|Publication number||USRE43158 E1|
|Application number||US 11/106,737|
|Publication date||Feb 7, 2012|
|Filing date||Apr 24, 1997|
|Priority date||Apr 25, 1996|
|Publication number||106737, 11106737, PCT/1997/740, PCT/FR/1997/000740, PCT/FR/1997/00740, PCT/FR/97/000740, PCT/FR/97/00740, PCT/FR1997/000740, PCT/FR1997/00740, PCT/FR1997000740, PCT/FR199700740, PCT/FR97/000740, PCT/FR97/00740, PCT/FR97000740, PCT/FR9700740, US RE43158 E1, US RE43158E1, US-E1-RE43158, USRE43158 E1, USRE43158E1|
|Inventors||Etienne Dill, Joel Spaes|
|Original Assignee||Midland Innovations, Limited Liability Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (21), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a device for holding a paper sheet close to the vertical in order to facilitate the viewing thereof.
Traditionally, copyholders of different types have been used to hold document vertically.
Some of these copyholders are made of a tilted tray on which the sheet is placed and held by a gripper located on the upper section of the tray. The tray, for its own part, is held by an articulated arm, by a trestle or rests on a base. The tray-type copyholders are generally rather expensive. They are often cumbersome and fixed on the workspace (the desk) or a computer screen. Handling them can prove rather tedious.
Other copyholders are made of a gripper system clamping the document by its upper section, whereas the said document hangs freely in the air. Such copyholders must be installed at a certain height on a fixed and vertical bracket. (They are generally fixed using a double-faced adhesive or a suction cup on a wall or the upper section of a computer screen). Their use depends on the presence of a fixed bracket which, however, is very tricky to displace and reading a text becomes difficult since the mobile sheet may oscillate freely in the air.
The purpose of this invention is to remedy the shortcomings mentioned above.
More especially, the invention must suggest a solution enabling easier handling, let alone quicker handling, of the sheet to be held, during placement.
The purpose of the invention is met by a device enabling to hold a paper sheet close to the vertical in order to facilitate the viewing thereof, which comprises first holding means and second holding means which cooperate with the first holding means in order to confer to the sheet, as the former is introduced between the first and the second holding means, an initial curvature which rigidities the sheet.
The device according to the invention is intended to be placed freely on a flat surface such as a worktop or at least more or less plane a surface, such as the top of a pile of books, papers or files. In this sense, the device of the invention can be a mobile device. Moreover, this device can be a small system designed to provide, thanks to an appropriate compromise between the surface that it occupies where placed at a given location and its weight as well as the tilt of the sheet when held, stable position and holding of the sheet.
The first holding means and the second holding means are formed so that the first holding means hold the sheet by its back and can thus be considered as back holding means and such that the second holding means hold the sheet by its front and can thus be considered as front holding means.
According to some embodiments presented further, the first holding means constitute the back section of the device whereas the second holding means constitute the front section of the device.
The device of the invention is more especially designed so that the sheet to be held can be introduced between the first holding means and the second holding means without prior deformation. The sheet is therefore still plane when being fed between the first holding means and the second holding means. As a user continues to feed the sheet between the first holding means and the second holding means, the device confers, by itself, an initial vertical folding or an initial curvature since the device does not deform the sheet to the extent that a folding mark may remain after the sheet has been removed from the device. The initial curvature created towards the upper angles of the sheet, two lines of force which stretch and rigidify the said sheet mechanically and permanently, for the duration of the insertion of the sheet between the first holding means and the second holding means, allowing the said sheet to be held in a position close to the vertical in a stable manner.
The device according to the invention advantageously grips the sheet only by its lower edge and over a small height.
Although the device of the invention is mainly intended for holding one or several paper sheets, this device can also be used, without departing from the framework of this invention, for holding sheets made of any other material, such as for instance paper of different thicknesses, cardboard, synthetic material, liable to be deformed elastically for the duration of the holding process of this sheet by the device according to the invention. Moreover, the invention is not limited to the use of rectangular sheets exhibiting upper angles. But, conversely, sheets of any other shapes, for instance oval or circular, can be used.
