One particularly difficult on-site operation which can WALL PANELLING SYSTEM be avoided is hanging the panel on a hinge, since the
hinge can be attached to the panel in the factory while The present invention relates to a wall panelling sys- the necessary means for attachment are present in the tern, as might for example be used for simply adding a 5 form of the post. This is a great advantage when the wall or for defining a deeper space (or duct) between relevant panel is large and therefore heavy. Similarly, the panelling and the wall. The invention is particularly all the panel locking components can be pre-positioned suitable but not exclusively applicable in the construe- in the factory.
tion of public sanitary areas. The hinged connection of the panel allows for easy
In early methods of erecting panelling for public 10 access to any components located behind the panel. In sanitary areas, such as lavatories and washrooms the the case of the panels associated with water closets, greater part of the construction work was carried out wash-basins etc, such components may include water on-site. Thus, timber members were cut to size and supply, drains and possibly a power supply, fitted together to form a framework, and panels were Preferably, the latch member is pivotally mounted on cut to size and fitted together to form a framework, and 15 a latch bracket which is fixed to the first post, possibly panels were cut to size and attached to the framework. by means of a screw or bolt engaging a channel m the The framework supported any sanitary units, pipework Post>and the actuating element comprises a pinion gear etc. This method required a great deal of on-site exper- which enSaSes a toothed Portion of the latch member, tise and called for accurate work under inconvenient Thus, manual rotation of the pinion gear by means of a conditions, and was particularly difficult when accurate 20 fultable ke? can raise or lower or otherwise move the location of large components was required. lat£h member to the catch- , . .
While this method is still widely practised, an im- Preferably, the hinge comprises a first hmge element proved method has been devised by the present appli- on a ^nge bracket which is fixed to the second post,
cants; this is described in British Patent No. 2181169, afun Pfssib^ ^ means f a scrTM °r tbolttfgKaglnf f , , , . , , , . T,,. 25 channel m the post via a horizontal slot m the bracket, and has proved to have been very advantageous. This , , ,\ . . ,. , . . . . .
r, *■ i_ • * j * - ■ * and a second hmge element which is let mto the rear
system employs a prefabricated frame comprising two , ... i-m. J i.- i c
J ^ ,fiJ v . . ,. , ■ , f surface of the panel. The second hmge element is prefposts, and three cross members. A panel is hinged to one & ^ & verticaf in Qn whic£the
post and is locked with respect to the other post the ... - pivot. Thus> the p-votal
axis of the
two posts providing means for the attachment of he 3Q 6d ^ wkhm ^ j ... k a reduc.
hinge lock and cross-members. It has been successful in ^ in ^ thjow of ^ j ^ thg ... itsdf
providing a panelling system which can be constructed ^ M adjacent el ^ the possible consequential
with a minimum of on-site work, which has sufficient reduction in the size of that ga At the same time) the
tolerance to allow for on-site adjustability and which hinge remains concealed.
allows easy access to the region behind the panelling. 35 In the case of both the Jock md the hingC) verticai
However, this system suffers a number of minor adjustment is accommodated by the channel in the post,
drawbacks, namely, a larger than ideal gap between while horizontai adjustment of the latch and respective
adjacent panels (to allow the panels to be opened) hinge should not be necessary due to the accurate per
which cannot be reduced and the fact that the locking forming of the components in the factory. However, a
screws are rather clearly visible and accessible in the 40 larger gap; for example, to accommodate a partition
SaP- . may be provided by employing a hinge bracket of a
There is therefore some scope for improvement in different size. Some horizontal adjustability in the hinge
addressing these points, and the present invention has is preferably provided, for example by a slot in the
this as its object. hinge bracket through which the screw or bolt passes.
According to the invention, there is provided a wall 45 This allows the attitude of the panel in its plane to be
panelling system comprising two upright posts, a panel, adjusted.
a hinge connecting the panel to one of the posts, and Preferably, the cross members comprise a top rail, a
means for locking the panel to the other post, the post bottom rail and an intermediate cross member. The
having a cross-sectional shape providing features for intermediate cross member may be a sturdy timber ele
the attachment of the hinge and the locking means, the 50 ment which may be used to support the components in
locking means comprising a latch member pivotally front of the panels, such as wash basins etc.
mounted with respect to the first post and a catch fixed Preferably, the system includes a foot member for
relative to the panel, the latch member being movable each post, the cross-sectional shape of each post provid
by means of an actuating element between a latched mg a feature for engagement with the respective foot
position in which it engages the catch and an unrelated 55 member. Each foot member may comprise a foot with
position in which it does not. an upright threaded member and an adjustable nut on
The system preferably also includes a plurality of the threaded member, the upright being received by a
cross members running between the posts, the posts cross-sectional feature of the post and the post being
providing features for their attachment. adjustably supported by means of the nut. These fea
As with the present Applicants' earlier design, the 60 tures may provide a degree of on-site adjustability, both
majority of the accurate sizing and preparation of the horizontally and vertically.
components may be carried out prior to their delivery The system preferably further includes a horizontal to the site, e.g. in a factory. Preferably, the posts are channel for attachment to the floor, in which channel metal extrusions and so, effectively, the accuracy of the the feet are received. It may also includes pair of infinal structure is attained through the accuracy of the 65 verted post members, one at the top of each post and a extrusion and the preparatory work in the factory, horizontal channel for attachment to a ceiling, in which rather than on-site expertise in preparing the basic com- channel the inverted post members are received. A skirt ponents. may be attached to each horizontal channel.