG. three shows the two way hinge in a closed position.

FIG. four shows the two way hinge in an open position.

FIG. five shows the two way hinge in edge view closed.

FIG. six shows the two way hinge in edge view open.

FIG. seven shows the two way hinge in top view open.

FIG. eight shows a cross section view of a piston assembly.

FIG. nine shows a cross section view of an upper attach point of the piston assembly.

FIG. ten shows a cross section view of a lower attach point of the piston assembly.

FIG. eleven shows a cross section view of the pivot axis of the hinge assembly.

FIG. twelve shows a cross section view of the rotating axis of the hinge assembly.

FIG. thirteen shows a cross section view of the sag adjuster.

FIG. fourteen shows an exploded view of the pivot plate and associated components.

FIG. fifteen shows the fender guard.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

With respect to figures one through fifteen, what is herein disclosed and described is a vehicle door hinge assembly (2). The vehicle door hinge assembly (2) has a fender mount (4) the fender mount (4) being generally goose neck shaped and having a convex portion (74) and a concave portion (76). The fender mount (4) has a first hole positioning plate (6) and a second hole positioning plate (8) defined thereon. The first and second hole positioning plates (6, 8) are positionally opposed to each other and allow for easy positioning to a chassis of a motor vehicle. The first hole positioning plate (6) and the second hole positioning plate (8) compnsing a fender mount assembly (52). The first hole positioning plate (6) has a first series of through holes (10) defined therein. The second hole positioning plate (8) has a second series of through holes (12) defined therein. The first and second series of through holes (10, 12) are positioned to use the existing holes located in the particular motor vehicle's fender. The existing holes that the fender mount assembly (52) use are those that the particular motor vehicle use to attach the factory hinge.

A first boss (14) and a second boss (16) are located towards an upper portion (18) of the first fender mount (4), and are spaced in a parallel relationship to allow a pivot plate (20) to be spaced therebetween. The first boss (14) has a first hole (22) defined therein, and the second boss (16) has a second hole (24) defined therein. The first hole (22) and the second hole (24) of the first and second boss (14, 16) respectfully, are axially aligned, allowing for a first and second threaded pin (26, 27) to be inserted therethrough. The first threaded pin (26) and second threaded pin (27) each have bearings (72) located thereon to allow effortless rotation of the pivot plate (20). The bearings (72) on the first and second threaded pins (26, 27) are installed in the first hole (22) of the first boss (14), and the second hole (24) of the second boss (16) respectfully. The pivot plate (20) has a third through hole (28) defined therein. The third through hole (28) is located in a transverse direction (44) on the pivot plate (20).

A first door plate (30) and a second door plate (32) are positionally located by a door bracket (34) the first door plate (30) and the second door plate (32) being fixedly attached to the door bracket (34) to fix the first and second door plates (30, 32) for their intended use. The first door plate (30) has a third series of holes (36) defined therein, and the second door plate (32) has a fourth series of holes (38) defined therein. The third and fourth series of holes (36, 38) are defined by the particular vehicle's “OEM” hinge location. The first door plate (30) the second door plate (32), and the door bracket (34) comprise the door mount assembly (40). The door bracket (34) being shaped to fit within the concave portion (76) of the fender mount assembly (52). The door mount assembly (40) is fixedly attached to a door hinge bracket (42). The door hinge bracket (42) is essentially an “L” shaped member that extends to the upper portion (18) of the first fender mount (4). A fender guard (80) is threadably attached to the fender mount assembly (52) in close proximity to the door bracket (34) to prevent damage to a motor vehicle fender when the vehicle door has not been opened the necessary 20° (degrees) in the horizontal plane.

The pivot plate (20) has a counterbore (46) defined therein, the counterbore being axially aligned to the third hole (28) defining a stepped hole (47) thereby. The stepped hole (47) is located in a short transverse direction (48) on the pivot plate (20). The stepped hole (47) in the pivot plate (20) allows a third threaded pivot pin (50) to be inserted therethrough, and threadably engage the door mount assembly (40) in a rotatable motional relationship with the door mounting assembly (40). The third threaded pivot pin (50) has a third bearing (51) attached thereon, where the third bearing is positioned in the counterbore (46) of the stepped hole (47). The pivot plate (20) now is rotatably positioned about the third threaded pivot pin (50).

