Arts & Culture

View of the City of Arnhem

Jan Josefsz van Goyen1646

Statens Museum for Kunst
Statens Museum for Kunst

In 1636/37 van Goyen lost a fortune speculating on tulip bulbs during the so-called "tulipmania". After this financial disaster he painted pieces such as a series of panoramic landscapes with the town of Arnhem on the horizon.

The painting's horizontal format

The characteristic belfry of Grote Kerk and the twin towers of St. Walburgaskerk are prominent landmarks. Typical features of the 1640s style include the horizontal format and the high cloudy skies above the flat landscape that pulls in spectators through the diagonal of the river, accentuated by the fields of light and shadow that divide the picture into separate parts.

The artist's story

Jan van Goyen was only ten when he was sent to study art in his native town of Leiden. At the age of 19 he spent a year in France and then concluded his education in Haarlem under Esaias van de Velde (1587-1630). The Haarlem master made his influence felt right up until 1626, as is evident in the figure-filled brightly coloured landscapes. Around 1630 van Goyen joined Pieter de Molijn (1595-1661) and Salomon van Ruysdael (c. 1602-1670) in founding the socalled "tonal" landscape painting, an almost monochrome vein of painting full of calm and simplicity in its representation of the nature and people of the Netherlands.

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Details

  • Title: View of the City of Arnhem
  • Creator: Jan Josefsz van Goyen
  • Date Created: 1646
  • Værktekst: I 1636/37 tabte van Goyen en formue på at spekulere i tulipanløg under den såkaldte ”tulipomani”. Efter den økonomiske katastrofe malede han blandt andet en serie panoramiske landskaber med byen Arnhem i det fjerne. Maleriets horisontale format Grote Kerks karakteristiske tårn og Skt. Walburgaskerks tvillingetårne ses som tydelige landemærker. Typisk for 1640’ernes stil er det horisontale format og den høje skyede himmel med det flade land, som betragteren bliver suget ind i gennem flodens diagonale forløb understreget i de lys- og skygge-masser, der på skift deler fladen. Kunstnerens historie Jan van Goyen var ikke mere end en dreng på 10 år, da han blev sendt i lære som maler i hjembyen Leiden. Som 19-årig var han i Frankrig et år og afsluttede herefter uddannelsen i Haarlem hos Esaias van de Velde (1587-1630). Indflydelsen fra Haarlem-mesteren gjorde sig gældende helt frem til 1626 i de figurfyldte landskaber malet i klare farver. Omkring 1630 grundlagde van Goyen sammen med Pieter de Molijn (1595-1661) og Salomon van Ruysdael (ca. 1602-1670) det såkaldte tonale landskabsmaleri, et næsten monokromt maleri fuldt af ro og enkelhed i skildringen af den hollandske naturs fauna og folk.
  • Teknik: Olie på træ
  • Proveniens: Erhvervet 1837
  • Provenance: Acquired 1837
  • Physical Dimensions: w96 x h65 cm (Without frame)
  • Featured Place: Arnhem
  • Dansk link: http://www.smk.dk/index.php?id=1146
  • Dansk Titel: Prospekt af byen Arnhem
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: Statens Museum for Kunst, http://www.smk.dk/en/copyright/creative-commons/
  • External Link: Statens Museum for Kunst
  • Medium: Oil on panel

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