Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSRE42807 E1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 12/727,492
Publication dateOct 4, 2011
Filing dateMar 19, 2010
Priority dateAug 3, 2001
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS6604047, US6892136, US7490005, US7890261, US20050216183, US20090326805, USRE43620
Publication number12727492, 727492, US RE42807 E1, US RE42807E1, US-E1-RE42807, USRE42807 E1, USRE42807E1
InventorsScott C Harris
Original AssigneeScott C Harris
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Non real time traffic system for a navigator
US RE42807 E1
Abstract
A system for improving the operation of a GPS based navigator. Statistical and/or time of day information is used to select the best route between a current location and a desired location. The statistical information may take into account anomalies, and a user can select the amount of risk they which take. The system can be updated with more updated information. In addition, the selection of the desired location can be carried out by downloading information from a PDA.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(20)
1. A system, comprising:
a memory, storing map information, and storing information indicative of updated actual times that were previously measured to travel different sections of roadway as of a time of an update;
a user interface, allowing entry of a destination for navigation; and
a processor, computing a path to said destination based on said actual times stored in said memory.
2. A system as in claim 1, further comprising an update part which wirelessly provides said information indicative of actual times to said memory.
3. A system as in claim 1, wherein said actual times are based on measuring times taken by other users to travel said different sections of roadway.
4. The system as in claim 3, wherein said information is based on actual movements of other users at a times near a current time.
5. A system as in claim 3, wherein said movements are based on statistical movement of other users based on statistical analysis.
6. A system as in claim 3, wherein said actual data is obtained from satellite information.
7. A system as in claim 1, further comprising a remote first unit, which is separate from, but communicable with, said processor, and which allows first, entering a destination into the first unit, after said entering said destination, wirelessly transferring information from said first unit to a second unit that includes said processor, and navigating using said second unit based on information from said first unit.
8. A method, comprising:
storing map information;
storing information indicative of updated actual times that were previously measured to travel different sections of roadway as of a current time and based on an update of said updated actual times;
entering a destination for navigation; and
computing a path to said destination based on said actual times stored in said memory.
9. A method as in claim 8, wherein said information includes actual times that are based on measuring travel times for said sections of roadway by of other users.
10. The method as in claim 8, further comprising obtaining said information by monitoring actual movements of other users at times close to a current time.
11. A method as in claim 8, further comprising obtaining said actual data from satellite information.
12. A method as in claim 8, wherein said entering a destination comprises entering the destination into a remote first unit, which is separate from, but communicable with, a second unit that carries out said computing, and after said entering said destination, wirelessly transferring information from said first unit to said second unit and navigating using said second unit based on information from said first unit.
13. A method as in claim 8, further comprising producing a special display when the navigation system has not obtained enough information to determine its current position.
14. A method, comprising:
obtaining current information about travel conditions in an area, said information including current information about multiple different travel routes;
determining a route between a starting area and an ending area using said current information about multiple travel route, thereby mapping based on actual travel route conditions, wherein said mapping determines a fastest time between said starting area and said ending area, based on actual times that other users have taken to go between points on routes.
15. A method as in claim 14, further comprising updating said actual time to obtain real time data.
16. A method, comprising:
first, entering a destination into a first unit;
after said entering said destination, transferring information from said first unit to a second unit that is capable of navigation operations; and
navigating using said second unit based on information from said first unit;
wherein said first unit and said second unit are completely separate units which communicate wirelessly with one another.
17. A method as in claim 16, wherein said wireless connection is an infrared connection.
18. A method as in claim 16, wherein said first unit is a PDA, and said second unit is a GPS navigator.
19. A method, comprising:
using a navigation system which wirelessly obtains information indicative of its position; and
producing a special display when the system has not obtained enough information to determine its current position.
20. A device as in claim 19 wherein said producing comprises producing a first color to indicate confidence in said information, and a color to indicate lack of confidence in said information.
Description
CROSS RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/455,866, filed Jun. 6, 2003, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,892,136 issued May 10, 2005, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/682,200 filed Aug. 3, 2001 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,604,047 issued Aug. 5, 2003.

BACKGROUND

Various systems, including but not limited to the Magellan 750 (“NeverLost(™)”) device automatically track the user's whereabouts and instructs the user on the best way to get from point A to point B. For example, systems such as this may find the user's current position using satellite positioning systems such as the GPS constellation array. The user may enter a desired location. The program includes map data which includes a time that it will take, on average, to traverse a given stretch of roadway. This data may be acquired by simply dividing the speed limit by the length of the roadway. The system carries out a program to determine a most efficient way for the user to get to his desired location.

This system may operate admirably, and almost always results in the user getting to their desired location. However, the selection of routes does not take into account the real situation. For example, the user who knows an area will often select a better route than the computer will select.

SUMMARY

The present application teaches an improvement to existing navigator systems which enables improvements and new techniques in selection of routes.

In one aspect, the present application teaches use of statistical data in selecting the proper route.

In another aspect, the system may use real-time information.

An interface with the information stored in a PDA is disclosed.

Another aspect teaches a way in which the route may be calculated to allow the user to start in the proper direction.

Yet another aspect teaches a way of using the system to determine a location in for the user to obtain some desired product or service.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other aspects will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of the system;

FIG. 2 shows a flowchart of finding traffic information;

FIG. 3 shows a flowchart of route finding operations; and.

FIG. 4 shows a flowchart of finding points of interest.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

A block diagram of the system is shown in FIG. 1. A GPS receiver 100 is shown connected to an appropriate GPS antenna 102 to track the location of the installed device 99. This location may be in a vehicle, for example. A processor 110 is connected to the GPS receiver and may control the operation of the GPS receiver and also receive incoming information therefrom. The processor is connected to a memory 130 which is shown herein as a static memory. In current technology, this may be a hard drive, but could alternatively be flash memory or another kind of read/write memory. The memory is connected to an update module 140. As shown, the update module may have a connection to a network line 150 which may be a telephone, an thernet connection, or any other kind of connection to any source of information. The update module may also include a connector 152 allowing connection of a portable memory shown as 153. The portable memory, for example, may be camera type memory, such as flash memory, S.D. memory, or a memory stick. The memory is used for updating information, as described herein.