The pivot plate (20) has a beveled portion (54) defined thereon. The beveled portion (54) of the pivot plate (20) faces the fender mount assembly (54) and prevents rotation of the door mounting assembly (40) greater than a predefined bevel angle, here defined as 20° (degrees). A third boss or sag plate (56) is attached to the pivot plate (20). A sag adjuster boss (58) is attached to the door mount assembly (40). The sag adjuster boss (58) has a threaded hole (60) defined therein. The sag plate (56) has a face (61), where the face (61) allows a sag adjusting means (62) to bear against it. The sag adjusting means (62) threadably inserted through the sag adjuster boss (58).

A piston assembly (64) is medially attached to the fender mount assembly (52) and also attached to the door mount assembly (40). A piston mounting plate (66) is attached to the fender mount assembly (52). The piston mounting plate (66) has a hole (67) defined therein wherein the hole (67) has a spherical bearing (68) fixedly attached therein. The spherical bearing (68) is a standard known in the industry. The piston assembly (64) is inserted through spherical bearing (68) and fixedly attached thereon, allowing the piston assembly (64) to freely rotate within the confines of the spherical bearing (68). An opposing end (70) of the piston assembly (64) is mechanically attached to the door mounting assembly (40). A piston attach bracket (82) has a threaded hole (94) defined therein. An opposing end (70) of the piston assembly (64) is threadably inserted into the threaded hole (94) of the piston attach bracket (82). The piston attach bracket is generally an “L” shaped component. A washer (96) bears against the piston attach bracket (82) and the piston assembly (64). The piston attach bracket (82) is mounted medially between the lugs of a piston attach clevis (84). An industry standard bolt (86) is pivotably inserted through the piston attach bracket (82) and the lugs of the piston attach clevis (84) and threadably engaged into i the fender mount assembly (52). An securing screw (92) is inserted through the fender mount assembly (52) and is threadably inserted into the piston attach clevis (84) securing the piston attach clevis (84) to the fender mount assembly (52). using a nut and bolt means common in the industry.

The door is opened in the following manner. The user unlocks the door and rotates the door in a horizontal plane approximately 20°, the horizontal plane being defined by the axially aligned holes (22, 24) in the first and second bosses (14, 16). The user can then rotate the door upwards, the roatating axis being defined by the third threaded pivot pin (50). The maximum rotational displacement being 45°. The piston assembly (64) providing assistance to the user in providing a force to keep the door of the motor vehicle open.

Although the foregoing includes a description of the best mode contemplated for carrying out the invention, various modifications are contemplated.

As various modifications could be made in the constructions herein described and illustrated without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended_that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative rather than limiting.

