« PreviousContinue »
United States Patent Office.
THEODORE L. BRISTOL, OF ANSONIA, CONNECTICUT.
DEVICE FOR TRADESMEN'S USE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 527,589, dated October 16,1894.
Application filed January 5,1894. Serial Ho, 495,811. (No model.)
To all whom' it may concern;
Be it known that I, Theodore L. Bristol, of Ansonia, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new 5 Device for Tradesmen's Use; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the
i o same,and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in—
Figure 1, a perspective view of a device for tradesmen's use constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, a plan view thereof
15 with its top removed; Fig. 3, a broken view in vertical section on a larger scale, showing the circuit-closers of the guard and moneydrawer in their relation to their contact pieces; Fig. 4, a plan view of the device with
20 the top and guard removed; Fig. 5, a view of the device in vertical central section; Fig. 6, a broken sectional view showing the guard in its retracted position in which its openings are aligned with the slots in the cover of the
25 box; Fig. 7, a detail view showing the springs engaged with the inner end of the guard for operating the same in its inward movement, and holding it in its closed position; Fig. 8, a detached perspective view of one of the
30 ticket trays; Fig. 9, a detached plan view of one of the tickets.
My invention relates to an improved device for the use of tradesmen, the object being to produce a simple, compact and convenient
35 device for keeping an account of cash transactions with customers.
With these ends in view, my invention consists in certain details of construction and combinations of parts as will be hereinafter
40 described and pointed out in the claims.
In carrying out my invention I construct the top A of a suitable rectangular box A' with a number of slots a, which, as shown, are arranged in parallel straight lines, with suffi
45 cient space between them to accommodate the names of the customers, or numbers or characters identifying the same. For convenience of illustration I have shown the in• ner row of slots as designated by numbers
50 running from 1 to 10 inclusive. Directly beneath the cover of the case I locate a sliding guard, which, as shown, consists of a sheet B
of tin, inclosed in a light frame B'. I would have it understood, however, that the guard may be made entirely of metal or of wood, or 55 of any other material that will answer the purpose. This guard is provided with a series of openings &, a little larger than the slots a in the top of the case, but arranged in correspondence therewith. Normally how- 60 ever the openings & are out of line with the slots a in the top of the box or case. The outward movement of the guard'is limited by means of spring-stops C C located in clearance slots cc, formed in the sides of the case, 65 the said stops being arranged to exert a constant effort to spring inward into stop-notches &' &' formed in the side pieces of the frame B' of the guard. When the guard is pulled outward, the springs move inward into the said 70 stop-notches, the end walls of which engage with them, and prevent the guard from being moved out any farther. It will be noted that the top A of the case has at its inner edge five large slots a', formed in it, and that the 75 guard has five corresponding large slots V formed in it. The extreme inner edge of the guard is furnished with openings &3, receiving springs D D, which draw it inward after it has been drawn out, and hold it in So its normal position in which its openings are out of line with the slots in the top A of the case. This outer edge of the guard is constructed with a handle B3 of any approved construction. .85
Directly below the guard I locate a compartment drawer E, having, handles E' E', and constructed with a number of compartments e, corresponding in arrangement to the slots a in the cover of the case, and to the 90 openings 6 in the guard, and with five large compartments e' corresponding to the slots a' in the top of the case, and to the openings 68in the guard. The said compartment drawer is ordinarily secured by a lock E2. .. 95
It will be understood from the foregoing construction that the guard is interposed be-. tween the slots in the cover of the case and the compartment drawer, and that it ordinarily cuts off communication between the 100 Slots in the one and-the compartments in the other, for the reason that its openings are out of line with the slots in the cover. By preference I place a small sheet-metal tray
F in each compartment of the box, and con struct the upper end of each tray with a hook / adapting it to be engaged with the intersecting partitions which form the coinpart5 rnents, in such a manner that it is easily removed from the compartment drawer. Preferably also I employ small tickets G, adapted to be piled upon the trays, as clearly shown in Fig. 5. I do not however limit myself to
to the use of such trays or tickets. Directly below the compartment-drawer I locate a cashdrawer H, provided with a handle H', of any approved construction. For the purpose of calling attention to the
r 5 fact that a sale has been made and the guard operated, and the money-drawer opened and closed, I provide for ringing a bell, so that the customer and the proprietor, in case he is in some other part of the store, may know
20 what is going on, and a check be put upon the clerk if he is not honest. To this end I locate upon the lower face of one of the side pieces of the frame B' of the guard a double sheet-metal circuit-closer I, the ends of which
25 enter recesses i i formed in the said sidepiece. This curcuit-closer co-operates with the contact pieces J and J', set into the shoulder J2 within the box on which the said side-piece runs. The said contact-pieces are
30 located in an electric circuit containing a bell K, which is situated in the lower part of the box. Normally the inner end of the circuitcloser engages with the contact-plate J', while its outer end stands inside of the plate J.