A user interface 120 is connected to the processor, and provides information to a user, as well as accepting input from a user. The input may be provided from the user in a conventional way, such as on a miniaturized keyboard or trackwheel. An alternative data information is via a PDA interface assembly shown as 122. This may enable a user to enter information about their desired route or destination into PDA 123. Downloading of such desired routes are already available on certain Web sites such as HTTP:\\www.MapQuest.com.

Alternatively, the PDA often stores addresses indicating the addresses of the user's contacts. The address from the PDA may be also transferred to the PDA interface device 122. The PDA interface device may be for example an infrared port, for those PDAs which have infrared capability. For example, on Palm operating system devices, the user of the PDA can select the option to “beam address”. The Palm unit will then beam the address to the interface device 122 which receives and decode to the beamed address, and uses that as the desired location. Alternatively, the interface device may be a connection to the serial, parallel or USB port on the PDA.

The user interface also includes a keyboard as described above and a display. Additional functions may be provided. One such function is the indicator 124, which may indicate, for example, the likelihood that the device is actually tracking the proper location of the installed device 99. Many times, the GPS receiver has not adequately acquired sufficient data to be sure that it knows its proper location. When that happens, the GPS receiver may return its best guess information, but might not be very sure or of that information. Accordingly, the indicator 124 may be a bicolor LED which may be green to indicate that the GPS receiver is highly confident in its current location. It may be red to indicate that the confidence level in the current location is low. Another indicator at 126 is a speed limit warning. The map data stored in the static memory 130 often includes the road's speed limits. As part of the synchronization via the GPS receiver, the system automatically acquires the speed of the vehicle. The indicator 126 may be a settable indicator that indicates when the user, for example, is going 10 mph above the speed limit.

The static memory 130 stores information about maps and routes within those maps. In order to make a decision about the best route to take, the static memory often needs information about how long it will take to get from one point in the map to another. The routines of FIG. 2 may be used according to this embodiment to get this information. Certain existing satellite systems, such as the etak system, provide traffic reports that indicate to user the current status of current traffic. The main problem with this system, however, is that the traffic report is current as of the time it is given, not when the user actually arrives there. Many users lose confidence in such traffic reports because by the time they arrive at the scene, the traffic may be changed. In addition, the infrastructure necessary to provide such real-time information may be extremely costly.

The present application teaches a system which may improve the ability to find the best route, but does so using a statistical technique. According to the present system, information about real progress through certain roots is accumulated. This data is accumulated as a function of time of day. The information is used to form statistical data. The statistical data may include, for example, the percent of anomalies. One example is anomalies caused by special events. Roadways which pass close to situses of events may often have high traffic at the time of the event. By noting the number of times that anomalies occur, the “expected value” of the time of a trip may be lowered.

A route may be selected based on different parameters. For example, the route may be selected for the one which is most consistently clear. Anomalies may be taken into account when calculating the route, but the user may choose to take a chance that any route will still be the best. All of this is at the user's discretion, but allows the system to have more accurate data based on statistical analysis.

The date acquisition routine is shown in FIG. 2. The heart of the data acquisition routine is 200 which acquires real data from real movements. This may be carried out via monitoring satellite photos, for example, to find different movements of different vehicles. Since satellite photos are often taken at separated times, these movements may be used to find the average time to traverse a given stretch of roadway. Another technique, which is disclosed herein, is made possible by the fact that the unit 110 actually tracks users movements. Accordingly, the second alternative is to monitor movements within the installed vehicle 99, and later obtain information from many different users as part of the update routine.

In this contemplated that certain users will not want their movements to be monitored, for example based on privacy concerns. This system will therefore provide the user with the capability of making their movements private. However, a certain advantage may be offered to those users who allow data about to their movements to be uploaded as part of the update routine. Note that the data can be anonymous data, i.e. it can be uploaded without any indication of its origin. As an example of the advantage provided to those users who allow the data to be uploaded,a user may receive a discount on updates if they allow their data to be uploaded as part of the process.

At 210, the real-time data is used to find the various information about the different roadways. As a function of time of day, this system may find the fastest time, slowest time, average time, as well as higher order statistics about these times. These higher order statistics may include mean and standard deviation. Another parameter which may be used includes likelihood of anomalies: indicating a percentage of the time that the actual time to traverse is significantly different then the average time to traverse. All of this information is accumulated into a form associated with the stretch of roadway and will be stored in the static memory 130. The storage of the data is shown occurring at 220.

This information may change over time, and therefore frequent updates may make the system more accurate. These updates may also include additional map information. The updates may be provided in any desired form via the update module 140. The manufacturer or map issuer may charge for those updates as described above. The actual operation of the system uses the flowchart shown in FIG. 3. At 300, the user is allowed to select between a number of different operations, including requesting a mapping to a location at 305. An alternative allows the user to look for “points of interest” which is described in the flowchart of FIG. 4.

After requesting a current location, the user is presented with a number of options at 310. These may include conventional options such as shortest time, shortest distance, and least use of freeways. In addition, some enhanced options are shown as being provided. A new option includes fastest usual, which will set the route based on the fastest route which would be usual over all times. Another new option is time of day fastest, which selects the fastest route for the current time of day. This may divide the time of day generally into morning rush, evening rush, afternoon, and non Roche. Alternatively, the slices may be the sliced thinner, e.g. in one hour increments. Another new option is most reliable fastest, meaning the route that is most reliable to get one to the destination in the shortest time.

After selecting the option at 310, the system initially, at 315, selects a swath 316 around the current location 312 and the destination 314. This area 316 may be the area within which the route will be selected. At 320, the system first routes a first portion of the route, which begins at 312, and moves the user in the proper direction towards the destination. Users often do not want to wait while the system calculates the entire route from their current location to their destination. Such calculation may take minutes, and users will often not wait those minutes. This system therefore selects a relatively small part of the route e.g. the route for the next five minutes. This portion is initially calculated at 320, following by the system beginning the process of directing the user at 325. This may point the user in the right direction, while the remainder of the route is calculated at 330. After 330, the system continues the tracking and monitoring operation. This is generically shown as 335.

