United States Patent  [li] Patent Number: 4,701,996
Calviello  Date of Patent: Oct. 27, 1987
Edge channel FET structural geometry and processing is disclosed. A plurality of mesa stacked horizontal layers are provided including source and drain semiconductor layers (74, 76) separated by an insulator layer (75) and having exposed edges (78, 80) at a generally vertical side (83) of the mesa. A generally vertical semiconductor layer (84) extends along the side of the mesa over the exposed source and drain layer edges and forms a channel (93). A gate layer (91, 92) on the channel controls depletion region spreading in the channel layer to control conduction therethrough between the source and drain layers. Channel length is extremely small, as low as 0.1 micron. Ohmic contacts (87, 90) to the source and drain layers are defined several microns away from the conducting channel, resulting in considerable reduction in fabrication complexity, as well as improved reliability. Fabrication and alignment of the gate to the active channel layer is simplified.