Arts & Culture

Summer

Auguste Renoir1868

Alte Nationalgalerie, National Museums in Berlin
Alte Nationalgalerie, National Museums in Berlin

Lise Tréhot, Renoir’s mistress for several years, sat for him in various roles. On the one hand this portrait follows in the traditions of Romanticism with the sitter’s blouse slipping from her shoulder — although without erotic coquettishness — with her dark, tangled hair and the open, frontal pose which still avoids eye contact with the viewer. On the other hand the powerful plasticity of the form shows the influence of Courbet. The sunlight flickering through the background foliage, rendered with its broad brushstrokes, does not reach the sitter, who is lit only by the light in the studio.

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Details

  • Title: Summer
  • Creator: Auguste Renoir
  • Date: 1868
  • original title: En été / La bohémienne
  • Style: French Impressionism
  • Rights: Text: © <a href="http://www.prestel.com">Prestel Verlag</a> / Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Claude Keisch Photo: © Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Jörg P. Anders
  • Provenance: Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Physical Dimensions: w59.0 x h85.0 cm
  • Artist information: Auguste Renoir was an important French Impressionist painter. In 1862 he started his artistic education under Charles Gleyre in Paris where he met Claude Monet among others. He undertook a number of study journeys in his life: travelling to Algeria in 1881 because he associated the country with Eugène Delacroix, to Madrid where he saw the compositions of Diego Velázquez, and Italy where he studied the masterpieces of Titian and Raphael. He also spent some time in England, where he dedicated himself to painting the landscape of the Channel Islands in 1883. After his marriage in 1890 his everyday family life and own family members served him as subjects for his works. During his later years he also created sculptures. His early works demonstrated the deep impact of Eugène Delacroix’s choice of palette as well as Camille Corot’s luminosity. He was also fascinated by the realism of Gustave Courbet and Édouard Manet. He later adopted the Impressionistic technique of painting outdoors. However, he broke with the movement and used a more disciplined style in portraying. His compositions are characterized by vibrant lights and a focus on people. One of his main themes was the female nude. Renoir became famous for such artworks as 'Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette' (1876) and 'The Swing' (1876).
  • Type: Painting
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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