|Publication number||USRE43457 E1|
|Application number||US 10/011,249|
|Publication date||Jun 12, 2012|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1996|
|Also published as||US5996293|
|Publication number||011249, 10011249, US RE43457 E1, US RE43457E1, US-E1-RE43457, USRE43457 E1, USRE43457E1|
|Inventors||Justin J. Anderson, Bruce W. Anderson, Thayne J. Anderson|
|Original Assignee||Justin J. Anderson, Bruce Anderson, Thayne Anderson, Audrey E. Anderson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (58), Non-Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (7), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of U.S. provisional application No. 60/026,439 filed Sep. 20, 1996.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to window bucks used for forming a window opening in a wall such as a poured concrete wall.
2. State of the Art
When constructing a building, it is frequently desirable to position a window in a wall such as a poured concrete wall. Procedures for forming an opening have included manufacturing an oversized window form and positioning it within a pair of forms used for forming a concrete wall. Typically, the window form is positioned between the pair of forms after which the concrete is poured into the form and about the window form. Therefore, the opening is defined in the wall when the concrete hardens or cures. Thereafter, the window form has been removed and replaced with structure that is used to size the opening and to provide structure for receiving and attaching the window unit itself.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,430,831 discloses a window buck formed of a series of sides or channels joined together with nails in an end-to-end relationship to define a rectangular opening. The window buck is a window form which is assembled and positioned so that concrete may be poured around it. U.S. Pat. No. 4,589,624 (Jones) also shows a window buck which is provided for forming a window opening in a cast concrete wall. The buck is removable after the concrete wall is formed in order to proceed with further installation of a window.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,169,544 (Stanfill et al.) also describes a buck for use in construction. The buck has internal bracing so that it does not deform or change dimension when the concrete wall is poured about it.
In order to facilitate construction, it would be desirable to have a buck which can be easily assembled on site and which thereafter can be installed and remain in place. The buck would preferably be one that is easily sized and shaped and also which is formed to receive a finished window after the concrete wall has been poured.
A window buck for forming a window frame opening in a wall includes side member means assembled to define a window frame opening. The side member means is formed to have a perimeter and a width. The width is substantially the width of the wall into which the window buck is to be placed. Internal channels are formed side by side in the side member means and extend along the perimeter between the opposite ends of the side member means.
A connector means for holding at least two ends in abutment with each other is provided. In one embodiment the connector means has a locking member with a first member sized and shaped for insertion into a selected one of the plurality of channels in one of the two ends. The locking member has a second member sized and shaped for frictional insertion into and engagement with a corresponding selected one of the plurality of channels. Both the first member and the second member of the locking member have friction means to frictionally engage the selected channel in one end and the corresponding channel in the other end of the side member means.
Desirably the side member means includes a plurality of separate side members each having two ends. Each of the ends is configured for connection to an end of another side member. The connector means includes a plurality of locking members for joining the ends of each of the separate sides in an abutting relationship to define the perimeter of a window buck with multiple side members.
In an alternative configuration, the side member means is formed to define a circular perimeter. In yet another arrangement, four separate side members of the side member means are assembled to define a rectilinearly shaped window buck.
In an alternate and preferred embodiment, the side member means include a first end and a second end. The connector means are formed in the first end and the second end of adjoining side members for mechanically connecting the first end of one side member to the second end of another side member. Preferably the connector means includes male structure formed proximate one of the first end or the second end of the first side member configured to interconnect to female structure formed proximate one of the first end or second end of a second side member.
Preferably the male female structure is slot structure and the female male structure is tongue structure extending outwardly and sized to snugly fit into the slot. Each side member desirably has an internal surface that has a width. The slot is formed in the internal surface transverse to the side member or to extend between the inner surface and outer surface of the wall in which the window buck is to be placed. Each side member may have a plurality of channels. Each of the channels has multiple walls one of which is the internal surface. Preferably, the tongue structure is formed from one of the walls of one or more channels by removing other material of the channels.
In preferred configurations, the side members may have an internal flange positioned to extend along the internal surface of the wall and an external flange to extend along the external surface of the wall. The external flange may extend a distance so that fasteners may be positioned therethrough to position the window buck at a desired location in the cement forms before the wall is poured or formed.
