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Arthur Hyman, James J. Walsh, Thomas Williams - 2010 - Preview
|Moreover, according to the saints no act is praiseworthy or blameworthy unless |
on account of a good or a bad intention; but an intention ... An example of the first
kind of prudence is the proposition: “everyone who acts generously should be
treated generously”; ... In a third mode, prudence is taken as knowledge, gained
only in virtue of experience, immediately directive in regard to some possible
|Generosity, then, is the opposite of selfishness, just as magnanimity is the |
opposite of pettiness. ... Descartes sees in generosity not only the source of all
virtue but also "the supreme good, for each individual," which consists, ... As for
knowing whether the will could have wanted something else and even whether
such a question means anything (how can one want something other than what
one wants?) ...
|Since both the generous-minded and the many lack the habits of virtue—the |
ability to identify virtuous acts, and the ... The only difference between the
generous-minded and the many is that the generousminded have made the ... (
i.e. “How do people gain the that? ... He or she may be blessed with good role
models or innate moral tendencies, and so begin with the right values and
|Virtues. Again notice that these virtues — all mirror opposites of the vices I listed |
above — are character traits just like vices, except they're good traits. The more
virtuous you are in terms of generosity, the less vicious you are in terms of
selfishness; and the more selfish you are, the less ... Good people — people who
are virtuous — aren't necessarily good rule followers, although they're likely to be
so. No, their ... If you don't believe me, just ask yourself why you do anything that
|brave, and so on, is not, Thomson claims, equivalent to saying X is good plus |
adjunct. According to her, being just, generous, brave, and so on, are second-
order ways of being good that, though not reducible to firstorder ways of being
|It is not the act itself of giving, however plentifully, that makes us generous: it is |
giving with pleasure or at least without begrudging it. It is also ... And we should
not just give to anybody, otherwise we shall not have anything left to give to the
right people at the right time and for the right reason. This is ... Virtue ethics is
often accused of being self-centred, in that its ultimate aim is the good of the
agent. This is ...
|... the gift-giving virtue differs considerably from the moral virtue of justice.2 In a |
just act, something good or bad is given to ... As I hinted earlier on, the familiar
notion of generosity seems to be closely related to Nietzsche's gift-giving virtue.
|Still, the child is not yet virtuous; while she now derives pleasure from acting |
generously, not just from the praise and ap- proval she receives for acting
generously, she pursues virtue as a natural good, qua pleasant, not qua virtuous.
It is still a ...