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DE4227411A1Aug 19, 1992Feb 24, 1994Opel Adam AgFoldable side door for vehicle - has hinge axis running along carriage column above seat belt line and has fold axis below belt line about which door sections fold
DE4319662A1Jun 14, 1993Dec 15, 1994Edgar BachSide door which can be pivoted upwards for passenger cars, in particular for subsequent installation
DE10025925A1May 25, 2000Nov 29, 2001Bayerische Motoren Werke AgCar side door opening action uses guide between joint axis and joint sleeve to additionally move rotating sleeve along joint axis assisted by door spring.
DE19639663A1Sep 27, 1996Apr 16, 1998Daimler Benz AgSeitentür eines Personenkraftwagens
DE19738825A1Sep 5, 1997Mar 18, 1999Daimler Benz AgMotor vehicle door opening by swiveling forwards and upwards
EP0125703A2May 17, 1984Nov 21, 1984Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaSide door hinge mechanism in a motor vehicle
EP0493225A1Dec 20, 1991Jul 1, 1992Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault S.A.Pivoting side door for motor vehicle
FR2694244A1 Title not available
FR2699126A1 Title not available
JPH0624245A Title not available
JPS6357327A Title not available
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1"(In Chambers) Order Re: Markman/Claim Construction" from Case No. SACV 06-00984-JVS (Anx) and CV 06-4972-JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 14, 2007.
2"Order Granting Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment of Infringement of Claims 8-10 of the '547 Patent against the JT Bonn Defendants. (Fld Feb. 2, 2007)" from Case No. SA CV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Mar. 21, 2007.
3"Order Re: Markman/Claim Construction Hearing" from Case No. SA CV 05-905 JVS (Anx), dated Oct. 3, 2006.
42 photos of black car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
52 photos of drawings, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
62 photos of red car door, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
72 photos of sketches, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
83 photos of door hinge on blue car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
93 photos of gold/black car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
103 photos of red car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
114 photos of white car w/blue streaks, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
12'90 Honda Accord Invoice and Photographs, date unknown, 4 pages.
13'93 Honda Civic Invoice and Photographs, date unknown, 3 pages.
14'93 Toyota Camry Invoice and Photographs, date unknown, 5 pages.
15Alleged "Face/Off" write-up, http://www.drasticautoclub.com/features/minitruckin/mt2-01pl.html, 2 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
16Alleged 1997 Honda CRX VTEC with Laborghini Styled Doors, reportedly from 1998 NOPI Nationals, Sportruck.com, NOPI Nationals '98, http://sportruck.com/events/nopi98/13.htm, 1 page (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
17Alleged 1997 Honda CRX VTEC with Lamborghini Styled Doors, reportedly from 1998 NOPI Nationals, http://members.lycos.nl/hendrick/crxproto/lambodoors.htm, 3 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
18Alleged Face/Off Lowrider Magazine Photo Shoot, http://www.drasticautoclub.com/misc.pics/mppage33.html, 4 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
19Alleged photos of cars with vertically opening car doors, date and origin unknown, produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005) 2 pages.
20Alleged photos of cars with vertically opening car doors, date and origin unknown, produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005) 2 pages.
21Alleged photos of customized vehicle reportedly from "Plush" magazine, http://www.drasticautoclub.com/features/plush/plush00cover.jpg, 8 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
22Alleged photos of vehicle "Face Off," http://www.drasticautoclub.com/members/faceoff/faceoff.html, 8 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
23Alleged photos reportedly from the NOPI Nationals '99 Atlanta, GA, http://www.stanza.streetracing.org/NopiNat'99.html, 1 page (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
24Alleged photos reportedly from the NOPI Nationals, http://revtecmotorsports.com/images/nopi2000/eclipse4.jpg, 3 pages (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
25Alleged photos reportedly from the NOPI Nationals, http://revtecmotorsports.com/images/nopi2000/nopi50.jp, 1 page (2006), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
26Elhybriden Solon nu pa Tekniska Museet i Stockholm, EVguide Hem Home, 4 pages (Nov. 28, 2005), produced during litigation Vertical Doors, Inc. v. J.T. Bonn, et al., Case No. 05-905 (C.D. Cal. 2005).
27Exhibit 1 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
28Exhibit 10 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
29Exhibit 11 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
30Exhibit 12 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
31Exhibit 13 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
32Exhibit 2 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
33Exhibit 3 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
34Exhibit 4 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
35Exhibit 5 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
