|Publication number||USRE42991 E1|
|Application number||US 12/915,218|
|Publication date||Dec 6, 2011|
|Filing date||Oct 29, 2010|
|Priority date||Aug 16, 2006|
|Also published as||US7466237, USRE44039|
|Publication number||12915218, 915218, US RE42991 E1, US RE42991E1, US-E1-RE42991, USRE42991 E1, USRE42991E1|
|Inventors||Francis E. Cook|
|Original Assignee||The Door Switch|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (57), Non-Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (3), Classifications (11), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to door alarms, and, in particular to a door alarm which will notify personnel, for example, of a psychiatric hospital, that a patient is attempting to commit suicide.
It is not uncommon for patients in, for example, psychiatric hospitals, to attempt to commit suicide. In order to prevent patients from committing suicide, patient rooms are cleared of most things with which patients can commit suicide. For example, patients do not wear belts. One way in which patients do attempt to commit suicide is to tie a knot in the end of a bed sheet, drape the bed sheet over the top of a door (either the door to the patient's room or the bathroom door in the patient's room), and close the door. The knot on the end of the door will prevent the sheet from sliding through the closed door, and the patient can then hang him or herself with the sheet.
Currently, there is no known device that is available to notify hospital personnel when patient is attempting to commit suicide by hanging.
Briefly stated, a door alarm system is provided which activates an alarm when a patient door (such as the door to the patient's room, a bathroom door within the room, etc.) is closed with something (such as a sheet, cord or the like) over the top of the door.
The door, as is known, is mounted in a door opening defined by a door frame. The door frame is comprised of opposed side jambs and a header extending between the jambs. The door is mounted to one of the jambs by a hinge assembly so that it can move between an open position and a closed position. The door, itself, has a top, bottom and sides. When the door is closed, a gap is formed between the door top and the bottom of the header.
The alarm system comprises a pressure sensitive switch mounted to the door near the top of the door and the alarm. The alarm can be a visual and/or an audible alarm, and can be positioned outside the patient's room (i.e., on the wall outside the room) or in a central location, such as a nurses station. The switch is an elongate switch and extends substantially the full side-to-side width of the door. The switch extends into the gap when the door is closed. The switch is in communication with the alarm. Thus, when the switch detects pressure anywhere along its length, the switch will transmit a signal to activate the alarm.
In one embodiment, the door includes an elongate channel in the top of the door, and the switch is mounted in the channel. Depending on the size of the channel relative to the switch, a spacer can be provided to raise the switch, or to otherwise position the switch within the channel. In another embodiment, the switch is mounted to a door beam, which in turn is mounted to the door. The system, in this embodiment, includes a header beam mounted to the wall or header above the door bear, such that a gap is formed between the switch and the header beam.
In a preferred embodiment, a bracket mounted to the door (either in the channel or to the door beam) and the switch is held by the bracket. The bracket has a base and opposed side members extending upwardly from the base; the side members being shaped to receive the switch and hold the switch in the bracket. The bracket can be an elongate bracket which extends substantially the full length of the door.
In one embodiment, the switch is hardwired to the alarm, and the switch includes a lead wire to electrically connecting the switch and the alarm. The lead wire extends along at least a portion of the height of the door proximate the hinge. The wire then passes into or through the wall to be electrically connected to the alarm. To facilitate hiding of the wire, the hinge is a continuous or piano-type hinge and extends downwardly from near the top of the door. Preferably, the hinge extends the full length of the door. The wire is either secured to the outside of the hinge or is positioned behind the hinge. A hinge cover can be provided to cover up any exposed wire, if necessary.
Corresponding reference numerals will be used throughout the several figures of the drawings.
The following detailed description illustrates the invention by way of example and not by way of limitation. This description will clearly enable one skilled in the art to make and use the invention, and describes several embodiments, adaptations, variations, alternatives and uses of the invention, including what I presently believe is the best mode of carrying out the invention. Additionally, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangements of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or being carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
A door 10 is positioned in a door opening 12 in wall 14. The door has a top surface 10a and side surfaces 10b extending between the door's front and back surfaces 10c. The door opening 12 is defined by opposed door jams 16 which extend upwardly from the floor and a header 18 which extends between the jambs 16 at the top of the door opening 12. As is known, the door is mounted in the door opening 12 by a hinge 17. A gap 20 exists between the top 10a of the door 10 and the header 18.