35 Then when the guide is drawn outward, the said outer end of the circuit-closer engages with the said plate J before its inner end breaks with the plate J'. The circuit is therefore closed and the bell sounded, but only
40 momentarily,f or the continued outward movement of the guard soon causes the inner end of the circuit-closer to break with the contactplate J'. It will be understood that the closing of the circuit and the ringing of the bell
45 is effected during the outward movement of the guide, and before the same has been brought into the position in which its openings register with the slots in the top of the box. When the slide is allowed to return to
50 its normal position, the movement of the circuit-closer is reversed, and the bell again sounded momentarily, after which the circuit is broken, and the circuit-closer left in the position first mentioned. It will thus be seen
55 that every time the guard is operated the bell will be sounded twice.
By preference I shall sound the same bell twice, once to indicate the opening of the drawer, and once to indicate the closing of
60 the same. To this end the drawer is provided with a double sheet-metal circuit-closer L, the opposite ends of which engage with contact plates M and M', set into a ledge m located in the bottom of the box for the
65 drawer to run upon. The said plates M and M' are also located in the circuit of the bell, and they co-operate with their circuit^closer
L in the same manner that the plates J and J' co-operate with the circuit-closer I of the slide. The wiring of the device is shown in 70 Fig. 4 of the drawings, and being very simple, is thought not to require detailed explanation.
Having thus described the construction of my improved device I will proceed to state how it is employed. When a customer whose 75 name or number appears upon the top of the box against one of the slots therein, makes a purchase, the amount of the same is written down upon a small ticket which is then in serted into the right slot, being prevented So from dropping into the compartment corresponding to that slot by the guard. The clerk after having put the ticket in the right slot, draws the guard out until its openings are registered withtheslots,thuspermittingtheticket 85 to fall into the right compartment in the compartment drawer. After this the guard is allowed to go back to its normal position, in which communication between the slots and compartments is cutoff, as before explained. 90 It should be remembered too that the bell has now been rung twice, once while the drawer was being pulled outward, and once while it was returning to its normal position. The money received from the transaction is 95 put into the money-drawer, the opening and closing of which will cause the bell to ring twice. Every night the compartment drawer is opened and all of the tickets which have accumulated init during the day are entered 100 into a petty cash-book under the names of the respective customers. Then at the end of the month the cash transactions of each customer are footed up, and he is given credit fora certain sum which represents a discount 105 on the total sum of his cash purchases during the month.
Of course my improved device is not limited to use in the manner above indicated, for it may be used in connection with any no system or plan of trading to which it is applicable. I would also have it understood that I do not limit myself to the exact construction and arrangement of parts herein shown and described, but hold myself atlib- 115 erty to make such changes and alterations as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of my invention. For instance the vertically arranged springs I) D employed for operating the guard might be replaced by a horizontally 12 arranged spring attached at its ends to the guard, and midway of its length to the box, or vice-versa. Instead, also, of employing one bell, I might employ two bells, differing in tone, so that the ear would detect whether tt the drawer or guard was being operated.
I am aware that a box provided with' a series of compartments having a top constructed with openings corresponding in number to the set of compartments into which they open, 13 and with a guard provided with a corresponding series of openings, and adapted to close the openings in the top of the box, is old. I am also aware that it is old to con