|Publication number||USRE42729 E1|
|Application number||US 11/895,261|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 2011|
|Filing date||Aug 23, 2007|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 2000|
|Also published as||US20110314582|
|Publication number||11895261, 895261, US RE42729 E1, US RE42729E1, US-E1-RE42729, USRE42729 E1, USRE42729E1|
|Inventors||James M. Kleinert|
|Original Assignee||Hillerich & Bradsby Co.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (124), Non-Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (1), Classifications (12), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of and claims priority to and benefit from, currently U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/001,325 filed Oct. 25, 2001 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,701,530, which is a continuation-in-part of and claims priority to and benefit from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/867,084 filed May 29, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,389,601 issued on May 21, 2002, which is a continuation of and claims priority to and benefit from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/491,742 filed Jan. 27, 2000 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,253,382 issued on Jul. 3, 2001.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to gloves for the human hand which are worn when playing sports such as baseball, softball, or working and the like. In one aspect, this invention relates to a batting glove specifically designed to improve grip, comfort, protection, and performance of a wearer. However, this invention has broader implications and may be advantageously employed in other applications requiring protection of the hands. More particularly, this invention relates to a work glove which includes padding in selected areas to provide protection of the hand during use by the wearer.
2. Description of Related Art
Glove construction for protection of the human hand is well known. In addition, there are a number of patents which teach gloves claimed to be particularly useful as batting gloves. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,175,226 teaches a dress glove construction which completely covers the fingers and which includes resiliently expandable materials in selected areas to accommodate hands of different sizes. In contrast, U.S. Pat. No. 4,561,122 teaches a protective glove which has a wrap around construction for a protective glove which leaves the thumb and fingers ends exposed. U.S. Pat. No. 5,345,609 teaches a protective glove which includes shock absorbing cells disposed at selected portions along the top of the glove. U.S. Pat. No. 5,790,980 teaches a hand glove with a polyurethane foam pad in the palm portion of the glove. Other references attempt to provide a sport glove for supporting and stabilizing the wrist and hand. Current gloves protect the bony prominence areas of the hand. Although hand protection from direct shocks and abrasions is found in gloves of the current art, what is needed is a batting glove which provides improved grip, comfort and performance by unloading bony prominences, unloading pulleys and tendons, and improving finger and knuckle motion of the hand of a wearer by providing preselected thicknesses of preselected materials specifically chosen to protect the wearer from injury from distributed shocks in hitting a ball with a bat, and the attendant risk of long-term injury to the aforementioned bones, ligaments, pulleys, tendons, etc., by repetitive swinging of bats and hitting of balls.
Also, hockey goaltender's blocker gloves for use, particularly in ice hockey and other sports which require the player to protect his arm from high flying objects, such as pucks or the like are well known. These blocker gloves are provided on the back or dorsal side of the hand with a blocker pad, usually of substantially rectangular shape which extends longitudinally of the glove covering the back of the hand as well as the forearm. These blocker pads are designed to control the reflective direction of a hockey puck which is directed towards the goal wherein the goaltender prevents the puck from entering the goal. The blocker pad generally has a thick leather skin at the facing thereof and has thereunder a plurality of layers of padding material. On the palmar side of the blocker glove is a stick glove portion designed to receive the thumb and fingers of the hand and to grip a hockey stick. However, there have been problems in the design of the palmar side of the blocker glove in providing protection against “stingers” and yet maintain flexibility of the fingers and rotational movement of the joints.
In the development of gloves, several key elements are utilized in the design. First, on the dorsal side of the glove, the motion zones are determined by the center axis of rotation of the individual thumb, finger, hand, and wrist joints. These motion zones have been applied to specific joint locations for the particular uses of a designed glove. This helps the flexibility of the glove in relationship to its use. As such, the motion zones are selected in various combinations or even individually depending on the specific task or function of the glove.
Secondly, on the palm side of the glove there are additional motion zones. Again, these motion zones, which also function to decrease glove impedance and improve the breath-ability of the glove, are located specifically in relationship to the center axis of rotation of the finger joints.