Methods of forming a window opening in a cement wall and methods of forming a window buck involve forming a window buck and positioning the window as part of the wall forming process. In preferred methods, a plurality of first side members have slots formed at one end to connect with tongues formed in the second end of second side members. The tongues formed in the first ends of the second side members connect to slots formed in the second ends of the first side members. Window bucks of different dimensions may preferably and alternatively be formed from stock piles of first side members, second side members and third side members. Cross braces may also be provided to support a window buck during formation of the wall.
In the drawings which illustrate what are presently regarded to be the best modes of carrying out the invention,
The left side member 12, the top side member 14, the bottom side member 16 and the right side member 18 are each formed to have a length 28 and a width 30. The length 28 and width 30 is selected to define a window opening of the desired size and configuration and more particularly of a height 29 and a width 31 that is for a standard sized or commercially available window 20. The width 30 is selected to be substantially the width of the wall into which the window buck 10 is to be placed. That is, the width 30 is selected so that the internal flanges 12A, 14A, 16A and 18A are exposed and extend along the inner surface 137 of the wall 136 (
The left side member 12, the top side member 14, the bottom side member 16 and the left side member 18 are each formed preferably of a vinyl material that is extruded. However, they may be formed from other materials including aluminum, aluminum alloys, and other plastics. The preferred material is low cost and resistant to corrosion while having sufficient structural strength to support, for example, the cement when the wall is formed.
Between the top wall 34 and the bottom wall 36 is a plurality of channels 44, 46, 48 and 50. Each of the channels 44, 46, 48 and 50 is sized and shaped to be substantially the same in height 52 and width 54. Separating walls 56, 58, 60 and 64 are formed in-between the top wall 34 and the bottom wall 36 to define the channels 44, 46, 48 and 50 and to strengthen the side member 32 so that it is structurally strong and has sufficient rigidity to maintain dimensional integrity when in use. That is, each channel 44, 46, 48 and 50 has a plurality of sidewalls each of which is preferably rectangular in projection with four sidewalls such as sidewalls 56 and 58 as well as sidewalls 55 and 57 which are part of the interior surface 42 and the bottom wall 36.
As can be seen in
The frame 26 of the window 20 is sized so it can be slid into position on the ledge 62 and for abutment against the separating wall 64 to, in turn, provide for installation of the window 20 within the window buck 10 defined by the left side member 12, the top side member 14, the bottom side member 16 and the right side member 18. It may be noted that the ledge 62 is spaced a distance 70 below the top wall 34. The distance 70 is selected to provide for some dimensional variations in the window frame 26 while still providing an appropriately sufficient amount of surface of the separating wall 64 to facilitate installation using screws, nails, glue or the like. The distance 70 is also preferably selected to be less than the height 67 of the lower element 69 of the frame 26. The ledge 62 has a width 63 that is preferably at least the width 65 of the separate members of the frame 26 such as members 69 and 71.
It may be noted that side member 32 may be formed of an extruded vinyl material. When extruded, it may have rounded corners such as the left corner 84 and the right corner 86. The rounding of corners is not necessary. They may be formed in any manner desired to facilitate assembly and construction and an appearance desired by the user.
Referring now to
The abutment member 118 is positioned spaced a distance 128 from the right wall 98 so that the frame 26 of a window 20 can be received with the outer wall 130 of the frame 26 being in general alignment with the right wall 98. Similarly, the abutment member 118 is sized to have a height 132 to provide for dimensional variances in the frame 26 of the window 20.
It may also be noted that the right wall 98 has an interior flange or extension 134 which extends below the bottom wall 94 a distance 135 selected to provide for secure attachment of the side member 90 to the cement wall 136. It may be noted that the extension 134 also has a bead or node 138 formed at its distal end 140 to facilitate secure attachment of the side member 90 to the cement wall 136. The left wall 96 has a similar flange or extension 142 sized in length comparable to the extension 134 of the right side wall 98. Even though the extensions 134 and 142 are noted to be substantially the same in length, they may differ if desired.
As can be seen in
As best seen in
Inasmuch as multiple channels are provided in the side member 32 and the side member 90, it can be seen that one or more locking members 150 may be inserted into two or more of the coaxial side by side channels, such as channels 44, 46, 48 and 50, or channels 100, 102, 104 and 106, to provide for a rigid connection between multiple channels of adjoining side members of a particular window buck.
