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|Presents the eighteenth century French philosopher's views on society and the relationship between the individual and the state|
|A right to a liberty holds only where others are bound, at a minimum, by a duty not |
to interfere forcibly with the exercise of the ... Without a partially rule~governed
society, there are no duties; and with no duties, there are no effective rights.
|Where there are no contracts or no legislation pertaining to some matter there are |
no rights, except natural rights, if there are any, ... For every such right there is a
reciprocal duty or duties, so that it has often been said “no duties, no rights.
|a right by its modern counterpart. It will then run roughly as follows: there can be |
no rights without both duties and powers; there can be no duties or powers
without laws; therefore, there can be no rights without laws. Indeed, if anything
|wolf's "right" to devour it, any more than the wolf is under obligation to respect the |
deer's "right" not to be devoured. Something is radically wrong ... If there were no
moral agents in the world, there would be no duties. If there were no duties, ...
|There is no logical necessity for rights-talk to play a role in the political discourse |
of a society that respects individual rights. Recognition and respect for human
rights requires that there not be widespread rights violations, not that they be
|Then the belief that there are important prior rights does not per se threaten that |
state. Suppose in addition that this ... In the latter there is no government, no law,
no rights (and duties), and life is miserable for all. Hobbes's theory of law is ...
|Universal duties too may be either perfect or imperfect. Nearly all contemporary |
writers think that there are universal duties to which universal rights correspond;
many think that there are other universal duties to which no rights correspond.
|sions and suggests that, in daily life in a normal society, we still feel the force of |
the claim that rights are trumps. It is reasonable, then, to note that ... There is no
claim right-holder without a correlative duty-bearer. For example, if I claim that