Thirdly, again on the palm side of the glove, there are specific areas of padding. The location of the padding is determined by the bone and joint anatomy of the hand, fingers, and thumb. For the hand, the palm pad is placed above the center axis of rotation of the wrist (i.e., just above or distal to the hook of the hamate) and just below the center axis of rotation of the metacarpal heads. These bony landmarks are actually quite prominent in relationship to the surface of the hand. By placing the pads between the bony prominences, these areas of the hand are unloaded. The type of pad chosen for the palm is specific to its function. Other applications require some adjustments to the pad, but the basic premise still remains to unload the bony prominences of the hand in relationship to the required object to be held.
The pads for the fingers are placed again between the bony prominences of each specific finger bone (phalanx). The individual pads of the digits are placed over the relatively flat portion of the phalanx and as such, between the joints that are present on each side of the respective phalanx. The pad does not cover the area near the center axis of rotation. Again, this unloads these bony areas and leads to more even distribution of force across the digit. In other words, decreased areas of concentrated pressure, i.e., over the bony prominences and individual phalanxes will experience less discomfort. Of course, improved comfort leads to better grip and performance of the specific task in question. The pads on the fingers are placed over the proximal and middle phalanx of each digit. Because of the relative bony and flexor tendon pulley anatomy, these regions correlate with the A2 and A4 pulleys specifically. Furthermore, this placement allows for unrestricted motion of the various finger and hand joints by precisely keeping the pads away from the center axis of rotation (for each specific joint). Depending on the use of the glove, various combinations, or even independent use of these pads could be utilized in glove construction. Additionally, the pads may have different sizes and shapes depending on the application. However, the pads would still be centered primarily between the bony prominences and away from the center axis of rotation for each joint.
The pad for the thumb is placed between the bony prominences of the first phalanx, primarily on the lateral (side) region. Again, the pad is located above the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joint of the thumb and below the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb. Other applications to this pad placement are quite numerous. Even this pad could be an application in combination with all, some, one, or none of the finger and palm pads depending on the task.
Optionally, pads may also be placed over the distal phalanx of each digit, just beyond the bony prominences. This pad would be above (distal) the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joint of the respective finger. As such, three pads could be placed over each finger depending on the use required for the glove.
The motion zone for the wrist area is also determined by the center axis of rotation of the wrist joint. This allows for essentially full motion of the wrist, while at the same time, avoiding dislodgement of the glove from the player's hand. Not all gloves require or benefit from a wrist motion zone. However, a combination of the finger, thumb, hand, and wrist motion zones determined by the joints center axis of rotation may be utilized for various glove applications.
An object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove which takes stress off of selected parts of the human hand.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove having preselected materials of construction in different areas of contact with the human hand.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove having preselected thicknesses of preselected materials of construction in different areas of contact with the human hand.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a batting glove which uses different materials to allow wrist motion, unload bony prominences, improve finger and knuckle motion, and protect the back of the hand.
Also, an object of the present invention is to provide a goaltender's blocker glove which takes stress off selected parts of the human hand when the glove is in use.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hockey goaltender's blocker glove with padding added at selected areas of the hand for protecting selected anatomical portions of the human hand and yet allow the fingers and the joints of the hand to have flexibility and mobility.
Even a further object of the present invention is to provide a work glove with padding added at selected areas of the hand for protecting selected anatomical portions of the human hand and yet allow the finger and joints of the hand to have flexibility and mobility. As used herein the word “work glove” applies to, but is not limited to, for example, gloves for gardening, automobile mechanic gloves, sports glove for use when riding bicycles, motorcycles, automobile racing and the like.
In one aspect, the present invention provides a batting glove including preselected material in preselected thicknesses to fill in the soft spots surrounding the bony prominences of the hand, to unload the pulleys and tendons, and to take stress off of selected parts of the hand. Specifically, 2-Way SPANDEX® materials are used in the wrist motion zone of the glove; thin elastic material such as LYCRA® is used in the area of the finger joints and knuckles; synthetic material such as JANEC SUPER® is used in the area of the dorsal side of the fingers; a cabretta skin protective covering is used for selected parts of the hand, rubber foam protective padding is placed at selected contact areas, and soft padding such as terry cotton is placed inside the glove in selected areas.
