A tool is disclosed, for inserting a multi-turn spiral lock, received by a groove of a piston assembly. The tool includes a handle, for transmitting manual torque forces, to enter a spiral, grooved head, or a profiled fitting, a wire lock ring. The spiral, grooved head, is manufactured, with a ½ turn medium-pitched, helical groove. This permits the ½ spire, after being assembled, to be easily pushed, and transferred, to a piston groove. Also, a wire lock end, equipped with a controlled sliding sleeve, allows the ring to be located on the tool, prior to assembly. This allows for an easy bore insertion to snap the wire lock into the bore groove.
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Georgia R. Miller
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1. A tool for installation of a multi-turned spiral lock ring via one end of the tool and a wire lock ring via an opposite end of the tool, into a bore groove of a wrist pin cross bore of a piston assembly, the tool comprising:
- a. a center, knurled, round handle adapted to be manually grasped and rotated by a user;
- b. a first cylindrical tool section at the one end of the tool adjacent the handle, the first cylindrical tool section being of a diameter corresponding to the bore to facilitate installation therein, the first cylindrical tool section having a first head with a helical rectangular-cut groove having only a half turn on a front face of the first cylindrical tool section immediately adjacent a protruding smaller diameter of the first cylindrical tool section, the helical groove having a depth, width, pitch and length relative to the multi-turned spiral lock ring so as to receive within the helical groove the spiral lock ring in a condition expanded axially from a relaxed condition thereof to reduce the diameter of the spiral lock ring sufficiently to enable the spiral lock ring to be transferred within the bore and into the bore groove;
- c. a second cylindrical tool section at the opposite end of the tool adjacent the handle, the second cylindrical tool section having a second head with an outside diameter portion fitting the bore and having a protruding concentric smaller shank sized to allow the second cylindrical tool section to compress diametrically the wire lock ring to slide within the bore until the compression of the wire lock ring releases at the bore groove to receive the wire lock ring in the bore groove.
2. A tool as described in claim 1, which sets the spiral lock ring so that only a half turn of the spiral lock ring is in front outside of the first cylindrical tool section and outside the helical groove, a portion of the spiral lock ring remains in the helical groove and another portion of the spiral lock ring remains behind the first head.
3. A tool as described in claim 1, with a modified head, where a centrally positioned sleeve, allows the wire lock ring to be mounted and keeps the wire lock ring in abutment with the second cylindrical tool section, which also is, through a slotted sleeve, and a guiding pin, attached to the tool allowing the wire lock ring to be compressed.
4. A tool as described in claim 1, comprising a system that allows smooth and easy handling and installation of the spiral lock ring and wire lock ring into the bore groove, and, in either case, the system having a simple construction design, to handle the installation efficiently and to be manufactured economically.