The invention also relates to the characteristics thereunder, considered individually or according to all their technically possible combinations.
The first holding means and the second holding means define amongst themselves a space designed for accommodating the sheet, whereas the aperture of this space shrinking in the direction of insertion of the sheet.
Seen in lateral projection, the first holding means or the back section of the device and the second holding means or the front section of the device, are at their upper level distant by a space of approx. 5 to 15 mm so that the insertion of the sheet is made easier. This space shrinks towards the base of the space in order to exhibit at the base an aperture of approx. 0.2 to 3 mm. The aperture is measured, in lateral projection of the first holding means and the second holding means, as the width of the space between these means considered at the corresponding level. This shrinking can be more or less linear or, conversely, quite significant at the beginning and relatively small over the largest portion of the space.
The first means exhibit a concave surface more or less tilted backwards and provided with two bearing zones and the second means exhibit a convex surface opposite the concave surface of the first holding means and fitted with a protrusion acting on the sheet in its section arranged between both bearing zones.
The concave surface comprises a recess provided by a contraction in the material of the first holding means.
The first holding means are formed in order to exhibit mainly only bearing zones, whereas a portion of the first means located between the bearing zones is characterised at least partially by an absence of material.
This arrangement relates more particularly to two embodiments of the first holding means, i.e. a loop or a cradle on the one hand and sticks, spaced from one another, on the other.
When the right and left hand sides of the back section are materialised by plane surfaces, the said surface can form together at the base of the device an open angle whose apex is directed to the back of the device and whose value may range from 90° to 160°, the value of 140° being particularly suited.
When the bearing surfaces of the right and left hand sides of the back section are materialised by ridges, the protruding section can penetrate to such a depth that between these three points at the base of the device, an angle can be defined whose apex is represented by the protruding section and whose value may range from 90° to 160°, the value of 140° being particularly suited.
The bearing surfaces of the back section can be tilted to form an angle of 45° to 85°, the value of 65° being particularly suited so that the plan of the sheet may form with the axis of the user's eye, a right angle.
The first means and the second means or, according to a particular embodiment, the back and front sections, can be distant at the level of their upper opposite edges by a space of approx. 5 to 15 mm in order to facilitate the insertion of the sheet, whereas the value of 10 mm is particularly well suited.
When the right and left hand bearing zones of the first means or of the back section are made of plane surfaces and when the said surfaces are opposite plane surfaces constituting the second means or the front section, the distance between these sections may range from 0.2 to 3 mm, the value of 0.8 mm being particularly well suited.
The back section can be mounted on an articulation interconnected to an actuating device fitted with means to hold in position against the front section and which enable to move the back section away from the front section in order to facilitate the insertion of the sheet.
The position holding means of the back section against the front section can be a spring designed to recall automatically the back section against the front section and to bring the back section close to the front section by a gripping effect.
The device according to the invention comprises, besides the first holding means and the second holding means, at least third holding means and fourth holding means. Whereas the first and second holding means cooperate to hold a first sheet, the third and fourth holding means cooperate in order to confer to a second sheet, distant from the first one, an initial curvature which rigidifies this second sheet.
This arrangement enables to provide a device according to the invention comprising a number of holding means, whereas these means are arranged in pairs, the first and second means forming a first pair, the third and fourth means forming a second pair and so on. This arrangement enables more particularly to hold a number of sheets placed behind one another and spaced from each other. Besides this aligned disposition, it is conceivable that the pairs of holding means are arranged offset laterally or offset in decreasing height, for instance from the back to the front.
Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will be outlined by the description of a few embodiments illustrated thereunder with reference to the drawings. On these drawings:
According to the embodiment represented on
In the embodiment according to
The bearing zones 8, 9 are tilted backwards so that once the sheet has been inserted in the device, it lies approximately at right angle with respect to the user's eye in order to facilitate the viewing thereof. To take into account the mean height of the user in relation to the sheet, this tilt can have a value of 45° to 85°, whereas an angle of 65° is generally well suited.
The device of the invention such as represented on
However, it is also conceivable that, as a variation, the device is single-block if made of a massive material or it can be formed, at least, of a shell open downwards and delineating the same space 13 as the device according to
The back section 1 and the front section 2 define between them a space 13 intended for accommodating the sheet 3 whose aperture a is much wider at the upper level of the device than at the base of the space 13. The space 13 whose aperture a1, measured at the upper level of the device corresponds to a value ranging from 5 mm to 15 mm, shrinks towards the bottom of the space, so that the space, seen along a cross section A—A from the front to the back of the device, exhibits the shape of a funnel enabling easy insertion of the sheet in the device. The surfaces 14 and 15 guide the sheet easily towards the bottom of the device where the recessed 4 and protruding 5 zones can be found.
On either side of the recess 4, the front 2 and back 1 sections exhibit opposite plane surfaces, separate at the base of the space 13 by a distance a2 which may range from 0.2 mm to 3 mm, whereas the value of 0.8 mm is sufficient for easy insertion of one to five sheets of ordinary paper (80 g) whereby the folding conferred to the sheet is not marked permanently, even when the protruding section 5 is materialised by a ridge.
In the embodiment according to
In case when the device is made of a light material (plastic material), it is provided with removable attachment or counterweight means, such as a double-faced adhesive, under its base.
In the embodiment represented on
Whereas each of the bearing zones 48 and 49 of the element 41 extends mainly in a given plane, the tongue 42 shows a curvature to obtain the protruding section 45. The inside of the element 41 encloses a zone 44 provided by the absence of material and fulfilling the same function as the recess 4 of the embodiment according to
According to a variation represented on
In the embodiment represented on
The ridges 51 and 52 are arranged and tilted in order to fulfil the functions the bearing surfaces 58, 59 corresponding to the bearing surfaces 8 and 9 of the embodiment according to
Besides the arrangement of the ridges 51 and 52,
The embodiment of the device according to the invention, such as represented on
The device of the invention according to the embodiment represented on
Whereas the sizes of the device according to
According to the embodiment represented on
Whereas the back section 21 and the front section 26 correspond, as regards their shapes and functions, respectively to the back section 1 and the front section 2 of the device according to
To this end, the intermediate section 27 is formed on the side 22 opposite the back section 21, as a front section and on the side 23 opposite the intermediate section 28, as a back section. In the same way, the intermediate section 28 comprises a side 24 arranged opposite the intermediate section 27 and shaped as a front section and a side 25 arranged opposite the front section and formed as a back section. Thus, the device comprises three pairs of holding means referred to respectively as 21/22, 23/24 and 25/26. The shapes and the functions of these means correspond essentially to those of the first and second holding means 1 and 2, their detailed description is omitted to avoid repetitions.
The holding device represented on
The device according to the invention is particularly intended for users who, within the framework of their activities, studies or leisure time, need to view easily a document on paper (text, drawing, picture, photo). It can be made of different materials such as for instance crystal, cast aluminium, bronze, stainless steel, sanded paper pulp, possibly coloured, and wood. In the light version, the device can be made of, besides ABS resins, any other plastic material, and particularly advantageously, polypropylene.
The space between the first and the second holding means can be obtained, notably for devices made of a non-cast massive material, by spark machining or any other appropriate abrasive process.
The reference signs inserted after the technical characteristics mentioned in the claims solely aim at facilitating the understanding of the latter and do not limit their extent in any way.
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|U.S. Classification||248/473, 248/316.7, 40/324|
|Cooperative Classification||B41J29/15, G09F1/14|
|European Classification||B41J29/15, G09F1/14|