Arts & Culture


Paolo Veroneseabout 1575

The National Gallery, London
The National Gallery, London

These works were probably for a ceiling and form a complete series. They may have been commissioned by Emperor Rudolf II (died 1612) for a ceiling in the castle at Prague. Alternatively they may have been painted for a location in Venice, as two details from them are recorded in Van Dyck's Italian Sketchbook.

The four paintings are Allegories of Love, each concentrating on a specific aspect. In turn, they deal with 'Unfaithfulness', 'Scorn', 'Respect' and 'Happy Union'. The costumes and hairstyles may indicate a date in the 1570s.

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  • Title: Respect
  • Creator: Paolo Veronese
  • Date Created: about 1575
  • School: Italian
  • Physical Dimensions: w1943 x h1861 cm
  • More Info: More Artist Information, Related Group
  • Inventory number: NG1325
  • Artist Biography: Paolo Caliari was born in Verona – hence 'Veronese' – and moved to Venice in the early 1550s, where he became one of the leading painters of the 16th century. He was trained in Verona by the local painter Antonio Badile, whose daughter he married in 1566. In Venice the colouring of Titian influenced him deeply. Tintoretto was also an influence, and an attraction to Mannerism shows in works such as 'The Consecration of Saint Nicholas'. However, Veronese went on to develop his own more decorative style. In 1573 the Inquisition took exception to some irreverent detail in a Last Supper by Veronese. In a fascinating exchange with the Inquisitors he defended the painter's right to 'take the same licence as poets and jesters take'. He eventually changed the title of the picture to 'Supper in the House of Levi', rather than change the picture itself. Throughout the 1560s and 70s Veronese produced mythological pictures for an international clientele, including two paintings bought for Philip IV by Velázquez on one of his Italian visits. Veronese ran a large workshop, assisted by his brother Benedetto and his sons Carlo and Gabriel. They carried on his studio after his death.
  • Acquisition Credit: Presented by Lord Darnley, 1891
  • Type: Painting
  • External Link: The National Gallery, London
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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