|Publication number||USRE42527 E1|
|Application number||US 12/333,810|
|Publication date||Jul 5, 2011|
|Filing date||Dec 12, 2008|
|Priority date||Nov 17, 2000|
|Also published as||US7149743, US20020112028, US20070067314, WO2002041164A1|
|Publication number||12333810, 333810, US RE42527 E1, US RE42527E1, US-E1-RE42527, USRE42527 E1, USRE42527E1|
|Inventors||Ronald W. Colwill, Jr.|
|Original Assignee||Heck.Com, Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Non-Patent Citations (44), Classifications (11), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority from provisional U.S. Patent Application Ser. No. 60/249,515 entitled VIRTUAL DIRECTORY filed on Nov. 17, 2000, the entirety of which is incorporated by reference herein.
A method, system and apparatus for providing a virtual directory for the world wide web (“Internet”) and, more specifically, a method, system and apparatus for providing an improved virtual directory searching system for consumer to business or business to business electronic commerce.
In recent years, the Internet has been transformed from a virtual unknown, used by only a select group of college professors and government researchers, to a virtual universe with over 120 million people visiting regularly from the U.S. alone. The number of users will continue to grow rapidly as home computers become more affordable and high speed Internet access becomes more available. As the number of users increase, so will the number of web sites. Jupiter Communication reported approximately 2 billion web pages at the beginning of 2000 and projects the number to exceed 16 billion within 4 years. The good news is that never before have businesses and consumers had such tremendous access to information. The bad news is that finding the right information among the billions of web sites has become much more difficult and time consuming. The plethora of information now available on the Internet can make even a simple search complicated.
Multiple search engines and portal directories such as yahoo.com, altavista.com or google.com, have come on-line in recent years to assist Internet users in finding web sites. The machine assembled search engines available today are very expansive and often retrieve a tremendous amount of information. They retrieve pages on the web by matching words in the pages from broad databases of text available on the world wide web. A “crawler” enters a web site and thoroughly indexes the page contents. The frequencies and proximity of significant words are tallied and form the basis of the order of display in search results from the engine. A simple search on one of these engines can produce over hundreds, if not, thousands of results. Often the results are irrelevant and a waste of time. Search engines generally display only about 10 items of the entire results per page. This is commonly referred to as “first page results”. Most often several sites listed among the first page results are not even relevant to the topic entered. Moreover, it is not uncommon for the same site to be listed multiple times on the same page, or for a site to contain offensive material. This can be a frustrating experience for the typical user.
What differentiates a search engine from a directory is simple human intervention. Directories, whether they are organized by subject categories or databases, are searchable, browsable and assembled by humans. Available directories have the same characteristics: a search bar to type in a desired topic and a limited number of predetermined categories, usually on the order of 10 to 15, such as “sports”, “shopping” or “entertainment” to browse within. In addition, most directories have very busy web pages. Usually surrounding the search bar and categories are flashing news headlines, stock quotes, horoscopes, weather and the ever present banner advertisements.
There are several stumbling blocks to a successful search using current directories. The obvious: how to fit the contents of the Internet into 10 to 15 categories. Browsing the categories often becomes a time consuming guessing game. Every web site on every topic contained within the directory is grouped into one of the 10 to 15 categories. The user commonly must guess which broad category applies to the topic of the search. An incorrect guess will cause the user to click on a pointing device, such as a mouse, numerous times more than necessary; or, even if the user guesses correctly, the user must click many times to further narrow the broad category. After the passage of a significant amount of time, it is not uncommon that a user may be twelve pages deep into a site and nowhere near the desired topic. Companies whose sites are listed in current directories must rely on the patience and intuition of web users if their sites are to be found.
The type and search format of existing search engines and directories are also cumbersome and do not lend easily to new wireless technology. Existing search engines and directories lack speed and it is often difficult to type in the text. Many of the existing directories are also “sticky.” Such directories keep the user within the site, opening as many pages as possible, for as long as possible. There is a need for an Internet directory which provides easier access through scrolling and clicking through an extensive list of topics such that a user leaves the directory and reaches their destination as quickly as possible. There is also a need for a directory with stream-lined text to facilitate downloading.
