(54) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING BODY TEMPERATURE OF A SUBJECT
(75) Inventors: Charles D. Lennox, Hudson, NH (US);
Steven M. Johnson, Westford, MA
(US); Susan Beinor, Sutton, MA (US);
Maria Benson, West Boylston, MA
(US); Don Paul Nogueira, Salem, MA
(US); John W. Carroll, Pepperell, MA
(US); Helen Maslocka, Watertown, MA
(73) Assignee: MedCool, Inc., Wellesley, MA (US)
( * ) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 463 days.
This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer.
(21) Appl.No.: 11/284,114
(22) Filed: Nov. 21, 2005
(65) Prior Publication Data
US 2006/0074469 Al Apr. 6, 2006
Related U.S. Application Data
(63) Continuation of application No. 10/706,327, filed on Nov. 12, 2003, now Pat. No. 7,052,509.
(60) Provisional application No. 60/432,884, filed on Dec. 12, 2002.
(51) Int. CI.
A61F 7/00 (2006.01)
(52) U.S. CI 607/109; 607/104; 607/108
(58) Field of Classification Search 607/96 114;
128/898; 34/96, 97, 99 See application file for complete search history.
A cooling system includes a console and a tissue cooling device such as a head-cooling device. An operator applies the head-cooling device to the head of a patient at risk for ischemic injury. The console provides a cooling fluid to a fluid circulation space located between the cooling device and the patient's head under a positive gage pressure. Direct contact between the cooling fluid and the patient's head provides a relatively rapid induction of systemic hypothermia in the patient, thereby minimizing or preventing ischemic injury in the patient. The console also removes air from a channel disposed about an inner rim of the cooling device, using a negative gage pressure. Such removal of the air from the channel seals the rim of the cooling device to the head of the patient, including portions of the channel in contact with hair of the patient's head, and minimizes leaking of the cooling fluid beyond the rim of the cooling device.
7 Claims, 34 Drawing Sheets