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Publication numberUSRE79 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 15, 1846
Publication numberUS RE79 E, US RE79E, US-E-RE79, USRE79 E, USRE79E
InventorsF. B. Morse
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Xx x - x - - x
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 79. l REISSUED JAN. 15, 1846.


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No. 79. y BBIssUBD JAN. 15, 1846.



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l l v A A A A No. '79. REISSUBD JAN. 15, 1846*.




REISSUED JAN. 15, 1846.




sAML-f. F. n. MORSE, von NEWA YORK, N. Y.



Specification forming part of Letters lPatent No. 1,647, dated June' 2l), 1840; Reissue No. 79, datedl v January 15, 1846. y

To all whom it lmay concern: Theapparatus consists of two'principal parts Be it known that 1, SAMUEL F. B. MORSE, connected by wires, as shown in lthe Diagram of the city, county, andA State of New York, No. 11 or other suitable galvanic or electric have invented a new andusefnlapparatus for conductors to form acircuit, in which is placed and system of transmitting intelligence beany suitable generator of galvanism or electweeu distant points by means of electro-mag tricity as the inducing power. y nets, which put in motion machinery for pro- The first part ot' my telegraph is for commuducing sounds or signs and recording said uicatingintelligencetothesecon d,whereitis resigns upon paper or other suitable material, corded; auditconsists ot' apparatus for making which invention I denominate the American and breaking the circuit above named. At any Electro-Magnetic Telegraph and I do hereby convenient point in the circuit (generally near declare that the following is a full, clear, and the generator)abreakis made in the conductor, exact description of the-principle or character and the two ends thereof are immersed in merthereof which distinguishes it from all other cury-cups, as shown in the drawings at E E, telegraphs previously known, and of the man- Fig. 1, Example 8. To .correct the circuit I ner of making and constructing said apparatus employ an inverted V-formed piece of metal and applying said system, reference being had or other-proper conductor, A, suspended over' to the accompanying drawings, making part the mercury-cups E E on the endof a horizonof this specification, in' whichtal lever, denominated in said drawing the Example 1 is a sample-of signs intended for signal-lever, whose fulcrum is at u, so that numerals; Example 2, signs for compound nuwhen the connector A is dipped` into the cups merals. Example 3 are signs for letters, and the circuit is completed. Between the fulcrum Examples 4,' 5, and 6 are specimens of the form andconnector A there is aflixed to the under 0f types used. Example 7 is the type-rule; side of the lever,.and projecting dowuward,a Example 8,apparatusibrconnectngand breaktriangular tooth, b, which bears on the upper ing the electrical or galvanic circuit. Example surface of the types about to be described, and 9 is a modified apparatus for the same puris raised and lowered by then. The lever may pose. Example 10, Figure 1, is a perspective be counterbalanced, as at C, to make it move view of the registering apparatus; Fig. 2, a easy. The types are composed ot'iiat straight top plan; Fig. 3, a side elevation of the train strips of metal, as shown in Examples tand of wheels for moving thepaper and regulating 5 ofl the drawings, hereunto annexed, having its motion; Fig.- 4, a sectional elevation of the their upper edges indent-ed to suit the charregistering-lever and parts appended thereto; acter to be represented, and which willbe here Fig. 5, alarm apparatus; Example 11, a diaina` ter. more fully set forth in the description gram showingthe relative positions of the difof the operation ofthe machine. The indenferent parts ofan approvedform of apparatus. tations tare suliciently deep toy allow the con- It has heretofore been essayed to use the curnector A tobe plunged into the mercury'cups,v rents of electricity or galvanism i'ortelegraphic and the highest surface raises it from them. It purposes k'either by decomposition or the action is obvious that the forms of the upper surface or exercise of the dellective force of a current of the types may be reversed and the cog b luppn a magnetized bar or needle, which deplaced-on the other side ot' the fulcrumrand composition or deflection required to be noted the lsame eI'ect be. produced. ,The types are by oocular inspection at the instantthe sign set up and confined in;a rule to form. any rel was made. y quired sentences in one long line. This rule,

By-myinveution the'intelligencecan be transwhich in the drawings, Example 8,y is denomi-zd mlttcd 'and imprinted on paper or other suitnated 'a type-rule, has on its A'under side a Ablesubstnce without requiring the aid of auy rack that gears into a pinion, w, on a-shaft unpllll at the station to which the commnnicader the' grooved railways D, of common contlon is transmitted, so as to be read at any struction, on which said ruleslides, and is ditlme thereafter.

rected under the c og b on the lever. The types Y a 'in are advanced at a4 regular speed by .the applithe'y k, and allow. it to turn, (see Figs.,4 and cation of any convenient power to the pinion 5,) and makes a mark, longer or shorter, ac- :u and bring notches in them successively under cording to the time the circuit is closed. the cog. My systemof characters consists of dotsand Other modifications of this apparatus can lines, variously combined to form letters and be made, some of which are shown in the drawother characters, a specimen of which is repings, Example 9, in which is represented what resented in Examples 1,12, and- 3. To make a I denominate a circular post-rule, in which dot a notch is requirediuthe types, intowhich the type are made to surround a disk, A, rathe vcog on the signal-lever will fall and. indially, the otlienparts of the apparatus being stantly rise from as the type movesou; and madeto correspond. In this modilication there when aline is to be formed the notch in the may be a stationary hopper or type-feeder, E, type is extended, so that the lever will remain nto which the types are placed atwse, one down for aspace of time suflicient to make the above another, as shown at Fig. 2, placed over line required. l the space that is to receive the types on the` The alarm -bell (shown at A, Example 10, disk A, and as the' disk vrevolves the typesI Fig. 5) is struck by means ofa hammer actuplaced in thefeeder fall successively into 4place ated by a supplementary electro-magnet placed on the disk and are' carried past the signalin the same circuit as that first named, The lever, where' they act, and are then carried 'oil' machinery for thus purpose maybe variously from the disk by a guide, H, intoa receiver modified, and therefore vnoparticular descrip- G. Many other devices have been suggested tion need be given. foi' effecting? the same object--viz.,making and Any convenient ,number of registering-stabreaking the circuit; but 1 believe these ex- -tions may be connected with'the same circuit, amples will illustrate the principle. The merall constructed and operating as above decury-cups maybe dispensed with and suitable scribed. metal plates substituted therefor. Tol extend more e'ectual-ly the communica- The second part of my apparatus is for regtionbymy apparatus, I adopt the following istering the signalsors'entcnces communicated arrangement whereby I can use any number from the station where the apparatus heretoof additionai batteries or generators of said fore described issituated; and it consists of an current, and by which -I can connect progresj 'electro-magnet,whichis in and connected with sively anyv number of consecutive circuits, viz: the above-described circuit, and clock-work for I place atl any point inthe rst circuit an'elecmoving the paper or other regsteringmedm, tromagnet,withan armature opposite, on a -and an alarm may also be appended. The leverlike that described for registering; but electro-magnet may be of any convenient coninstead of the marking-instrument I attach to struction, and will be charged every time thethe end of the lever a conductor, such asis circuit'is closed,as above, and dischargedwhen described on the rst' or signal leven* This it is broken. Opposite the bars of the electroconnects the conductors of a new circuit, atmagnet (Example 10) C is placed an armature, tached to another battery, and this might be f, suspended on the upright arm of a bent lecontinued on ad infinitum." Y ver, A, the fulcrum .of which is at a. This is The conductorsmaybe insulated in any conmost clearly v-represented in section, Fig. `4. venient way, and 'may be extended above or To the end Aof the horizontal annof this lever below thefsurface of the earth, asjshall be there'is attached one or miirepencils, fountain found most desirable, and sustai ed orinclosed pens, or other suitable marking-instruments, ,by any suitable construction. f directly under which is placed a suitable cyl- It will beobserved'that any vocabulary, sysinder,D,over which the paper passes on which tem of signs, or secret writing by cipher can the register is made. This cylinder turns on be conveniently used 'in commuuicatingby this its axis, and is connected by a train of wheels telegraph, and any modeof-making or breakand pinionswith a .barrel m, of, common coning the circuit can be adopted, the object bestruction,which is driven byaweight and cord ing todo so at proper intervals. wound thereon, and also witha ily, 1c, which Having thusfully described my invention, regulates its motion. Near `the cylinder D a I wish it to be'understood that I do not claimV reel or spool, d, is placed, lon which astrip of the use cf the Vgalvanic current or currents of paper is wound, the end of which is carried electricity for the purpose o`f telegraphic comover the cylinder D, and is confined thereon munication; but 'y by means of two tapes or endless bands, one ,Ylhat I specially claim as my invention and at each edge, which pass around two pulleys, improvement iab b, one on each side 'of cylinder D.- This is 1. Making use' of the motive power of magclearly represented in Figs. 2 and 4. 'By this netism 'when developed by the action of such arrangement it will be Aseen that when 'the current or currents, as a means of operating or electro-magnet is charged the markng-instru- `giving motion to machinery, which may be 'mentwill' be brought down ontoy the paper, used to imprint signals upon paper or other which is at the same time put in motion 'by suitable material or to produce sounds in any removing Va wire, g, which is so connected with desired manner for the' purpose of telegraphic the armature that 1t can be drawn hack from communication.` (The only ways in which the galvanic current has heretofore been proposed to be nsed is byd or exercise of the upon a magnet compositions and ecomposition and the action, deilective force of a current bar or needle, and the de'- deflections thus produced were. the subject of inspection, and had no powen'ot` recording the 'communication'. I therefore characterize my invention asthe first recording or printing telegraph by means of electro-magnetism. There are varions known modes of producing motions by electromagnetism bntnone of these h ave hithertobeeny applied to actuate or. give motion to printing orl recording machinery, which is the .chief point of my invention and improvement.) l

2. The system of signs consisting of dots and lines, substantially as herein set forth and illustrated, in combination with the telegraph,

for recording signals.

3. The types and rule,


the sig' as herein described, iorthe v used forV teleg in combination with v purpose of connectin rent of gal' 4. In combination with clock-work act the purpose of the record is 5. The combination of t of.galvanism o dependent. bantteries by l1n nets, as above described In testimony whereof I scribed my n the invention for wh g and 'sm and elect r electricity l A cans o f electro-magM ame, this 27th d 1845,v to thel bo've; amended speciiication of ich Letters Patent, were breaking the curricity. an electro magnet raphic purposes, the train of nated by a weigh-'cor spring for carrying the material ou which to be ma'de un pen,snbs tantially in the m der the registeringanner specied.

wo or more circuits generated by inve hereunto sub-v ay of December,

granted to meon the 20th dayof June, 1840. c l SAMIJ'.' F. `B.y MORSE. f `Viitnesse's:

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US7760192Nov 3, 2005Jul 20, 2010International Business Machines CorporationCadence controlled actuator
US20070095636 *Nov 3, 2005May 3, 2007Viktors BerstisCadence controlled actuator
US20080136678 *Dec 11, 2006Jun 12, 2008International Business Machines CorporationData input using knocks