Still another disadvantage of current search engines/portal directories arises when a user cannot complete a successful search in one search engine/portal directory and seeks to resume the search in another search engine/portal directory. Exiting one sticky directory can be complicated enough, while accessing another directory to resume a search can be even more time consuming. There is a need for an Internet search engine directory that facilitates transition from one search engine/portal directory to another in order to complete a search.
The method, system and apparatus provides a virtual directory in which a simple interface guides a user to a desired web site in a limited number of clicks, preferably four or less, to obtain quick, direct results without the need for typing in any text.
In accordance with one embodiment, upon login, a simple first interface/screen showing all the available first level categories in one page is displayed to a user. Preferably, the first level categories are organized in alphabetical order for the convenience of the user. The available categories on the screen are pre-selected and up-loaded to the screen by a directory service provider. Each first level category is linked to a plurality of corresponding second level sub-categories. The plurality of second level sub-categories, also are pre-selected and up-loaded by the service provider, and each plurality of second level sub-categories is branched from a corresponding first level category. Each second level sub-category is linked to a plurality of corresponding third level sub-categories. The plurality of third level sub-categories, also are pre-selected and up-loaded by the service provider and each plurality of third level sub-categories is branched from a second level sub-category. While the number of link levels for sub-categories may vary depending on a search category, the third level of linking (third level sub-category) is preferable for most Internet searches.
A user browses the first level categories and points and clicks on the corresponding word (i.e., a category) on the screen. Alternatively, if the user does not find an appropriate category by scrolling up and down the page where the categories are listed, or the user does not want to scroll up and down the page, the user may preferably point and click on one of the letters of the alphabet shown on the screen along with the first level categories. The selected letter corresponds to the search category the user has in mind. Each letter of the alphabet is linked to a group of first level search categories pre-selected and up-loaded by a directory service provider. Preferably, the first letter of each category in the group corresponds to the letter of the alphabet selected. If the virtual directory does not have a category corresponding to the user's search, the user may be encouraged to send an e-mail to the service provider requesting that the missing category be included in the directory.
In response to the first click, a second screen is displayed showing a plurality of corresponding second level sub-categories. The user selects a second level sub-category by pointing and clicking on the corresponding word (i.e., a category) on the screen.
In response to the second click, the user is presented with a third screen which shows a plurality of corresponding third level sub-categories. If the third link level is sufficient for the search, the third level sub-categories comprise a plurality of URLs (Universal Resource Locators) linked to real web sites relating to the selected second level sub-category. The user selects one of the URLs by pointing and clicking on the corresponding URL on the screen. In response to the third click, the user has now logged onto a web site and can now browse the web site to access the information needed.
In another embodiment, while the user is browsing the web site, the user is provided with a link in any form, preferably a bar, button or icon, by which the user can return to one of the previous sub-categories directly with a single click bypassing all the intermediate web pages the user reviewed in the web site.
In still another embodiment, a first interface displays at least 1,000 first level search categories in a single web page, wherein each of the first level search categories is configured such that a user can point and click on any category and link to a plurality of second level search categories. The user can browse the first level search categories using a scroll bar or alternatively by clicking on the letter of the alphabet corresponding to the search category of interest. After receiving the first click, a second interface is displayed which shows no more than 30 second level search categories corresponding to one of the first level search categories selected by the user, wherein each of the second level search categories is configured such that a user can point and click on any category and link to a plurality of third level search categories. After receiving the second click, a third interface is displayed to the user showing no more than 30 third level search categories corresponding to one of the second level search categories selected by the user. Each third level search category comprises a URL, such that upon pointing and clicking on a URL (the third click), a user is linked to an Internet web site.
In yet another embodiment, the virtual directory provides a search engine directory facilitating transition from one search engine to another. A user browsing the point and click directory can access the search engine directory at any time by clicking on a search button. At least one interface is displayed comprising a plurality of search engine categories, wherein search engine categories are configured so that a user can point and click on a category and link directly to a search engine web site. A user types in a search topic in a search field and clicks on a search engine category to link to a search engine web site. If the user is not satisfied with the results of the search in the search engine web site, the user can return directly to the search engine directory by clicking on a return button or icon. Without retyping the search topic, the user can click on another search engine category and link directly to another search engine web site to resume the search.
