|Publication number||USRE42820 E1|
|Application number||US 12/588,217|
|Publication date||Oct 11, 2011|
|Priority date||Jul 10, 2006|
|Also published as||US7472826, US20080006686, USRE43888|
|Publication number||12588217, 588217, US RE42820 E1, US RE42820E1, US-E1-RE42820, USRE42820 E1, USRE42820E1|
|Original Assignee||Richard Vallance|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (79), Non-Patent Citations (3), Classifications (11), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to processing of banking information. More particularly, this invention relates to the practice of businesses, particularly retailers in depositing daily receipts into a night deposit box maintained by a bank or analogous institution.
A typical retailer will deposit the daily receipts into a night deposit box maintained by a bank or other financial institution. The current practice involves counting daily cash, cheque and credit card receipts; recording the receipts on an approved deposit document; placing the cash, cheques and credit card receipts into a night deposit bag along with the deposit document; and, depositing the night deposit bag at the bank.
A problem with the present procedure arises from the time delay between the deposit document being filled out and the bank confirming and posting the deposit amounts in their reserves against a bank customer's account.
Until the bank reviews and checks the deposit document, the bank has no idea what amount the customer is depositing. Furthermore it may take days to confirm the amounts whether by contract staff or in-house staff. Still furthermore, the staff verifying the amounts may be faced with problems arising from the handwritten deposit documents which may require extra time to process illegible, forgotten or non-existent entries. From the standpoint of the bank, the bank cannot post the deposit amount to its reserves until the verification process is complete. Similarly the bank's customer has no access to the amount deposited until the bank finishes its processing.
The present invention recognizes that the majority of a bank's retail clients utilize a debit card system whereby a debit cardholder may direct transfer of funds from a debit cardholder's account to the retailer.
According to the present invention, a business is issued a deposit card readable on a debit card reader enabling the business to transmit deposit information to its bank or financial institution for crediting rather than debiting of its account. More particularly, a method is provided for facilitating bank deposits for a business having a debit card reader configured to send deposit information to a bank at which the business maintains at least one account. The method comprises the steps of:
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the deposit information may be sent utilizing an access card issued by the bank to the business.
The identity of the depositor may be identified utilizing a private identification number (“PIN number”).
Preferred embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to the accompanying illustration in which:
A method of submitting bank deposits for a business according to the present invention is generally set out in the schematic illustration generally designated by reference numeral 10 in
A retailer 20 during the course of a typical day will amass various negotiable instruments including cash 22, cheques 24 and credit card slips 26. The retailer has a debit card reader 30 which would ordinarily be used to transmit debit information to a bank or other financial institution 40 to enable a customer to pay for a purchase by directly transferring funds from the purchaser's account to an account maintained by the retailer 20 at the bank 40.
The retailer would conventionally consolidate deposit information which may consist of any one or more of cash 22, negotiable instruments 24 and credit deposit slips 26 and prepare a bank deposit form 50. The bank deposit form 50 would typically list the nature of each item to be deposited at the bank and would contain a total 52 setting out the sum of the funds being deposited.
Conventionally, the cash and negotiable instruments would be placed into a deposit package 54 which would be deposited in a night deposit box 42 at a convenient branch of the retailer's bank 40.
Some time after the deposit is made, a clerk at the bank 40 would open the deposit envelope 54, reconcile the cash and negotiable instruments contained in the deposit envelope 54 with the deposit statement 50. Assuming the amounts reconcile, the bank would credit the account of the retailer 20 by an amount corresponding to the amount 52. If however there are any inconsistencies, steps would have to be taken to reconcile the amounts prior to any crediting of the account of the retailer 20.
According to the present invention, the retailer is provided with a deposit card 60 readable on the debit card reader 30. The deposit card may be configured similar to a debit card and contain an information strip such as magnetic stripe 62 which may be read by swiping the card 62 through a reader such as the slot 32 in the debit card reader 30. The retailer may also be provided with a security code such as a private identification number (“PIN number”) for verification purposes. Swiping the card and entering the PIN number enables the retailer 20 to cause the debit card reader 30 to communicate with the bank 40.
According to the present invention, the retailer would enter the total amount 52 representing the sum of the cash negotiable instruments 22, 24 and 26 being deposited on the debit card reader 30 to transmit the sum to the bank 40 for immediate deposit in the account of the retailer 20 at the bank 40. Information entry means such as a keypad 34 may be provided for entering the information to be transmitted to the bank 40.
Once the deposit information has been sent to the bank 40, the deposit envelope 54 would be delivered and deposited in the night deposit box 42.
An advantage of the present invention is that it transmits deposit information to the bank other than by a deposit slip attached to the consolidated deposit information in the deposit envelope 54.
The expression “retailer” herein refers to any entity that provides wares and/or services to a customer in exchange for money and should be interpreted broadly rather than being restricted to merchants. Furthermore, the expression “bank” includes any financial institution that can maintain a deposit account on behalf of the retailer and would include, without limitation, trust companies, credit unions and other institutions as well as chartered banks.
Communication between the debit card reader 30 and the bank 40 may be by any suitable means and would include, without restriction, telephone modems, internet, cable and wireless means.
Although it is expected that in most cases it will be more convenient for the retailer to use the debit card reader on their premises for transmitting the deposit information, it would be possible to modify the debit card reader of a bank in accordance with the above. In other words, the above capabilities could be installed on a banking machine rather than on a merchant's debit card reader. The principle in effect would remain the same, namely that deposit information is transmitted directly at or before the time of deposit rather than being entered after the material deposited is reviewed.
A concern which may arise in using a system in accordance with the above is the possibility of fraudulent transactions. In other words, deposit information may be entered without an actual deposit being made. This presents a risk associated with the system and as with other risks, it may be possible to insure against such risks. For example, a third party might provide the debit information transmission services and provide a bond or other assurance to the bank or other financial institution that any deposits entered will be guaranteed. In other words, the risk of loss will be shifted from the bank to an insurer or other third party.
The above description is intended in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense Variations may be apparent to persons skilled in such methods without departing from the invention as defined by the claims set out below.
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|U.S. Classification||235/379, 235/375, 235/380, 705/45|
|Cooperative Classification||G06Q20/10, G06Q40/00, G06Q20/042|
|European Classification||G06Q40/00, G06Q20/10, G06Q20/042|
|Nov 1, 2011||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jul 3, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4