The sensing element 24a is pressure sensitive and is activated to transmit a signal when it detects a pressure being applied to the housing. Preferably, the pressure needed to activate the sensing element is fairly low, for example, the switch can have an activation pressure in the range of 3-5 psi. The housing, as seen in
The circuit 22 additionally includes a source of power 26 and an alarm 28. The alarm system can be hard-wired into the electrical system of a building, and hence, the power source 26 would be the power source for the building. Alternatively, the power source could be a battery or the alarm system could include a plug, and the door alarm would then be plugged into an outlet proximate the door. Should a patient place a sheet over the top of the door and then close the door (in an attempt to use the sheet to hang him or herself), the thickness of the sheet in the gap 20 will exert pressure on the switch 24 when the door is closed, thereby closing the switch. Closing of the switch 24 will, in turn, cause the alarm 28 to be activated, thereby notifying hospital personnel of a suicide attempt.
The alarm 28 can take several forms. It can be an audible and/or visual alarm. The alarm can be mounted by the patient's door (on the outside of the patient's room) so that the alarm can be easily seen by hospital personnel when it is activated. Alternatively, the alarm 28 can be at a central location (such as a nurse's station) so that hospital staff manning the nurse's station will be notified at the nurse's station of the suicide attempt. In this case, the alarm at the nurse's station would include an indication of the room from which the alarm originates. The alarm (whether at the nurse's station or on the wall outside the patient's room) can be hard wired as shown in
A first illustrative manner of mounting the switch 24 to a door is shown in
A switch bracket 32 is secured in the channel 30 to hold the switch 24 in place. The bracket 32 comprises a base 32a and a pair of side members 32b. The bracket 32 extends substantially the length of the channel 30, and hence, substantially the length of the door 10. The bracket base 32a has a width approximately equal to the width of the switch 24, and the bracket side members 32b are shaped to hold the switch in the bracket. To this end, the side members 32b can be shaped correspondingly to the switch and the switch 24 can be pressed or slid into the bracket. The bracket 32 can be provided with screw holes 34 in its base 32a through which screws, bolts, or other fasteners can extend to secure the bracket 32 in the door channel 30. The bracket 32 can also be secured in the channel by other means. For example, adhesives can be used to secure the bracket. The adhesive could be a liquid adhesive, such as a glue or epoxy; or the adhesive can, for example, be a pressure or heat activated adhesive which is supplied in a strip or sheet format, and is then applied either to the bottom of the bracket or to the channel, and is ultimately positioned between the bottom of the channel.
The switch 24 is received in the bracket 32. As seen in
As noted above, the ribbon switch 24 extends substantially the full length of the door. Further, the sensing element 24a of the switch 24 also extends substantially the full length of the door. Thus, the switch is not be position sensitive. That is, the switch will be activated no matter where a patient should place a sheet relative to the door length.
An illustrative example of the wiring of the alarm system is shown further in
As seen in
Whether the alarm lead 24c extends down the outside or inside of the hinge 17, the wire is directed through an opening 42 (
I have described an alarm system which will notify hospital staff in the event a patient drapes a sheet or the like over the top of a door and closes the door to hold the sheet in place as a warning that the patient might be attempting to commit suicide. I have also shown two methods of handling the wires for a hard wired system. It will be appreciated that the alarm wires can be handled or treated in other ways as well. However, what is important is that the wires be well hidden and protected so that a patient cannot get access to the alarm system wires.