It is not intended that the method, system and apparatus for providing a virtual directory be summarized here in its entirety. Rather, further features, aspects and advantages of the virtual directory are set forth in or are apparent from the following brief description, detailed description, drawings and claims which follow.
The patent or application file contains at least one drawing executed in color. Copies of this patent or patent application publication with color drawing(s) will be provided by the Office upon request and payment of the necessary fee.
Further aspects of the method, system and apparatus for providing a virtual directory will be more readily appreciated upon review of the detailed description set forth below when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, of which:
It will be understood that the foregoing brief description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory of the method, system and apparatus for providing a virtual directory, but are not intended to be restrictive thereof or limiting of the advantages which can be achieved by the virtual directory. Thus, the accompanying drawings, referred to herein and constituting a part hereof, illustrate embodiments of the virtual directory and, together with the detailed description, serve to explain the principles of the virtual directory.
Turning now to
Processor 110 operates in conjunction with random access memory and read-only memory. The random-access memory (RAM) portion of RAM/ROM 120 may be a suitable number of Single In-Line Memory Module (SIMM) chips having a storage capacity (typically measured in kilobytes or megabytes) sufficient to store and transfer, inter alia, processing instructions utilized by processor 110 which may be received from application programs 160. The read-only memory (ROM) portion of RAM/ROM 120 may be any permanent non-rewritable memory medium capable of storing and transferring, inter alia, processing instructions performed by processor 110 during a start-up routine of virtual directory host server 100.
Clock 130 may be an on-board component of processor 1 10 which dictates a clock speed (typically measured in MHz) at which processor 110 performs and synchronizes, inter alia, communication between the internal components of virtual directory host server 100.
Input/output device(s) 140 may be one or more known devices used for receiving operator inputs, network data, and the like and transmitting outputs resulting therefrom. Accordingly, exemplary input devices may include a keyboard, a mouse, a voice recognition unit and the like for receiving operator inputs. Output devices may include any known devices used to present data to an operator of virtual directory host server 100 or to transmit data over computer network 10 to a remote user. Accordingly, suitable output devices may include a display, a printer and a voice synthesizer connected to a speaker.
Other input/output device(s) 140 may include a telephonic or network connection device, such as a telephone modem, a cable modem, a T-1 connection, a digital subscriber line or a network card, for communicating data to and from other computer devices over computer network 10, such as remote devices 20, 25, 40 and 55. Input/output device(s) 140 can have capacity to handle high bandwidth traffic in order to accommodate communications with a large number of users.
Memory 150 may be an internal or external large capacity device for storing computer processing instructions, computer-readable data, and the like. The storage capacity of memory 150 is typically measured in megabytes or gigabytes. Accordingly, memory 150 may be one or more of the following: a floppy disk in conjunction with a floppy disk drive, a hard disk drive, a CD-ROM disk and reader/writer, a DVD disk and reader/writer, a ZIP disk and a ZIP drive, and/or any other computer readable medium that may be encoded with processing instructions in a read-only or read-write format. Further functions of and available devices for memory 150 will be apparent.
Memory 150 may store, inter alia, a plurality of programs 160 which may be any one or more of an operating system and one or more application programs, such as a directory service provider program. Programs 160 may include processing instructions for accomplishing a virtual directory system as described herein.
Virtual directory host server 100 can be configured to include any number of websites in memory 150 as well as any number of search categories. For example, the virtual directory can coordinate as many as 500,000 sites into 1,400 categories. Virtual directory host server 100 can also be configured to list only the top web sites and to perform a “dead URL” search to ensure that the sites listed are active, and can be continually updated with the most current and popular sites for each category.
The virtual directory process may begin after a user at remote device 20, 25, 40 or 55 selects the URL of virtual directory host server 100. The URL for virtual directory host server 100 may be entered into the URL entry field of the browser residing on the user's remote device. An exemplary sign-in window may then be presented on the display screen of the user's device including a sign-in field requiring, for example, a user name or other unique identifier. Upon entering the field information, the user may transmit such information to virtual directory host server 100 with a pointing and clicking device, such as a mouse. Alternatively, the home page of the virtual directory site may display the first interface of first level search categories.
