US 243834 A
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(ModeL) W. BEES 0N SWIMMING APPARATUS.
Patented July 5, 18 81.
iINVBNTOB WITNESSES: A
N. PETERS, Fholo-Lilhngnpher. Washington, nc.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM BEES ON, OF DILLON, MONTANA TERRITORY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 243,834, dated July 5, 1881.
Application filed March 24, 1881. (ModeL) To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM BEESON, of Dillon, in the county of Beaver Head and Territoryof Montana, have invented a new Improvement in Swimming Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The invention relates to a noval construction of swimming apparatus, and it is in the nature of a detachable suit provided with pockets or receptacles for the body and limbs, and having between the pockets for the limbs a web portion, which acts like wings or fins, which, from the movement of the legs and arms, effect a propulsion through the water.
The invention also consists in the combination, with the wings, of braces and a guide-rod, as hereinafter more fully described.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a front view of the apparatus as worn and expanded in use, and Fig. 2 is a section, on line as a: of Fig. 1, of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
The component parts of the device are plain or wing portions and pocket portions, or a garment proper that receives the body and limbs of the wearer. Any suitable material of a flexible character may be used.
a is the body; I) b, the arms; 0 c, the legs, and d the hood or head-coverin g, such portions forming the garment that fits snugly to the wearer. The hood d is formed with a helmet, d, and the body portion a is slit at the front and shoulders, so that the garment can be put on and off readily, suitable fastenings being provided for securing the slits. The hands of the wearer project beyond the arm-pockets b and enter the pockets of hand-paddles e, which are to be manipulated by the hands alone to present their surface in the direction desired.
From the arm-pockets b to the outer end of the leg-pockets the wings ff extend, so as to cover the space at each side, and between the legs 0 is a membrane, 9, extending nearly to the feet. The side wings,f, are fitted with curved ribs h, of wood or other stiff material, which prevent the wings from folding in their middle portion.
Above the arms is a cross-bar, 70, extending to the hand at-each side. The bars 70 h are curved backward at the ends, as shown in Fig. 2. This is for use in supporting the hands and arms of the wearer as they are moved in and out, the hand or thumb being placed over the bar for that purpose. When the arms and legs of the wearer are stretched the wings are taut and present an extended surface against the water for support of the person. By manipulation of the feet, arms, and hands a balance is maintained and propulsion attained.
As so far described Ihave only referred to my invention as applicable to propulsion through water. It found desirable, however, the same principle and structure may be employed for flying through the air.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The swimming apparatus consisting of a tight-fitting garment for the body and limbs, having between the receptacles for the limbs a web or Wing portion forming a component part of the suit, as described.
2. The combination, with the suit at, having arm and leg receptacles b and c, and webs or wingsf, of the stiii'ening ribs h h, as and for the purpose described.
3. The combination, with the suit at, having arm and leg receptacles b and c, and webs or wings f, of the supporting-bar 70, substantially as and for the purpose described.
' WILLIAM BEESON.
D. H. LATHAM, SAML. Gr. SMITH.