FIG. 4 shows the points of interest setting. In conventional GPS units, the points of interest setting enables the user to find items close to them such as parks, restaurants, service stations. If the user is in an unfamiliar location, this may be very helpful. However, the device provides no information about which of many places to select other than name and distance/time to travel.

The present application recognizes that more frequent access usually indicates that the point of interest may be interesting. Accordingly, at 400, a new setting is provided indicating the point of interest within a specified type that is “most popular”. This may indicate a point of interest that is most popular within a five-minute drive or the like. Again, this is based on monitoring other users movements, and may be used as part of an update routine.

Another aspect recognizes that many people are driven by specials such as coupons. In this embodiment, an option may provide coupons from certain points of interest. A coupon code may be provided by the processor based on information obtained during an update. For example, the coupon may be a six digit alphanumeric code that meets a specified checksum and provides a specified amount of discount at the specified location. The coupon information obtained during the update may have an expiration date, and may have a number of times that the coupon can be used.

Although only a few embodiments have been disclosed in detail above, other modifications are possible. All such modifications are intended to be encompassed within the following claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3980041Oct 22, 1974Sep 14, 1976Robert Burns EvansSpeedometer with speed warning indicator and method of providing the same
US4229727Apr 23, 1979Oct 21, 1980Robert GilhooleyVehicle speed alarm
US4608551Jul 3, 1984Aug 26, 1986Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Speed alarm system for automotive vehicle
US4731613Dec 4, 1985Mar 15, 1988Nissan Motor Company, LimitedPositioning system for a vehicle
US4882689Feb 9, 1988Nov 21, 1989Yazaki CorporationNavigation system using angular rate sensor
US4964052Oct 27, 1988Oct 16, 1990Nec Home Electronics Ltd.Navigation device for use in a vehicle
US5087919Jul 6, 1990Feb 11, 1992Pioneer Electronic CorporationOn-board navigation apparatus
US5146219Jan 3, 1991Sep 8, 1992Robert Bosch GmbhDevice for the output of safety-related road information in locating and navigating systems of land vehicles
US5179519Jan 24, 1991Jan 12, 1993Pioneer Electronic CorporationNavigation system for vehicle
US5202829Jun 10, 1991Apr 13, 1993Trimble Navigation LimitedExploration system and method for high-accuracy and high-confidence level relative position and velocity determinations
US5265468Feb 27, 1992Nov 30, 1993Wabco Standard GmbhError detection and display system
US5293318Jul 7, 1992Mar 8, 1994Pioneer Electronic CorporationNavigation system
US5311173Aug 28, 1991May 10, 1994Hitachi, Ltd.Navigation system and method using map data
US5367306Jun 4, 1993Nov 22, 1994Hollon Blake DMethod for locating an aircraft
US5416712May 28, 1993May 16, 1995Trimble Navigation LimitedPosition and velocity estimation system for adaptive weighting of GPS and dead-reckoning information
US5483456Nov 2, 1993Jan 9, 1996Pioneer Electronic CorporationNavigation system and a method of calculating GPS measuring deviation
US5485161Nov 21, 1994Jan 16, 1996Trimble Navigation LimitedVehicle speed control based on GPS/MAP matching of posted speeds
US5485381Feb 4, 1993Jan 16, 1996Robert Bosch GmbhNavigation system for land vehicles
US5523765Jun 9, 1994Jun 4, 1996Alpine Electronics, Inc.Method and apparatus for detecting vehicle location for a vehicle navigation system
US5554970Jul 24, 1995Sep 10, 1996Mottahedeh; HaghnazarSpeed alarm system for an automobile
US5596500Dec 23, 1994Jan 21, 1997Trimble Navigation LimitedMap reading system for indicating a user's position on a published map with a global position system receiver and a database
US5623414Jan 24, 1995Apr 22, 1997Massachusetts Inst TechnologyClock-aided satellite navigation receiver system for enhanced position estimation and integrity monitoring
US5659920Mar 11, 1996Aug 26, 1997Black & Decker Inc.Blower vacuum device of improved design
US5752219Jan 21, 1997May 12, 1998Pioneer Electronic CorporationNavigation apparatus for vehicles
US5774828 *Apr 21, 1997Jun 30, 1998Delco Electronics CorporationMapless GPS navigation system with user modifiable data base
US5790974 *Apr 29, 1996Aug 4, 1998Sun Microsystems, Inc.Portable calendaring device having perceptual agent managing calendar entries
US5808565Mar 21, 1997Sep 15, 1998E-Systems, Inc.GPS triggered automatic annunciator for vehicles
US5862511Dec 28, 1995Jan 19, 1999Magellan Dis, Inc.Vehicle navigation system and method
US5890092Jan 13, 1998Mar 30, 1999Aisin Aw Co., Ltd.Navigation system for vehicles including present position calculating means
US5902351Aug 24, 1995May 11, 1999The Penn State Research FoundationApparatus and method for tracking a vehicle
US5909440 *Dec 16, 1996Jun 1, 1999Juniper NetworksHigh speed variable length best match look-up in a switching device
US5910789Dec 20, 1995Jun 8, 1999Geco A.S.Method for integrity monitoring in position determination
US5938719Oct 22, 1996Aug 17, 1999Pioneer Electronic CorporationNavigation apparatus with enhanced positional display function
US5941934Jun 7, 1996Aug 24, 1999Xanavi Informatics CorporationCurrent position calculating device
US5948043Nov 8, 1996Sep 7, 1999Etak, Inc.Navigation system using GPS data
US5952941Feb 20, 1998Sep 14, 1999I0 Limited Partnership, L.L.P.For monitoring and detecting traffic violations