In accordance with an embodiment, upon visiting the virtual directory host server 100 site, a first interface/screen displaying all the available first level categories in one page is presented to a user. Preferably, the first level categories can be at least 1000 items organized in, e.g., alphabetical order, for the convenience of the user. The available categories on the screen are pre-selected and up-loaded to the screen by a directory service provider. Each first level category is linked to a plurality of corresponding second level search categories. Preferably, the second level search categories are no more than 30 items branched from a corresponding first level category. The second level search categories are pre-selected and up-loaded by the service provider as the second level search categories. Each second level search category is linked to a plurality of corresponding third level search categories. Preferably, the third level search categories are no more than 30 items branched from a second level search category. The third level search categories are also pre-selected and up-loaded by the service provider as the third level search categories. While the number of link levels for search categories may vary depending on a search category, the third level of linking (third level search category) is preferable for most Internet searches.
The virtual directory is preferably configured to use hyperlinks. Simple underlining and or highlighted words are preferably employed to take a user to a desired destination when clicked.
A user selects one of the first level categories by pointing and clicking on the corresponding word (i.e., a category) on the screen. Alternatively, if the user does not find an appropriate category by first scrolling up and down the page where the categories are listed, or the user does not want to scroll up and down the page, the user may preferably click on one of the letters of the alphabet shown on a portion of the screen along with the first level categories. The selected letter corresponds to a search category the user has in mind. Each letter of the alphabet is linked to a group of first level search categories pre-selected and up-loaded by a directory service provider. Preferably, the first letter of each category in the group corresponds to the letter of the alphabet selected. If the virtual directory does not have a category corresponding to the user's search, the user may be encouraged to send an e-mail to the service provider requesting that the missing category be included in the directory.
In response to the first click, the user is presented with a second screen which displays a plurality of corresponding second level search categories. The user selects a second level search category by pointing and clicking on the corresponding word (i.e., a category) on the screen.
In response to the second click, the user is presented with a third screen which displays a plurality of corresponding third level search categories. If the third link level is sufficient for the search, the third level search categories comprise a plurality of URLs linked to web sites corresponding to the selected second level search category. The user selects one of the URLs by pointing and clicking on a URL on the screen.
The user has now logged onto a web site. The user can now browse the web site to access the information needed. While the user is in the web site, the user is provided with a link presented on the display screen in any form, preferably a bar, button or icon, by which the user can return to the virtual directory site directly with one click bypassing all the intermediate web pages the user reviewed in the web site.
The virtual directory system is preferably navigated using a point and click device, such as mouse. In the preferred embodiment, a user need only click and or scroll to reach a destination and does not have to type any text relating to a search. The directory is particularly useful for wireless and hand-held devices where typing in text can be cumbersome. The directory provides quick, direct results by simply requiring a user to click and or scroll to reach a desired web site. Preferably, the user reaches their destination in four clicks or less. The directory can be utilized for any search in a consumer-to-business e-commerce environment, business-to-business e-commerce environment or in any search undertaken on the Internet.
The virtual directory is now described in further detail referring to flow chart
The left portion 340 of first interface 300 sets forth the alphabet, i.e., letters A-Z. Each letter of the alphabet is configured to link to a corresponding group of first level categories. Instead of clicking on scroll bar 330 to scroll up and down to find a particular category, a user may click on an alphabet letter on portion 340 to directly go to a group of first level search categories corresponding to the clicked alphabet letter. Using the alphabet, the virtual directory can allow users twenty-six options A through Z. The user chooses the letter that best fits the search. This intuitive step assists the user to enter the directory at the correct point. Portion 340 of first interface 300 remains fixed on the page if a user chooses to scroll up and down the page using scroll bar 330.
First interface 300 usually shows a plurality of search categories, i.e., preferably at least 1,000 search categories, enabling the user to select a search item as accurately as possible from the beginning of the search. The available categories on the screen are pre-selected and up-loaded by the directory service provider. A user may also participate in selecting or adding to the search categories. For example, if the virtual directory does not have a category corresponding to a user's search category, the user may be prompted to send an e-mail to the service provider requesting that the missing category be included. The number and type of categories may be varied and selected based on a variety of information, such as targeted users.
By way of example, a user may want to search the Internet for the types of special features offered by various manufacturers of “barbecue grills.” As shown in
Alternatively, if the user does not find the appropriate first level category by scrolling up and down the page or the user prefers not to use the scroll bar, the user may point and simply click on the Alphabetical list shown on the first page. In this embodiment, the user is searching for the category “barbecue”, so the user clicks on the letter “B” (the “first click”) to arrive at the group of first level search categories 420 beginning with the letter “B” as shown in
At step 215 of
In this embodiment, the user clicks on “Manufacturers”. In step 235 of
Upon deciding to visit the web site of “Weber”, for example, the user points and clicks on the name “Weber” displayed in third interface 600. In step 245 of
The ability of the virtual directory to provide quick, direct results according to the foregoing embodiments is summarized below:
As illustrated above, if a user wants to find out about barbecue manufacturers, in four clicks, the user can have access to the top twenty, without distracting and irrelevant direction to unrelated web sites. By clicking on the selected manufacturer, the user can gain direct access to the manufacturer's web site and can move to another manufacturer in as little as two clicks.
The virtual directory does not simply direct a user to the search results. It can get a user back to the directory just as quickly and directly. The virtual directory avoids the limitations of prior art search engines and portal directories where a user could get lost many pages deep in an irrelevant web site and have difficulty getting back to the starting point of a search, or get trapped in a web site that refuses to let the user leave until the user is essentially forced to type in a new URL number. The virtual directory removes these limitations by providing a link back to the virtual directory, in the form of a bar, icon, button or other mark, that can always be visible while the user browses the various web sites. In the case of the barbecue manufacturers, anytime the user wants to return to the directory listing the 20 manufacturers (no matter how many clicks deep the user has gone in a web site), the user simply clicks on the return button once and is immediately taken back to the virtual directory.
In another embodiment, the virtual directory can be utilized to facilitate transition from one search engine to another. For example, a user may not be able to find a search category corresponding to a search topic using the point and click directory described above. In such an instance, the virtual directory enables a user to search for the particular search category in any number of search engines or portal directories without having to retype the search category. Furthermore, in the event a search cannot be completed in a particular search engine site, a user can directly return to the virtual directory from the search engine site so that the user can switch to another search engine site just as quickly and directly until the search is completed.
In this embodiment, a user could not find the search topic “Mononucleosis” in the point and click virtual directory described above. The user accesses the search engine directory by clicking on search button 820 or by clicking on the search category “Search Engines” found in the virtual directory. The search category “Search Engines” can be found in the directory using a scroll bar and scrolling down the list of search categories or by clicking on the letter “S” on the alphabet portion—the search category “Search Engines” is listed in the group of search categories corresponding to the letter “S”.
In this embodiment, the search engine directory includes the following search engines categories (URLs) arranged in alphabetical order: “Alta Vista”, “Ask Jeeves”, “Direct Hit”, “Excite”, “Fast Search”, “Go”, “GoTo”, “Google”, “HotBot”, “Looksmart”, “Lycos”, “MSN Search”, “NBCi”, “Netscape Search”, “Northern Light”, “DMOZ”, “Raging Search”, “RealNames”, “WebCrawler” and “Yahoo”. Any number of search engine categories arranged in any manner and in any number of interfaces (link levels) are suitable for the search engine directory. For example, search engine categories relating to the topic “medical” can be arranged such that a user (i) clicks on the letter “M” of alphabet portion, (ii) clicks on the topic “medical” among the group of search engine categories corresponding to the letter “M” and (iii) clicks on one of the search engine categories (URLs) corresponding to the search engine category “Medical”.
Although illustrative embodiments have been described herein in detail, it should be noted and understood that the descriptions have been provided for purposes of illustration only and that other variations both in form and detail can be made thereupon without departing from the spirit and scope of the method, system and apparatus for providing a virtual directory. The terms and expressions have been used as terms of description and not terms of limitation. There is no limitation to use the terms or expressions to exclude any equivalents of features shown and described or portions thereof and the virtual directory should be defined with the claims that follow.
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|International Classification||G06F17/30, G06F15/16|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S707/99942, Y10S707/99945, Y10S707/99943, Y10S707/99944, G06F17/30864, G06F17/30873|
|European Classification||G06F17/30W3, G06F17/30W1|
|Jul 25, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 12, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|