More particularly, the present invention provides a hockey goaltender's block glove which includes a glove segment and a blocker pad. The glove segment has a dorsal side and a palmar side with a top glove panel covering the palmar side of the human hand which includes the palm, thumb and fingers and a bottom glove panel sized to cover the back, thumb and fingers of the dorsal side of the human hand. The top and bottom panels which make up the glove segment are secured along each panel's periphery to define a glove body with an opening therein to receive a human hand. The blocker pad is provided with a front face and an opposed back wherein the dorsal side of the glove segment is attached to the blocker pad back. Particularly, the glove segment is provided with a thumb and fingers section for receiving a thumb and fingers of the human hand. Shock absorbing pads are provided to overlie selected areas defined by the location of anatomical parts of the human hand when inserted into the glove. Specifically, the shock absorbing padding, which is usually a foam rubber or another foam elastomeric material of approximately ¼″ in thickness, overlies at least the A2 pulley region of the thumb which is between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the center axis of rotation of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb. Other areas of shock absorbing padding may be added to overlie the middle phalanx of the index finger above the proximal interphalangeal joint and below the center axis of rotation of the distal interphalangeal joint, to overlie the proximal phalanx of the long finger above the metacarpalphalangeal joint and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint, as well as overlying the proximal phalanx of the ring finger and the small finger above the metacarpalphalangeal and below the center axis of rotation of the proximal interphalangeal joint. Additionally the shock absorbing padding may overlie areas of the metacarpals of the index, long, ring, and small fingers below the center axis of rotation of the metacarpalphalangeal joints.
Even more particularly, the present invention provides a work glove having a dorsal side panel and a palmar side panel wherein the dorsal side panel is sized to cover the back, thumb, and fingers of the dorsal side of a human hand and the palmar side panel is sized to cover the palmar side of the human hand, including the palm, thumb and fingers. The dorsal side panel and the palmar side panel are secured along each panel's outer periphery to define a glove body with an opening therein to receive a human hand. Particularly, the glove body is provided with a thumb and fingers section for receiving a thumb and fingers of the human hand. Shock absorbing pads are provided to overlie selected areas defined by the location of anatomical parts of the human hand when inserted into the glove. Specifically, the shock absorbing padding, which is usually a foam rubber or another foam elastomeric material of approximately ¼″ in thickness, is disposed to overlie at least the distal halves of the index finger and long finger metacarpals excluding the metacarpal joints of the index finger and the long finger. Furthermore, and preferably, a thumb ulnar protective padding is disposed along the thumb stall at a location to be along an ulnar border of the thumb proximal phalanx between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the interphalangeal joint as well as padding over the A2 pulley of the proximal phalanx between the metacarpalphalangeal joint and the interphalangeal joint.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear from the following description and appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification wherein like references designate corresponding parts into several views.
A better understanding of the invention will be had upon reference to the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views and wherein:
A. BATTING GLOVE
The thumb 64 is comprised of the distal phalanx 51, the interphalangeal joint (IP) 46, proximal phalanx 41, diaphysis of proximal phalanx 41′, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36, metacarpal 31, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 26.
The index finger 65 is comprised of the distal phalanx 60, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 56, middle phalanx 52, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 47, proximal phalanx 42, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 37, metacarpal 32, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 27.
The long finger 66 is comprised of the distal phalanx 61, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 57, middle phalanx 53, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 48, proximal phalanx 43, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 38, metacarpal 33, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 23.
The ring finger 67 is comprised of the distal phalanx 62, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 58, middle phalanx 54, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 49, proximal phalanx 44, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 39, metacarpal 34, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 24.
The small finger 68 is comprised of the distal phalanx 63, distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 59, middle phalanx 55, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 50, proximal phalanx 45, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 40, metacarpal 35, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 30.