US5977884Jul 1, 1998Nov 2, 1999Ultradata Systems, Inc.Radar detector responsive to vehicle speed
US5999126Jul 21, 1997Dec 7, 1999Sony CorporationPosition measuring apparatus, position measuring method, navigation apparatus, navigation method, information service method, automotive vehicle, and audio information transmitting and receiving method
US5999892 *May 5, 1997Dec 7, 1999Fan; Rodric C.Method for providing an instant distance measurement on a map
US6037861Jul 21, 1998Mar 14, 2000Ying; Gary Ka-CheinAutomobile overspeed warning system
US6037862Mar 25, 1999Mar 14, 2000Ying; Gary Ka-CheinAutomobile overspeed warning system
US6043777Jun 10, 1997Mar 28, 2000Raytheon Aircraft CompanyMethod and apparatus for global positioning system based cooperative location system
US6073062May 23, 1996Jun 6, 2000Fujitsu LimitedMobile terminal and moving body operation management system
US6144338Mar 17, 1998Nov 7, 2000Prc Public Sector. Inc.Predictive drop and load algorithm for an object-based geographical information system
US6175806Jul 16, 1993Jan 16, 2001Caterpillar Inc.Method and apparatus for detecting cycle slips in navigation signals received at a receiver from a satellite-based navigation system
US6199009 *Nov 26, 1997Mar 6, 2001Mannesmann Sachs AgComputer-controlled navigation process for a vehicle equipped with a terminal, terminal and traffic information center
US6208934 *Jan 19, 1999Mar 27, 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Method and system for providing walking instructions with route guidance in a navigation program
US6246948Dec 10, 1998Jun 12, 2001Ericsson Inc.Wireless intelligent vehicle speed control or monitoring system and method
US6265989Jun 17, 2000Jul 24, 2001Richard TaylorGPS enabled speeding detector
US6282464 *Jan 5, 1998Aug 28, 2001American Calcar Inc.Technique for effectively providing audio information in a vehicle
US6310544Oct 7, 1999Oct 30, 2001Marc S. CohenSelf-contained add-on accessory for an analog metering device such as a speedometer or tachometer
US6317689Feb 9, 2000Nov 13, 2001Garmin CorporationMethod and device for displaying animated navigation information
US6321158Aug 31, 1998Nov 20, 2001Delorme Publishing CompanyIntegrated routing/mapping information
US6326613Nov 4, 1999Dec 4, 2001Donnelly CorporationVehicle interior mirror assembly adapted for containing a rain sensor
US6334090Aug 22, 2000Dec 25, 2001Nec CorporationGPS terminal, position measuring system, and map display method using the same
US6336072 *Sep 9, 1999Jan 1, 2002Fujitsu LimitedApparatus and method for presenting navigation information based on instructions described in a script
US6366242Jul 27, 2000Apr 2, 2002Wherenet CorporationComputer workstation tool for displaying performance estimate of tagged object geo-location system for proposed geometry layout of tag transmission readers
US6366856Nov 21, 2000Apr 2, 2002Qualcomm IncorporatedMethod and apparatus for orienting a map display in a mobile or portable device
US6381540Sep 14, 2001Apr 30, 2002Garmin CorporationGPS device with compass and altimeter and method for displaying navigation information
US6429808Jan 10, 2000Aug 6, 2002Motorola, Inc.Method and apparatus for assisted GPS integrity maintenance
US6430505Aug 10, 2000Aug 6, 2002Trimble Navigation LimitedAutomatic charting of obstructions for mission planning
US6462675Oct 13, 2000Oct 8, 2002International Business Machines CorporationMethod, system, and program for auditing driver compliance to a current speed limit
US6466846Feb 21, 2001Oct 15, 2002United Parcel Service Of America, Inc.Method, apparatus, system, and computer software program product for determining position integrity in a system having a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) component
US6496709Mar 2, 2001Dec 17, 2002Motorola, Inc.Apparatus and method for speed sensitive operation in a wireless communication device
US6515596Mar 8, 2001Feb 4, 2003International Business Machines CorporationSpeed limit display in a vehicle
US6526336Feb 1, 2001Feb 25, 2003Invacare Corp.System and method for steering a multi-wheel drive vehicle
US6529827Nov 1, 1999Mar 4, 2003Garmin CorporationGPS device with compass and altimeter and method for displaying navigation information
US6556905Aug 31, 2000Apr 29, 2003Lisa M. MittelsteadtVehicle supervision and monitoring
US6604047 *Aug 3, 2001Aug 5, 2003Scott C. HarrisNon real time traffic system for a navigator
US6633811Oct 19, 2000Oct 14, 2003Robert Bosch GmbhMethod of automatically adjusting a vehicle speed display according to vehicle location
EP0522860B1Jul 9, 1992Jun 12, 1996Pioneer Electronic CorporationGPS navigation system using PDOP accuracy evaluation
GB2355877A Title not available
JPH0868642A Title not available
JPH07280931A Title not available
JPH08304091A Title not available
WO2001098794A2Jun 14, 2001Dec 27, 2001Taylor RichardGps enabled speeding detector
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1"Speed alarm" Car TalkTalk Discussion Thread, http://action.publicbroadcasting.net/cartalk/posts/list/951412.page Ending Apr. 9, 2008.
21999 Acura TL Navigation System Manual, Honda Motor Company, Ltd., Acura TL Navigation System (1998).
31999 Acura TL, 1999 Acura TL Navigation System, Honda Motor Company, Ltd., Aug. 4, 1998.
42000 I30/Q45 Infiniti User Manual, Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., 2000 I30/Q45 Infiniti Navigation System User Manual (2000).
52000 I30/Q45 Infiniti, 2000 I30/Q45 Infiniti Navigation System, Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., 2000.
6Apollo 360 GPS Receiver Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0161-00 Rev. A, © 1996.
7Apollo 360 GPS STC SA00146SE, Part No. 560-0916-00 Rev. a, Jun. 15, 1995.