As various changes could be made in the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. For example, although the switch is described to be a normally open switch, the switch could be a normally closed switch. In this instance, when the circuit is opened, the alarm is activated. The hinge 17 could be a hinge provided with a wire tube, and the alarm lead could then be passed through the wire tube. This might eliminate that need for the hinge cover. Although the bracket 32 is disclosed to be an elongate bracket which extends substantially the full length of the door, and hence substantially the full length of the switch 24, the bracket could be comprised of discrete portions which secure the switch to the door at discrete locations along the length of the switch. The switch lead wire 24c need not extend the full height of the door. Rather, the switch could be passed into the wall at any convenient point along the height of the door. Thus, where the alarm is mounted outside the patient room, the wire could pass through the wall at a point generally aligned with the height of the alarm. These examples are merely illustrative.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3890608||Oct 11, 1972||Jun 17, 1975||Hager & Sons Hinge Mfg||Door monitoring and controlling device for a security system|
|US4244426||Apr 12, 1979||Jan 13, 1981||Kerr George E||Fire-fighting apparatus|
|US4267549||Jan 31, 1980||May 12, 1981||Taylor John D||Pull station protector|
|US4276545||Sep 24, 1979||Jun 30, 1981||Crime Fighter, Inc.||Door activated burglar alarm utilizing time delay|
|US4284980||Apr 20, 1978||Aug 18, 1981||Power Systems Development Corporation||Door burglar alarm system|
|US4287514||Apr 16, 1980||Sep 1, 1981||Wartman Carl E||Mailbox announcer|
|US4292629||Dec 10, 1979||Sep 29, 1981||Teledyne Industries, Inc.||Alarm system|
|US4303909||Oct 18, 1979||Dec 1, 1981||James A. Martin||Electronically alarmed lock|
|US4342209||Mar 24, 1980||Aug 3, 1982||Kiekert Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft||Central vehicle door-lock system|
|US4350977 *||Sep 28, 1981||Sep 21, 1982||Dykes Coy M||Adapter for burglar alarm switch|
|US4358750||Oct 20, 1978||Nov 9, 1982||Webster James B||Vehicle alarm system having a vibration-sensitive motion detector|
|US4361730||Aug 29, 1980||Nov 30, 1982||Warner Amex Cable Communications Inc.||Security terminal for use with two-way interactive cable system|
|US4370644||Jan 31, 1980||Jan 25, 1983||Droz Serge Andre||Alarm device for a door, automatically switched off during a licit access|
|US4383242||Jun 4, 1979||May 10, 1983||Tmx Systems Limited||Automobile anti-theft system|
|US4400696||Apr 29, 1981||Aug 23, 1983||Klingensmith Robert R||Animal actuated attention attracting apparatus|
|US4407141||Jan 4, 1982||Oct 4, 1983||Whirlpool Corporation||Temperature sensing means for refrigerator|
|US4419939||Feb 17, 1981||Dec 13, 1983||Reverte Tomas M||Concealed safe|
|US4427975||Apr 29, 1981||Jan 24, 1984||Kinzie James E||Unopened-door indicator|
|US4440428||Sep 1, 1981||Apr 3, 1984||Jessup Frank L||Apparatus for delaying the closing of a door|
|US4467391||Dec 28, 1981||Aug 21, 1984||Refoy Brian G||Monitor for an electrically-controlled system|
|US4517556||Dec 23, 1982||May 14, 1985||Sur-Gard Security Systems Ltd.||Automatic bypass switch for household security system|
|US4528558||Jun 30, 1982||Jul 9, 1985||U.S. Philips Corporation||Door-open alarm device for a refrigerating appliance|
|US4533904||Feb 27, 1984||Aug 6, 1985||Steinman Jr Leroy F||Combination smoke and burglar alarm|
|US4543458||Aug 24, 1984||Sep 24, 1985||Sentrol, Inc.||Switch and connector assembly including protective housings for jumper cable|
|US4624120||Sep 18, 1985||Nov 25, 1986||Van Duprin, Inc.||Key-operated, exit alarm, switch cam assembly and modification kit and modification method for switch cam assemblies|
|US4675659||Feb 10, 1986||Jun 23, 1987||Jenkins Jr Dale C||Method and apparatus for signaling attempted suicide|
|US4764111||Nov 21, 1985||Aug 16, 1988||Knierim Rupert W||Reminder and enforcer apparatus|
|US4772877||Mar 19, 1987||Sep 20, 1988||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Security indicating attachment for safe-type apparatus|
|US4794368||Jan 21, 1987||Dec 27, 1988||Electronic Security Products Of California||Programmable automobile alarm system having vocal alarm and reporting features|
|US4816803||Feb 26, 1988||Mar 28, 1989||Brown Kennith W||Tamper alarm for semi trailer|
