Arts & Culture


The Starry Night

Vincent van Gogh1889

MoMA The Museum of Modern Art

MoMA The Museum of Modern Art

Van Gogh's night sky is a field of roiling energy. Below the exploding stars, the village is a place of quiet order. Connecting earth and sky is the flamelike cypress, a tree traditionally associated with graveyards and mourning. But death was not ominous for van Gogh. "Looking at the stars always makes me dream," he said, "Why, I ask myself, shouldn't the shining dots of the sky be as accessible as the black dots on the map of France? Just as we take the train to get to Tarascon or Rouen, we take death to reach a star."

The artist wrote of his experience to his brother Theo: "This morning I saw the country from my window a long time before sunrise, with nothing but the morning star, which looked very big." This morning star, or Venus, may be the large white star just left of center in The Starry Night. The hamlet, on the other hand, is invented, and the church spire evokes van Gogh's native land, the Netherlands. The painting, like its daytime companion, The Olive Trees, is rooted in imagination and memory. Leaving behind the Impressionist doctrine of truth to nature in favor of restless feeling and intense color, as in this highly charged picture, van Gogh made his work a touchstone for all subsequent Expressionist painting.

The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 35

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  • Title: The Starry Night
  • Creator: Vincent van Gogh
  • Date Created: 1889
  • Viewing Notes: Today the response The Starry Night provokes is based in part upon its celebrity, but also on its universality. Throughout the ages people have been drawn to the night sky, to its stillness, sublimity, and infinitude, which together evoke in us emotions of peace and humility, awe and wonder. In The Starry Night, van Gogh fused those feelings with a sense of the surging energies of terrestrial nature, which he conveyed—in terms of his own style—with the confidence of his composition, the dynamism of his brush, and the resonance of his color. Painted from memories of observed experience, recollections of pictures seen long ago, and in creative competition with colleagues whose new work van Gogh could only imagine, The Starry Night is a painting made on the edge, by confidently taking risks. In isolation he created a work entirely and unforgettably in his own style. From Richard Thomson, Vincent van Gogh: The Starry Night, New York: The Museum of Modern Art (2008)
  • Style: Post-Impressionism
  • Provenance: Acquired through the Lillie P.Bliss Bequest
  • Physical Dimensions: w921 x h737 mm
  • Original Title: La nuit étoilée
  • More Info: MoMA Mobile, More Artist Information, Related Publication, Related MoMA Online Courses
  • Type: Painting
  • External Link:
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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