8Apollo 360 Map Display Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0163-00, © 1996.
9Apollo 360 Map Display User's Guide, Part No. 561-1119-00, © 1996.
10Apollo 360 User's Guide, II Morrow, Inc., Apollo 360 GPS Receiver User's Guide (1994-1997).
11Apollo 360, Apollo 360 GPS Receiver, II Morrow, Inc., 1994.
12Apollo 600 Operating Handbook, II Morrow, Inc., Apollo 618 With Airspace Alert Pilot's Operating Handbook (1991).
13Apollo 600 Series, Apollo 600 Series, II Morrow, Inc., 1988-1991.
14Apollo 604 Quick Reference Guide Version 2.0, Part No. 561-0061B Rev. 4, © 1989.
15Apollo 800 Flybuddy Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0060A.
16Apollo 800 Operating Manual, II Morrow, Inc., Apollo 800 Flybuddy Pilot's Operating Manual (1990-1991).
17Apollo 800, Apollo 800 Flybuddy, II Morrow, Inc., 1990.
18Apollo 820 Flybuddy GPS Pilot's Operating Manual, Part No. 560-0067 Rev. 0, © 1991.
19Apollo 820 Flybuddy GPS Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0070.
20Apollo 900 User's Guide, II Morrow, Inc., Handheld GPS Receiver User's Guide 560-0101-04 (1993-1994).
21Apollo 900, Apollo 900 Handheld GPS Receiver, II Morrow, Inc., 1993.
22Apollo 920 GPS Quick Start Guide, © 1994.
23Apollo AL50 GPS Receiver and SL60 GPS Receiver/VHF Comm User's Guide, Part No. 560-0955-01 Rev. C © 2003.
24Apollo GX User's Guide Models 50, 55, 60, 65, Part No. 560-0961-03b, © 2003.
25Apollo GX50 Dealer/Customer Training Package, © 1998.
26Apollo GX50 Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0238-02, © 2001.
27Apollo I Loran C Navigation Receiver Model 602, Part No. 561-0012.
28Apollo II Model 612B Pilot's Operating Handbook, Part No. 560-0061D Rev. 4, 1987.
29Apollo II Models 612, 614P, 614R Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0017B, 1986.
30Apollo Loran C Receiver Model 604 Pilot's Operating Handbook, Part No. 560-0038D Rev. 4, 1989.
31Apollo Loran C Receiver Operation Manual, Part No. 560-0010, © 1983.
32Apollo NMC 2001/2101 Approach Checklist, Part No. 561-1039-00, Apr. 1996.
33Apollo NMC Operating Manual, II Morrow, Inc. / UPS Aviation Technologies, Inc., Apollo NMC Navigation Management Computer Operating Manual (1999).
34Apollo NMC, Apollo Navigation Management Computer, II Morrow, Inc. / UPS Aviation Technologies, Inc., 1999.
35Apollo NMS 2001/2101 Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0228-00, © 1996.
36Apollo Precedus Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 560-0115-01, © 1995.
37Apollo Precedus User's Guide, II Morrow, Inc., Apollo Precedus User's Guide (1997).
38Apollo Precedus, Apollo Precedus, II Morrow, Inc., 1997.
39Apollo SL10 Audio Selector Panel User's Guide UPS Aviation Technologies, Part No. 560-0973-00a, © 2001.
40Apollo SL15 Series Audio Selector Panel Operation Manual UPS Aviation Technologies, Part No. 560-0975-03 © 2001.
41Clarke, John "A Speed Alarm for Cars", http://www.siliconchip.com.au/cms/A-103208/article.html, Nov. 10, 1999.
42Clarke, John "A Speed Alarm for Cars", http://www.siliconchip.com.au/cms/A—103208/article.html, Nov. 10, 1999.
43Court Papers from case No. 08CV-05061 .
44Datus PNA Owner's Manual, Datus, Inc., Datus PNA Owner's Manual (2000).
45Datus PNA, Datus PNA, Datus, Inc., 1999.
46Gamin Nuvi 885 with MSN Direct Quick Start Manual, Part No. 190-01047-02 Rev. A, © 2008.
47Garmin AT, Inc. 14 CFR Part 26 FCAS List, Document No. PD1669 Rev. 1, Nov. 3, 2008.
48Garmin Declaration of Conformity for Electro Magnetic Conformity, Nov. 10, 2003.
49Garmin DGPS 53 Integrated GPS/DGPS Receiver Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00194-00 Rev. A, © 2000.
50Garmin Edge 605/705 GPS-Enabled Bike Computer Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00813-00 Rev. C © 2008.
51Garmin Edge 605/705 GPS-Enabled Bike Computer Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00813-00 Rev. D, © 2009.
52Garmin Edge 605/705 GPS-Enabled Bike Computer Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00813-01 Rev. D © 2009.
53Garmin eMap eMap, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
54Garmin eMap Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, Gamin eMap Electronic Map Owner's Manual and Reference Guide (1999-2001).
55Garmin eTrex Summit Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00193-00 Rev. D © 2001.
56Garmin eTrex Venture Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00203-00 Rev. D © 2002.
57Garmin Fishfinder 100 Blue Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00198-00 Rev. A, © 2001.
58Garmin Fishfinder 100 Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00173-00 Rev. A, © 1999.
59Garmin Fishfinder 160 Blue Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00199-00 Rev. B, 0 2001.
60Garmin Fishfinder 160 Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00154-10 Rev. A, © 1999.
61Garmin Fishfinder 240 Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00155-10 Rev. A, © 2000.
62Garmin Flush Mount Template, Part No. 190-00183-01 Rev. A.
63Garmin GA 26C Remote GPS Antenna Installation Instructions, Part No. 190-00082-00 Rev. C, © 2000.
64Garmin GBR 23 Beacon Receiver Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00195-00 Rev. A © 2000.
65Garmin GMA 340 Audio Panel Pilot's Guide, Part No. 190-00149-10 Rev. C, © 2001.
66Garmin GNC 250 Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GNC 250 Pilot's Guide (1995).
67Garmin GNC 250 Pilot's Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00067-51 Rev. A, © 1995.
68Garmin GNC 250 XL Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GNC 250 XL Pilot's Guide and Reference (1997).
69Garmin GNC 250 XL, GNC 250 XL, Garmin Corporation, 1997.
70Garmin GNC 250, GNC 250, Garmin Corporation, 1995.
71Garmin GNC 300 Installation Manual, Part No. 190-00067-02 Rev. J, © 1998.