|US4851814||Mar 21, 1988||Jul 25, 1989||Rehberg Harry K||Door alarm|
|US4907845||Sep 16, 1988||Mar 13, 1990||Salomon Sa||Bed patient monitoring system|
|US4915431||Feb 27, 1989||Apr 10, 1990||Rixson-Firemark Inc.||Electromagnetic lock having a self-adjusting switch assembly for door-movement alert|
|US4942747||Oct 14, 1988||Jul 24, 1990||Universal Photonix, Inc.||Operator lockout prevention device|
|US5303677||Mar 31, 1993||Apr 19, 1994||Jones George D||Pet entrance pager|
|US5341123 *||Dec 6, 1993||Aug 23, 1994||Schuman Sr Ralph J||Portable door alarm|
|US5341126||Dec 26, 1991||Aug 23, 1994||Boykin Roger O||Selective exit control system|
|US5479152||Sep 19, 1994||Dec 26, 1995||Walker; Bruce R.||Portable refrigeration door open alarm apparatus|
|US5515858||Feb 26, 1993||May 14, 1996||Myllymaeki; Matti||Wrist-held monitoring device for physical condition|
|US5551187||Mar 9, 1994||Sep 3, 1996||Brouwer; Nicolaas D.||Release mechanism for a door spring|
|US5646912||Jan 25, 1996||Jul 8, 1997||Cousin; Damon S.||Medication compliance, co-ordination and dispensing system|
|US5696493||Nov 9, 1995||Dec 9, 1997||Einck; Virgil A.||Pedestal housing for electric connection panel for sump pump and full septic tank alarm|
|US5717380||Sep 9, 1996||Feb 10, 1998||Zehrung; Raymond E.||Monitor hinge|
|US5751214||Dec 13, 1995||May 12, 1998||Alertcare, Inc.||Patient activity monitoring device with multiple sensors|
|US5754107||Feb 18, 1997||May 19, 1998||Ferrantelli; Salvatore||Pressure actuated dead bolt premises intrusion alarm and intruder|
|US5783995||Nov 15, 1996||Jul 21, 1998||Jackson; Coley B.||Doorknob assembly with intrusion alarm|
|US5969607||Oct 26, 1998||Oct 19, 1999||Cox Kelly||Portable door lock and alarm|
|US5977873||Mar 4, 1998||Nov 2, 1999||Woods; Randall||Alarm switch|
|US6053546||Jun 3, 1998||Apr 25, 2000||Harrow Products, Inc.||Trigger system for electromagnetic lock|
|US6094139||Feb 6, 1997||Jul 25, 2000||Moore; George William||Door bell for pets|
|US6544200||Aug 31, 2001||Apr 8, 2003||Bed-Check Corporation||Electronic patient monitor with automatically configured alarm parameters|
|US7327219||Apr 20, 2004||Feb 5, 2008||Lederer Iv Charles Henry||Enhanced alarm system for monitoring of patients|
|US7466237||Aug 16, 2006||Dec 16, 2008||Cook Francis E||Door suicide alarm|
|US20050179536||Apr 20, 2004||Aug 18, 2005||Lederer Charles H.Iv||Enhanced alarm system for monitoring of patients|
|US20080061969 *||Aug 4, 2005||Mar 13, 2008||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Invasion Detection Device|
|US20080061970 *||Aug 4, 2005||Mar 13, 2008||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Monitoring Device and Program Thereof|
|USRE30716||Aug 10, 1978||Aug 18, 1981||The Stanley Works||Switch activating hinge having reciprocating cam follower switch actuator|
|1||Best Access Systems (Stanley Security Solutions, Inc.): SSS-SEDA (Emergency Door Alarm) Packing List, Installation Instructions, and Wiring Information, pp. 1-3 (3 pages), Sep. 23, 2009.|
|2||Door Control Services, Inc.: Top Door Alarm(TM), 2 pages, Feb. 19, 2010.|
|3||Door Control Services, Inc.: Top Door Alarm™, 2 pages, Feb. 19, 2010.|
|4||Securitech Group, Inc.: SEDA(TM) Emergency Door Alarm: New System Information, 2 pages, Mar. 24, 2009.|
|5||Securitech Group, Inc.: SEDA™ Emergency Door Alarm: New System Information, 2 pages, Mar. 24, 2009.|
|6||The Door Switch: The Competitive Advantage, pp. 1-3 (3 pages), 2008-2009.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8646206||Jan 23, 2012||Feb 11, 2014||Door Control Services, Inc.||System for presence detection in a door assembly|
|US20100194563 *||Dec 23, 2009||Aug 5, 2010||Berner John M||Secured room monitoring|
|USRE44039||Dec 5, 2011||Mar 5, 2013||The Door Switch||Door suicide alarm|
|U.S. Classification||340/665, 340/666, 340/545.6, 340/668, 340/539.1, 340/545.7, 340/545.8|
|International Classification||G08B13/08, G08B21/00|
|Apr 17, 2012||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jun 18, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 27, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ARCHITECTURAL CONTROL SYSTEMS, INC., MISSOURI
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TOTAL LOCK & SECURITY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:035719/0629
Effective date: 20150521
Owner name: ARCHITECTURAL CONTROL SYSTEMS, INC., MISSOURI
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TOTAL LOCK & SECURITY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:035719/0868
Effective date: 20150521