More specifically, locking members, such as locking member 150, are positioned in-between to connect, for example, the left side member 12 with the top side member 14, and the top side member 14 to the right side member 18. Similar locking members 150 are used to interconnect the bottom side member 16 with the left side member 12 and the right side member 18 at their respective corners.
Obviously, the window buck 10 may be shaped and sized in height 177 and in width 179 (
Preferably, the left side member 12, the top side member 14, the bottom side member 16 and the right side member 18 (
It should also be recognized that the side members such as left side member 12, top side member 14, bottom side member 16 and right side member 18 may be cut and assembled into shapes other than the rectilinear shape shown in
Although the window buck is herein stated to be formed of an extruded vinyl, other materials may be used including, in some cases, aluminum if desired. However, the preferred material is vinyl or vinyl-type material or vinyl-like material. Vinyl is preferred because it is strong yet not brittle. It can be cleaned, does not need to be pointed or preserved and can be nailed or glued. Also, it can be cut with a saw or similar cutting tool.
It may be also noted that the channels 44, 46, 48 and 50, as well as the channels 100, 102, 104, 106 as well as channels 68 and 126, may each be filled with an insulation material if desired. Appropriate insulation materials include, for example, an expanded polyurethane foam as well as fiberglass materials or any other similar material that would increase the thermal resistivity to reduce heat loss through the window buck after construction of the window is complete.
In an alternative and more preferred arrangement, the window buck 10 of the invention has at least two side wall members. The sidewall members each have a first end and a second end. One of the first ends and one of the second ends are formed to connect with the other. One end of the side wall member is a female member 200 shown in perspective in
The female member 200 has a surface 224 facing to the interior of the window buck. The surface has three slots 226, 228 and 230 formed in a line as shown. Each slot 226, 228, 230 has a width 232 and a length 234 substantially the same and selected to snugly receive corresponding tongues from the male member 240 shown in
The female side member 200 has two ends, which are the same except for their orientation. The female side member 200 may come in a length 202 larger than needed for a desired window buck and in turn may be cut to form an essentially straight end 238. That is, the end 238 is substantially planar and presents what could be said to be an effectively flat surface.
The female side member 200 may be formed with the slots 226, 228 and 230 preformed and spaced in a plurality of rows such as rows 237 and 239 along the entire length 202 of the female side member. Alternatively, the slots 226, 228 and 230 may be formed on site by cutting using an appropriate tool (e.g. a chisel or drill) or by pressing out fillers that are formed by making scribe marks during formation of the female side member 200 so that upon application of a force (e.g., pressing with a punch or screw driver tip) the filler breaks along the scribed lines to thereby form the desired slots such as slots 226, 228 and 230 or other slots in other rows such as rows 237 and 239. The scribed lines shown by dotted line for the slots of rows 237 and 239 such as slot 235 are weakened portions of the surface so that application of pressure causes the filler such as filler 233 to easily separate and cause the desired slot to appear.
Referring now to
The male side member 240 also has three tongues 260, 262 and 264 extending upwardly from and along the interior surface 266. The tongues 260, 262 and 264 are each substantially the same in dimension and have a length 268 and a width 270 selected to snugly register with the corresponding slots 226, 228 and 230 of the female side member 200. The tongues 260, 262 and 264 are sized in height 272 to extend into the respective channels 210, 212 and 214 of the female member and to either contact the interior surface 276 of those channels or be short of it. That is, the channels 210, 212 and 214 have a depth 278; and the height 272 of the tongues is the same as the depth 278 or slightly less so the end 280 of the male member can snugly abut the surface 224 of the female member. That is, the end 280 of the male side member 240 is planar or flat in section and therefore can snugly abut the interior facing surface 224 of the female side member 200 when the male side member 240 and the female side member 200 are assembled.
As shown in
As can be seen in
In order to form the tongues such as tongues 260, 262 and 264, the male side member may be cut on site to create them. Alternatively they may be formed by removing filler pieces 288 and 290 and separating them from associated structure such as the side portion 256 and the side surface 292 along scribes or perforations indicated by dotted lines.