72Garmin GNC 300 Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GNC 300 Pilot's Guide and Reference Manual (1996).
73Garmin GNC 300 XL Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GNC 300 XL Pilot's Guide and Reference (1999).
74Garmin GNC 300 XL, GNC 300 XL, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
75Garmin GNC 300, GNC 300, Garmin Corporation, 1996.
76Garmin GPS 100 Aviation Kit Installation Manual, Part No. 190-00004-00 Rev. G, © 1992.
77Garmin GPS 100 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00001-00 Rev. A, © 1992.
78Garmin GPS 100, GPS 100 Personal Navigator, Garmin International, Inc., 1992.
79Garmin GPS 100AVD Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 100AVD Personal Navigator Owner's Manual (1992).
80Garmin GPS 12 Map Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, GPS 12 Map Owner's Manual and Reference Guide (1999-2000).
81Garmin GPS 12 Map, GPS 12 Map, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
82Garmin GPS 12 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00143-10 Rev. B, © 1999.
83Garmin GPS 12, 12XL, 48, 80 Addendum, Part No. 190-00239-00 Rev. A, © 2001.
84Garmin GPS 120 User's Guide Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00100-00 Rev. A, © 1995.
85Garmin GPS 120XL Marine Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00136-00 Rev. B, © 1997.
86Garmin GPS 125 Sounder Marine Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00111-00 Rev. B © 1997.
87Garmin GPS 126/126 Marine Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00151-00 Rev. A © 1997.
88Garmin GPS 12CX Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00160-00 Rev. B, © 1999.
89Garmin GPS 12XL Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00134-00 Rev. C, © 1997.
90Garmin GPS 12XL Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00134-10 Rev. A, © 1998.
91Garmin GPS 150 Installation Manual, Part No. 190-00026-00 Rev. Q, © 1998.
92Garmin GPS 150 Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPS 150 Pilot's Guide Owner's Manual and Reference (1997).
93Garmin GPS 150 XL Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPS 150 XL Pilot's Guide Owner's Manual and Reference (1997).
94Garmin GPS 150 XL, GPS 150 XL, Garmin Corporation, 1997.
95Garmin GPS 150, GPS 150, Garmin Corporation, 1997.
96Garmin GPS 155/165 Pilot's Guide Addendum, Part No. 190-00065-10 Rev. B, © 1998.
97Garmin GPS 155TSO Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPS 155TSO Pilot's Guide Owner's Manual and Reference (1995).
98Garmin GPS 155TSO, GPS 155TSO, Garmin Corporation, 1995.
99Garmin GPS 155XL Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPS 155XL Pilot's Guide and Reference (1999).
100Garmin GPS 155XL, GPS 155XL, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
101Garmin GPS 16 GPS Receiver/Antenna Quick Start Guide, Part No. 190-00228-11 Rev. B, © 2001.
102Garmin GPS 165TSO Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPS 165TSO Pilot's Guide and Reference (1995).
103Garmin GPS 165TSO, GPS 165TSO, Garmin Corporation, 1995.
104Garmin GPS 25 LP Series GPS Sensor Boards GPS25-LVC, GPS25-LVS, GPS25-HVS Technical Specification Part No. 190-00125-00 Rev. G, © 2000.
105Garmin GPS 31/31 SL TracPak Technical Information, Part No. 190-00103-00 Rev. C, © 1996.
106Garmin GPS 35 LP TracPak GPS Smart Antenna Technical Specification Models: GPS35-LVC, GPS35-LVS, GPS35-HVS, Part No. 190-00148-00 Rev. E, © 2000.
107Garmin GPS 35 PC Quick Start Guide, Part No. 190-00115-00 Rev. B, © 1999.
108Garmin GPS 35 USB Installation and Quick Start Guide, Part No. 190-00245-00 Rev. A, © 2001.
109Garmin GPS 35/36 TracPak GPS Smart Antenna Technical Specification, Part No. 190-00104-00 Rev. D © 1999.
110Garmin GPS 38 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00112-00 Rev. B © 1997.
111Garmin GPS 40 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00063-00 Rev. B © 1994.
112Garmin GPS 45 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00070-00 Rev. B © 1994.
113Garmin GPS 45XL Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00123-00 Rev. C © 1996.
114Garmin GPS 48 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00141-00 Rev. B © 1999.
115Garmin GPS 50 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00015-01 Rev. B, © 1992.
116Garmin GPS 55AVD Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 55AVD Personal Navigator Owner's Manual (1992).
117Garmin GPS 55AVD, GPS 55AVD, Garmin International, Inc., 1992.
118Garmin GPS 65 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00038-00 Rev. G, © 1993.
119Garmin GPS 75 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00046-00 Rev. D, © 1993.
120Garmin GPS 76 Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00229-00 Rev. B, © 2001.
121Garmin GPS 89 Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 89 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference (1996).
122Garmin GPS 89, GPS 89, Gamin International, Inc., 1996.
123Garmin GPS 90 Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 90 Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference (1995).
124Garmin GPS 90, GPS 90, Garmin International, Inc., 1995.
125Garmin GPS 92 Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, GPS 92 Owner's Manual and Reference (1998).
126Garmin GPS 92, GPS 92, Garmin Corporation, 1998.
127Garmin GPS 95 STD Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 95 STD Personal Navigator Owner's Manual (1993).
128Garmin GPS 95 STD, GPS 95 STD, Garmin International, Inc., 1993.
129Garmin GPS 95 XL Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 95 XL Personal Navigator Owner's Manual (1994).
130Garmin GPS 95 XL, GPS 95 XL, Garmin International, Inc., 1994.
