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|2 The true courage of civilized nations is readiness for sacrifice in the service of |
the state, so that the individual counts as only one ... CIVIL RIGHTS 1 The
modern state no longer has anything but rights; it does not recognize duties any
|He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to |
repentance. (2 Peter 3:9) We ... (Abraham Lincoln) The modern state no longer
has anything but rights; it does not recognize duties anymore. (George Bernanos
|What is the "social contract," and what are our obligations to it? Is the "general will" infallible? What are the limits of sovereign power? What are the marks of "good government"? What constitutes the death of the body politic?|
|This is not so new. Tom Marshall was clear that while rights had 'multiplied' in |
modern societies, so had duties. ... a right and a duty; either a civic duty, i.e.
something the good citizen ought to do, or else a legal duty, something which ...
which is entirely exhausted by an account of the citizens' rights without the
specification of any accompanying duties. ... to have attached welfare rights for
women to their responsibilities as mothers, providing the state with its most basic
|But this seems implausible, and few philosophers adhere any longer to such a |
view. ... But even if one were to accept a sanctions condition for rights and duties,
it should be recalled that modern states are not the only enforcement agency.
|Furthermore, whether the right is a legal right, contingently granted by the state, |
or a human right, independent of the state ... not because of superior Western
virtue or insight but because, for better or worse, modern states and capitalism
first appeared there. This history does not make these rights any more irrelevantly
"Western" than the origins and initial spread of both ... Whatever applicability —
or inapplicability - internationally recognized human rights have is independent
of their ...
|10 The absence of any earlier intellectual awareness of what the modern term |
connotes does not follow, however; some ... It makes more sense in the long run
and yields a more comprehensive account of human intellectual development to
post ... But the general impression is that little is known about the medieval
history of these terms or its relevance, and there is a ... Skinner's views on this
subject, however, have undergone significant change: see his article, "The
|Rather, he does what he does out of compulsion, without any sense of duty; he |
has no "position of responsibility,' in the usual sense of that phrase. Discuss the
wider implications of the "reciprocity of rights and duties," not only as regards
slavery, but also as regards the ... do not meet Hegel's criterion of a free state), do
modern republics give indication of being more vacillating, less stable and ... This
latter distinction is analyzed in Pelc- zynski, Hegel's Political Philosophy (see
|Modern states are no different from their predecessors in trying to ensure that |
they can count on citizens' loyalty when security ... The importance of that
demand on citizens is no longer as great in those communities that have been
spared major war in ... cultural and other changes afl'ect all interconnected
peoples more or less simultaneously—began to overtake great ... For those
reasons, cosmopolitanism may not be the main beneficiary of globalization, and
any belief that the current ...
|86, no. 1, 1992, p. 46. 9 Legally defined states with these features have not |
always existed. As is well known they are a comparatively modern phenomenon.
... For an account of the rise of the modern state, see G. Poggi, The Development
of the Modern State, London: Hutchinson, 1978. I do not in any way intend this list
of citizenship rights to be exhaustive. ... society within which a fellow rights holder
can approach me for aid, but I have no particular duty to provide it, nor do I have