The flexor tendons 202-208 are shown as one unit for each finger 65-68, but actually there are two flexor tendons to each unit. They are the flexor digitorum superficialis and the flexor digitorum profundus (shown as one, 202-208). These tendons 202-208 travel underneath the pulleys 230-238 and the flexor digitorum profundus tendon attaches to the distal phalanx 60-63 of each finger 65-68. The tendons 202-208 move back and forth below the pulleys 230-238, via muscles (not shown) attached to the proximal end of the tendons. This movement of the tendon 202-208 produces finger 65-68 flexion. The pulleys 230-238 prevent the flexor tendons 202-208 from bowstringing or moving away from the bone with finger 65-68 flexion. If the pulleys 230-238 are damaged and no longer function, the tendons 202-208 will bowstring with a resultant significant loss of finger motion as well as grip strength. As such, pulleys 230-238, especially the A2 pulley 232 and the A4 pulley 236, are very important and must be preserved and protected as much as possible. As shown in
The batting glove 80 has a plurality of finger elements 82, a thumb element 84, a top portion 86, and a lower portion 88 (see
An elastic band 90 is attached to the top portion 86 and to the lower portion 88. The elastic band 90 includes a securing means in the form of a hook 92 and loop 94 fastener for retention above a human wrist 12.
The top portion 86 includes elastic material 96, preferably 2-WAY SPANDEX® in the vicinity of the wrist 12 out to the vicinity of the metacarpalphalangeal joints (MCP) 37-40 of the fingers 65-68 of the hand 10. Additionally, a protective covering 98 is centrally located to cover the back side 16 of the hand 10.
The finger elements 82 each include an upper portion 83 which includes synthetic material 100 with openings formed therein to receive thin elastic material 116 attached to cover the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 47-50, and the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 56-59 of each finger 65-68.
As shown in
The thumb element 84 includes protective covering 98 which surrounds the distal phalanx 51, metacarpalphalangeal joint (MCP) 36, proximal phalanx 41, metacarpal 31, and carpometacarpal joint (CMC) 26 of the thumb 64. As shown in
Referring again to
As shown in
Referring back to
Materials used in manufacture are preselected to achieve various goals as follows:
2-Way Elastic material 96, such as, for example, 2-WAY SPANDEX® is used in motion zones of the hand 10 to allow glove 80 movement;
Thin elastic material 116, such as, for example, LYCRA® is used to cover areas on the glove 80 based on centers of axes of rotation of all joints of the fingers 65-68 and thumb 64 of the hand 10;
Protection padding 102, such as, for example, rubber foam of 1/16″ in thickness, is used to enhance a gripping surface of he fingers 65-68, specifically the regions of the A2 pulley 232 and A4 pulley 236, and in the palm 18 and first web 120 in order to reduce the most severe of shocks transmitted to the hand 10.
The disclosure given is applicable not only to batting gloves, but also to gloves intended for use in various other activities such as, for example, golf, and working in the outdoors to include gardening. Protection for the hands 10 during use in such activities is achieved by measures such as, for example, varying quantity, placement, thickness, dimensions, and elastic qualities of pads, coverings, elastic materials and openings, as appropriate.
B. BLOCKER GLOVE
The goaltender's blocker glove identified by the numeral 300 is shown in
As best shown in
C. WORK GLOVE
As best shown in
As shown in
The detailed description is given primarily for clearness of understanding and no unnecessary limitations are to be understood therefrom for modifications will become obvious to those skilled in the art upon reading this disclosure and may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and scope of the appended claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US20140026280 *||Jan 16, 2013||Jan 30, 2014||Mark Clark||Athletic glove|
|U.S. Classification||2/159, 2/16|
|International Classification||A41D19/00, A63B71/14, A41D19/015|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B2243/0004, A63B71/146, A41D19/015, A63B71/143|
|European Classification||A63B71/14G2, A41D19/015, A63B71/14G6|
|Mar 24, 2009||AS||Assignment|
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