131Garmin GPS 95AVD Owner's Manual, Garmin International, Inc., GPS 95AVD Personal Navigator Owner's Manual (1993).
132Garmin GPS 95AVD, GPS 95AVD, Garmin International, Inc., 1993.
133Garmin GPS II Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00118-00 Rev. A, © 1996.
134Garmin GPS II Plus Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00130-00 Rev. A,© 1997.
135Garmin GPS II Plus Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00130-10 Rev. A,© 1998.
136Garmin GPS II Plus Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00130-01 Rev. A, © 1998.
137Garmin GPS III Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, GPS III Pilot Owner's Manual and Reference (1999).
138Garmin GPS III Pilot, GPS III Pilot, Garmin Corporation, 1997.
139Garmin GPS III Plus Features Addendum, Part No. 190-00162-02 Rev. A, © 1999.
140Garmin GPS III Plus Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, GPS III Plus Owner's Manual and Reference (1997).
141Garmin GPS III Plus, GPS III Plus, Garmin Corporation, 1997.
142Garmin GPS III, GPS III Garmin Corporation, 1997.
143Garmin GPS V Personal Navigator Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00204-10 Rev. C © 2003.
144Garmin GPSCOM 170 Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00093-00 Rev. D, © 1997.
145Garmin GPSCOM 190 Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, GPSCOM 190 Owner's Manual and Reference (1996).
146Garmin GPSCOM 190, GSPCOM 190, Garmin Corporation, 1996.
147Garmin GPSMap 130 Owners Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00106-00 Rev. B, © 1996.
148Garmin GPSMap 135 Sounder Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00107-00 Rev. C, © 1997.
149Garmin GPSMap 162 Chartplotting Receiver Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00169-00 Rev. C, © 2001.
150Garmin GPSMap 175 Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00096-00 Rev. A, © 1996.
151Garmin GPSMap 185 Sounder Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00158-10 Rev. A, © 1999.
152Garmin GPSMAP 195 Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, GPSMAP 195 Pilot's Guide and Reference (1996-1999).
153Garmin GPSMAP 195, GPSMAP 195, Garmin Corporation, 1996.
154Garmin GPSMap 200 Integrated GPS Navigator Users Manual, Part No. 190-00052-00 Rev. D, © 1993.
155Garmin GPSMap 205/210/220 Owners Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00061-00 Rev. B, © 1994.
156Garmin GPSMap 215/225 Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00061-20 Rev. B, © 2000.
157Garmin GPSMap 235 Sounder Owner's Manual and Reference, Part No. 190-00138-10 Rev. B, © 1999.
158Garmin GPSMap 295 Pilot's Guide and Reference, Part No. 190-00174-00 Rev. C, © 2002.
159Garmin GPSMap 295 Quick Start Guide, Part No. 190-00174-01 Rev. B, © 2000.
160Garmin GTX 320 Transponder Pilot's Guide, Part No. 190-00133-00 Rev. A, © 1997.
161Garmin GTX 320A Mode A/C Transponder Pilot's Guide, Part No. 190-00133-09 Rev. A, © 2000.
162Garmin Introduction to Geocaching, Part No. 190-00252-00 Rev. A, © 2001.
163Garmin Loran TD Position Format Handbook, Part No. 190-00190-00 Rev. A, © 1999.
164Garmin NavTalk Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, Garmin NavTalk Cellular Phone / GPS Receiver Owner's Manual and Reference Guide (1999).
165Garmin NavTalk Pilot Pilot's Guide, Garmin Corporation, NavTalk Pilot Pilot's Guide and Reference (2000).
166Garmin NavTalk Pilot, NavTalk Pilot, Garmin Corporation, 2000.
167Garmin NavTalk, NavTalk, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
168Garmin Nuvi 800 Series Personal Travel Assistant Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00847-00 Rev. B, © 2008.
169Garmin Nuvi 800 Series Personal Travel Assistant Quick Start Manual, Part No. 190-00847-01 Rev. C, © 2008.
170Garmin Nuvi 805 Series Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-01047-00 Rev. A, © 2008.
171Garmin Nuvi 805 Series Quick Start Manual, Part No. 190-01047-01 Rev. A, © 2008.
172Garmin Nuvi 880 Personal Travel Assistant with MSN Direct Quick Start Manual, Part No. 190-00847-02 Rev. C © 2008.
173Garmin PCX5/PCX5AVD/PC150 PC Software Kit Owner's Manual, Part No. 190-00045-00 Rev. D, © 1999.
174Garmin StreetPilot Atlantic ColorMap Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, StreetPilot Atlantic ColorMap Owner's Manual and Reference Guide (1999).
175Garmin StreetPilot Atlantic ColorMap, StreetPilot Atlantic ColorMap, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
176Garmin StreetPilot GPS ColorMap Owner's Manual, Garmin Corporation, StreetPilot GPS ColorMap Owner's Manual and Reference Guide (1999-2000).
177Garmin StreetPilot GPS ColorMap, StreetPilot GPS ColorMap, Garmin Corporation, 1999.
178Garmin VHF 720 Marine Radio Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00150-00 Rev. B. © 1999.
179Garmin VHF 725 Submersible Marine Radio Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00179-00 Rev. A. © 1999.
180Garmin VHF 725e Submersible Marine Radio Owner's Manual and Reference Guide, Part No. 190-00163-00 Rev. A, © 1999.
181Hogan, Thom "Hertz Neverlost Navigation System", http://www.bythom.com/neverlost.htm, 2001.
182II Morrow Model 618, 618C, 618R Quick Reference Guide, Part No. 561-0086A Rev. 1, © 1989.
183II Morrow Waypoint Manager for Windows Version 4 User's Guide, Part No. 560-0138-02 Rev. 2, © 1998.
184Jensen, C.S. et al. "The INFATI Data" A TimeCenter Technical Report TR-79, Jul. 28, 2004.
185Magellan DataSend User's Guide for use with the GPS 315/320, Part No. 630333 Rev. A, © 1999.
186Magellan GPS 2000 User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 2000 User Guide (1995).
187Magellan GPS 2000 XL User Manual, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 2000 XL User Manual (1996).
