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United States Patent  [ii] Patent Number: 5,107,363
Matsui et al.  Date of Patent: Apr. 21,1992
 PROJECTION-TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS
 Inventors: Fumio Matsui; Yasushi Murata;
Satoru Tanaka, all of Saitama, Japan
 Assignee: Pioneer Electronic Corporation,
 Appl. No.: 498,053
 Filed: Mar. 23,1990
 Foreign Application Priority Data
Jul. 5, 1989 [JP] Japan 1-173809
 Int. CI.* G02B 26/08; G02B 5/04;
H04N 9/14; H04N 3/08
 U.S. CI 359/211; 359/831;
 Field of Search 350/6.1-6.91,
350/358, 286, 287; 250/201.5, 202; 356/400;
358/199-208, 231, 60, 63
 References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,150,880 4/1979 Howe et al 350/358
4,455,485 6/1984 Hosaka et al 350/358
4,566,760 1/1986 Abramovitz et al 350/358
4,597,630 7/1986 Brandstetter et al 350/3.83
4,730,295 3/1988 Bressers 250/202
4,770,507 9/1988 Arimoto et al 350/286
4,828,371 5/1989 McCaslin et al 350/286
4,888,752 12/1989 Arai 250/201.5
Primary Examiner—Bruce Y. Arnold
Assistant Examiner—Thong Nguyen
Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Sughrue, Mion, Zinn,
Macpeak & Seas
A projection-type display apparatus has a light modulator for emitting a zero-order diffracted beam and a first-order diffracted beam which are added by a prism into a projecting light beam which is introduced into a light beam scanning system, which two-dimensionally scans a screen. The maximum intensity of the projecting light beam is increased to increase the brightness of the overall screen.
3,614,312 10/1971 Fournier et al.
2 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets
Apr. 21, 1992
Sheet 1 0f 2 t ln
PROJECTION-TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a projection-type display apparatus.
2. Description of the Related Art
In one conventional projection-type display appara- 10 tus, a laser beam emitted from a laser beam source is modulated in intensity with a modulating signal by a light modulator, and a first-order diffracted beam from the light modulator is introduced as a projecting beam into a light beam scanning system which applies the 15 projecting beam to scan a screen two-dimensionally for thereby projecting an image on the screen.
Since the first-order diffracted beam produced by the light modulator has a higher extinction ratio than a 2o zero-order diffracted beam which is also emitted from the light modulator, the zero-order diffracted beam is cut off by a prism or a pinhole, and only the first-order diffracted beam is employed as a projecting beam. However, the brightness of the overall screen is limited 25 because the maximum intensity of the first-order diffracted beam is determined by the modulation efficiency and the beam intensity can be modulated only within the modulation range of the first-order diffracted ^ beam.
The extinction ratio referred to above is the ratio Imin/Imax (or its reciprocal) of a minimum value Imin to a maximum value Imax which can be assumed by the intensity of an output light beam which is modulated. 35
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is an object of the present invention to provide a projection-type display apparatus which has a relatively simple arrangement for increasing the brightness of an 40 overall screen.
According to the present invention, a projection-type display apparatus comprises a light modulating means for modulating the intensity of an applied light beam ^ with a modulating signal. Zero- and first-order diffracted beams emitted from the light modulating means are added into a projecting light beam that is introduced into a light beam scanning means, which two-dimensionally scans a screen with the projecting light beam. 50
The modulation range of the projecting beam is increased by the extent corresponding to the added zeroorder diffracted beam, so that the maximum intensity of the projecting beam can be increased.
The above and other objects, features and advantages 55 of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which a preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown by ^ way of illustrative example.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a projection-type display apparatus according to the present 55 invention; and
FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrative of operation of a prism employed in the display apparatus.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
FIG. 1 schematically shows a projection-type display apparatus according to the present invention.
A laser beam 12 emitted from a laser beam source 1 is applied to an acoustooptic (A/O) modulator 2. The A/O modulator 2 modulates the intensity of the applied laser beam 12 with a modulating signal in the form of a time-division color signal composed of three-primary signals representative of the colors of unit pixels, for example. The A/O modulator 2 divides the applied laser beam 12 into a zero-order diffracted beam and a first-order diffracted beam according to Bragg diffraction conditions. The zero-order diffracted beam and the first-order diffracted beam are then applied to a prism 3 which serves as a beam adding means for adding the zero- and first-order diffracted beams. The prism 3 is positionally adjustable in a plane including the axes of the applied beams. As shown in FIG. 2, the prism 3 is positionally adjusted such that it adds the zero- and first-order diffracted beams, 20 and 21, respectively, emitted thereby. The zero- and first-order diffracted beams which are added by the prism 3 are then introduced as a projecting beam into a light beam scanning system 4.
In the light beam scanning system 4, the single projecting beam is reflected by a reflecting mirror 5 and applied to a galvanometer mirror 6. The galvanometer mirror 6 is angularly moved back and forth in synchronism with a vertical synchronizing signal of a composite color television signal for thereby deflecting the applied beam in a vertical scanning direction. The light beam deflected by the galvanometer mirror 6 is then applied through a pair of relay lenses 7, 8 to a rotating polygon 9. The rotating polygon 9 is rotated in synchronism with a horizontal synchronizing signal of the composite color television signal for thereby deflecting the applied light beam in a horizontal scanning direction. The light beam deflected by the rotating polygon 9 is then reflected by a reflecting mirror 10 onto a screen 11, which is scanned in the horizontal and vertical scanning directions.
In this manner, the laser beam is modulated in intensity with the time-division color signal composed of the three-primary signals of the television signal, and the screen 11 is two-dimensionally scanned with the modulated laser beam by the light beam scanning system 4. With this arrangement, the projection-type color television display apparatus has a high resolution and a high saturation. Since the zero-order diffracted beam and the first-order diffracted beam are added into the projecting beam, the modulation range of the projecting beam is rendered greater by the extent corresponding to the added zero-order diffracted beam than with the conventional display apparatus in which only the first-order diffracted beam is employed as the projecting beam. Accordingly, the maximum intensity of the projecting beam is increased, and the brightness of the overall screen is also increased.
The arrangement of the light beam scanning system 4 shown in FIG. 1 is shown by way of illustrative example only, and the light beam scanning system 4 is not limited to the illustrated structure.
With the present invention, as described above, the projection-type display apparatus comprises a light modulating means for modulating the intensity of an applied light beam with a modulating signal. Zero- and