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Publication numberUST101901 I4
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/285,213
Publication dateJun 1, 1982
Filing dateJul 20, 1981
Priority dateJul 20, 1981
Publication number06285213, 285213, US T101901 I4, US T101901I4, US-I4-T101901, UST101901 I4, UST101901I4
InventorsFrank P. Achorn, Kenneth E. McGill
Original AssigneeAchorn Frank P, Mcgill Kenneth E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ammonium polyphosphate sulfate fertilizers from wet-process phosphoric acid
US T101901 I4
Abstract
A process for the production of fluid fertilizers (suspensions and/or solution type) made from merchant-grade phosphoric acid (50-58 percent P2 O5), sulfuric acid, liquid anhydrous ammonia, and water, wherein liquid ammonia is heated in heat exchange means juxtaposed hot fertilizer product to form gaseous ammonia, which gaseous ammonia, along with phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid, is fed to a pipe-cross reactor wherein a melt of ammonium polyphosphate sulfate is formed, which melt is subsequently mixed with cooled recycled product to produce a fluid fertilizer with N:P2 O5 weight ratios ranging from about 0.3 to 1, which contains from about 10 to 60 percent of its P2 O5 values in the form of polyphosphates and 3 to 8 percent by weight sulfur. About 45 percent of the P2 O5 as polyphosphate is easily attainable in the product with ambient acid feed temperatures, i.e., about 50 F. to 100 F., versus prior-art teachings of only about 15 percent poly formation with preheat of the feed acids. It is a solution when it is produced, and when diluted with 10 percent by weight water, it can be stored at 40 F. without the formation of troublesome crystals. When gelling clay is added, it stores well as a suspension and remains fluid at temperatures as low as -25 F.
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6269757Aug 3, 2000Aug 7, 2001Lauren J. KiestMethod and apparatus for delivering fertilizer to the soil
Classifications
U.S. Classification71/36, 71/64.1, 71/40
International ClassificationC05B13/06, C05G3/00
Cooperative ClassificationC05G3/0064, C05B13/06
European ClassificationC05G3/00B10, C05B13/06