Although reference has been made to a male member having both ends formed as shown in
As can be seen in
As depicted in
Referring now to
The female structure 376 and 378 shown for the side member 352 includes a first groove 400 and a second groove 402. Similarly, the other female structure 378 contains a first groove 404 and a second groove 406. The grooves 400, 402, 404 and 406 each extend the complete width 408 of the interior surface 370 of the side member 352. That is, they extend from the edge 410 to the edge 412.
In practice, the groove 400, 402, 404 and 406 are formed as seen in
It can be seen that a saw can be devised in which two or four blades are operating so two or four grooves 400, 402, 404 and 406 can be formed simultaneously with one movement of the side member 352.
The grooves such as groove 400 and 402 are spaced apart a distance 401 which is the same as the distance 428 which in effect the height 432 of each of the channels of each of the side members such as channels 423-426 in side member 352.
In reference to the side members 354 and 356, it can be seen that each has tongue structure which is a plurality of tabs or tongues 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440 and 441. The tabs 434-441 are formed by using a saw blade such as saw blade 414 and cutting grooves which coincide with the interior sidewalls such as interior side walls 444, 445 and 446 shown for the channels 358-362 for side member 350. More specifically, the tongues 434-441 are formed by making cuts which remove the interior sidewalls such as sidewall 444-446 as well as the sidewalls 447 and 448 down a distance selected to form tongues 434-441. The saw blade creates a slot or groove such as slot 450, 451 and 452. The slots 450-452 have a width 454 which is defined by the width of the saw blade 414 which also coincides with and is slightly more than the width 456 of the interior sidewall 444-446 as well as sidewalls 448 and 447.
The tongues 434-441 each are cut to a depth 458 which is less than the depth 460 of each of the channels such as channels 358-361.
As seen in
Since the saw blade 414 is selected to have substantially the same width as the thickness of the interior surface 370 of a side member and the interior sidewalls such as sidewalls 444-446 of the channels 358-361, it can be understood that a snug fit is effected between the tongues such as tongues 434-441 and the corresponding slots such as slots 400, 402, 404 and 406.
In some instances, a user may add a glue such as an epoxy resin or other similar material in order to enhance or strengthen the connection if desired.
As can be seen in
To install a window buck such as that shown in
The other portion of the cement form 81 is then positioned in place and secured. Thereupon cement is poured into the form to define and create the cement wall. The cement is poured around and then over the window buck. Once the cement cures or dries, the form such as forms 79 and 81 are removed leaving an erect wall with a window buck defining a window opening. Thereupon a window such as window 20 may be inserted into the window groove 472 (
It may be also noted that the use of two sets of tongues 434-437 and 438-441 to associate with corresponding grooves such as grooves 400 and 402 effect a more stable, rigid relationship to facilitate installation. That is, one side such as side member 356 could be associated and connected with side member 352. The double slot and double groove arrangement provide for more stable connections so that the assembly remains freestanding while the user continues to assemble the other sides such as side 350 and 354.
It may be noted with particularity that the window buck of
In operation, a user may find it convenient to collect side members of different sizes in a single collection. That is, a collection of side members such as side member 354 of a particular size may be stored next to a collection of side members such as side members 350 and 352. Next to that, another series of side members having height or length 480 that differs from the height or length of members 350, 352, 354 and 356 may be provided. Similarly, additional side members having other lengths or heights 482 (
Thus, a user may be able to quickly assemble window bucks of different dimensions by simply collecting a pair of side members having female structure and a pair of side members having male structure. Window bucks of different sizes may be quickly and easily assembled by simply assembling the desired side members to effect assembly of a window bucks having different desired heights and widths.
By way of example, one could assume that one desired window buck would have a height 500 of two feet and a width 502 of two feet. Another window buck would have a height 500 of two feet and a width 502 of three feet.
It can also be seen that side members which may be regarded as female side members such as side member 350 and 352 may be separately collected (e.g., on a pallet or in a bin) having a width 502 of two feet. Another group of side members similar in shape and form to those 350 and 352 having a width of three feet may be separately assembled in an adjoining or nearby location. Further, a number of side members such as side members 354 and 356 having a height of two feet may be in another nearby location. Thus, to assemble a window buck having a height of two feet and a width of two feet, one need only assemble two female members having a width 502 of two feet and two male members having a height 500 of two feet in order to have a window buck that is two feet by two feet.
To have a window buck that is two feet by three feet, the user need assembly only two side members of two foot height and two female members such as members 350 and 352 having a width of three feet. Similarly, if a user desired a window having, for example, a width 502 of three feet and a height 500 of three feet, a user could then go to a separate nearby location to acquire two side members such as side members 354 and 356 having a height of three feet combining the side members that are three feet in height with the side members are three feet in width 502 produces a three foot by three foot window buck.
The above-referenced dimensions are purely theoretical and are not intended to in fact reflect what the standardized size may be for given standardized windows. However, the sizes do illustrate the fact that different sizes of different window bucks may be assembled by simply assembling side members having the desired widths and heights to define the desired window openings. In turn, the number of overall side members that need to be inventoried can be reduced or controlled not only by the manufacturer, but also by the distributor as well as by the customer.
Turning now to
The pair of second side members 526 and 528 also have the same width 552 which is the same as the width 530 of the pair of first side members 522 and 524. The second side members also have the same lengths 554 and 556 which may be the same as or different from the lengths 532 and 534. The second side members 526 and 528 also have slot structures 558 and 560 formed in their first ends 562 and 564 as well as tongue structures 566 and 568 formed in their respective second ends 570 and 572.
With the first side members 522 and 524 and the second side members 526 and 528 configured, as described, it can be seen that end-to-end assembly can be effected as depicted. End-to-end assembly results in the fully assembled window buck 520.
Because the first side members 522 and 524 are the same and because the second side members 526 and 528 are the same, the user need only have two stock piles or bins rather than four. That is, the user need have only a first stock pile or bin for first side members and a second stock pile or bin for second side members. An additional stock pile or bin may contain third side members all of which are identical to each other so that window bucks of different dimensions may easily be assembled using either the first side members or second side members with the third side members.
A second brace 580 is also shown extending the width 582 of the interior 576 to stiffen or strengthen the window buck 520 during installation and during formation of the associated wall. A third brace 584 may also be provided. The third brace 584 is sized the same as brace 580 and may be desired to strengthen the window buck to assist in resisting twisting forces that may evolve during installation and during formation of the associated wall. For example, cement may be poured unevenly and stress the window buck 520 as the cement flows thereabout.
After formation of the wall in which the window buck 520 is placed, the stress or compression force on the first brace 574 may be quite high so that the first brace may need to be removed by use of force. In so doing, the surface 588 could become scratched or otherwise damaged. The shim 586 limits or avoids such damage from the first brace 574. Of course, a similar shim may be used for the other braces 580 and 584.
The embodiments of
It should be recognized that the window buck of the present invention provides for simple transportation inasmuch as it need not be pre-assembled. Rather, it may be shipped disassembled with its components shrink-wrapped together or otherwise packaged to contain the various side members with or without locking members. Upon arrival of the package at the construction site, the window buck components may be unpackaged and easily assembled at the time of installation. Damage while in storage and before use at the site is thereby minimized. Thereafter, the window buck may be easily placed in between the forms that are then positioned to form the cement wall so that upon pouring the cement wall, the window buck is in position to make further window construction simple and easy.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2237696 *||Aug 18, 1939||Apr 8, 1941||Biederman Charles H||Circular window structure|
|US2893235 *||Mar 28, 1956||Jul 7, 1959||Goldberg Harry H||Combined window frame and concrete form|
|US2989788 *||Mar 9, 1959||Jun 27, 1961||Milton Kessler||Corner key for screen frames and the like|
|US3105274 *||May 19, 1961||Oct 1, 1963||Armstrong Patents Co Ltd||Multiple glass pane glazing unit and method of fabrication|
|US3131793||Oct 29, 1962||May 5, 1964||Samuel Bohn||Frame assembly for defining and opening for use in cabinet construction|
|US3327766 *||Sep 23, 1965||Jun 27, 1967||Air Balance||Damper frame|
|US3429602 *||Apr 23, 1968||Feb 25, 1969||Alusuisse||Welded light-metal corner construction|
|US3556626 *||Sep 18, 1967||Jan 19, 1971||Schock & Co Gmbh||Plastic frame for articles of box-like configuration,such as furniture,drawers and the like|
|US3687512 *||Jul 14, 1969||Aug 29, 1972||Alston Leslie W L||Drawers for furniture|
|US3835586||Jun 21, 1973||Sep 17, 1974||Gates & Sons||Knock-down window frame|
|US3866380 *||Apr 2, 1974||Feb 18, 1975||Warren Ind||Connector for window spacer assembly|
|US3901572 *||May 29, 1973||Aug 26, 1975||Lb Plastics Ltd||Drawers|
|US3995843||Aug 13, 1973||Dec 7, 1976||Kasteler Fred J||Apparatus for supporting a window buck frame|
|US4006513 *||Jun 25, 1975||Feb 8, 1977||Hermann Friedrich Offterdinger||Runner wheel support|
|US4074480 *||Feb 12, 1976||Feb 21, 1978||Burton Henry W G||Kit for converting single-glazed window to double-glazed window|
|US4145150 *||Dec 9, 1977||Mar 20, 1979||Karl Rafeld||Angular corner connecting piece for profiled frame members of multi-sheet insulating glass|
|US4205486 *||Mar 13, 1978||Jun 3, 1980||1P Industria Chimica Per L'arredamento S.P.A.||Sash structure formed by sections and square connection elements|
|US4296587 *||Nov 27, 1979||Oct 27, 1981||Custom Rollforming Company Limited||Spacer for double glazed windows incorporating interlock means|
|US4370830 *||Oct 7, 1980||Feb 1, 1983||Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellschaft||Sliding window|
|US4430831 *||May 14, 1982||Feb 14, 1984||Bowman & Kemp Steel & Supply, Inc.||Window buck and frame|
|US4589624 *||May 21, 1984||May 20, 1986||Jones Kenneth H||Window buck or pouring frame|
|US4624091 *||Jul 20, 1984||Nov 25, 1986||Winchester Industries, Inc.||Thermally insulated window sash construction|
|US4630386 *||Aug 29, 1985||Dec 23, 1986||Wilson Arthur K||Reversible picture frame|
|US4683634 *||Apr 25, 1986||Aug 4, 1987||Cole Richard D||Method of making an insulated window space assembly|
|US4831804 *||Sep 17, 1987||May 23, 1989||Thermal Profiles, Inc.||Window frame apparatus|
|US4850175 *||Apr 7, 1986||Jul 25, 1989||Indal Limited||Spacer assembly for multiple glazed unit|
|US4944118 *||Jan 19, 1989||Jul 31, 1990||Chelsea Industries, Inc.||Welded window construction|
|US4986044 *||Jul 17, 1989||Jan 22, 1991||Fenestra Corporation||Adjustable door frame|
|US5059057 *||Oct 5, 1990||Oct 22, 1991||Andrew Graef||High strength, thin-walled, plastic tubes and connector combination and method of fabrication|
|US5079860 *||Feb 20, 1990||Jan 14, 1992||Nugent Rick B||Frame for decorative objects|
|US5090168 *||Apr 27, 1990||Feb 25, 1992||Willmar Window Industries Ltd.||Extruded window frame system|
|US5095672 *||Jun 21, 1991||Mar 17, 1992||Ykk Architectural Products Inc.||Windowsill|
|US5148649 *||Sep 14, 1990||Sep 22, 1992||Rocco Cipriano||Framing and in particular, in frames or casings of wood|
|US5157881 *||Jun 3, 1991||Oct 27, 1992||Tashco Industries, Inc.||Replacement window construction and method|
|US5169544 *||Aug 31, 1989||Dec 8, 1992||Stanfill Michael E||Buck for use in construction|
|US5239797 *||May 8, 1990||Aug 31, 1993||Oldendorf Guenter||Protective bridge for window sills|
|US5319884 *||Dec 9, 1992||Jun 14, 1994||Bergeron Jean Guy||Buck frame and window frame removably fitted therein|
|US5444947 *||Feb 9, 1993||Aug 29, 1995||Noll Manufacturing Co.||Foundation vent|
|US5522196 *||Apr 25, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||General Electric Company||Thin wall profile having outer weather band ultra violet light resistant layer|
|US5791103 *||Jan 18, 1997||Aug 11, 1998||Plyco Corp.||Pouring buck|
|US5881525 *||Oct 27, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||Harmel Automation, Inc.||Window screen frame|
|US5996293 *||May 15, 1997||Dec 7, 1999||Justin J. Anderson||Window buck and methods of assembly|
|US6070375 *||Jul 23, 1998||Jun 6, 2000||Anderson; Justin J.||Frame for a wall opening and methods of assembly and use|
|US6209269 *||May 6, 1999||Apr 3, 2001||Mario Valderrama||Assembly system for thermoacoustic windows|
|US6217482 *||Nov 19, 1999||Apr 17, 2001||Dae-Sik Yoo||Entertainment and exercise device|
|USD343239 *||Dec 26, 1991||Jan 11, 1994||Certainteed Corporation||Window component extrusion|
|CA1146418A||Dec 22, 1980||May 17, 1983||Bergeron Jean Guy||Window frame|
|DE2117645A1||Apr 10, 1971||Oct 19, 1972||Title not available|
|DE2164521A1||Dec 24, 1971||Jun 28, 1973||Eppensteiner Weru Rolladen||Fertigbauteil fuer fenster- bzw. tueroeffnungen|
|DE2218931A1||Apr 19, 1972||Oct 31, 1973||Friedrich Wolfarth||Fenster, insbesondere kellerfenster aus kunststoff|
|DE4437816A1||Oct 13, 1994||Mar 9, 1995||Max Becker||Process and apparatus for connecting plastic profiles|
|DE7228233U||Title not available|
|DE9300299U1||Jan 12, 1993||Mar 4, 1993||Josef Hain Gmbh & Co Kg, 8091 Ramerberg, De||Title not available|
|EP0679792A1||Apr 18, 1995||Nov 2, 1995||General Electric Company||Structure for use in building frame|
|FR2685026A1||Title not available|
|FR2726842A1||Title not available|
|GB2285653A||Title not available|
|WO1996006252A1||Aug 21, 1995||Feb 29, 1996||Lindgren Hakan||A process and a device for building constructions|
|1||*||Photo 1: This photo shows the frame laying on a floor. It has 4 sides so labeled in red ink.|
|2||*||Photo 2: This phot shows the frame standing upright. The up direction is marked on the front in red ink.|
|3||*||Photo 3: This is a close up of one corner of the frame of photos 1 and 2 from the front. The sides are marked in red ink.|
|4||*||Photo 4: This is a close up of the corner of the frame from a position above it and to the side. The sides are marked in red ink. The right side is shown in detal.|
|5||*||Photo 5: This is a close up of the corner of the frame from a position above it and to the side. The sides are marked in red ink. The left side is shown in detail.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8544224 *||Mar 21, 2011||Oct 1, 2013||Jim Hafendorfer||Thermally efficient frames for use in construction of structures using insulated concrete forms (ICF) and methods for making and using same|
|US8931220 *||Nov 14, 2012||Jan 13, 2015||Gorilla Buck Inc.||Insulating ICF window buck with integrated fastening and anchors|
|US9016011 *||Mar 8, 2011||Apr 28, 2015||Gorilla Buck Inc.||Internally aligned insulating window and door buck|
|US9109360 *||Nov 14, 2012||Aug 18, 2015||Gorilla Buck Inc.||Insulating fire and blast resistant window and door buck|
|US9140051 *||Sep 22, 2014||Sep 22, 2015||Stacpol General Construction Ltd.||Window and method|
|US20110120533 *||Jun 17, 2009||May 26, 2011||Miho Terunuma||Solar module, solar module support, and photovoltaic power generation system|
|US20110214370 *||Sep 8, 2011||Cooper Edward Stewart||Internally aligned insulating window and door buck|
|U.S. Classification||52/215, 249/39, 49/504, 52/656.9, 52/656.5|
|International Classification||E06B1/04, E06B3/968, E06B1/00, E06B1/28, E06B3/96|
|Cooperative Classification||E06B3/9682, E06B1/006, E06B1/28, E06B3/96|
|European Classification||E06B3/968B2, E06B1/00C, E06B1/28, E06B3/96|