36Exhibit 6 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
37Exhibit 7 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
38Exhibit 8 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
39Exhibit 8000 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 21, 2007.
40Exhibit 8001 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 21, 2007.
41Exhibit 8002 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 21, 2007.
42Exhibit 8003 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 21, 2007.
43Exhibit 9 to Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
44Final Order Denying Motion for Summary Judgment from Case Nos. SA CV 05-905-JVS (ANx) and SA CV 06-4972-JVS (ANx), dated Mar. 19, 2008.
45Invoice 2369 from "Streetweapon Composites" submitted by a defendant in case case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 26, 2001.
46Invoice 3177 from "Streetweapon Composites" submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), dated Mar. 28, 2002.
47Photo of "HCI" magazine.
48Photo of "Speed Infinity" magazine issue 16 on Jan. 2002.
49Photo of black car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
50Photo of door hinge, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
51Photo of door hinge, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx); date unknown.
52Photo of door hinges, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
53Photo of invoice 1076 from "Streetweapon Composites" submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), dated Jun. 30, 2000.
54Photo of invoice 1507 from "Streetweapon Composites" submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), dated Apr. 21, 2001.
55Photo of invoice 1579 from "Streetweapon Composites" submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), dated May 15, 2001.
56Photo of silver car, submitted by a defendant in case SA CV 06-984 JVS (ANx), date unknown.
57Photographs of alleged products produced as evidence by Defendants in Case No. 05-905 JVS (C.D. Cal. 2005) 3 pages.
58Pleading in Civil Action SA CV 06-0984 JVS (ANx), pending in the Central District of California, the pleading is entitled Document Production Accompanying Preliminary Invalidity Contentions Of Invalidity, and was submitted on behalf of defendants GT Factory, Daniel Greenbank, and Chaser Aerodynamics LLC. It is dated Jul. 30, 2007, and includes 24 pages of what appear to be copies of photographs.
59Pleading in Civil Action SA CV 06-0984 JVS (ANx), the pleading is entitled Document Production Accompanying Preliminary Contentions of Invalidity [Filed by Defendant The Hoffman Group LLC]. It is dated May 31, 2007.
60Pleading in Civil Action SA CV 06-0984 JVS (ANx), the pleading is entitled GT Defendants' Preliminary Contentions of Invalidity, and was submitted on behalf of defendants GT Factory, Daniel Greenbank, and Chaser Aerodynamics LLC. It is dated Jul. 27, 2007.
61Pleading in Civil Action SA CV 06-0984 JVS (ANx), the pleading is entitled Preliminary Contentions of Invalidity [Filed by Defendant The Hoffman Group LLC]. It is dated May 31, 2007.
62Tentative Order Granting Motion for Summary Judgment, from Case Nos. SA CV 05-905-JVS (ANx) and SA CV 06-4972-JVS (ANx), dated Feb. 29, 2008.
63Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Dec. 21, 2007.
64Transcript from Deposition of Daniel Greenbank from Case No. SACV 05-905 JVS (ANx), dated Nov. 27, 2007.
65Transcript from Deposition of Francis Ly from Case No. SA CV 05-905-JVS (ANx), dated Oct. 11, 2007.
66Website page from http://img.sportruck.com/events/nopi98/81.jpg (1 pg), date unknown.
67Website page from http://revtecmotorsports.com/images/nopi2000/eclipse2.jpg (1 pg), date unknown.
68Website page from http://www.drasticautoclub.com/Members/FaceOff/FaceOff.html, Face off (1 pg), date unknown.
69Website page from http://www.maclarenautomotive.com/images/cars/F1%20roadcar/castellet022-Large.jpg. (1 pg), date unknown.
70Website page from http://www.maclarenautomotive.com/images/cars/F1%20roadcar/castellet022—Large.jpg. (1 pg), date unknown.
71Website page from http://www.saleen.com/saleen-s7-photo-gallery.htm. Saleen (1 pg), date unknown.
72Website page from http://www.saleen.com/saleen—s7—photo—gallery.htm. Saleen (1 pg), date unknown.
73Website pages from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota-Sera. Toyota Sera (3 pgs), date unknown.
74Website pages from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota—Sera. Toyota Sera (3 pgs), date unknown.
75Website pages from http://www.bertone.it.en/scheda-60-carabo-en.htm (3 pgs), date unknown.
76Website pages from http://www.bertone.it.en/scheda—60—carabo—en.htm (3 pgs), date unknown.
77Website pages from http://www.mclarenautomotive.com/cars/f1-15-year.htm. McLaren F1 Launch in Monaco (4 pgs), date unknown.
78Website pages from http://www.mclarenautomotive.com/cars/f1—15—year.htm. McLaren F1 Launch in Monaco (4 pgs), date unknown.
Classifications
U.S. Classification296/146.12, 16/366, 49/246, 296/202
International ClassificationB60J1/08, E05D3/10, E05D3/06, B60J5/04, E05D15/56
Cooperative ClassificationE05D15/00, E05D3/10, E05Y2900/531, E05F1/1292, E05D3/127, E05D15/56, B60J5/0472
European ClassificationE05D15/56, E05D3/10, B60J5/04H1
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 28, 2012LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Jun 11, 2012REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed