Folding crib and cradle combined
US RE9596 E
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. B. BROLASKI,
Assi gnor to C. T. SHEPARD. I 'Polding Crib and Cradle Combined.
No. 9,596. Reissued March 8,1881.
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W I Jammy MFETERS. FHQ'm-LITHOGRAPHER. WASNVNG'ION 11c UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE.
JOSEPH B. BBOLASKI, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR TO CHARLES T. SHEPARD, OF ALBANY, NEW YORK.
FOLDING CRIB AND CRADLE COMBINED.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Reissued Letters Patent No. 9,596, dated March 8, 1881.
Original No. 131,049, dated September 3, 1872. Application for reissue filed November 8, 1880. I
To all whom it may concern: guards, G O, and end guards, D D, the latter Be it known that I, J osEPH B. BROLASKI, being hinged to the end pieces of said bed-case,
of the city and county of St. Louis, in the State on a line below the line of bin gin g of the former of Missouri, have invented new and useful Innwith the side pieces of said case, so that the provements in Folding Cribs and Cradles, of said end guards will be first folded over the 5 5 which the following is a specification. open area of the case and the bedding within, My invention relates to an improved comand the said side guards will be folded down bined crib and cradle, which shall be so conover the end guards and lock them from being structed as to adapt it for use as a crib or raised by the elastic force of the bedding withm cradle, and which, when not in use,'may be in. One of the side guards, O, is connected 6o folded into small compass, so that it may be with the upper edge of frame A by doublerolled under the bed. jointed hinges or connections a, Fig. 2, so that The objects of my invention are to furnish a it may be turned down into a horizontal posicrib or cradle with folding side and end guards tion within the case A, or over the bedding is which will fold horizontally over the bedding within, or turned up into a vertical or stand- 6 within the crib and hold the same within, and ing position, as shown by full lines in Fig. 2, have one of its side guards adapted to be or be turned down into a vertical and hangfolded to a vertically-hanging position at a ing position at a side of the said case, as shown side of the crib; and also to furnish the crib by dotted lines in the same figure. This conwith legs which will fold upward from vertistructionenablesthesaiddouble-jointedhinged 7o oally-standing positions to horizontal positions side guard to be turned down to the side of and beneath the bed-case, so as to reduce the the bed-case and out of the way, so as to give height of the crib and permit it to readily the occupant of the bed at the side of the crib pass beneath a low standing bedstead, and be convenient access to a child lying in the latprovided with means by which the crib, when er.
its parts are folded together, will be readily Hooks E, Figs. 1, 2, and 3, are provided to trundled from place to place, and the crib, secure the crib to a bed side, which hooks are when standing beside a bedstead, will be sesecured to the end bars or pieces of the bedcured to the same. I attain these objects by case by keepers 0, so that they may be drawn 0 the mechanism illustrated in the accompanyout for use, as shown by dotted lines in Fig.2, 8 ing drawings, in whicha and be pushed back out of the way, as shown Figure 1 is an end View of my improved in Fig. 1, when not required for use. folding-crib adjusted as a cradle. Fig. 2 is a The upper portions of the side and end detail vertical cross-section of the same, taken pieces or guards, O and D, when turned up to 5 through the line as m, Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a side a vertical or standing position, are held to- 85 view of the same. Fig. 4 is a topyview of a gether by hooks F, pivoted to the end guards, part of the same folded. Fig. 5 is a bottom and hooking into eyes or staples attached to view of a part of the same folded. the side guards, as shown in Figs. 1, 2,and 3. Similar letters refer to similarparts through- The legs G G are hinged at their upper out the several views. ends to the lower edges of the frame or bed- 0 In the drawings, A 18 the main frame or bedcase A, at or near its corners, so that they can ease, with which the other parts of the crib are be turned from a vertically-standing position, connected. as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, to a horizontal po- B B are the slats composing the bed-bottom, sition against the lower side of the bed-case, 5 which slats are secured within the said case as shown in Fig. 5. These folding legs are 5 and in the lower portion thereof, and are,with stiffened or braced in pairs by means of a bar, the case, adapted to permanently hold the bed- H, rigidly connected with each one of a pair ding. of legs, as shown in Fig. 3, which bar serves To the upper edges of the side and end bars as a means for holding the legs from swaying or pieces of the bed-case are hinged the side in either direction. A cross-bar, I, Figs. 1, 2,
be'a detachable and 3, having one of its ends pivoted to one of the bars of one pair of legs, and the other end engaging with the opposite bar H of the other pair of legs, holds the said legs of each pair from folding inward from a vertical position.
Secured to the outer sides of each of the legs G, and opposite from the folding sides of the same, at a point between the hinged and foot ends, are the caster-wheels J J, which caster-Wheels, when the legs are folded horizontally beneath the bed-case A, will hold the foot ends of the same up against the lower sides of the bed-case, and prevent them from digging into the floor or carpet, while at the same time they serve as a means for trundling the crib from place to place.
K K are detachable rockers provided with sockets or keeps L for receiving the foot-ends of the crib when it is desired to use the crib as a-cradle, and when the several parts of the crib are folded together the said rockers may be laid upon the bedding within the bed-case A, and be held thereon by the side and end guards, G and D, being folded down upon them as shown in Fig. 4.
It willbe readily observed that by the abovedescribed improvement the crib may readily have its several folding parts opened out, so
as to comfortably and securely hold an occupant and support the said crib at a desirable distance above the floor or on a plane with the upper side of a bedstead, against which the crib may be placed, and when selected one of the side guards may be readily folded from a vertical-standing position to a verticallyhanging position, and against a side of the bed-case, with its open side facing a bedstead, and when placed beside a bedstead the crib may be readily secured from being moved from the same, so that the crib will, in fact,
annex to such bedstead.
It will also be readily observed that the side and end guards, when folded down horizontally over any bedding within the bed-case, in the order above described, will eifectually hold the bedding from escaping therefrom when the crib is placed on an end or side against a wall of a room or an end of a bedstead; and that when the side and end guards and the legs are folded against the bed-case the crib will be reduced to a compact form, so as to be adapted to be passed beneath an ordinarily-low bedstead, and that the casterwheels attached to the outer sides of the legs will form a convenient means for trundlin g the crib to and from beneath the bedstead, or from place to place, as may be selected.
It will, also, be readily observed that the crib will be readily made to have all the essential elemen ts of a cradle, by means of the rockers and their sockets, adapted to be connected with A the legs of the crib.
Having described myinvention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a folding crib or cradle, the combinathe upper edges of the sides of said case, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a folding crib or cradle, the combination, with the main frame or bed-case A, having a bed-bottom, and adapted to permanently hold bedding, of folding side guards or pieces, 0 O, and folding end guards or pieces, D D, the latter hinged to the ends of said case on a line below the plane of the line of the hinging of the former with the sides of the same, so that the said end guards will be folded within the upper open area of the case, or upon the bedding thereon, and the said side guards will fold over said end guards, and lock the same from being raised by the elastic force of the bedding beneath, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In a folding crib or cradle, the combination, with the main frame or bed-case A, having a bed-bottom supported with the same and adapted to permanently hold bedding, of the folding legs G G, hinged from the lower side of said case, so that the said case and its contents will be elevated above the floor when said legs are turned down to a vertical position, and be lowered to near the floor when folded up against said case, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
4:. In a folding crib or cradle, the combination, with the main frame or bed-case A, and legs G G, hinged from the lower side of said case and adapted to be folded upward, of the caster-wheels J J, secured to the outer sides of said legs at points between their points of hinging with said case and their foot ends, so that when said legs are folded up to said case the said case will be supported by said casterwheels and be adapted to be trundled from place to place, substantially as set forth.
5. The main frame A, combined with hinged side and rear guards, O D, and hinged legs G, the said guards folding upon, and the said legs folding under, said frame, as and for the purpose described.
6. In a folding crib or cradle, the combination, with the bed-case A, of a folding side guard, (J, and double-jointed hinges a, whereby the said folding side guard will be adapted to be turned in one direction from a verticallystanding position to a horizontal position over bedding contained within said bed-case, and in an opposite direction to avertical suspended position at a side of the same, substantially as and for the purposes described.
7. In combination with a crib provided with legs for elevating the bed-case of the same, and side and end pieces or guards, in which one of said side guards is adapted to be folded from an erect position above the upper edges of the bed-case of the crib to a vertically-sus- IIO pended position at a side of the same, of deand adapted to be attached to and detached vice E, adapted to be engaged with a bedstead from said legs, substantially as and for the 10 contiguous to the crib, whereby the latter will purpose set forth. be made to serve as a detachable annex to the former, substantially as and for the purpose JOSEPH BROLAS'KI' set forth. Witnesses:
8. The combination, with legs G G of a crib, HENRY HIEMENZ, J r., of rockers K K, provided with sockets L L, GUSTAVUS ERNST.