188Magellan GPS 2000 XL, Magellan GPS 2000 XL, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1996.
189Magellan GPS 2000; Magellan GPS 2000, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1995.
190Magellan GPS 300 User Manual, Magellan Corporation, Magellan GPS 300 User Manual (1999).
191Magellan GPS 300, Magellan GPS 300, Magellan Corporation, 1999.
192Magellan GPS 3000 User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 3000 Satellite Navigator User Manual (1995).
193Magellan GPS 3000 XL User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 3000 XL Satellite Navigator User Manual (1996).
194Magellan GPS 3000 XL, Magellan GPS 3000 XL, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1996.
195Magellan GPS 3000, Magellan GPS 3000, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1995.
196Magellan GPS 315, Magellan GPS 315, Magellan Corporation, 2000.
197Magellan GPS 315/320 Questions and Solutions.
198Magellan GPS 315/320 User Manual, Magellan Corporation, Magellan GPS 315/320 User Manual (2000).
199Magellan GPS 320, Magellan GPS 320, Magellan Corporation, 2000.
200Magellan GPS 4000 User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 4000 Satellite Navigator User Manual (1996).
201Magellan GPS 4000 XL User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Magellan GPS 4000 XL Satellite Navigator User Manual (1996).
202Magellan GPS 4000 XL, Magellan GPS 4000 XL, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1996.
203Magellan GPS 4000, Magellan GPS 4000, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1996.
204Magellan GPS Blazer12 User Manual; Magellan Systems Corporation, Magellan GPS Blazer12 User Manual (1999).
205Magellan GPS Blazer12, Magellan GPS Blazer12, Magellan Systems Corporation, 1999.
206Magellan GPS CoIorTRAK User Manual, Magellan Systems Corporation, Magellan GPS CoIorTRAK Satellite Navigator User Manual (1998).
207Magellan GPS ColorTRAK, Magellan GPS ColorTRAK, Magellan Systems Corporation, 1998.
208Magellan GPS Companion Guide, Magellan Corporation, GPS Companion (2000).
209Magellan GPS Companion, Magellan GPS Companion / Map Companion CD, Magellan Corporation, 2000.
210Magellan GPS Satellite Navigator Meridian XL and NAV 1200XL Reference Guide, Part No. 22-10211-000 © 1995.
211Magellan GPS SkyNav 5000 User Guide, Part No. 22-40002-030, © 1994.
212Magellan Map 330 Series User Manual, Magellan Corporation, Magellan Map 330 Series User Manual (2000).
213Magellan Map 330 Series, Magellan Map 330 Series, Magellan Corporation, 2000.
214Magellan Map 410 User Manual, Magellan Corporation, Magellan Map 410 User Manual (1999).
215Magellan Map 410, Magellan Map 410, Magellan Corporation, 1999.
216Magellan Meridian XL User Manual, Magellan Navigation, Inc., Meridian XL User Manual (1996).
217Magellan Meridian XL, Meridian XL, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1996.
218Magellan NAV 5000DLX User Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., NAV 5000DLX User Guide (1994).
219Magellan NAV 6500/NAV 6510 User Manual, Part No. 630323, © 1998.
220Magellan NAV DLX-10 User Manual, Magellan Navigation, Inc., NAV DLX10 User Manual (1995).
221Magellan NAV DLX-10, NAV DLX10, Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1995.
222Magellan TrailBlazer XL Reference Guide, Magellan Navigation, Inc., TrailBlazer XL Reference Guide (1995).
223Magellan TrailBlazer XL, TrailBlazer XL , Magellan Navigation, Inc., 1995.
224Magnavox MX100 Operating Instructions, Magnavox Government and Industrial Electronics Company, MX100 GPS Navigator Operating Instructions (1991). (See NAVICO002320-NAVICO002363).
225Magnavox MX100, MX100 GPS Navigator, Magnavox Government and Industrial Electronics Company, 1991.
226Mehaffey, Joe and Jack Yeazel "Magellan Model 315 GPS Receiver", http://gpsinformation.net/main/mag-315.htm Aug. 31, 1999.
227Mehaffey, Joe and Jack Yeazel "The Magellan Map 330(X) Mapping GPS Receiver", http://gpsinformation.net/main/mag-330.htm, Dec. 4, 2002.
228Mehaffey, Joe and Jack Yeazel, The ETAK SkyMap GPS/Moving Map Display System, ETAK SkyMap Review (1998) (reviewing ETAK SkyMap GPS/Moving Map Display System).
229Paine, Michael "Speed Control Devices for Cars" Roads and Traffic Authority Road Safety and Traffic Management Research Report RR 5/96, ISBN 0 7310 5304 4, Jul. 1996.
230Solus Pro/Topo USA, Solus Pro/Topo USA, DeLorme Publishing Company (1998).
231Tomtom Mobile User Guide Manual and Tutorials, © 2004.
232Tomtom Navigator HP Edition Manual, © 2004.
233Tomtom Navigator Quick Start Guide User Guide Installation Poster Manual and Tutorials, © 2004.
234Tomtom Navigator Quick Start Guide User Guide Installation Poster Manual and Tutorials, v4.10 © 2004.
235Tomtom Navigator Traffic Plug-In Introduction, © 2004.
236Zhao, Yilin "Mobile Phone Location Determination and Its Impact on Intelligent Transportation Systems", IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 1, No. 1, Mar. 2000.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US20100131200 *Apr 18, 2008May 27, 2010Tracker OyGuiding positioning method, positioning device and computer program product
US20130131980 *Jan 22, 2013May 23, 2013On Time Systems, Inc.Resolving gps ambiguity in electronic maps
Classifications
U.S. Classification701/412, 340/988, 342/357.31
International ClassificationG01C21/34, G08G1/0962, G01S19/48, G01C21/30
Cooperative ClassificationG08G1/0962, G01C21/3492
European ClassificationG08G1/0962, G01C21/34C5
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 21, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Oct 21, 2012SULPSurcharge for late payment
Sep 24, 2012REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed