US RE42603 E1
This invention relates to a hub and belt assembly for driving a poultry de-feathering machine and more particularly to a multiple bearing heat dissipating hub driven by a serrated timing belt. The hub assembly incorporates seals along a drive shaft to reduce wear caused by dirt. The timing belt synchronizes multiple picking hubs and reduces the friction driving required. The combination of a heat dissipating hub and the placement of seals along the drive shaft within the hub minimize maintenance and replacement.
1. A poultry processing apparatus comprising a plurality of spaced-apart hubs in substantial alignment, each hub journaled to a drive shaft, each drive shaft having a pulley end with a pulley attached thereto, and a drive end with a finger plate having a plurality of plucking fingers, the finger plate mechanically attached to the drive end thereto;
a drive mechanism and;
a belt operatively connecting each pulley and the drive mechanism, wherein the belt is a timing belt with two sides having spaced-apart protruding serrations on each side and each pulley is provided with spaced apart recessed serrations which mate with the protruding serrations of the timing belt, and wherein the belt is alternated above and below each of the aligned pulleys; and
at least one tension idler arm.
2. The poultry processing apparatus of
3. The poultry processing apparatus of
4. The poultry processing apparatus of
5. The poultry processing apparatus of
6. The poultry processing apparatus of
7. Poultry processing apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of spaced-apart hubs in substantial alignment, each hub having: a hub plate attached at an end of each hub, each hub plate having: an insert flange, and a seal adjacent the insert flange, a drive shaft journaled to each of the hubs with at least two independent sealed bearings, each drive shaft having: a pulley end with a pulley attached thereto, and a drive end with a finger plate having a plurality of plucking fingers, the finger plate mechanically attached to the drive end;
a drive mechanism; and
a belt operatively connecting each pulley and the drive mechanism, wherein rotation of the belt about the pulleys spins the drive shaft to rotate the finger plate.
8. Poultry processing apparatus of
9. Poultry processing apparatus of
10. Poultry processing apparatus of
11. Poultry processing apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of spaced-apart hubs in substantial alignment, each of the hubs journaled to a drive shaft, each drive shaft having (a) a pulley end with a pulley attached thereto, the pulley forming spaced-apart recessions, and (b) a drive end with a finger plate having a plurality of plucking fingers, the finger plate mechanically attached to the drive end;
a drive mechanism; and
a belt forming spaced-apart protruding serrations on each side and alternating above and below each of the aligned pulleys, wherein the belt serrations engage the pulley recessions and wherein rotation of the belt spins the pulleys to rotate the drive shaft and the finger plate.
12. The poultry processing apparatus of
13. Poultry processing apparatus of
14. Poultry processing apparatus of
15. Poultry processing apparatus of
16. Poultry processing apparatus of
17. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the tension idler arm independently releases belt tension should any part of the apparatus become jammed.
18. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 8, wherein the tension arm independently releases belt tension should any part of the apparatus become jammed.
19. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the apparatus includes only a single belt operatively connecting each pulley and the drive mechanism.
20. Poultry processing apparatus as set forth in claim 11 including at least one tension idler arm.
21. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 7 wherein said belt is a single continuous belt operatively connecting each said pulley and the drive mechanism.
22. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 7, where the insert flange has an outer circumference equal to the circumference of a machine cabinet opening where the hub is to be attached.
23. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 1 wherein said hub comprises a hub plate and a hub housing.
24. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 7 wherein said hub further comprises a hub housing, where the hub housing and the hub plate are aluminum.
25. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 11 wherein said hub comprises a hub plate and a hub housing, where the hub housing and the hub plate are aluminum.
26. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 1 wherein said tension idler arm is spring loaded.
27. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 8 wherein said tension idler arm is spring loaded.
28. Poultry processing apparatus of claim 20 wherein said tension idler arm is spring loaded.
This application claims the benefit of the following provisional application: U.S. Ser. No. 60/349,526, filed Jan. 18, 2002, under 35 USC 119(e)(i).
The present invention relates to the field of poultry processing equipment, particularly rotational hub and belt assemblies for de-feathering or plucking devices.
Poultry processing industries commonly use automated lines to kill, eviscerate, pluck and further process birds. Rotational devices are generally employed to facilitate continuity of process and to minimize labor. One of the most common poultry processing machines is a plucker or de-featherer. For many years devices incorporating a number of pliable fingers have been utilized to beat and pull the feathers from bird carcasses.
In processing facilities, multiple finger-type plucking devices are used in sequence to fully pluck a carcass. Typical plucking processes incorporate opposing pairs of finger-typed pluckers which are sufficiently spaced apart to maneuver a bird carcass therebetween. Initial plucking is completed with a pair of spaced-apart finger-type pluckers having a plurality of rigid, spaced-apart fingers. Subsequent plucking of fine feathers is accomplished by passing the bird between opposed pairs of pluckers having multiple pliable fingers. Automated plucking devices are generally used to suspend and move the bird carcass along a line of opposed pairs of pluckers which depiliate the carcass of all feathers from course to fine as the carcass travels along the processing line.
Typically, the pluckers of a processing line are powered by a motor which provides rotational force to each plucker via a chain or belt drive assembly. Early assemblies utilized a single motor connected to each plucker hub. This method facilitated accurate control of individual hub speed which is necessary to mesh opposing pairs of hubs and to synchronize sequential hubs. Due to the high cost of purchasing and maintaining individual motors, eventually hubs were spaced-apart in sequence so that a single motor could be used to drive multiple pluckers. Single drive hub assemblies eliminated multiple motors but had several inherent problems.
Either a V-belt or flat belt is used to transfer the rotational force from the motor to each sequentially aligned hub. Hub drives incorporate a smooth pulley commonly used for drive belt applications. The drive belts frequently have to be adjusted to maintain the desired, and necessary pressure and friction between the belt and pulleys to drive the multiple pickers. Problems exist in that the smooth belts stretch and constant maintenance and attention is required to control the drive force. Friction from belt slippage also accelerates wear and tear on hub assemblies, belts and motors.
Efforts to remediate the stated deficiencies resulted in a drive assembly which utilized drive chains and hub sprockets rather than belts and pulleys. This improvement resulted in constant and consistent force transferal from the drive source to the hub assemblies. However, it is common that the poultry being processed, or the shackles from which bird carcasses are suspended, become entangled or otherwise disrupt the plucker assembly. When, for instance, a shackle becomes entangled in single plucker, continual force of the drive source will cause the chain to shear the sprocket of that plucker. Further, problems in the plucking process can result in the jumping, or unwanted movement of the chain in relation to the sequence of hub gear assemblies. Often, hub gears are made of hardened plastic in an effort to minimize the cost incurred by shearing of sprocket teeth. These inexpensive systems are prone to failure and require significant maintenance due, in large part, to the intrusion of dirt, feathers and fecal matter into the moving parts.
Prior to Applicant's invention, the state of the art in the industry was either the “V” or flat belt technology, or the chain and gear assembly described above. Both of these assemblies require constant maintenance and adjustment. Because of belt slippage and the friction imparted on a hub assembly by the belt, hubs wear very quickly and must be rebuilt or replaced on a regular basis. Gear and chain drives require constant maintenance and because of shackle entanglement in pluckers result in the shearing of teeth from the sprocket. Further, Applicant's invention incorporates seals adjacent each bearing which significantly limits the intrusion of foreign matter into the workings of the hub assembly. The presence of the seals, along with the configuration of pulleys and belts, limits required maintenance and component replacement.
The present invention provides a poultry processing machine, particularly a hub and belt assembly such as a feather plucking device that facilitates timed rotation of driven members while diminishing wear and breakage commonly associated with such equipment. More particularly the device is a poultry processing apparatus which comprises a hub having a flange portion, a boss portion, a pulley end and a central bore extending therethrough. A hub plate, attachable to the hub, has a flange portion and a hub plate shaft bore alignable with the central bore of the hub. A drive shaft is mounted transversely through the central bore and hub plate shaft bore; the drive shaft further is provided with a pulley end and a spaced-apart drive end. A first bearing is positioned on the drive shaft at the hub plate and a second bearing is positioned on the drive shaft at the junction of the flange portion and boss portion. A seal is preferably positioned adjacent each bearing and at the hub plate to effectively prevent foreign matter from wearing the drive shaft and bearings.
A drive belt is operatively connected to a pulley fastened to the drive shaft at the pulley end and to a spaced-apart drive source. A poultry defeathering device, such as pliable rubber fingers, is attached to the drive shaft at the drive end and rotation of the drive belt about the pulley spins the drive shaft in the first bearing, second bearing and third bearing within the hub housing thereby operatively rotating the poultry de-feathering device.
Designed primarily for ganged sets of plucking arms, the hub and belt system utilizes a heat dissipating hub housing journalled to a drive shaft, preferably with at least two independent sealed bearings, and a timing belt which allows operators to alternate time opposed pairs of plucker arms to avoid entanglement of the process poultry, hangers and the plucking heads.
The present invention provides an assembly for efficiently rotating a gang of poultry processing equipment. A preferred embodiment of a hub 101 and belt 147 assembly for rotating processing equipment is generally shown in
Referring now to
Multiple outer bearing races 129 are formed within the central bore 109, preferably at the pulley end 111 of the boss portion 107, at the hub plate 117 attachment position and adjacent the junction of the flange portion 105 and boss portion 107. A drive shaft 131 is positioned through the central bore 109 of the hub 101 and the hub plate shaft bore 119. Multiple inner bearing races 132 are provided on the drive shaft 131 coincident with the outer bearing races 129 of the central bore 109 and the hub plate shaft bore 119. Sealed bearings 135 and 137 are fitted at each inner race 132 and outer race 129 thereby fastening the drive shaft 131 axially through the central bore 109 and hub plate shaft bore 119 while allowing the drive shaft 131 to freely rotate within the hub 101. It is preferred that a first bearing 135 is positioned at the pulley end 111 of the hub housing 103, a second bearing 137 positioned substantially near the junction of the flange portion 105 and boss portion 107. Additional bearing positions may be used depending on the size and application of the hub assembly.
Hub seals 139 are positioned on the drive shaft 131 adjacent each bearing 135 and 137. It is preferred that a seal 139 is also positioned adjacent the hub plate 117 to prevent dirt and debris from invading the juncture of the drive shaft 131 and the hub plate 117. The combination of three seals 139 provides a near hermetic seal which eliminates invasion of feathers, feather parts, dirt, fecal matter and the like into the hub assembly.
The separate hub plate 117 has an insert flange 123 which has an outer circumference equal to the circumference of a machine cabinet opening 127 where the hub 101 it to be attached. This insert flange 123 provides a loose seal between the hub 101 and the machine cabinet 125 and further diminishes vibration and wear common in rotating processing equipment. The placement of a seal 139 on the drive shaft 131 at the insert flange 123 will significantly limit internal wear caused by the dust, feathers and debris inherent with the depilating process.
A pulley 141 is fastened, via a pulley attachment device 143 at a pulley end 133 of the drive shaft 131 adjacent the pulley end 111 of the hub housing 103. The pulley 141 is provided with a plurality of spaced-apart timing serrations 145. A timing belt 147, which is provided with a plurality of spaced apart serrations 149 which mate to the pulley serrations 145, connects the drive shaft 131 to a drive mechanism 151. The use of the timing belt 147 and serrated pulley 141 eliminates belt slippage common with poultry processing equipment powered with a flat or V-shaped belt. A second type of timing belt 147, as shown in
As best shown in
A finger plate bore 156 is formed in a drive end 134 of the drive shaft 131 opposite the pulley end 133. For a defeathering device, a finger plate 155 is bolted into the finger plate bore 156. The finger plate 155 can be provided with a plurality of plucking fingers, e.g., plucking finger 171, as is common in the industry.
As best shown in
The series of hub and belt assemblies preferably utilizes a timing belt having two sides, each side provided with spaced-apart protruding serrations, and wherein the belt is alternated above and below each of the aligned pulleys.
Additional variations and embodiments other than those specifically enumerated may be made to the hub and belt assembly without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosed invention. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to this disclosed embodiment, but only by the scope of the appended claims.